Minister: Deputy Premier, Treasurer and Minister for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Partnerships
Agency: Queensland Treasury

Minister: Minister for Natural Resources, Mines and Energy
Agency: Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy


Petroleum Act 1923


Queensland Crest
Petroleum Act 1923

An Act to make better provision for encouraging and regulating the mining for petroleum and natural gas in the State and the conveying of petroleum and natural gas, wherever recovered

Long title amd 1997 No. 71 s 3

Part 1 Preliminary

1Short title

This Act may be cited as the Petroleum Act 1923.

s 1 sub 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

2Definitions

In this Act—
1923 Act petroleum interest means—
(a)a 1923 Act petroleum tenure; or
(b)a right existing under, or in relation to, a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.

def 1923 Act petroleum interest ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

1923 Act petroleum tenure
(a)generally, means an authority to prospect or lease under this Act; and
(b)for the following provisions, includes a water monitoring authority—
(i)section 75K;
(ii)part 6D, divisions 3 and 4;
(iii)part 6L, division 2;
(iv)parts 6O, 6P and 6R.

def 1923 Act petroleum tenure ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)–(2)

amd 2013 No. 23 s 153

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2); 2018 No. 24 s 180

2004 Act means the Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004.

def 2004 Act ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

2004 Act ATP means an authority to prospect under the 2004 Act.

def 2004 Act ATP ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

2004 Act lease means a petroleum lease under the 2004 Act.

def 2004 Act lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

2004 Act petroleum authority see the 2004 Act, section 18(2).

def 2004 Act petroleum authority ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

2004 Act petroleum tenure means a 2004 Act ATP or 2004 Act lease.

def 2004 Act petroleum tenure ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

2004 Act start day ...

def 2004 Act start day ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

access ...

def access ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

access agreement ...

def access agreement ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

access dispute ...

def access dispute ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

access principles ...

def access principles ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

sub 1997 No. 71 s 4 (1)–(2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

access provider ...

def access provider ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

acquired land means land that was taken under a resumption law, other than by taking or otherwise creating an easement, if all petroleum interests relating to the land were extinguished under section 124A.

def acquired land ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

ADR ...

def ADR ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

advanced activity ...

def advanced activity ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

om 2019 No. 17 s 240

ALA means the Acquisition of Land Act 1967.

def ALA ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

appeal period, for a decision, means the period provided for under section 105 for starting an appeal against the decision.

def appeal period ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

apply, in relation to making an application, has the meaning affected by section 124AA.

def apply ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

appropriately qualified, for the performance of a function or exercise of a power, includes having the qualifications, experience and competence to perform the function or exercise the power.

def appropriately qualified ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

approved arbitrator ...

def approved arbitrator ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

area
1The area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is any land to which the tenure is subject, as recorded in the register.
2However, the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure does not include any excluded land for the tenure.

Note—

See also section 124B in relation to the exclusion of land from a 1923 Act petroleum tenure’s area following the taking of the land under a resumption law.
3The area of a 2004 Act petroleum tenure is the land to which the tenure is subject, as recorded in the register.
4The area of a mining tenement is the land to which the tenement is subject.

def area ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2012 No. 20 s 66 (2); 2014 No. 47 s 514 (1)–(2)

assessable transfer ...

def assessable transfer ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 499 (1)

associated facility ...

def associated facility ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

authorised activity
1An authorised activity, for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or water monitoring authority, is an activity that its holder is, under this Act, the tenure or authority, entitled to carry out in relation to the tenure or authority.

Note—

The carrying out of particular activities on particular land in a 1923 Act petroleum tenure’s area may not be authorised following the taking of the land under a resumption law. See section 124B.
2An authorised activity, for a coal or oil shale mining tenement, is an activity that its holder is, under the Mineral Resources Act or the tenement, entitled to carry out in relation to the tenement.
3An authorised activity, for a GHG authority, is an activity that its holder is, under the GHG storage Act or the authority, entitled to carry out or exercise in relation to the authority.
4An authorised activity, for a geothermal tenure, is an activity that its holder is, under the Geothermal Act or the tenure, entitled to carry out or exercise in relation to the tenure.

def authorised activity ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2005 No. 3 s 10 (3); 2009 No. 3 s 524 (2); 2010 No. 31 s 534 (3); 2012 No. 20 s 66 (3)

authority to prospect means an authority to prospect under this Act.

def authority to prospect ins 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 2

sub 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2)

award ...

def award ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

barrel ...

def barrel ins 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(ii)

sub 1967 No. 37 s 2 (a)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

block means the land, identified in the way approved by the chief executive, resulting from a notional division of the earth’s surface—
(a)by 2 meridians of longitude 5 minutes apart, each meridian being a multiple of 5 minutes of longitude from the meridian of Greenwich; and
(b)by 2 parallels of latitude 5 minutes apart, each parallel being a multiple of 5 minutes of latitude from the equator.

def block ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

capability criteria, for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, means the extent to which the Minister is of the opinion that its holder is capable of carrying out authorised activities for the tenure, having regard to the holder’s—
(a)financial and technical resources; and
(b)ability to manage petroleum exploration and production.

def capability criteria ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

capacity entitlement ...

def capacity entitlement ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

casinghead petroleum spirit ...

def casinghead petroleum spirit ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (a)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

coal exploration tenement see section 76M(1).

def coal exploration tenement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

coal mining lease see section 76M(2).

def coal mining lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

coal or oil shale mining lease means a coal mining lease or oil shale mining lease under the Mineral Resources Act.

def coal or oil shale mining lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

coal or oil shale mining tenement means a coal mining or oil shale mining tenement under the Mineral Resources Act.

def coal or oil shale mining tenement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

coal seam gas see section 76K(1).

def coal seam gas ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

commercial viability report see section 75F(1).

def commercial viability report ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

Common Provisions Act means the Mineral and Energy Resources (Common Provisions) Act 2014.

def Common Provisions Act ins 2014 No. 47 s 497

Commonwealth Native Title Act means the Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth).

def Commonwealth Native Title Act ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

company ...

def company ins 1965 No. 19 s 4 sch 2

sub 1983 No. 13 s 12

om 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)

compensation agreement ...

def compensation agreement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2010 No. 31 s 468 (1)

compensation application ...

def compensation application ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

compensation liability see the Common Provisions Act, section 81(2).

def compensation liability ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468; 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

conditions of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure means—
(a)the conditions stated in it from time to time; and
(b)the tenure holder’s obligations under this Act; and
(c)any condition of the tenure under this Act; and
(d)a condition that a tenure holder must ensure each person acting for the holder who carries out an authorised activity for the tenure complies with its conditions to the extent they apply to the carrying out of the activity.

Note—

For who may carry out an authorised activity for a holder, see section 75E.

def conditions ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

conduct and compensation agreement see the Common Provisions Act, section 83(1).

def conduct and compensation agreement ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

conduct and compensation agreement requirement see section 78Q(2).

def conduct and compensation agreement requirement ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

conference election notice see the Common Provisions Act, section 83A(2).

def conference election notice ins 2018 No. 24 s 180 (2)

coordinated development agreement see section 177(4).

def coordinated development agreement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

coordination arrangement means a coordination arrangement under the 2004 Act.

def coordination arrangement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

corporation sole ...

def corporation sole ins 1988 No. 51 s 4

sub 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

Crown land ...

def Crown land sub 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (b)

om 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)

crude oil means petroleum oil in its natural state before it has been refined or otherwise treated but from which water and other foreign substances may have been extracted.

def crude oil ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (b)

CSG assessment criteria see section 76U(1)(b).

def CSG assessment criteria ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

CSG statement see section 76U(1)(a).

def CSG statement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

current term, of an authority to prospect, see section 171.

def current term ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

dangerous situation means a situation relating to petroleum, or fuel gas as defined under the 2004 Act, in which an inspector under the 2004 Act reasonably believes an imminent risk of material harm to persons or property is likely if action is not taken to avoid, eliminate or minimise the risk.

def dangerous situation ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

dealing, in relation to a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, means a dealing with a resource authority, under the Common Provisions Act, that is a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.

def dealing ins 2008 No. 56 s 82 (2)

sub 2012 No. 20 s 246; 2014 No. 47 s 499

declared pipeline ...

def declared pipeline ins 1985 No. 101 s 2 (a)

sub 1993 No. 35 s 3

om 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)

deferral agreement see the Common Provisions Act, section 44.

def deferral agreement ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

developable capacity ...

def developable capacity ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

development plan
1The development plan for a lease is—
(a)for a lease in force before 31 December 2004—its current program for development and production under former section 50 that, under section 156, is taken to be its development plan; or
(b)for a lease granted after 31 December 2004—the proposed program for development and production of petroleum for the application for the lease, lodged under section 40(2)(b).
2However, if, under part 6, division 2, a later development plan is approved for the lease, the later development plan is the development plan for the lease.

def development plan ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

drill, other than for sections 48, 83, 84 and 89
(a)includes to bore; and
(b)for, a water supply bore, includes excavating the bore.

def drill ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

drilling means drilling, for sections 48, 83, 84 and 89, or boring.

def drilling amd 2004 No. 26 s 4 (3)

election notice ...

def election notice ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

om 2018 No. 24 s 180 (1)

eligible claimant see the Common Provisions Act, section 81(1).

def eligible claimant ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468; 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

enter a place includes the exercise of the rights in relation to the place under section 74X.

def enter ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

entry notice ...

def entry notice ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

entry period ...

def entry period ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2010 No. 31 s 468 (1)

entry permission ...

def entry permission ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

Environmental Protection Act means the Environmental Protection Act 1994.

def Environmental Protection Act ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

excluded land for—
(a)an authority to prospect, means excluded land for the authority, decided under section 18A; or
(b)a lease, means excluded land for the lease, decided under section 40B.

Note—

For an area of land in the area of a coal or oil shale mining lease becoming excluded land, see section 154.

def excluded land ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2008 No. 33 s 125 sch 1; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

executive officer, of a corporation, means a person who is concerned with or takes part in its management, whether or not the person is a director or the person’s position is given the name of executive officer.

def executive officer prev def ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

pres def ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

existing Water Act bore ...

def existing Water Act bore ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

explore, for petroleum, means to carry out an activity for the purpose of finding petroleum in a natural underground reservoir.

Examples—

conducting a geochemical, geological or geophysical survey
drilling a well for petroleum or the investigation of the geological structure or stratigraphy in the well
carrying out testing in relation to a well
taking a sample for chemical or other analysis

def explore ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

facility ...

def facility ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

amd 1996 No. 77 s 3; 1997 No. 71 s 4 (3)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

facility owner ...

def facility owner ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

facility user ...

def facility user ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

fee includes tax.

def fee ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

first authority ...

def first authority ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

first tenure ...

def first tenure ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2010 No. 31 s 534 (1)

Geothermal Act see section 4A.

def Geothermal Act ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

geothermal activity see the Geothermal Act, section 18.

def geothermal activity ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

geothermal coordination arrangement see the Geothermal Act, section 138(4).

def geothermal coordination arrangement ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

geothermal exploration permit means a geothermal exploration permit under the Geothermal Exploration Act 2004.

def geothermal exploration permit ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

geothermal lease see the Geothermal Act, section 19(1)(b).

def geothermal lease ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

geothermal permit see the Geothermal Act, section 19(1)(a).

def geothermal permit ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

geothermal tenuresee the Geothermal Act, section 19(2).

def geothermal tenure ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

GHG means greenhouse gas.

def GHG ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG authority see the GHG storage Act, section 18(3).

def GHG authority ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG coordination arrangement see the GHG storage Act, section 186(3).

def GHG coordination arrangement ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG lease see the GHG storage Act, section 18(1)(b).

def GHG lease ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG permit see the GHG storage Act, section 18(1)(a).

def GHG permit ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG storage Act see section 4A.

def GHG storage Act ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG storage activity means an authorised activity under the GHG storage Act for a GHG authority.

def GHG storage activity ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG stream see the GHG storage Act, section 12.

def GHG stream ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG stream storagesee the GHG storage Act, section 14.

def GHG stream storage ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

GHG tenure see the GHG storage Act, section 18(2).

def GHG tenure ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

give, a document to the Minister or the chief executive, has the meaning affected by section 124AA.

def give ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

holder, of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, means each person recorded in the register as its holder.

def holder ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2014 No. 47 s 514 (1)

impaired capacity ...

def impaired capacity ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

incidental coal seam gas see section 76K(2).

def incidental coal seam gas ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

independent viability assessment see section 75H(2).

def independent viability assessment ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

indicative access conditions ...

def indicative access conditions ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

indicative approval ...

def indicative approval ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 499 (1)

indicative tariff ...

def indicative tariff ins 1997 No. 71 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

indicative tariff schedule ...

def indicative tariff schedule ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 1997 No. 71 s 4 (1)

information-giver, for part 6F, see section 78A(1).

def information-giver ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

information notice, for a decision, means a notice stating each of the following—
(a)the decision, and the reasons for it;
(b)all appeal rights under this Act;
(c)the period in which any appeal under this Act must be started;
(d)how appeal rights under this Act are to be exercised;
(e)that a stay of a decision the subject of an appeal under this Act may be applied for under this Act.

def information notice ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

interfere with includes tamper.

def interfere with ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

land includes land covered by water, and whether by sea or otherwise.

def land ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (c)

land access code see the Common Provisions Act, section 36.

def land access code ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

later development plan requirements see section 53.

def later development plan requirements ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

later work program requirements see section 25.

def later work program requirements ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

lease means a petroleum lease granted under this Act.
legacy borehole means a bore or well that—
(a)was drilled for the purpose (the original purpose) of—
(i)exploration or production of mineral or petroleum resources; or
(ii)informing the exploration or production of mineral or petroleum resources; and
(b)is no longer used for the original or another purpose.

def legacy borehole ins 2014 No. 47 s 521

lessee means the holder of a petroleum lease.
licence ...

def licence ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (d)

amd 1985 No. 101 s 2 (b)

sub 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

licensed water bore driller means an individual who holds a water bore driller’s licence under the Water Act.

def licensed water bore driller ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

licensee ...

def licensee ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (d)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

lodge, a document, has the meaning affected by section 124AA.

def lodge ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

make good agreement ...

def make good agreement ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

make good obligation ...

def make good obligation ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

make submissions has the meaning affected by section 124AA.

def make submissions ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

mandatory condition for—
(a)an authority to prospect, means a condition of the authority imposed under part 6A, division 2 or 4 as a mandatory condition or prescribed under section 90; or
(b)a lease, means—
(i)a condition of the lease imposed under part 6A, division 3 or 4 as a mandatory condition or prescribed under section 90 as a mandatory condition; or
(ii)the reservations, conditions and covenants of the lease imposed under section 47.

def mandatory condition ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

mandatory provision, of the land access code, means a provision of that code that the code requires compliance with.

def mandatory provision ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

mark the land ...

def mark the land om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

Mineral Resources Act means the Mineral Resources Act 1989.

def Mineral Resources Act ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

minimum negotiation period ...

def minimum negotiation period ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

mining interest means—
(a)a mining tenement under the Mineral Resources Act; or
(b)a tenure held from the State under another Act about mining, under which the holder is authorised to carry out mining or a related mineral or energy resources activity under the Mineral Resources Act.

def mining interest ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

mining lease see the Mineral Resources Act, schedule 2.

def mining lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

mining tenement means a mining tenement under the Mineral Resources Act.

def mining tenement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

Minister ...

def Minister ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (e)

sub 1967 No. 37 s 2 (b)

om 1993 No. 35 s 3 (1)

monitoring report ...

def monitoring report ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

natural gas means gas consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, and obtained from boreholes or from crude oil.

def natural gas ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (e)

natural underground reservoir
1A natural underground reservoir is a part of a geological formation or structure—
(a)in which petroleum has accumulated; or
(b)that is suitable to store petroleum.
2A geological formation or structure mentioned in item 1 does not cease to be a natural underground reservoir merely because it has been modified for petroleum production or storage.
3In items 1 and 2, a geological formation includes a coal seam.

def natural underground reservoir ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

negotiation notice ...

def negotiation notice ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

nominal capacity ...

def nominal capacity ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

non-assessable transfer ...

def non-assessable transfer ins 2012 No. 20 s 246 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 499 (1)

noncompliance action means action of a type mentioned in section 80T.

def noncompliance action ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

non-discriminatory ...

def non-discriminatory ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

notice means a written notice.

def notice ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

notice of intention to resume, for the proposed taking of land under a resumption law, means—
(a)if the land is taken under the process stated in the ALA (whether the land is taken under the ALA or another resumption law)—the notice of intention to resume under the ALA; or
(b)otherwise—the notice, however named, required to be given under the resumption law to notify persons of the proposed taking.

def notice of intention to resume ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

notifiable road use see the Common Provisions Act, section 62.

def notifiable road use ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

occupier, of a place, means a person—
(a)who, under an Act or a lease registered under the Land Title Act 1994, has a right to occupy the place, other than under a mining interest, 1923 Act petroleum tenure, 2004 Act petroleum authority, GHG authority or geothermal tenure; or
(b)to whom an owner of the place or another occupier under paragraph (a) has given the right to occupy the place.

def occupier ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468

amd 2013 No. 10 s 161

oil shale see section 76L.

def oil shale ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

oil shale exploration tenement see section 76N(1).

def oil shale exploration tenement ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

oil shale mining lease see section 76N(2).

def oil shale mining lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

on, land or another place, includes across, attached to, in, under or over the land or place.

def on ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

sub 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)–(2)

operate, a pipeline—
1Operate, a pipeline, includes use, inspect, test, maintain, repair, alter, add to and replace the pipeline.
2For item 1, using a pipeline includes using it to transport petroleum.

def operate ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

operating plant see the 2004 Act, section 670.

def operating plant ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

original notional sub-blocks, of an authority to prospect—
1The original notional sub-blocks, of an authority to prospect, are the sub-blocks included in the area of the authority at the following time—
(a)if the authority was granted before 31 December 2004—immediately after its first renewal after that day;
(b)if the authority was granted on or after 31 December 2004—when it was originally granted.
2However, the original notional sub-blocks do not include any sub-block completely within the area of a lease under this Act or a 2004 Act lease.

def original notional sub-blocks ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

sub 2018 No. 24 s 180

overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG), for part 6FA, see section 78CB.

def overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

overlapping GHG authority ...

def overlapping GHG authority ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

om 2010 No. 31 s 534 (1)

overlapping tenure, for part 6FA, see section 78CH(b).

def overlapping tenure ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

owner
1An owner, of land, means each person as follows in relation to the land—
(a)for freehold land—a registered owner;
(b)for land for which a person is, or will on performing conditions, be entitled to a deed of grant in fee simple—the person;
(c)if an estate in fee simple of land is being purchased from the State—the purchaser;
(d)for a public road—the public road authority for the road;
(e)for land that is busway land, light rail land, rail corridor land or a cane railway or other railway—the public land authority for the land;
(f)for required land under the Transport Infrastructure Act 1994, section 436—the chief executive of the department in which that Act is administered;
(g)for a forest entitlement area, State forest or timber reserve under the Forestry Act 1959—the chief executive of the department in which that Act is administered;
(h)for a conservation park or resources reserve under the Nature Conservation Act 1992 (the NCA) for which there are trustees—
(A)if, under the NCA, the park or reserve has trustees whose powers are not restricted—the trustees; or
(B)otherwise—the chief executive of the department in which the NCA is administered;
(i)for DOGIT land under the Aboriginal Land Act 1991 or the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991—a trustee for the land;
(k)for Aboriginal land under the Aboriginal Land Act 1991 that is taken to be a reserve because of section 202(2) or (4)(b) of that Act—the trustee of the land;
(ka)for Torres Strait Islander land under the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991 that is taken to be a reserve because of section 151(2) of that Act—the trustee of the land;
(l)for land under the Land Act 1994 for which there are trustees—a trustee;
(m)for transport land under the Transport Planning and Coordination Act 1994—the chief executive of the department in which that Act is administered;
(n)for land vested in the Minister administering the Education (General Provisions) Act 2006—that Minister;
(o)for land vested in the Queensland Housing Commission or another Minister or a chief executive responsible for constructing public buildings—the Minister administering the relevant Act;
(p)for land held from the State under another Act under an interest less than fee simple (other than occupation rights under a permit under the Land Act 1994)—the person who holds the interest;
(q)for any of the following land under the NCA, the chief executive of the department in which the NCA is administered—
(i)a national park (scientific);
(ii)a national park;
(iii)a national park (Aboriginal land);
(iv)a national park (Torres Strait Islander land);
(v)a forest reserve.
2Also, a mortgagee of land is the owner of land if—
(a)the mortgagee is acting as mortgagee in possession of the land and has the exclusive management and control of the land; or
(b)the mortgagee, or a person appointed by the mortgagee, is in possession of the land and has the exclusive management and control of the land.
3If land has more than 1 owner, a reference in this Act to its owner of the land is a reference to each of its owners.

def owner ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2005 No. 3 s 10 (4)–(5); 2006 No. 39 s 512 (1) sch 1; 2010 No. 53 s 65 (3)–(4); 2011 No. 26 s 125 (1)–(2); 2013 No. 55 ss 156, 175 sch 1 pt 2; 2014 No. 45 s 58 sch 1 pt 2; 2016 No. 22 s 48 sch 1; 2014 No. 47 s 524

parties, for part 6R, see section 103B.

def parties ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

sub 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)–(2)

payable, as applied to petroleum, means petroleum of such quantity and quality that it can under ordinary circumstances be won with profit.
permit ...

def permit sub 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

permitted dealing ...

def permitted dealing ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2008 No. 56 s 82 (1)

permittee ...

def permittee sub 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

person ...

def person om 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)

petroleum means any—
(a)naturally occurring hydrocarbon, whether in a gaseous, liquid or solid state; or
(b)naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbons, whether in a gaseous, liquid or solid state; or
(c)naturally occurring mixture of 1 or more hydrocarbons, whether in a gaseous, liquid, or solid state, and 1 or more of the following—
(i)hydrogen sulphide;
(ii)nitrogen;
(iii)helium;
(iv)carbon dioxide;
and includes any petroleum defined by paragraphs (a) to (c) that has been returned to a natural reservoir, but does not include, and is hereby declared never did include—
(d)shale from which mineral oil may be extracted or produced;
(e)mineral oil extracted or produced from shale or coal or other rock by some chemical or thermal process;
(f)hydrocarbons and other substances or matter occurring in association with shale or coal and necessarily mined, extracted, produced or released by or in connection with mining for shale or coal or the extraction or production of mineral oil therefrom;
(g)alginite;
(h)coal;
(i)lignite;
(j)peat;
(k)shale or other rock from which a gasification or retorting product as defined in the 2004 Act may be extracted or produced;
(l)torbanite.

def petroleum amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 2

sub 1967 No. 37 s 2 (c)

amd 1982 No. 23 s 73; 2004 No. 26 s 4 (5)

Petroleum Advisory Board ...

def Petroleum Advisory Board ins 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(ii)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

petroleum deposits means the petroleum-producing or petroleum-bearing sands or strata.
petroleum register ...

def petroleum register ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2012 No. 20 s 66 (4)

om 2014 No. 47 s 514 (3)

petroleum royalty means petroleum royalty imposed under the 2004 Act, section 590.

def petroleum royalty ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

pipeline means the whole or part of a pipe or a system of pipes for conveying petroleum, wherever recovered, and all ancillary equipment and works connected therewith, including flow lines from wells, gathering lines and main lines and installations in connection therewith such as tanks, reservoirs, pumps, racks and loading facilities, structures supporting the line, pump houses, and apparatus to afford protection against corrosion, but does not include flare lines and similar pipelines at wells being drilled for petroleum.

def pipeline ins 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (f)

amd 1997 No. 71 s 4 (4)

pipeline licence ...

def pipeline licence ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

place includes land.

def place ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

plan period, for a development plan, means the period for which the plan applies.

def plan period ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

preliminary activity ...

def preliminary activity ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

amd 2014 No. 47 s 508 (3)

om 2019 No. 17 s 240

Prescribed ...

def Prescribed om 1993 No. 35 s 3 (1)

private land
1Private land is—
(a)freehold land, including Aboriginal land under the Aboriginal Land Act 1991 and Torres Strait Islander land under the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991; or
(b)an interest in land less than fee simple held from the State under another Act.
2However, land is not private land to the extent of an interest in any of the following relating to the land—
(a)a mining interest;
(b)a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or 2004 Act petroleum authority;
(c)a GHG authority;
(d)a geothermal tenure;
(e)an occupation right under a permit under the Land Act 1994.
3Also, land owned by a public land authority is not private land.

def private land sub 1962 No. 30 s 2 (1) (g); 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)–(2); 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)–(2); 2010 No. 31 s 468

amd 2011 No. 26 s 125 (3)

produced, for petroleum, means to recover or release it to ground level from a natural underground reservoir in which it has been contained or from which it is extracted.

def produced ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

program period, for a work program, means the period for which the program applies.

def program period ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

proposed facility user ...

def proposed facility user ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

provisions of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure—
1A reference in this Act to a 1923 Act petroleum tenure includes a reference to its provisions.
2A reference in this Act to the provisions of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is a reference to its mandatory or other conditions and any thing written in it.

def provisions ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

public land means land other than—
(a)private land; or
(b)to the extent an interest in any of the following relates to the land—
(i)a mining interest;
(ii)a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or 2004 Act petroleum authority;
(iii)a GHG authority;
(iv)a geothermal tenure;
(v)an occupation right under a permit under the Land Act 1994.

def public land ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468

public land authority means—
(a)for a public road—the road authority for the road; or
(b)if a local government or other authority is, under an Act, charged with the control of the land—the local government or other authority; or
(c)otherwise—the chief executive of the department administering the Act under which entry to the land is administered.

def public land authority ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

public road means an area of land that—
(a)is open to, or used by, the public; and
(b)is developed for, or has as one of its main uses—
(i)the driving or riding of motor vehicles; or
(ii)pedestrian traffic; and
(c)is controlled by a public road authority.

Examples of an area of land that may be included in a road—

a bridge, culvert, ford, tunnel or viaduct
a pedestrian or bicycle path

def public road ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

public road authority, for a public road, means—
(a)for a State-controlled road—the chief executive of the department in which the Transport Infrastructure Act 1994 is administered; or
(b)for another public road—the local government having the control of the road.

def public road authority ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

Public Works Land Resumption Act ...

def Public Works Land Resumption Act om R1 (see RA s 39) (see 1988 No. 51 s 9)

recipient, for part 6F, see section 78A(1).

def recipient ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

refinery permission ...

def refinery permission ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

register means the register kept by the chief executive under the Common Provisions Act, section 197.

def register ins 2014 No. 47 s 514 (4)

related corporation ...

def related corporation ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

sub 2001 No. 45 s 29 sch 3

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

relevant departmental office ...

def relevant departmental office ins 2009 No. 3 s 524 (1)

om 2012 No. 20 s 246 (1)

relevant environmental authority, for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or water monitoring authority, means an environmental authority under the Environmental Protection Act granted for all of the authorised activities for the tenure or authority that are environmentally relevant activities under the Environmental Protection Act.

def relevant environmental authority ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2005 No. 3 s 10 (1)–(2)

relevant owner or occupier, for a provision about entry notices, means the owner or occupier to whom the entry notice is to be given, or would be given, other than for an exemption from the requirement to give an entry notice.

def relevant owner or occupier ins 2010 No. 31 s 468 (2)

relinquishment condition
1Generally, the relinquishment condition, for an authority to prospect is the relinquishment condition under section 74A(1).
2However if part 10, division 2 applies and the authority is an authority to which section 173 or 174 applies, the relinquishment condition for the authority is the relinquishment condition under that section.

def relinquishment condition ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

remedial powers see section 80L(2).

def remedial powers ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

report means a written report.

def report ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

representative ...

def representative ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

required information, for part 6E, division 3, see section 76C.

def required information ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

restoration measures ...

def restoration measures ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

resumption law
(a)means a law that provides for the compulsory acquisition of land, including, for example, the following—
(i)the ALA, including as applied by another law providing for an entity to take land under the ALA as if the entity were a constructing authority under the ALA;

Examples of other laws for subparagraph (i)—

Electricity Act 1994, section 116
South-East Queensland Water (Distribution and Retail Restructuring) Act 2009, section 53AY
(ii)the Land Act 1994, chapter 5, part 3, division 3;
(iii)the Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004, sections 456 to 458;
(iv)the Queensland Reconstruction Authority Act 2011, section 99;
(v)the State Development and Public Works Organisation Act 1971, section 82 or 125;
(vi)the Transport Planning and Coordination Act 1994, section 25 or 26; but
(b)does not include the Land Act 1994, chapter 5, part 3, divisions 1 and 2.

def resumption law ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

resumption notice, for the taking of land under a resumption law, means—
(a)if the land is taken under the process stated in the ALA (whether the land is taken under the ALA or another resumption law)—the gazette resumption notice under the ALA for the taking; or
(b)otherwise—the instrument giving effect to the taking.

def resumption notice ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

review event ...

def review event ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

review report ...

def review report ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

road use direction ...

def road use direction ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

safety management system see the 2004 Act, schedule 2.

def safety management system (prev def safety management plan) ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2014 No. 64 s 217C

second authority ...

def second authority ins 2010 No. 31 s 534 (2)

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

second tenure ...

def second tenure ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2010 No. 31 s 534 (1)

security includes bond, deposit of an amount as security, guarantee, indemnity or other surety, insurance, mortgage and undertaking.

def security ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

services of the State has the same meaning that the term has in relation to the State of Queensland under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cwlth), section 183(1).

def services of the State ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

share, of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, means any interest held by a person as a holder of the tenure in all of the area of the tenure.

def share ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

shared technical information ...

def shared technical information ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

spare capacity ...

def spare capacity ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

specific purpose mining lease means a mining lease that, under the Mineral Resources Act, section 234(1)(b), is granted for a purpose other than mining.

def specific purpose mining lease ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

specified configuration ...

def specified configuration ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

State-controlled road see Transport Infrastructure Act 1994, schedule 6.

def State controlled road ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

State mining engineer ...

def State mining engineer ins 1981 No. 14 s 2

sub 1993 No. 35 s 3

om 1995 No. 22 s 4 (1)

state of mind ...

def state of mind ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2003 No. 29 s 373

structure means anything built or constructed, whether or not attached to land.

def structure ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub-block means the land, identified in the way approved by the chief executive, resulting from a notional division of a block into 25 areas, each sub-block being bounded by 2 meridians of longitude 1 minute apart and 2 parallels of latitude 1 minute apart.

def sub-block ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sublease, for a lease over land covered by a coordination arrangement, means a sublease of all or part of—
(a)the leased land; or
(b)petroleum produced under the lease.

def sublease ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

amd 2004 No. 26 s 4 (6)

submission means a written submission.

def submission ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

take, in relation to land, includes acquire.

def take ins 2012 No. 20 s 66 (1)

tariff setting principles ...

def tariff setting principles ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 1997 No. 71 s 4 (1)

the public interest means a consideration of each of the following—
(a)government policy;
(b)value of commodity production (including time value);
(c)employment creation;
(d)total return to the State and to Australia (including royalty and rent), assessed on both a direct and indirect basis, so that, for example, downstream value adding is included;
(e)social impacts;
(f)the overall economic benefit for the State, or a part of the State, in the short and long term;
(g)impacts on aesthetic, amenity, cultural or environmental values.

def the public interest ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

This Act ...

def This Act om 1993 No. 35 s 3 (1)

transfer, of a well, water observation bore or water supply bore, see section 75N(2).

def transfer ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

transitional notional sub-blocks, of an authority to prospect, see section 172.

def transitional notional sub-blocks ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

tribunal ...

def tribunal ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

om 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

trigger threshold ...

def trigger threshold ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

unallocated State land has the same meaning as in the Land Act 1994.

def unallocated State land ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

underground water means water that occurs naturally in, or is introduced artificially into, an aquifer, whether or not it would, if tapped by a bore, flow naturally to the surface.

def underground water ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

underground water flow model ...

def underground water flow model ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

underground water impact report ...

def underground water impact report ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

underground water obligations, of a petroleum tenure holder, means—
(a)the holder’s underground water obligations under the Water Act, chapter 3; and
(b)any other obligation under the Water Act, chapter 3 with which the holder is required to comply, if failure to comply with the obligation is an offence against that Act.

Examples of another obligation under the Water Act, chapter 3 with which the holder may be required to comply—

giving an underground water impact report under section 370 of that Act
preparing and complying with a baseline assessment plan under sections 397 and 400 of that Act

def underground water obligations ins 2010 No. 53 s 65 (2)

unduly affected ...

def unduly affected ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

om 2010 No. 53 s 65 (1)

unitisation arrangement ...

def unitisation arrangement ins 1995 No. 22 s 4 (2)

om 2004 No. 26 s 4 (1)

usual relinquishment see section 74C(3).

def usual relinquishment ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

waiver of entry notice ...

def waiver of entry notice ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2010 No. 31 s 468

om 2014 No. 47 s 508 (1)

Water Act means the Water Act 2000.

def Water Act ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

Water Act regulator means the chief executive of the department that administers the Water Act.

def Water Act regulator ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

water monitoring activity see section 87.

def water monitoring activity ins 2010 No. 53 s 65 (2)

water monitoring authority means an authority granted under section 75WC.

def water monitoring authority ins 2005 No. 3 s 10 (2)

water observation bore
1A water observation bore is a bore to monitor water levels and includes—
(a)a well that, under part 6D, division 2, has been, or is taken to have been, converted to a water observation bore; and
(b)a water monitoring bore under the Water Act.
2A reference to a water observation bore includes its casing, wellhead and any other works constructed in connection with the bore.

def water observation bore ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2013 No. 23 s 161 (1)

sub 2018 No. 24 s 180

water supply bore means—
(a)a water bore drilled under section 86 with the permission of the Minister; or
(b)a well that, under part 6D, division 2, has been, or is taken to have been, converted to a water supply bore.

def water supply bore ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

sub 2005 No. 3 s 10 (1)–(2); 2013 No. 23 s 161 (2)

well
1A well is a hole in the ground made or being made by drilling, boring or any other means—
(a)to explore for or produce petroleum; or
(b)to inject petroleum into a natural underground reservoir; or
(c)through which petroleum may be produced.
2A well includes the casing for the well and any wellhead for the well attached to it.
3To remove any doubt, it is declared that a well does not include any of the following—
(a)a water observation bore;
(b)a water supply bore;
(c)a water bore to which the Water Act, chapter 3 applies;
(d)a seismic shot hole or shallow hole drilled to work out a geological structure.

def well ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2005 No. 3 s 10 (6)–(7); 2010 No. 53 s 65 (5)

wellhead means the casing head, and includes any casing hanger or spool, or tubing hanger, and any flow control equipment up to and including the wing valves.

def wellhead ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

work program, for an authority to prospect, means—
(a)its work program as approved under section 151; or
(b)its conditions about expenditure or work that, under section 155, are taken to be a later work program for the authority; or
(c)its later work program approved under part 4, division 2, as amended from time to time under that division.

Notes—

1For an authority being taken to have a work program until a decision has been made on whether to approve a proposed work program, see section 25D.
2For the continuing effect of an authority on a renewal application, see section 25N.
3For conditions of an authority to prospect about expenditure or work becoming its work program, see section 155.

def work program ins 2004 No. 26 s 4 (2)

amd 2005 No. 3 s 10 (8); 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

s 2 prev s 2 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(i); 1988 No. 51 s 3

om R1 (see RA s 36)

pres s 2 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(ii); 1995 No. 22 s 4 (3); amd 1997 No. 71 s 1 sch

3Relationship with Mineral Resources Act

(1)This section does not apply to a coal or oil shale mining tenement.

Notes—

1For provisions for coal seam gas, see part 6F.
2For the relationship between the Mineral Resources Act and the 2004 Act, see the Mineral Resources Act, section 3A.
(2)Subject to subsections (3) to (6), the Mineral Resources Act does not limit or otherwise affect—
(a)the power under this Act to grant or renew a lease or renew an authority to prospect over land (the overlapping land) in the area of a mining tenement under the Mineral Resources Act; or
(b)a lease or authority to prospect already granted under this Act over land (also the overlapping land) in the area of an existing mining tenement.
(3)If the mining tenement is a mining lease (other than a transportation mining lease), an authorised activity for the authority to prospect or lease under this Act may be carried out on the overlapping land only if—
(a)the mining lease holder has agreed in writing to the carrying out of the activity; and
(b)a copy of the agreement has been lodged; and

Note—

For other relevant provisions about lodging documents, see part 9, division 1A.
(c)the agreement is still in force.
(4)If the mining tenement is an exploration permit, mineral development licence or transportation mining lease, an authorised activity for the authority to prospect may be carried out on the overlapping land only if—
(a)the mining tenement holder has agreed in writing to the carrying out of the activity, a copy of the agreement has been lodged and the agreement is still in force; or
(b)carrying out the activity does not adversely affect the carrying out of an authorised activity for the tenement that has already started.
(5)If the mining tenement is an exploration permit or a mineral development licence and the overlapping land is in the area of the lease under this Act, an authorised activity for the mining tenement may be carried out on the overlapping land only if—
(a)the lessee has agreed in writing to the carrying out of the activity; and
(b)a copy of the agreement has been lodged; and
(c)the agreement is still in force.
(6)In this section—
transportation mining lease means a mining lease granted under the Mineral Resources Act, section 316.

s 3 ins 1995 No. 22 s 5

sub 2004 No. 26 s 5

amd 2008 No. 33 s 125 sch 1; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2

4Relationship with Nature Conservation Act 1992

This Act is subject to the Nature Conservation Act 1992, sections 27 and 70QA.

s 4 prev s 4 ins 1995 No. 22 s 5

om 2003 No. 29 s 374

pres s 4 ins 2004 No. 26 s 5

amd 2005 No. 53 s 159 sch

4ARelationship with Geothermal Act and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2009

The relationship between this Act, the Geothermal Energy Act 2010 (the Geothermal Act) and the Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2009 (the GHG storage Act) and authorities under them is provided for under—
(a)section 40(1A) and part 6FA; and
(b)the Geothermal Act, chapter 5; and
(c)the GHG storage Act, chapter 4.

s 4A ins 2009 No. 3 s 525

sub 2010 No. 31 s 535

4BRelationship with Common Provisions Act

The relationship between this Act and the Common Provisions Act is provided for under the Common Provisions Act, section 6.

s 4B prev s 4B ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

amd 1993 No. 35 s 4

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

pres s 4B ins 2014 No. 47 s 498

4C[Repealed]

s 4C ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

4D[Repealed]

s 4D ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

4E[Repealed]

s 4E ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

amd 1991 No. 65 s 4 (retro)

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

4F[Repealed]

s 4F ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

4G[Repealed]

s 4G ins 1988 No. 51 s 5 (b)

sub 1993 No. 35 s 5

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

4H[Repealed]

s 4H ins 1993 No. 35 s 5

om 1995 No. 22 s 7

5Declaration for Commonwealth Act

A 1923 Act petroleum tenure is declared not to be personal property under the Personal Property Securities Act 2009 (Cwlth).

s 5 prev s 5 ins 1995 No. 22 s 5

om 2003 No. 29 s 374

pres s 5 ins 2010 No. 44 s 129

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

6[Repealed]

s 6 ins 1995 No. 22 s 5

om 2003 No. 29 s 374

7Application of Act

(2)To the extent necessary to give operation and effect to the provisions of the Amoco Australia Pty. Limited Agreement Act 1961, and the agreement to which that Act relates, and to ensure that no provision of this Act shall affect or prejudice in any way that Act or that agreement, it is hereby declared that every provision of this Act shall be read subject to the Amoco Australia Pty. Limited Agreement Act 1961, and the agreement to which that Act relates.
(3)If there is an inconsistency between a provision of this Act and the National Gas (Queensland) Law, the Law prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

s 7 amd 1962 No. 30 s 3; 1982 No. 23 s 74; 1998 No. 28 s 72; 1999 No. 15 s 137 sch 1; 2004 No. 26 s 6; 2008 No. 27 s 34

7AAct applies out to coastal waters of the State

This Act applies to land and land covered by water that is seaward of the coastline of the State at mean low water and landward of the inner limit of the territorial sea of Australia.

s 7A ins 1997 No. 71 s 5

7AAQualification of 1923 Act petroleum tenure holders

The following persons shall be qualified to apply for and hold a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, namely—
(a)any natural person;
(b)a company or registered body under the Corporations Act;
(ba)any government owned corporation;
(c)any lawful association of the abovementioned persons.

s 7AA (prev s 24) amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 3

sub 1965 No. 19 s 4 sch 2

amd 2004 No. 26 s 18 (1)–(3)

reloc 2004 No. 26 s 18 (4)

amd 2008 No. 56 s 83

7B[Repealed]

s 7B ins 2004 No. 26 s 7

om 2007 No. 46 s 136

Part 2 [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(iii)

amd 1988 No. 51 s 5 (a); 1995 No. 22 s 6

om 2004 No. 26 s 8

8[Repealed]

s 8 ins 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(iii)

amd 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 8

Part 3 Rights and powers of the Crown

hdg prec s 9 om 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

9Petroleum the property of the Crown

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any Act or in any grant, instrument of title, or other document, it is hereby declared that petroleum on or below the surface of all land in Queensland, whether alienated in fee simple or not so alienated from the Crown, and if so alienated whensoever alienated, is and always has been the property of the Crown.

s 9 amd 1967 No. 37 s 3; 1991 No. 65 s 5

10Reservations in grants

All grants, leases, licences, and other instruments of tenure under any Act relating to unallocated State land, other than leases under this Act, issued after the passing of this Act shall contain a reservation of all petroleum on or below the surface of the land comprised therein, and also a reservation of all rights of access for the purpose of searching for and for the operations of obtaining petroleum in any part of the land, and all rights of way for access and for pipelines and other purposes requisite for obtaining and conveying petroleum in the event of petroleum being obtained in any part of the land.

s 10 amd 1967 No. 37 s 4; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 2004 No. 26 s 9

10A[Repealed]

s 10A ins 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 4

sub 1962 No. 30 s 5

om 1965 No. 19 s 4 sch 2

11[Repealed]

s 11 orig s 11 om 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 4

prev s 11 amd 1967 No. 37 s 5

sub 1988 No. 51 s 6

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

12[Repealed]

s 12 ins 1988 No. 51 s 7

amd 1993 No. 35 s 6

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

13[Repealed]

s 13 orig s 13 om 1939 3 Geo No. 19 s 4

prev s 13 ins 1988 No. 51 s 7

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

14[Repealed]

s 14 ins 1988 No. 51 s 7

amd 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

15[Repealed]

s 15 ins 1988 No. 51 s 8

amd 2001 No. 7 s 302 sch 2

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

16[Repealed]

s 16 amd 1967 No. 37 s 6

sub 1988 No. 51 s 9

amd 1991 No. 65 s 6

om 2004 No. 26 s 10

Part 4 Authorities to prospect

pt hdg sub 2004 No. 26 s 11

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Division 1 General provisions

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 11

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

17[Repealed]

s 17 amd 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 2; 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1993 No. 35 s 7

om 2004 No. 26 s 12

18Authority to prospect

(2)The area to be held under an authority to prospect, the terms, rent, and the conditions, provisions, and stipulations as to labour and other matters shall be fixed by the Minister.
(3)Failure to comply with any conditions, provisions, and stipulations so fixed shall render the authority liable to be cancelled by the Minister.
(4)Such authority shall entitle the holder, upon payment in advance of the rent fixed as aforesaid, and survey fee if necessary—
(a)to undertake exploration or prospecting, or geological or geological and geophysical investigation or testing, of favourable geological structures; or
(b)to plug and abandon, or otherwise remediate, a bore or well the holder reasonably believes is a legacy borehole and rehabilitate the surrounding area in compliance with the requirements prescribed under a regulation; or
(c)generally to do all things in respect of the search for and discovery of petroleum or for the due development of the industry during the term of such authority.

Note—

The carrying out of particular activities on particular land in an authority to prospect’s area may not be authorised following the taking of the land under a resumption law. See section 124B.
(5)However, the holder can not carry out GHG stream storage.
(7)The Minister may thereupon call upon the holder of the authority to apply for a lease of the land or such part thereof as the Minister may deem advisable or to continue prospecting operations.

s 18 ins 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 3

amd 1962 No. 30 s 4; 1991 No. 65 s 7; 2004 No. 26 s 13; 2009 No. 3 s 526; 2012 No. 20 s 67; 2014 No. 47 s 522

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

18AMinister’s power to decide excluded land for authority to prospect

(1)The Minister may decide excluded land for an authority to prospect.
(2)However, the power under subsection (1) may be exercised only when the Minister is deciding whether to—
(a)grant or renew the authority; or
(b)approve any later work program for the authority.
(3)Also, excluded land—
(a)must be within any sub-block included in the area of the authority; and
(b)can not be—
(i)a whole block; or
(ii)land in the area of another 1923 Act petroleum tenure.
(4)For subsection (3)(a), if the register—
(a)states that the authority’s area includes land within a block; but
(b)does not include or exclude any particular sub-block within that block;

the reference to the block in the register is a reference to all sub-blocks within the block, other than any sub-block that is completely within the area of another 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure.

(5)Excluded land may be described in a way the Minister considers appropriate, including, for example, by area or by reference to a stated type of land.
(6)Land ceases to be excluded land for an authority to prospect if—
(a)the block in which the land is located is relinquished or, for any other reason, ceases to be in the area of the authority; or
(b)a lease under this Act or a 2004 Act lease is granted over any of the area of the authority and the land is excluded land for the lease.

s 18A ins 2004 No. 26 s 14

amd 2018 No. 24 s 181

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

19[Repealed]

s 19 ins 1990 No. 108 s 4 (retro)

om 2008 No. 56 s 84

20Area of authority to prospect reduced on grant of lease

(1)Land ceases to be included in the area of an authority to prospect if a lease is granted over the land.
(2)If a lease is granted over all of the area of an authority to prospect, the authority ends.

Note—

See also section 124B in relation to the exclusion of land from an authority to prospect’s area following the taking of the land under a resumption law.

s 20 ins 1990 No. 108 s 4 (retro)

sub 2004 No. 26 s 15

amd 2012 No. 20 s 68

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

20A[Repealed]

s 20A ins 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 10

om 1995 No. 22 s 8

21Surrender of authority to prospect

(1)The holder of an authority to prospect may, with the Minister’s approval, at any time surrender the holder’s interest in an authority to prospect or any part of the land comprising the authority to prospect but a surrender in respect of part of the land comprising an authority to prospect may only be surrendered if that part can be identified from the land comprising the balance of the authority to prospect by the same or similar means whereby the land comprising the authority to prospect is described and identified by the authority to prospect.
(1A)However, the Minister’s approval is not required if the surrender is the surrender of a part of the area of the authority that overlaps with the area of a lease under this Act or a 2004 Act lease.
(2)Where an authority to prospect is surrendered in respect of part only of the land comprising the authority to prospect, the authority to prospect is to be amended by excising that part and otherwise as may be required to conform with this Act and the authority to prospect continues in respect of the balance of the area.
(3)In the case of a surrender of an authority to prospect (in whole or in part) all adjustments between the Crown and the holder in respect of the payment of rental, fees or other moneys are at the discretion of the Minister who, for this purpose, may demand of the holder such sums as the Minister specifies and recover the same by action as a debt due to the Crown.
(4)The holder may obtain the approval only by an application—
(a)made in the approved form; and
(b)accompanied by—
(i)the fee prescribed under a regulation; and
(ii)a report by the applicant about authorised activities for the authority carried out on the area the subject of the application, and the results of the activities.

s 21 prev s 21 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(vi)

sub 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 11

om 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 5

pres s 21 ins 1990 No. 108 s 5 (retro)

amd 2004 No. 26 s 16

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

22[Repealed]

s 22 ins 1990 No. 108 s 5 (retro)

om 2004 No. 26 s 17

22A[Repealed]

s 22A prev s 22A ins 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(viii)

om 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 14

23[Repealed]

s 23 (prev s 9B) ins 1983 No. 13 s 13

renum 1990 No. 108 s 3 (retro)

om 2004 No. 26 s 17

24Miscellaneous rights

The holder of an authority to prospect shall have the right—
(b)to cut and use any timber on such land for building or construction works or firewood or other necessary purposes; and
(c)to depasture on such land all stock used in connection with the holder’s prospecting and mining operation;

subject, however, to any conditions prescribed with respect to payment for water, timber, or agistment in cases where the making of such payment is deemed necessary.

s 24 (prev s 35) amd 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 4; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 2000 No. 34 s 1145 sch 3; 2004 No. 26 s 21 (1)–(3)

reloc 2004 No. 26 s 21 (4)

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

24A[Repealed]

s 24A ins 2004 No. 12 s 156

om 2010 No. 31 s 536

Division 2 Work programs

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Subdivision 1 Requirements for proposed later work programs

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25Operation of sdiv 1

This subdivision provides for requirements (the later work program requirements) for a proposed work program for an authority to prospect.

Note—

For initial work programs—
(a)in relation to unfinished authority to prospect applications for which a Commonwealth Native Title Act s 29 notice has been given, see section 151; and
(b)in relation to conditions of an authority to prospect about expenditure or work becoming its work program, see section 155.

s 25 amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 5; 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 5

sub 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 2; 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25AGeneral requirements

(1)The proposed program must include each of the following—
(a)an overview of the activities proposed to be carried out under the authority or proposed authority during all of its term;
(b)for each year of the program period, a statement about—
(i)the extent and nature of petroleum exploration and testing for petroleum production proposed to be carried out during the year; and
(ii)generally where the activities are proposed to be carried out; and
(iii)the estimated cost of the activities;
(c)maps that show where the activities are proposed to be carried out;
(d)any other information relevant to the matters mentioned in section 25E(2);
(e)reasons that the program is considered appropriate;
(f)a statement about the extent to which the current work program for the authority to prospect has been complied with;
(g)if there have been any amendments to the authority or its current work program, a statement about—
(i)whether the changes have been incorporated in the proposed program; and
(ii)any effect the changes have on the proposed program;
(h)a statement about the effect of any petroleum discovery on the proposed program;
(i)another matter prescribed under a regulation.
(2)A regulation may impose requirements about the form in which the matters mentioned in subsection (1) must be given.
(3)In this section—
year, of the program period, means—
(a)the period starting on the day the program period starts and ending on the first anniversary of that day; and
(b)each subsequent period of 12 months or less during the program period, starting on each anniversary of that day and ending on—
(i)the next anniversary of that day; or
(ii)if the program period ends before the next anniversary—the day the program period ends.

s 25A ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25BProgram period

(1)The proposed program must state its period.
(2)The period must not be longer than—
(a)if the term of the rest, or the renewed term, of the authority is less than 4 years—the rest of its term or renewed term; or
(b)if the term of the rest, or the renewed term, of the authority is 4 years or more, the following—
(i)generally—4 years from the start of the period;
(ii)if the Minister approves a longer period—the longer period.
(3)However, the Minister can not approve a period longer than the rest of the term or renewed term of the authority.

s 25B ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Subdivision 2 Approval of proposed later work programs

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25CApplication of sdiv 2

This subdivision applies if, under this Act, a proposed later work program is lodged for approval.

Notes—

1For the requirement to include a proposed later work program with an application to renew an authority to prospect, see section 25M(1)(d).
2For the obligation to lodge a proposed later work program, see section 74K.
3For the types of noncompliance action that may be taken, see section 80T.

s 25C ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1; 2014 No. 47 s 525

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25CAModified application of pt 9, div 1

Part 9, division 1 applies in relation to the lodgement by an authority to prospect holder of a proposed later work program as if—
(a)the lodgement of the proposed program were the making of an application by the holder; and
(b)the later work program requirements for the proposed program were the requirements under part 9, division 1 for making the application.

s 25CA ins 2014 No. 47 s 526

25DAuthority taken to have work program until decision on whether to approve proposed work program

(1)This section applies until—
(a)if the proposed program is approved—the authority to prospect holder is given notice of the approval; or
(b)if approval of the proposed program is refused—when the refusal takes effect.

Note—

For when the decision takes effect, see section 25F.
(2)Despite the ending of the program period for the current work program for the authority to prospect—
(a)the authority is taken to have a work program; and
(b)the holder may carry out any authorised activity for the authority.

s 25D ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25EDeciding whether to approve proposed program

(1)The Minister may approve or refuse to approve the proposed program.
(2)The matters that must be considered in deciding whether to approve the proposed program include each of the following—
(a)the appropriateness of the proposed program, having regard to—
(i)the potential of the area of the authority to prospect for petroleum discovery; and
(ii)the extent and nature of the proposed petroleum exploration;

Examples—

proposed geological, geophysical or geochemical surveying
the number of wells the authority to prospect holder proposes to drill, and their type
(iii)when and where the authority to prospect holder proposes to carry out the exploration;
(b)the capability criteria;
(c)the extent to which the current work program has been complied with;
(d)any amendments made to the authority or its current work program, and the reasons for the changes;
(e)any commercial viability report or independent viability assessment for the authority.

s 25E ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2014 No. 47 s 527

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25FSteps after, and taking effect of, decision

(1)On approval of the proposed later work program, the holder must be given notice of the approval.
(2)On refusal to approve the later work program, the holder must be given an information notice about the decision to refuse.
(3)An approval takes effect when the holder is given the notice or, if the notice states a later day of effect, on that later day.
(4)A refusal does not take effect until the end of the appeal period for the refusal.

Notes—

1For the period to appeal, see section 105.
2For when the Land Court may grant a stay of the decision, see section 107.

s 25F ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Subdivision 3 Amending work programs

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25GRestrictions on amending work program

(1)An authority to prospect holder may amend the work program for the authority only if—
(a)an application for approval of the amendment has been made under this subdivision and the amendment has been approved under this subdivision; and
(b)if the amendment is to extend the period of the work program—the requirements under subsection (2) have been complied with.
(2)For subsection (1)(b), the requirements are each of the following—
(a)the work program can not be the initial work program for the authority;
(b)the period of the work program, or any earlier work program for the authority, must not have previously been extended;
(c)the extension can not be for a term that ends after—
(i)1 year after the current period of the work program; or
(ii)12 years after the authority originally took effect;
(d)within 3 months before the making of the application—
(i)a person (the designated person) become a holder of the authority; or
(ii)a person (also the designated person) applied for approval of a transfer of a share in the authority and the transfer has, under the Common Provisions Act, been approved for registration under that Act;
(e)the share, or proposed share, of the designated person in the authority is at least 50%;
(f)the designated person is not, under the Corporations Act, section 64B, an entity connected with another person who is a holder of the authority.
(3)In this section—
initial work program means—
(a)a work program approved under section 151; or
(b)conditions about expenditure or work that, under section 155, are taken to be the work program for the authority.

s 25G ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2014 No. 47 s 500

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25HApplying for approval to amend

(1)An authority to prospect holder may apply for approval to amend the work program for the authority.

Note—

For other relevant provisions about applications, see part 9, divisions 1 and 1A.
(2)However, the application can not be made less than 20 business days before the end of the period stated in the plan for carrying out work under the existing work program.
(3)The application must be accompanied by the fee prescribed under a regulation.

s 25H ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25I[Repealed]

s 25I ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

om 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

25JDeciding application

(1)If the proposed amendment—
(a)does not relate to the work program for the authority to prospect provided for under section 155; and
(b)is to substitute the carrying out of an authorised activity (the original activity) with another authorised activity;

the Minister may approve the amendment if satisfied the other activity is at least of an equivalent value to the original activity.

(2)If the application is to extend the period of the work program for the authority, the Minister may approve the amendment only if satisfied—
(a)the requirements under section 25G(2) have been complied with; and
(b)the designated person mentioned in section 25G(2) is likely to provide additional financial or technical resources for the authority; and
(c)the work program will be completed within the period of the extension.

Note—

For additional provisions about relinquishment that apply if the period is extended, see sections 74A(1)(c) and 74J.
(3)Otherwise, the Minister may approve the amendment only if satisfied it is necessary because of a circumstance—
(a)not related to—
(i)the applicant’s financial or technical resources or ability to manage petroleum exploration; or
(ii)the results of exploration; and
(b)the happening of which is or was beyond the applicant’s control; and
(c)that could not have been prevented by a reasonable person in the applicant’s position.
(4)Also, if the amendment is approved under subsection (2), any relinquishment day for the authority may be deferred for a period that relates to a circumstance mentioned in subsection (3).
(5)A deferral under subsection (4)—
(a)can not be for longer than 12 years after the authority took effect; and
(b)does not defer any later relinquishment day for the authority.
(6)If, under this section, an amendment is approved, a condition may be imposed on the authority requiring its holder to relinquish, by a lodged notice, at least a stated percentage of the original notional sub-blocks of the authority on or before a stated day.

s 25J ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25KSteps after, and taking effect of, decision

(1)On approval of the proposed amendment, the holder must be given notice of the approval.
(2)On refusal to approve the proposed amendment, the holder must be given an information notice about the decision to refuse.
(3)An approval takes effect when the holder is given the notice or, if the notice states a later day of effect, on that later day.

s 25K ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Division 3 Renewals

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25LConditions for renewal application

(1)An authority to prospect holder may apply to renew the authority only if none of the following is outstanding—
(a)annual rent for the authority;
(b)a civil penalty under section 74W for nonpayment of annual rent;
(c)interest payable under section 102 on annual rent or a civil penalty;
(d)petroleum royalty for petroleum produced under the authority and any unpaid petroleum royalty interest on it;
(e)security required for the authority, as required under section 78E.
(2)Also the application can not be made—
(a)if any of the following provides that the authority is to be replaced under another Act—
(i)an agreement mentioned in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 31(1)(b);
(ii)an indigenous land use agreement registered on the register of indigenous land use agreement under the Commonwealth Native Title Act; or

Note—

For the right to apply for a petroleum tenure, see the 2004 Act, section 908.
(b)if section 173 applies and the relinquishment condition under that section has not been complied with; or
(c)if a part of the area of the authority overlaps with the area of a lease under this Act or a 2004 Act lease, other than a 2004 Act lease granted under the 2004 Act, chapter 3, part 2, division 2 or part 3, division 3; or
(d)more than 60 business days before the end of the term of the authority; or
(e)after the authority has ended.

s 25L ins 2004 No. 26 s 19 (amd 2004 No. 33 s 21B)

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch (amdt could not be given effect); 2007 No. 46 s 137; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25MRequirements for making application

(1)The application must—
(a)be in the approved form; and
(b)state whether or not the work program for the authority to prospect has been complied with; and
(c)if the work program has not been complied with—state details of, and the reasons for, each noncompliance; and
(d)include a proposed later work program for the renewed authority; and
(e)address the capability criteria; and
(f)include information about the matters that, under sections 25O and 25R, must or may be considered in deciding the application; and
(g)state whether or not the applicant has complied with part 6E, for reports required to be lodged in relation to the authority; and
(h)be accompanied by—
(i)the application fee prescribed under a regulation; and
(ii)if the application is made less than 20 business days before end of the term of the authority—an amount that is 10 times the application fee.
(2)The proposed work program must comply with the later work program requirements.

Notes—

1For the requirements for proposed later work programs, see division 2, subdivision 1.
2For the approval of proposed later work programs, see division 2, subdivision 2.
(3)An authority to prospect holder can not apply to renew the authority if section 173 applies and the relinquishment condition under that section has not been complied with.
(4)However, to the extent the application is for a whole sub-block in the area of a petroleum lease or 2004 Act lease, the application is invalid.

s 25M ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2005 No. 3 s 11; 2005 No. 68 s 150 sch; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2 (amdt 11 could not be given effect); 2014 No. 47 s 528

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25NContinuing effect of authority for renewal application

(1)This section applies if before the application is decided the term of the authority to prospect ends.
(2)Despite the ending of the term, the authority continues in force until the earlier of the following to happen—
(a)the start of any renewed term of the authority;
(b)a refusal of the application takes effect;
(c)the application is withdrawn;
(d)the authority is cancelled under this Act.

Note—

For the authority being taken to have a work program until a decision has been made on whether to approve a proposed work program, see section 25D.
(3)If the authority is renewed, subsection (2) is taken never to have applied for the period from the end of the term of the authority being renewed, as stated in that authority.

s 25N ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25ODeciding application

(1)The Minister may grant or refuse the renewal.
(2)However—
(a)before deciding to grant the renewal, the Minister must decide whether to approve the applicant’s proposed later work program for the renewed authority to prospect; and

Note—

For the approval of proposed later work programs, see division 2, subdivision 2.
(b)the renewal can not be granted unless—
(i)the proposed program has been approved; and
(ii)the applicant satisfies the capability criteria; and
(iii)the Minister is satisfied the applicant has substantially complied with the authority to prospect being renewed; and
(iv)a relevant environmental authority for the renewed authority to prospect has been issued.
(3)The Minister may, as a condition of deciding to grant the application, require the applicant to do all or any of the following within a stated reasonable period—
(a)pay the annual rent for the first year of the renewed authority;
(b)give security for the renewed authority, as required under section 78E.
(4)If the applicant does not comply with the requirement, the application may be refused.

s 25O ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25PTerm and area of renewed authority

(1)Each renewed authority to prospect must state its term and area.
(2)The term can not—
(a)end after—
(i)1 November 2021; or
(ii)12 years from when the renewed authority to prospect takes effect under section 25Q.
(b)be longer than the term of the authority that immediately preceded the renewed term.
(3)Subsection (2)(b) applies despite—
(a)whether the authority to prospect has previously been renewed; and
(b)any previous renewal of the authority.
(4)The area can not be more than the area of the authority to prospect being renewed immediately before the renewed authority is to take effect.

s 25P ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25QOther provisions and taking effect of renewed authority

(1)A renewed authority to prospect may state—
(a)conditions or other provisions of the renewed authority, other than conditions or provisions that are—
(i)inconsistent with the mandatory conditions for authorities to prospect; or
(ii)the same as, or substantially the same as, or inconsistent with, any relevant environmental condition for the renewed authority; and
(b)relinquishment days for the renewed authority.
(2)To remove any doubt, it is declared that the conditions of the renewed authority may be different from the conditions or other provisions of the authority to prospect being renewed.
(3)The provisions of the renewed authority may exclude or restrict the carrying out of an authorised activity for the renewed authority.
(4)The first relinquishment day for the renewed authority must not be later than 4 years after the day the renewed authority is to take effect.
(5)If relinquishment days are not stated, its relinquishment days are taken to be—
(a)the day that is the fourth anniversary of the day the renewed authority starts under subsection (6) or (7); and
(b)each day during its term that is a 4 yearly interval after that day.
(6)If the renewed authority is decided before the end of the term of the authority to prospect being renewed as stated in that authority (the previous term), the term of the renewed authority is taken to start from the end of the previous term.
(7)If the renewed authority is decided after the previous term, the term of the renewed authority starts immediately after the end of the previous term, but—
(a)the conditions of the renewed authority do not start until the authority holder is given notice of them; and
(b)until the notice is given, the conditions of the authority to prospect being renewed apply to the renewed authority as if they were its conditions.

s 25Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25RCriteria for decisions

(1)The matters that must be considered in deciding whether to grant the renewal or deciding the provisions of the renewed authority include—
(a)the matters mentioned in section 25E(2); and
(b)whether the applicant continues to satisfy the capability criteria.
(2)In this section—
satisfies, the capability criteria, means the Minister continues to have the opinion mentioned in the definition of capability criteria in section 2 about the holder of the authority to prospect being renewed.

s 25R ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25SInformation notice about refusal

On refusal of the application, the applicant must be given an information notice about the decision to refuse.

s 25S ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25TWhen refusal takes effect

A refusal of the application does not take effect until end of the appeal period for the decision to refuse.

Notes—

1For the period to appeal, see section 105.
2For when the Land Court may grant a stay of the decision, see section 107.

s 25T ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

Division 4 Expiry of part

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

25UExpiry of pt 4 and ending of authorities to prospect

(1)This part expires on 1 November 2021.
(2)All authorities to prospect still in force immediately before 1 November 2021 expire on that day.

s 25U ins 2004 No. 26 s 19

amd 2005 No. 3 s 12

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 25U)

hdg prec s 26 om 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

26[Repealed]

hdg prec s 26 om 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

Part 5 [Repealed]

pt hdg om 2004 No. 26 s 20

26[Repealed]

s 26 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(iv); 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 6; 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 7; 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 3; 1965 No. 19 s 4 sch 2; 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1976 No. 89 s 3; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

27[Repealed]

s 27 sub 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 8

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

28[Repealed]

s 28 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(v); 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 7

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

hdg prec s 29 om 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

29[Repealed]

hdg prec s 29 om 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

29[Repealed]

s 29 amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 8

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

30[Repealed]

s 30 amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 9; 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 4; 1982 No. 31 s 3 sch; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

31[Repealed]

s 31 amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 10

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

32[Repealed]

s 32 sub 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 11

amd 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 9; 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1976 No. 39 s 4

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

33[Repealed]

s 33 ins 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 12

amd 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 6

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

34[Repealed]

s 34 (prev s 22) amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(vii)

renum 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 13

amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 13; 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

36[Repealed]

s 36 orig s 36 om 1962 No. 30 s 13

prev s 36 amd 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 20

37[Repealed]

s 37 om 2004 No. 26 s 20

38[Repealed]

s 38 om 2004 No. 26 s 20

39[Repealed]

s 39 om 2004 No. 26 s 20

Part 6 Provisions relating to leases

pt 6 div 4 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

om 2004 No. 26 s 43

Division 1 General provisions for leases

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 22

40Lease to holder of authority to prospect

(1)Subject to subsection (5), a holder of an authority to prospect may, by signed writing, apply to the Minister for the grant to the applicant, or to the applicant and other qualified persons nominated by the applicant, of a lease or leases of such area of land as is reasonably required to develop and produce payable deposits of petroleum within the land the subject of the authority to prospect.
(1A)The right to apply under subsection (1) applies only to the extent that the area of the proposed lease is not in the area of a coal or oil shale mining tenement, a GHG authority or a geothermal tenure.

Note—

For the transition, by application, from an authority to prospect under this Act to a petroleum lease under this Act, see the 2004 Act, chapter 15, part 3, division 4.
(2)If the applicant and any other persons nominated by the applicant are qualified persons and the applicant—
(a)declares that deposits of petroleum that the applicant believes on reasonable grounds to be payable have been discovered within the land the subject of the application; and
(b)lodges with the Minister a proposed program for developing and producing petroleum from any field within the land;

the applicant is entitled to have a lease granted to the applicant and the other persons (if any) nominated by the applicant.

(3)On compliance with subsection (2), the relevant land is taken, for the purposes of subsection (1), to contain payable deposits of petroleum capable of development and production.
(4)A lease is to be granted by the Minister.
(4A)The lease can not have a term of more than 30 years.
(5)The lands in respect of which a lease is granted under subsection (4)—
(a)shall not exceed 260km2 in area; and
(b)unless otherwise approved by the Minister shall be bounded by boundaries which are a rectilinear figure the sides whereof (which may be of any number) are formed by parts of meridians of longitude and by chords, each subtending a minute of arc, of parallels of latitude and described by whole minutes of latitude and longitude; and
(c)shall be described and marked on a plan in such manner that they can be readily identified.
(6)The Minister may, if in the Minister’s opinion the special circumstances of the particular case render it necessary or desirable so to do, approve that lands which are not contiguous may be included in one lease.
(6A)However, the approval mentioned in subsection (6) is not required if the land in the authority to prospect’s area is not contiguous only because of the exclusion of acquired land from the area.
(7)The applicant for the lease shall, when and as required by the Minister, and may at the applicant’s option (but in either case at the applicant’s own expense) survey and mark upon the ground, in accordance with the relevant regulations, all or any portion of the boundaries of the lease.
(8)When such survey and marking is accepted as correct by the Minister, the boundaries or portion of the boundaries as so marked shall be the boundaries or, as the case may be, that portion of the boundaries of the lease.
(9)This section expires on 1 November 2021.

s 40 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(ix); 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 12

sub 1962 No. 30 s 6

amd 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1991 No. 65 s 8; 2004 No. 26 s 23; 2007 No. 46 s 138; 2009 No. 3 s 527; 2010 No. 31 s 537; 2012 No. 20 ss 69, 247, 125 sch 1

exp 1 November 2021 (see s 40(9))

40AContinuing effect, for s 40 application, of authority to prospect and its work program

(1)This section applies if, other than for subsection (2), the relevant authority to prospect would, other than by cancellation under this Act, end before an application under section 40 is granted.
(2)The authority continues in force in relation to the area the subject of the application until the earlier of the following—
(a)the start of the term of the lease the subject of the application;
(b)the application is withdrawn.
(3)While the authority continues in force under subsection (2), and despite any ending of the program period for its work program—
(a)the authority is taken to have a work program; and
(b)its holder may carry out any authorised activity for the authority.

s 40A ins 2004 No. 26 s 24

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

40BMinister’s power to decide excluded land for lease

(1)The Minister may, at any time, decide excluded land for a lease or a lease proposed to be granted under section 40.
(2)However, the power under subsection (1) may be exercised only when the Minister is deciding whether to—
(a)grant or renew the lease; or
(b)approve any later development plan for the lease.
(3)However, excluded land—
(a)must be within any sub-block included in the area of the lease; and
(b)can not be a whole sub-block.
(4)For subsection (3)(a), if the register—
(a)states that the lease’s area includes land within a block; but
(b)does not include or exclude any particular sub-block within that block;

the reference to the block in the register is a reference to all sub-blocks within the block, other than any sub-block that is completely within the area of another 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure.

(5)Excluded land may be described in a way the Minister considers appropriate, including, for example, by area or by reference to a stated type of land.
(6)Land ceases to be excluded land for a lease if, for any reason, the sub-block in which the land is located ceases to be in the area of the lease.

s 40B ins 2004 No. 26 s 24

amd 2018 No. 24 s 182

41[Repealed]

s 41 amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 15

om 2004 No. 26 s 25

42[Repealed]

s 42 ins 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 13

sub 1962 No. 30 s 7

amd 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1

om 2004 No. 26 s 25

43[Repealed]

s 43 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(x); 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 16

sub 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 14; 1962 No. 30 s 8

amd 1997 No. 17 s 74 sch; 2001 No. 71 s 551 sch 1

om 2004 No. 26 s 25

44Form etc. of lease

(1)Every lease shall—
(a)confer upon the lessee—
(i)the exclusive right to prospect for, mine, extract, recover, remove, and dispose of all petroleum in or under the land demised, with the right to construct and maintain thereon all works buildings plant waterways (including any pipelines for conveying water) roads pipelines reservoirs tanks pumping stations and other structures necessary to the full enjoyment thereof; and
(ii)the right to plug and abandon, or otherwise remediate, a bore or well the lessee reasonably believes is a legacy borehole and rehabilitate the surrounding area in compliance with the requirements prescribed under a regulation; and
(b)be for a term no longer than the period nominated (with reasons for the nomination) by the applicant as an appropriate term for producing in an economically viable way the petroleum from the fields within the land the subject of the lease; and
(c)be subject to the mandatory conditions for leases and any conditions decided by the Minister.

Note—

The carrying out of particular activities on particular land in a lease’s area may not be authorised following the taking of the land under a resumption law. See section 124B.
(2)Despite subsection (1)(b), the holder can not carry out GHG stream storage.

s 44 amd 1962 No. 30 s 9; 1991 No. 65 s 9; 2004 No. 26 s 26; 2009 No. 3 s 528; 2012 No. 20 ss 70, 248; 2014 No. 47 s 523; 2018 No. 24 s 183

45Entitlement to renewal of lease

(1AA)This section does not apply to a lease that ends after 1 November 2021.
(1)The lessee of a lease who has substantially complied with this Act and the 2004 Act, chapter 6, and the terms and conditions of the lease, in relation to that lease, at the expiration of the lease, is entitled, subject to subsection (2), to a renewal of the lease by the Minister.
(1A)However, subsection (1) only applies if—
(a)the lease is a lease that has any number as follows—
(i)1 to 18, inclusive;
(ii)21 to 93, inclusive;
(iii)98;
(iv)101;
(v)115 to 117, inclusive;
(vi)204; or
(b)the lease is prescribed under a regulation notified before 31 December 2004; or
(c)the lease is not a lease mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) and, before 31 December 2004, a notice under the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 29, was given for the renewal; or
(d)a following agreement, whether made before or after the commencement of this paragraph, provides for the renewal of the lease under this Act and the negotiations for the agreement started before the 2004 Act start day—
(i)an agreement mentioned in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 31(1)(b);
(ii)an indigenous land use agreement registered on the register of indigenous land use agreement under the Commonwealth Native Title Act.

Note—

For the right to apply for a petroleum tenure, see the 2004 Act, section 908.
(2)A lessee referred to in subsection (1), before the expiration of the lease, is to by an application—
(a)declare whether deposits of petroleum, that the lessee believes on reasonable grounds to be payable, exist within the land the subject of the lease; and
(b)state whether or not the development plan for the lease has been complied with; and

Note—

For the program for development and production for a lease becoming its development plan, see section 156.
(c)if the development plan for the lease has not been complied with—state details of, and the reasons for, each noncompliance.
(2A)The application must—
(a)be in the approved form; and
(b)include a proposed later development plan for the renewed lease; and
(c)be accompanied by—
(i)the application fee prescribed under a regulation; and
(ii)if the application is made less than 40 business days before the end of the term of the lease—an amount that is 10 times the application fee.
(2B)The proposed plan must comply with the later development plan requirements.
(3)The renewed lease must be for a term no longer than the period nominated (with reasons for the nomination) by the lessee as an appropriate term for producing in an economically viable way the petroleum from the fields within the land the subject of the lease.
(4)The law relating to the amount and payment of royalties and of rent in force at the time of renewal applies to the renewed lease.

s 45 ins 1991 No. 65 s 10

amd 2004 No. 26 s 27; 2005 No. 3 s 13; 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch; 2007 No. 46 s 139; 2012 No. 20 ss 249, 125 sch 1, 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 47 s 529

46Annual rent

(1)A lessee must pay the State the annual rent, as prescribed under a regulation.
(2)The annual rent must be paid in the way, and on or before the day, prescribed under a regulation.

s 46 sub 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(xi)

amd 1929 20 Geo 5 No. 17 s 17; 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 15

sub 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 7

amd 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1976 No. 89 s 5; 1982 No. 23 s 75; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 28

46AApplication of GST to rents

(1)If rent payable under section 46 for a lease is for a supply for which GST is payable, the rent payable from the relevant day for the lease is the total of—
(a)the rent that would have been payable if the rent were not for a supply for which GST is payable; and
(b)10% of the rent that would have been payable if the rent were not for a supply for which GST is payable.
(2)In this section—
relevant day, for a lease, means—
(a)for a lease granted before 8 July 1999—1 July 2005; or
(b)for a lease granted on or after 8 July 1999—25 August 2000.

s 46A ins 2000 No. 20 s 29 sch 1

47Reservations, conditions and covenants of lease

(1)Every lease is subject to the following reservations, covenants and conditions—
(a)a reservation of power to authorise mining on the land for any purpose other than the production or obtaining of petroleum or petroleum products, but not such as to interfere with, encroach upon, or endanger operations for producing or obtaining petroleum;
(b)a covenant by the lessee to pay the prescribed rent in accordance with this Act;
(c)a covenant by the lessee to pay the State petroleum royalty, as required under the 2004 Act, chapter 6;
(d)a covenant by the lessee to work the land demised by the lease in accordance with recognised good oilfield practice and in compliance with this Act, unless exemption or partial exemption is granted in such manner as may be prescribed;
(e)a covenant by the lessee that, if directed by the Minister not to dispose of any petroleum or petroleum products for use or consumption outside Australia, the lessee will not so dispose of any petroleum or petroleum products;
(f)a covenant by the lessee to comply with the provisions of this Act;
(g)a covenant by the lessee to use the land bona fide exclusively for the purpose for which it is demised and in accordance with this Act, unless prevented from so doing by circumstances beyond the lessee’s power and control;
(h)a covenant by the lessee not to assign, transfer, sublet, mortgage or make the subject of any trust the lease or the land or any part thereof otherwise than in accordance with this Act or the Common Provisions Act;
(i)a condition for the forfeiture of the lease in the event of any breach of any covenant or condition by the lessee and the failure of the lessee completely to remedy the same within 3 months (or such further time as the Minister may in the Minister’s discretion, allow) after the Minister shall have given to the lessee notice in writing to make good the same.
(2)If an application for a lease has been granted, the applicant and the applicant’s assigns are taken to have entered into the covenants and accepted the reservations and conditions mentioned in subsection (1).

s 47 prev s 47 om 1958 7 Eliz No. 25 s 8

pres s 47 ins 1962 No. 30 s 10

amd 1991 No. 65 s 11; 2004 No. 26 s 29; 2014 No. 47 s 501; 2018 No. 24 s 184

48Commencement of drilling

(1)The lessee shall each year expend on the lease in respect of drilling for petroleum or such other work as the Minister may in writing approve a total sum of money calculated at the rate of $1550 per square kilometre for each square kilometre or part thereof contained in the lease.
(2)The total sum is to be reduced by the value at the wellhead, as agreed or determined under section 49, of all petroleum produced from the lease in the year.
(3)Subsections (1) and (2) are complied with in relation to each of the leases that are the subject of a unitisation arrangement if those subsections are complied with in relation to the leases taken as a whole.
(4)The Minister may grant exemption in writing from the requirements of subsection (1) for such period and under such conditions as the Minister may fix.
(5)If a conservation authority appointed under this Act restricts production from the lease then the value at the wellhead mentioned in subsection (2) shall be determined on production that, in the opinion of the conservation authority, reasonably could have been expected from the lease had production not been so restricted.
(6)The lessee shall drill all necessary wells fairly to offset the wells of others on adjoining land on petroleum deposits.

s 48 amd 1927 18 Geo 5 No. 13 s 2(xii); 1939 3 Geo 6 No. 19 s 16; 1962 No. 30 s 11; 1972 No. 31 s 6 sch 1; 1991 No. 65 s 12; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 2007 No. 46 s 140

49Ascertainment of value

For section 48(2), the value at the wellhead of any petroleum is such amount as is agreed between the Minister and the person who produces the petroleum or, failing such agreement within a period allowed by the Minister (either generally or in a particular case) as is determined by the Minister as being that value.

s 49 prev s 49 amd 1962 No. 30 s 12

om 2004 No. 26 s 30

pres s 49 (prev s 57) ins 1967 No. 37 s 8

amd 2007 No. 46 s 143 (1)

renum and reloc 2007 No. 46 s 143 (2)

50[Repealed]

s 50 ins 1991 No. 65 s 13

om 2004 No. 26 s 30

51Use and occupation of mining area on private or improved land

(1)With respect to the use and occupation by a lessee of any of the land demised, every lessee shall—
(a)as against the owner or occupier only of any such land, but not otherwise, be and be deemed to be in occupation of only such area of such land as the lessee from time to time requires for effectively carrying on and adequately protecting all the mining operations and the storing, refining, transporting, and communication works in connection with all the lessee’s mining operations carried on or to be carried on from time to time or at any time during the term of the lease or any extension thereof, together with all rights and easements incidental to such occupation;
(b)during such time have the right personally or by agents or workers, to cut and use any timber on any such land for building purposes, construction works, firewood, or other necessary purposes; and may depasture on such land all stock used in connection with all such mining or other operations or used by workers or employees of such lessee; subject however to any conditions prescribed with respect to payment for water timber or agistment in cases where the making of such payment is deemed necessary;
(c)cause to be surveyed and securely fenced each surface area on any such land which the lessee requires so as to effectively carry on and adequately protect the lessee’s mining operations and works.
(2)However, subsection (1)(c) shall not apply in relation to any unallocated State land except in so far as the Minister, in relation to any such land contained in a lease, by notice in writing to the lessee concerned, so directs.
(3)In this section—
occupier means the person in actual occupation of any private land or improved land, or, if there is no person in actual occupation, the person entitled to possession thereof.

s 51 amd 1962 No. 30 s 14; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 2000 No. 34 s 1145 sch 3; 2004 No. 26 ss 4 (4), 31

52Surrender and determination of lease

(1)The lessee may, with the consent of the Minister in writing, surrender and terminate the lease upon the payment of all rents royalties and other obligations due and payable to the Crown and upon payment of all wages and moneys due and payable to the workers employed by the lessee and upon proof satisfactory to the Minister that the public interest will not be impaired, but in no case shall such surrender be effective until the lessee has made full provision for conservation and protection of the property.
(1A)The consent may be given only on the application of the lessee.
(1B)The application must be—
(a)in the approved form; and
(b)be accompanied by—
(i)the fee prescribed under a regulation; and
(ii)a report by the applicant about the activities carried out on the area the subject of the application, and the results of the activities.

Note—

For the later grant of a petroleum tenure under the 2004 Act replacing an equivalent petroleum tenure under this Act, see the 2004 Act, chapter 15, part 3, division 7.
(2)Upon the acceptance of such surrender by the Minister the lessee shall be relieved of all future obligations under the lease.
(3)The lessee may with the like consent surrender to the Crown any legal subdivision of the area comprised within the lease.

s 52 amd 2004 No. 26 s 32; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2

52AApplication of 2004 Act provisions about coextensive natural underground reservoirs

The 2004 Act, chapter 2, part 2, division 1, subdivision 2 applies to a lease as if a reference in the subdivision to a petroleum lease were a reference to a lease under this Act.

Note—

For the deferral of section 52A for existing leases, see section 168.

s 52A ins 2004 No. 26 s 33

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

Division 2 Development plans

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

Subdivision 1 Requirements for proposed later development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

53Operation of sdiv 1

This subdivision provides for requirements (the later development plan requirements) for a proposed later development plan for a lease.

Notes—

1For the granting of a lease to the holder of an authority to prospect, see section 40.
2For the entitlement to a renewal of the lease, see section 45.
3For the obligation to lodge a proposed later development plan, see section 74Q.
4For the types of noncompliance action that may be taken, see section 80T.

s 53 amd 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

53AGeneral requirements

(1)The proposed plan must provide for each of the following—
(a)an overview of the activities proposed to be carried out under the lease or proposed lease during all of its term;
(b)for each year of the plan period—
(i)the nature and extent of activities proposed to be carried out under the lease or proposed lease during the year; and
(ii)where the activities are proposed to be carried out; and
(iii)the estimated cost of the activities;
(c)for each natural underground reservoir in the area of the lease of which the applicant is aware, each of the following—
(i)the location and a verifiable estimate of the amount of petroleum in the reservoir;
(ii)the standards and procedures used to make the estimate;
(iii)the rate and amount of production proposed from the reservoir;
(iv)approximately when the proposed production is to start;
(v)a schedule for the proposed production during the plan period;
(d)maps that show the matters mentioned in paragraph (b)(i) and (ii) and (c)(i);
(e)any other information relevant to the development plan criteria;
(f)reasons that the plan is considered appropriate;
(g)another matter prescribed under a regulation.
(2)Also, the proposed plan must—
(a)highlight any significant changes from the current development plan for the lease; and
(b)if the current development plan for the lease has not been complied with—state the details of, and the reasons for, each noncompliance.
(3)If the effect of the proposed plan is to significantly change an activity provided for under the current development plan, the proposed plan must also state reasons for the change.
(4)Also, for a significant change that is a cessation or reduction of petroleum production, the proposed plan must include an evaluation of—
(a)petroleum production potential in the area of the lease; and
(b)market opportunities for petroleum production in the area of the lease.
(5)A regulation may impose requirements about the form of the proposed plan.
(6)In this section—
year, of the plan period, means—
(a)the period starting on the day the plan period starts and ending on the first anniversary of that day; and
(b)each subsequent period of 12 months or less during the plan period, starting on each anniversary of that day and ending on—
(i)the next anniversary of that day; or
(ii)if the plan period ends before the next anniversary—the day the plan period ends.

s 53A ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

53BPlan period

(1)The proposed plan must state its period.
(2)The period must not be longer than—
(a)if the remaining term, or the renewed term, of the lease is less than 5 years—the term of the lease; or
(b)if the remaining term, or the renewed term, of the lease is 5 years or more—5 years from the start of the term or renewed term.

s 53B ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2007 No. 46 s 141

Subdivision 2 Approval of proposed later development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

53CApplication of sdiv 2

This subdivision applies if under this Act, a proposed later development plan is lodged for approval.

Note—

For the obligation to lodge a proposed later development plan, see section 74Q.

s 53C ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

53DLease taken to have development plan until decision on whether to approve proposed development plan

(1)This section applies until—
(a)if the proposed plan is approved—the holder is given notice of the approval; or
(b)if approval of the proposed plan is refused—when the refusal takes effect.

Note—

For when the decision takes effect, see section 53G.
(2)Despite the ending of the plan period for the current development plan for the lease—
(a)the lease is taken to have a development plan; and
(b)the holder may carry out any authorised activity for the lease.

s 53D ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

53EDeciding whether to approve proposed plan

(1)The Minister may approve or refuse to approve the proposed plan.
(2)The matters that must be considered in deciding whether to approve the proposed plan include each of the following—
(a)the potential of the area of the lease for petroleum production and related activities;
(b)the nature and extent of the activities;
(c)when and where the activities are proposed to be carried out;
(d)whether petroleum production sought under the lease will be optimised in the best interests of the State, having regard to the public interest;
(e)the extent to which the current development plan for the lease has been complied with;
(f)if the proposed plan provides for a significant change that is a cessation or reduction of petroleum production—
(i)whether the cessation or reduction is reasonable; and
(ii)whether the lessee has taken all reasonable steps to prevent the cessation or reduction.

s 53E ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

53FPower to require relinquishment

(1)This section applies if the proposed plan provides for a significant change that is a cessation or reduction of petroleum production.
(2)The Minister may approve the proposed plan, but—
(a)decide (a deferral decision)—
(i)to defer the taking of effect of the approval until the lessee relinquishes, by a lodged notice, a stated part or percentage of the area of the lease on or before a stated day; and
(ii)that the decision to approve the proposed plan is replaced by a decision not to approve it if the notice is not lodged on or before the stated day; or
(b)impose a condition on the lease requiring its holder to relinquish, by a lodged notice, a stated part or percentage of the area of the lease at stated times or intervals.
(3)The public interest must be considered before making a deferral decision or imposing the condition.
(4)A relinquishment under subsection (2)(a)(i) takes effect on the day after the notice is lodged.

s 53F ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

53GSteps after, and taking effect of, decision

(1)On approval of the proposed later development plan, the holder must be given notice of the approval.
(2)The approval takes effect when the holder is given the notice or, if the notice states a later day of effect, on that later day.
(3)The holder must be given an information notice about—
(a)a decision to refuse to approve the proposed plan; or
(b)a decision, under section 53F, to make a deferral decision or impose a condition.
(4)A refusal does not takes effect until the end the appeal period for the decision to refuse.

Notes—

1For the period to appeal, see section 105.
2For when the Land Court may grant a stay of the decision, see section 107.

s 53G ins 2004 No. 26 s 34

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

Division 3 Miscellaneous provisions

div hdg (prev pt 7 div 1 hdg) ins 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 40

ins 2004 No. 26 s 36

amd 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

54[Repealed]

s 54 om 2007 No. 46 s 142

55[Repealed]

s 55 ins 1958 7 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 9

sub 1967 No. 37 s 7

om 2004 No. 26 s 38

55A[Repealed]

s 55A ins 1950 14 Geo 6 No. 20 s 4

amd 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 15

om 1962 No. 30 s 23

56[Repealed]

s 56 ins 1967 No. 37 s 8

om 2004 No. 26 s 38

58[Repealed]

s 58 ins 1967 No. 37 s 8

om 2004 No. 26 s 39

59[Repealed]

s 59 ins 1967 No. 37 s 8

amd 1982 No. 31 s 3 sch; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 1995 No. 57 s 4 sch 1

om 2004 No. 26 s 39

60[Repealed]

s 60 ins 1967 No. 37 s 8

amd 1993 No. 35 s 8

om 2004 No. 26 s 39

61Obstruction of 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder

(1)A person must not, without reasonable excuse, obstruct a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder from—
(a)entering or crossing land to carry out an authorised activity for the tenure if chapter 3, part 2 or 3 of the Common Provisions Act, to the extent it is relevant, has been complied with in relation to the entry; or
(b)carrying out an authorised activity for the tenure on the land.

Maximum penalty—100 penalty units.

(2)If a person has obstructed a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder from carrying out an activity mentioned in subsection (1) and the holder decides to proceed with the carrying out of the activity, the holder must warn the person that—
(a)it is an offence to obstruct the holder unless the person has a reasonable excuse; and
(b)the holder considers the person’s conduct is an obstruction.
(3)In this section—
obstruct includes assault, hinder or resist and attempt or threaten to assault, hinder or resist.

s 61 sub 1962 No. 30 s 15; 2004 No. 26 s 41

amd 2014 No. 47 s 509

62[Repealed]

s 62 ins 1991 No. 65 s 14

amd 1995 No. 22 s 9; 2001 No. 71 s 551 sch 1

om 2004 No. 26 s 41

63[Repealed]

s 63 amd 1991 No. 65 s 15; 1995 No. 22 ss 10, 3 sch

om 2004 No. 26 s 41

64[Repealed]

s 64 amd 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 4

om 2004 No. 26 s 41

65Reservations in favour of State

(1)Each lease or authority to prospect is subject to a reservation to the State of the right to grant the easements or rights of way, over land covered by the lease or authority, the Minister considers desirable for—
(a)developing or working the land or other land containing petroleum deposits; or
(b)treating and transporting petroleum deposits by or for the Government, or a lessee or authority holder; or
(c)another public purpose associated with a purpose mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b).
(2)Easements and rights of way under this section may be granted for joint or several use.

s 65 amd 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 5; 1967 No. 37 s 9

sub 1995 No. 22 s 11

amd 2004 No. 26 s 42; 2012 No. 20 s 250; 2018 No. 24 s 185

66[Repealed]

s 66 orig s 66 sub 1993 No. 35 s 16

om R1 (see RA s 37)

prev s 66 amd 1955 4 Eliz 2 No. 25 s 6

sub 1962 No. 30 s 16

amd 1988 No. 51 s 10; 1991 No. 65 s 16; 1993 No. 35 s 9; 1994 No. 87 s 3 sch 2

sub 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

67[Repealed]

s 67 orig s 67 ins 1993 No. 35 s 16

om 1995 No. 22 s 17

AIA s 20A applies (see prev s 68(1))

prev s 67 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

68[Repealed]

s 68 orig s 68 ins 1995 No. 22 s 18

exp 11 April 1995 (see prev s 68(2))

prev s 68 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

69[Repealed]

s 69 orig s 69 ins 1995 No. 22 s 18

exp 1 July 1995 (see prev s 69(4))

AIA s 20A applies (see prev s 69(3))

prev s 69 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

amd 1996 No. 77 s 4; 1997 No. 71 s 1 sch; 1998 No. 28 s 73; 2003 No. 29 s 375

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

69A[Repealed]

s 69A ins 2004 No. 12 s 157 (amdt could not be given effect)

70[Repealed]

s 70 orig s 70 ins 1995 No. 22 s 18

exp 11 April 1995 (see s 70(2))

prev s 70 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

amd 1998 No. 28 s 74

om 2003 No. 29 s 376

70A[Repealed]

s 70A ins 1996 No. 77 s 5

amd 1997 No. 71 ss 6, 1 sch; 2003 No. 29 s 377

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

71[Repealed]

s 71 orig s 71 ins 1995 No. 22 s 18

om R2 (see RA s 37)

prev s 71 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

amd 1997 No. 71 s 1 sch; 2003 No. 29 s 378

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

72[Repealed]

s 72 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

om 2004 No. 26 s 44

73Recovery of amounts payable to the State

(1)An amount payable to the State under this Act may be recovered as a debt in a court having jurisdiction up to the amount of the debt.
(2)The starting of a proceeding to recover an amount owing to the State does not limit the right of the State to recover another amount that may become payable under this Act because the failure continues.
(3)If the State starts a proceeding to recover part only of an amount payable at a particular time, the State is taken to have abandoned the remainder of the amount payable at the time.

s 73 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

amd 2004 No. 26 s 45

Part 6A Key mandatory conditions and related provisions

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 1 Preliminary

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74Operation of div 1

This division provides for the key mandatory conditions for 1923 Act petroleum tenures.

Notes—

1Parts 4, 6, 6B to 6K and 10 also impose mandatory conditions on 1923 Act petroleum tenures.
2For what is a ‘mandatory condition’, see the definition of that term in section 2.

s 74 ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 2 Specific mandatory conditions for authorities to prospect and related provisions

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Standard relinquishment condition and related provisions

Note—

For an authority to prospect in force immediately before 31 December 2004, see part 10, division 2.

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

74AStandard relinquishment condition

(1)It is a condition (the relinquishment condition) of each authority to prospect that its holder must relinquish part of its area, as provided for under this subdivision—
(a)on or before each of its relinquishment days; and
(b)if section 74E(3) applies—on the day provided for under that subsection; and
(c)if, under part 4, division 2, subdivision 3, the period of the work program for the authority has been extended—the day on which the extended period ends.
(2)However, if, under section 25J(4), a relinquishment day for the authority (the original day) is deferred for a stated period, for the relinquishment condition—
(a)the relinquishment that was required on or before the original day is taken to have been deferred until the end of the stated period; but
(b)the relinquishments required under the relinquishment condition on any later relinquishment days for the authority must be made as if the deferral has not been granted.
(3)A relinquishment required under the relinquishment condition—
(a)must be made by lodged notice (the relinquishment notice); and
(b)takes effect on the day after lodgement under paragraph (a).
(4)This section does not prevent the holder from relinquishing, by relinquishment notice, more than the part provided for under this subdivision.

s 74A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

74BConsequence of failure to comply with relinquishment condition

(1)If the holder does not comply with the relinquishment condition the holder must be given a notice requiring the holder to comply with the condition within 20 business days after the giving of the notice.
(2)If the holder does not comply with the requirement, the authority to prospect is cancelled.
(3)However, the cancellation does not take effect until the holder is given a notice stating that the authority to prospect is cancelled because of the operation of subsection (2).

s 74B ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

74CPart usually required to be relinquished

(1)This section is subject to section 74E.
(2)The relinquishment for each relinquishment day, and any other day mentioned in section 74A(1)(b) or (c) that applies to the authority, must be such that by that day at least 8.33% of the original notional sub-blocks of the authority to prospect have been relinquished for each year that has passed since the authority originally took effect.
(3)The sub-blocks required to be relinquished under this section is the usual relinquishment.

s 74C ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74DSub-blocks that can not be counted towards relinquishment

(1)The following can not be counted as sub-blocks relinquished for the relinquishment condition—
(a)sub-blocks relinquished under a condition imposed under section 25J(6);
(b)sub-blocks in an area that, under section 20, has ceased to be included in the area of an authority to prospect;
(c)sub-blocks the subject of a lease application or an application for a 2004 Act lease;
(d)sub-blocks relinquished under a penalty relinquishment.
(2)In this section—
penalty relinquishment means a relinquishment that is—
(a)made under section 74J or under a requirement under section 80T(1)(b); and
(b)more than the sub-blocks required to be relinquished under the relinquishment condition.

s 74D ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74EAdjustments for sub-blocks that can not be counted

(1)This section applies for a relinquishment day if, after taking away all sub-blocks that, under section 74D, can not be counted for the relinquishment condition, the balance of the sub-blocks of the authority to prospect are less than the sub-blocks required to be relinquished under the usual relinquishment.
(2)The relinquishment condition is taken to have been complied with if the authority holder gives a relinquishment notice for all of the balance.
(3)However, if—
(a)a sub-block not counted for the relinquishment condition was the subject of a lease application; and
(b)the result of the application is that it is refused;

the authority holder must, within 20 business days after the appeal period for the decision to refuse, give a relinquishment notice for that sub-block.

s 74E ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74FRelinquishment must be by blocks

(1)A relinquishment under the relinquishment condition can only be by blocks.
(2)However, if a block contains an area that, under section 74D, can not be counted as a relinquishment, subsection (1) is complied with if all of the rest of the land within the block is relinquished.

s 74F ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74GEnding of authority to prospect if all of area relinquished

If all of the area of an authority to prospect is relinquished, the authority ends.

s 74G ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 2 Work programs

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74HRequirement to have work program

The holder of an authority to prospect must have a work program for the authority.

Notes—

1The only ‘work program’ for an authority to prospect is its current initial work program provided for under section 151 or 155 or its later work program, as approved under part 4, division 2. See the definition of that term in section 2.
2For the requirements to lodge a proposed later work program see sections 25M, 74K and 80T.
3For approval of proposed later development plans see part 4, division 2, subdivision 2.

s 74H ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74ICompliance with exploration activities in work program

An authority to prospect holder must carry out the exploration activities proposed in the work program.

s 74I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74JPenalty relinquishment if work program not completed within extended period

(1)If—
(a)under part 4, division 2, subdivision 3, the period of the work program for an authority to prospect has been extended; and
(b)the work program is not completed on or before the day on which the extended period ends;

its holder must relinquish a part of the original notional sub-blocks of the authority that the Minister is satisfied corresponds to the amount of the work under the work program that was not completed.

(2)The holder must give the chief executive written notice of the relinquishment within 20 business days after the end of the extended period.

Note—

For other relevant provisions about giving the chief executive documents, see part 9, division 1A.
(3)If the holder does not comply with subsection (2), the Minister may take action under section 80T(1)(b).

s 74J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 14; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

74KObligation to lodge proposed later work program

(1)This section imposes an obligation on an authority to prospect holder to lodge a proposed later work program for the authority.

Notes—

1For approval of the proposed program, see part 4, division 2, subdivision 2.
2If the holder wishes to renew the authority, a proposed later work program must be included in the renewal application. See section 25M(1).
(2)The obligation is complied with only if the proposed later work program—
(a)is lodged; and
(b)complies with the later work program requirements; and

Note—

For requirements for proposed later work programs, see part 4, division 2, subdivision 1.
(c)is accompanied by the relevant fee.
(3)A proposed later work program must be lodged at least 40, but no more than 100, business days before the end of the program period for the current work program for the authority (the current work program period).
(4)However, if before the end of the current work program period, a decision is made not to approve a proposed later work program lodged under subsection (3), the holder may, within the eligible balance of the period, lodge another proposed later work program.
(5)If the holder does not lodge any proposed later work program before the end of the current plan period or if subsection (4) applies and the holder does not lodge another proposed later work program within the eligible balance of the current work program period—
(a)the holder must be given a notice requiring the holder to lodge a proposed later work program for the authority within 40 business days after the giving of the notice; and
(b)the holder must comply with the requirement.
(6)In this section—
eligible balance, for a current work program period during which a decision mentioned in subsection (4) is made, means the balance of the period, other than the appeal period for the decision.
relevant fee, for the lodgement of the proposed program, means—
(a)if the proposed program is lodged within the time required under subsection (3)—the fee prescribed under a regulation; or
(b)if the proposed program is lodged after the time required under subsection (3)—
(i)if it is lodged under subsection (4)—nil; or
(ii)if it is not lodged under subsection (4)—an amount that is 10 times the prescribed fee.

s 74K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 144; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 47 s 530

74LConsequence of failure to comply with notice to lodge proposed later work program

(1)If an authority to prospect holder does not comply with a requirement under section 74K(5)(a), the authority is cancelled.
(2)However, the cancellation does not take effect until the holder is given a notice stating that the authority has been cancelled because of the operation of subsection (1).

s 74L ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 3 Miscellaneous conditions

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74MRestriction on flaring or venting

(1)An authority to prospect holder must not flare or vent petroleum in a gaseous state produced under the authority unless the flaring or venting is authorised under this section.
(2)Flaring the gas is authorised if it is not commercially or technically feasible to use it—
(a)commercially under the authority; or
(b)for an authorised activity for the authority.
(3)Venting the gas is authorised if—
(a)it is not safe to use the gas for a purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) or to flare it; or
(b)flaring it is not technically practicable.

s 74M ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74NPetroleum royalty and annual rent

(1)From 31 December 2004, the holder must pay the State—
(a)petroleum royalty as required under the 2004 Act, chapter 6; and
(b)annual rent, as prescribed under a regulation.
(2)The annual rent must be paid in the way, and on or before the day, prescribed under a regulation under the 2004 Act.

s 74N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch

Division 3 Specific mandatory conditions for leases and related provisions

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74ORequirement to have development plan

A lessee must have a development plan for the lease.

Notes—

1For what is the ‘development plan’ for a lease, see the definition of that term in section 2.
2For the requirements to lodge a proposed later development plan see sections 40, 45, 74Q and 80T.
3For approval of proposed later development plans see part 6, division 2, subdivision 2.

s 74O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

74PCompliance with development plan

(1)A lessee must comply with the development plan for the lease.

Note—

For a lease being taken to have a development plan until a decision on whether to approve a proposed development plan is made, see section 53D.
(2)However, subsection (1) does not apply to a failure to comply with the plan that is an act or omission by the holder to ensure compliance with an insufficiency of supply direction under the Gas Supply Act 2003.

s 74P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

74QObligation to lodge proposed later development plan

(1)This section imposes an obligation on a lessee to lodge a proposed later development plan for the lease.

Notes—

1For approval of the proposed plan, see part 6, division 2, subdivision 2.
2If the holder wishes to renew the lease, a proposed later development plan must be included in the renewal application. See section 25M.
(2)The obligation is complied with only if the proposed later development plan—
(a)is lodged; and
(b)complies with the later development plan requirements; and
(c)is accompanied by the relevant fee.
(3)A proposed later development plan must be lodged—
(a)for a petroleum lease granted after the commencement of this section—within 6 months after the grant; or
(b)otherwise—
(i)at least 40, but no more than 100, business days before the end of the plan period for its current development plan (the current plan period); or
(ii)as soon as practicable after the holder proposes or becomes aware of a significant change to the nature and extent of an authorised activity that is not already dealt with under the current development plan for the lease.
(4)However, if before the end of the current plan period, a decision is made not to approve a proposed later development plan lodged under subsection (3), the holder may, within the eligible balance of the period, lodge another proposed later development plan.
(5)If the holder does not lodge any proposed later development plan before the end of the current development plan period or if subsection (4) applies and the holder does not lodge another proposed later development plan within the eligible balance of the current development plan period—
(a)the holder must be given a notice requiring the holder to lodge a proposed later development plan for the lease within 40 business days after the giving of the notice; and
(b)the holder must comply with the requirement.
(6)In this section—
eligible balance, for a current plan period during which a decision mentioned in subsection (4) is made, means the balance of the period, other than the appeal period for the decision.
relevant fee, for the lodgement of the proposed plan, means—
(a)if the proposed plan is lodged within the time required under subsection (3)—the fee prescribed under a regulation; or
(b)if the proposed plan is lodged after the time required under subsection (3) and—
(i)if it is lodged under subsection (4)—nil; or
(ii)if it is not lodged under subsection (4)—an amount that is 10 times the prescribed fee.

s 74Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2007 No. 46 s 145; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 47 s 531

74RConsequence of failure to comply with notice to lodge proposed later development plan

(1)If a lessee does not comply with a requirement under section 74Q(5)(a), the lease is cancelled.
(2)However, the cancellation does not take effect until the holder is given a notice stating that the lease has been cancelled because of the operation of subsection (1).

s 74R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 2 Other mandatory conditions for leases

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74SRestriction on flaring or venting

(1)A lessee must not flare or vent petroleum in a gaseous state produced under the lease unless the flaring or venting is authorised under this section.
(2)Flaring the gas is authorised if it is not commercially or technically feasible to use it—
(a)commercially under the lease; or
(b)for an authorised activity for the lease.
(3)Venting the gas is authorised if—
(a)it is not safe to use the gas for a purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) or to flare it; or
(b)flaring it is not technically practicable.
(4)Venting the coal seam gas is also authorised if—
(a)it is being used, or is proposed to be used, under a greenhouse abatement scheme; and
(b)if subsection (1) were to apply, the direct or indirect benefit the holder would otherwise obtain because of the use of the gas under the scheme would be reduced.
(5)In this section—
greenhouse abatement scheme means—
(a)the Electricity Supply Act 1995 (NSW), part 8A; or
(b)the Commonwealth’s Greenhouse Gas Abatement Program; or
(c)another scheme about the abatement of greenhouse gases prescribed under a regulation.

s 74S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

74TObligation to commence production

A lessee must start petroleum production under the lease on or before the later of the following—
(a)the end of 2 years after the lease takes effect;
(b)any production commencement day for the lease.

s 74T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 4 Provisions for all 1923 Act petroleum tenures

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Preliminary

sdiv 1 (s 74U) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74UApplication of div 4

This division applies to any 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder.

sdiv 1 (s 74U) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 2 General mandatory conditions

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74V[Repealed]

s 74V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 469

om 2014 No. 47 s 532

74WCivil penalty for nonpayment of annual rent

(1)If the holder does not pay the annual rent as required under section 46 or 74N, the holder must also pay the State a civil penalty.
(2)The amount of the penalty is 15% of the rent.
(3)The penalty—
(a)must be paid on the day after the last day for payment of the rent; and
(b)is still payable even if the holder later pays the rent.

s 74W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

74XCompliance with land access code

A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must—
(a)comply with the mandatory provisions of the land access code to the extent it applies to the holder; and
(b)ensure any other person carrying out an authorised activity for the holder complies with the mandatory provisions of the land access code.

s 74X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 470

amd 2010 No. 53 s 66

74Y[Repealed]

s 74Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2010 No. 31 s 470

74ZObligation to comply with Act and prescribed standards

(1)The holder must—
(a)comply with this Act; and
(b)in carrying out an authorised activity for the tenure, comply with—
(i)any standard that the tenure provides for the activity; and
(ii)to the extent that the tenure does not provide a standard for the activity—any standard prescribed under a regulation for carrying out the activity.
(2)In this section—
standard includes an Australian Standard, an international standard or a code or protocol.

s 74Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2009 No. 3 s 529

75Obligation to survey if Minister requires

(1)The Minister may, by notice to the holder, require the holder to survey or re-survey the area of the tenure within a stated reasonable period.
(2)The holder must cause the survey or re-survey to be carried out by a person registered as a cadastral surveyor under the Surveyors Act 2003.
(3)The holder must pay any costs incurred in complying with the notice.

s 75 ins 1962 No. 30 s 17

amd 1988 No. 51 s 11; 1993 No. 35 s 10; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

75AA[Repealed]

s 75AA ins 2007 No. 46 s 146

amd 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

om 2012 No. 20 s 251

Division 5 Mandatory conditions and related provisions for when 1923 Act petroleum tenure ends or area reduced

div hdg ins 1995 No. 22 s 12 (1)

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

75AObligation to decommission pipelines

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must, before the decommissioning day, decommission, in the way prescribed under a regulation, any pipeline in the area of the tenure.

Maximum penalty—1,000 penalty units.

Note—

For a general provision about ownership while a tenure is in force for a pipeline, see section 79X.
(2)However, subsection (1) does not apply if—
(a)the pipeline was constructed or operated under another 1923 Act petroleum tenure or 2004 Act petroleum tenure and the pipeline has not, since its construction, operated under the holder’s tenure; and
(b)the pipeline is operated as an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure.
(3)In this section—
decommissioning day means the later of the following days—
(a)the earlier of the following—
(i)the day the tenure ends;
(ii)the day the land ceases to be in the area of the tenure;
(b)if, before the day provided for under paragraph (a), the Minister fixes a day—that day;
(c)if, before a day fixed under paragraph (b), the Minister fixes a later day—that day.

s 75A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 15; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

75BObligation to remove equipment and improvements

(1)This section applies for equipment or improvements in the area of the tenure that are being, or have been, used for an authorised activity for the tenure.
(2)However, this section does not apply for—
(a)a well, pipeline, water observation bore or water supply bore; or

Notes—

1For wells, water supply bores and water observation bores, see part 6D.
2For the obligation to decommission pipelines, see section 75A.
3For a general provision about ownership while a tenure is in force for a pipeline, see section 79X.
(b)equipment or improvements on land that, under section 20, ceases to be in the area of an authority to prospect.
(3)The holder of the tenure must, before the removal day, remove the equipment or improvements from the land, unless the owner of the land otherwise agrees.

Maximum penalty—1,000 penalty units.

(4)To remove any doubt, it is declared that subsection (3) applies even if the equipment or improvements are not owned by the holder.

Note—

For ownership of equipment and improvements, see section 80.
(5)In this section—
equipment includes machinery and plant.
removal day means the later of the following days—
(a)the earlier of the following—
(i)the day the tenure ends;
(ii)the day the land ceases to be in the area of the tenure;
(b)if, before the day provided for under paragraph (a), the Minister fixes a day—that day;
(c)if, before a day fixed under paragraph (b), the Minister fixes a later day—that day.

s 75B ins 2004 No. 26 s 46l

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

75CAuthorisation to enter to facilitate compliance with s 74X or this division

(1)The Minister may, by notice, authorise a former holder of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure to enter any of the following land to comply with, or remedy a contravention of, section 74X or this division—
(a)the land to which section 74X or this division applies (primary land);
(b)any other land (secondary land) necessary or desirable to cross for access to the primary land.

Note—

For the power of an authorised person to ensure compliance, see section 80L.
(2)Section 74X, the definition conditions in section 2 and the Common Provisions Act, chapter 3, part 2 (other than division 5) and parts 3 and 7 apply to the former holder for the purpose of the authorisation as if—
(a)the tenure were still in force (the notional tenure); and
(b)the former holder is the holder of the notional tenure; and
(c)the primary land and any secondary land are in the area of the notional tenure; and
(d)the compliance or the remedying of the contravention were authorised activities for the notional tenure.
(3)However, the power under this section does not include the power to enter a structure, or a part of a structure, used for residential purposes without the consent of the occupier of the structure or part of the structure.
(4)If the former holder intends to enter the land and any occupier of the land is present at the land, the former holder also must show, or make a reasonable attempt to show, the occupier the former holder’s authorisation under this section.

s 75C ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1; 2018 No. 24 s 186

Part 6B Provisions relating to authorised activities

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75DGeneral restriction on carrying out authorised activities

The carrying out of an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is subject to—
(a)the provisions of the tenure; and
(b)compliance with the tenure holder’s rights and obligations under this Act.

Note—

The carrying out of particular activities on particular land in a 1923 Act petroleum tenure’s area may not be authorised following the taking of the land under a resumption law. See section 124B.

s 75D ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 71

75EWho may carry out authorised activity for holder

(1)An authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure may be carried out for its holder by any of the following persons acting within the scope of the person’s authority from the holder—
(a)if the holder is a corporation—its officers and employees;
(b)the holder’s employees or partners who are individuals;
(c)agents of, or contractors for, the holder;
(d)officers and employees of, or agents of, or contractors for, agents or contractors mentioned in paragraph (c).

Example—

A lessee may also enter into a coordination arrangement under which another party to the arrangement may carry out an authorised activity for the lease. See the 2004 Act, section 234(1).
(2)The authority may be express, or implied from—
(a)the nature of the relationship between the person and the holder; or
(b)the duties the person performs for the holder; or
(c)the duties a person mentioned in subsection (1) customarily performs.

s 75E ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75EALimitation of owner’s or occupier’s tortious liability for authorised activities

(1)This section applies to an owner or occupier of land in the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure if—
(a)someone else carries out an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure on the land; or
(b)someone else carries out an activity on the land and, in doing so, purports to be carrying out an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.
(2)The owner or occupier is not civilly liable to anyone else for a claim based in tort for damages relating to the carrying out of the activity.
(3)However, subsection (2) does not apply to the extent the owner or occupier, or someone else authorised by the owner or occupier, caused, or contributed to, the harm the subject of the claim.
(4)This section applies—
(a)despite any other Act or law; and
(b)even though this Act or the 1923 Act petroleum tenure prevents or restricts the carrying out of the activity as an authorised activity for the tenure.
(5)Subject to subsection (2), in this section, the terms claim, damagesand harm have the same meaning that they have under the Civil Liability Act 2003.

s 75EA ins 2010 No. 31 s 471

Part 6C Commercial viability assessment

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75FMinister’s power to require commercial viability report

(1)The Minister may, by notice (a report requirement), require a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder to lodge a written report (a commercial viability report) about all or a stated part of the tenure’s area if—
(a)the holder is not producing petroleum in the area or stated part; and
(b)the Minister is of the opinion that—
(i)it may be commercially viable to produce petroleum in the area or stated part; or
(ii)it may, within the next 15 years, be commercially viable to produce petroleum in the area or stated part.
(2)The notice must state each of the following—
(a)the Minister’s opinion under subsection (1)(b)(i) or (ii);
(b)the facts and circumstances forming the basis for the opinion;
(c)that the Minister requires the holder to give the Minister a commercial viability report about the area;
(d)a reasonable period for giving the report.

s 75F ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

75GRequired content of commercial viability report

(1)A commercial viability report must do all of the following—
(a)identify each natural underground reservoir in the area the subject of the relevant report requirement;
(b)give an estimate of the amount of petroleum in each reservoir;
(c)state the standards and procedures used to make the estimate;
(d)state whether, in the opinion of the relevant 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, it is commercially viable to produce petroleum in the area;
(e)if the holder’s opinion is that it is not commercially viable to produce petroleum in the area—state whether, in the holder’s opinion, it will, within the next 15 years, be commercially viable to produce petroleum in the area;
(f)give data, and an analysis of the data, that supports each opinion.
(2)The supporting data and analysis must include—
(a)technical data relating to the geology of, and natural underground reservoirs in the area; and
(b)market and financial data relevant to the opinions.

s 75G ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75HMinister’s power to obtain independent viability assessment

(1)This section applies for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, whether or not its holder has lodged a commercial viability report about the tenure.
(2)The Minister may obtain an independent assessment of the commercial viability of petroleum production in all or part of the area of the tenure (an independent viability assessment).
(3)However, before seeking the assessment, the Minister must give the holder a notice stating the following—
(a)that the Minister proposes to obtain the assessment;
(b)the Minister’s reasons for seeking the assessment;
(c)the likely costs of obtaining the assessment;
(d)whether the State will, under section 75I, seek to recover the costs;
(e)that the holder may, within a stated reasonable period, lodge submissions about the proposed assessment.
(4)Any submissions lodged by the holder within the stated period must be considered.
(5)The Minister must after receiving the assessment, give the holder a copy.

s 75H ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

75ICosts of independent viability assessment

If—
(a)the Minister has incurred costs in obtaining, under section 75H, an independent viability assessment about a 1923 Act petroleum tenure; and
(b)the notice under section 75H about the assessment stated that the State will seek to recover the costs; and
(c)the Minister has given the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder a notice requiring the holder to pay a reasonable amount for the costs;

the holder must pay the State the reasonable amount for the costs.

s 75I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Part 6CA [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 1 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IA[Repealed]

s 75IA ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IB[Repealed]

s 75IB ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2009 No. 36 s 872 sch 2

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IC[Repealed]

s 75IC ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75ID[Repealed]

s 75ID ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IE[Repealed]

s 75IE ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IF[Repealed]

s 75IF ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 2 [Repealed]

div 2 (ss 75IG–75IH) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IG[Repealed]

div 2 (ss 75IG–75IH) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IH[Repealed]

div 2 (ss 75IG–75IH) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 3 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Subdivision 1 [Repealed]

sdiv 1 (ss 75II–75IL) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75II[Repealed]

sdiv 1 (ss 75II–75IL) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IJ[Repealed]

sdiv 1 (ss 75II–75IL) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IK[Repealed]

sdiv 1 (ss 75II–75IL) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IL[Repealed]

sdiv 1 (ss 75II–75IL) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Subdivision 2 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IM[Repealed]

s 75IM ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 46 s 147

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IN[Repealed]

s 75IN ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IO[Repealed]

s 75IO ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Subdivision 3 [Repealed]

sdiv 3 (ss 75IP–75IQ) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IP[Repealed]

sdiv 3 (ss 75IP–75IQ) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IQ[Repealed]

sdiv 3 (ss 75IP–75IQ) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 4 [Repealed]

div 4 (ss 75IR–75IU) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IR[Repealed]

div 4 (ss 75IR–75IU) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IS[Repealed]

div 4 (ss 75IR–75IU) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IT[Repealed]

div 4 (ss 75IR–75IU) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IU[Repealed]

div 4 (ss 75IR–75IU) ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 5 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IV[Repealed]

s 75IV ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IW[Repealed]

s 75IW ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 46 s 148

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IX[Repealed]

s 75IX ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 46 s 149

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IY[Repealed]

s 75IY ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZ[Repealed]

s 75IZ ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZA[Repealed]

s 75IZA ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZB[Repealed]

s 75IZB ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Division 6 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Subdivision 1 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZC[Repealed]

s 75IZC ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2 (amdt could not be given effect)

Subdivision 2 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZD[Repealed]

s 75IZD ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZE[Repealed]

s 75IZE ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZF[Repealed]

s 75IZF ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZG[Repealed]

s 75IZG ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2 (amdt could not be given effect)

Subdivision 3 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZH[Repealed]

s 75IZH ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZI[Repealed]

s 75IZI ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZJ[Repealed]

s 75IZJ ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

75IZK[Repealed]

s 75IZK ins 2005 No. 3 s 16

om 2010 No. 53 s 67

Part 6D Wells, water observations bores and water supply bores

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2013 No. 23 s 352 sch 1 pt 2

Division 1 Restrictions on drilling

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75JRequirements for drilling well

(1)A person drilling a well must comply with any requirements prescribed under a regulation that apply to the drilling of the well.

Maximum penalty—300 penalty units.

(2)The requirements may include provisions to prevent the drilling adversely affecting the carrying out of safe and efficient mining or future mining of coal under the Mineral Resources Act.

s 75J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 17

75KRestriction on who may drill water observation bore or water supply bore

(1)A person must not drill a water observation bore or water supply bore unless the person is a licensed water bore driller.

Maximum penalty—300 penalty units.

(2)However, a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may drill a water observation bore or water supply bore in the area of the tenure if the holder complies with the requirements for drilling a water observation bore or water supply bore prescribed under a regulation.
(3)Also, a water monitoring authority holder may drill a water observation bore in the area of the authority if the holder complies with the requirements for drilling a water observation bore prescribed under a regulation.

s 75K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2013 No. 23 s 162

Division 2 Converting well to water observation bore or water supply bore

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2013 No. 23 s 163

75KAApplication of div 2

This division applies to a well in the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure that has been drilled as required under section 75J, or decommissioned under section 75U, on or after 1 January 2012.

s 75KA ins 2013 No. 23 s 163

75LRestrictions on making conversion

(1)The 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may convert the well to a water observation bore or water supply bore only if—
(a)the holder lodges—
(i)a well completion report for the well; and
(ii)a notice in the approved form that the holder intends to convert the well to a water observation bore or water supply bore; and
(b)the holder complies with requirements prescribed under a regulation for converting the well to a water observation bore or water supply bore.

Maximum penalty—500 penalty units.

(2)The approved form must require the holder to state the day on which the well will be converted to a water observation bore or water supply bore.
(3)In this section—
well completion report means a well completion report that a regulation requires a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder to lodge under section 76G(1)(b).

s 75L ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 18; 2013 No. 23 s 154

sub 2013 No. 23 s 163

75MNotice of conversion

The 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must, within 10 business days after the holder converts the well, lodge a notice stating the information prescribed under a regulation.

Maximum penalty—50 penalty units.

s 75M ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

sub 2013 No. 23 s 163

75MATime of conversion

(1)The well is taken to be converted to a water observation bore or water supply bore on the earlier of the following—
(a)the day stated in the approved form under section 75L;
(b)the day the notice under section 75M is lodged.
(2)However, if the holder fails to give notice under sections 75L and 75M, the well is taken to be converted to a water observation bore or water supply bore immediately after the well is converted.

s 75MA ins 2013 No. 23 s 163

Division 3 Transfers of wells, water observation bores and water supply bores

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 General provisions

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75NOperation of div 3

(1)This division permits, in particular circumstances, the transfer of the following in relation to a well, water observation bore or water supply bore—
(a)the control of, and responsibility for, the well or bore;
(b)the ownership of any works constructed in connection with the well or bore.
(2)In this division, a transfer of a well, water observation bore or water supply bore is a reference to a transfer in relation to the well or bore mentioned in subsection (1).

Note—

For ownership of equipment and improvements, see section 80.

s 75N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

75OTransfer only permitted under div 3

A purported transfer of a well, water observation bore or water supply bore is of no effect unless—
(a)the transfer is permitted under this division; and
(b)the requirements under this subdivision for making the transfer have been complied with.

s 75O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75PEffect of transfer

(1)If a well, water observation bore or water supply bore is transferred under this division, any obligation the transferor had under this Act or another law in relation to the well or bore ceases.
(2)However, if the transferor is someone other than the State, subsection (1) does not apply to the Environmental Protection Act.

Note—

For the responsibility for a well or bore after its decommissioning, see section 75W.

s 75P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

Subdivision 2 Permitted transfers

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75QTransfer of water observation bore or water supply bore to landowner

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may, by complying with the requirements under subsection (3), transfer a water observation bore or water supply bore in the area of the tenure to the landowner.

Note—

See also the Water Act 2000, section 808.
(2)A water monitoring authority holder may, by complying with the requirements under subsection (3), transfer a water observation bore in the area of the authority to the landowner.
(3)The requirements are that both of the following have been lodged—
(a)a notice in the approved form;
(b)the transfer fee prescribed under a regulation.
(4)The approved form must require—
(a)a statement by the holder transferring the bore that—
(i)if the bore has been drilled under section 75Ksection 75K has been complied with for the bore; or
(ii)if the bore has been converted from a well under section 75Lsection 75L has been complied with for the bore; and
(b)the signed consent of the landowner to the transfer.
(5)In this section—
landowner means the owner of the land on which the bore is located.

s 75Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 19; 2007 No. 46 s 241 sch; 2008 No. 56 s 85; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2

sub 2013 No. 23 s 164

amd 2018 No. 24 s 187

75QATransfer of water observation bore to State

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may transfer a water observation bore in the area of the tenure to the State if—
(a)the holder gives the chief executive a notice, in the approved form, offering to transfer the bore to the State; and
(b)the chief executive receives the notice no later than 60 business days before the holder must, as required under section 75U, decommission the bore; and
(c)the chief executive, within 20 business days after receiving the notice, gives the holder notice that the State consents to the transfer.
(2)The approved form must require a statement by the holder transferring the bore that—
(a)if the bore was drilled under section 75K, section 75K has been complied with for the bore; or
(b)if the bore has been converted from a well under section 75Lsection 75L has been complied with for the bore.
(3)If the chief executive gives the holder a notice under subsection (1)(c), the notice must state the day the transfer takes effect.
(4)If the chief executive does not give the holder a notice under subsection (1)(c), the holder must, as required under section 75U, decommission the bore.

s 75QA ins 2018 No. 24 s 188

75RTransfer of well to holder of geothermal tenure or mining tenement

A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may transfer a well in the 1923 Act petroleum tenure’s area to the holder of a geothermal tenure or mining tenement if—
(a)the well is in the geothermal tenure’s or mining tenement’s area; and
(b)a notice in the approved form and the transfer fee prescribed under a regulation have been lodged; and
(c)the Minister approves the transfer.

s 75R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 20

sub 2010 No. 31 s 538

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

75STransfer of water observation bore to petroleum tenure holders or water monitoring authority holder

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, a 2004 Act petroleum tenure holder or a water monitoring authority holder may transfer a water observation bore in the area of the tenure or authority to the holder of another 1923 Act petroleum tenure, 2004 Act petroleum tenure or a water monitoring authority if—
(a)the bore is in the area of the other tenure or authority; and
(b)a notice in the approved form and the transfer fee prescribed under a regulation have been lodged; and
(c)the Minister approves the transfer.
(2)The approved form must require a statement by the holder transferring the bore that—
(a)if the bore has been drilled under section 75Ksection 75K has been complied with for the bore; or
(b)if the bore has been drilled under the 2004 Act, section 282—the 2004 Act, section 282 has been complied with for the bore.

s 75S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2005 No. 3 s 21

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2; 2013 No. 23 s 165

Subdivision 3 Notice of transfer

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75TNotice of transfer to Water Act regulator or Mineral Resources Act chief executive

(1)If a transfer is made under section 75Q the chief executive must give the Water Act regulator notice of the transfer.
(2)If a transfer is made under section 75R, the chief executive must give the chief executive that administers the Mineral Resources Act notice of the transfer.
(3)A failure to comply with subsection (1) or (2) does not invalidate or otherwise affect the transfer.

s 75T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 4 Decommissioning of wells, water observation bores and water supply bores

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

75UObligation to decommission

(1)This section applies to a person (the responsible person) who—
(a)holds a 1923 Act petroleum tenure on which there is a well, water observation bore or water supply bore drilled by or for the tenure holder or that has been transferred to the tenure holder, unless the well or bore has, under division 3, been transferred to someone else; or
(b)holds a water monitoring authority on which there is a water observation bore drilled by or for the authority holder or that has been transferred to the authority holder, unless the bore has, under division 3, been transferred to someone else.
(2)The responsible person must ensure the well or bore is decommissioned from use under this Act before—
(a)the tenure or authority ends; or
(b)the land on which the well or bore is located ceases to be in the area of the tenure or authority.

Maximum penalty—500 penalty units.

(3)However, subsection (2) does not apply—
(a)for land that under section 20 ceases to be in the area of an authority to prospect; or
(b)for a well if—
(i)a GHG tenure is granted; and
(ii)the GHG tenure’s area includes the well; and
(iii)the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder and the GHG tenure holder have agreed in writing that the GHG tenure holder is to assume responsibility for the well; and
(iv)a copy of the agreement has been lodged.
(4)For subsection (2), the well or bore is decommissioned from use under this Act only if—
(a)it has been plugged and abandoned in the way prescribed under a regulation; and
(b)for a bore—the decommissioning complies with the Water Act, sections 816 and 817; and
(c)the responsible person has given the chief executive a notice, in the approved form, about the decommissioning of the well or bore.

Note—

For the power of an authorised person to ensure compliance, see section 80L.
(5)Subsection (4)(b) applies only to the extent it is not inconsistent with subsection (4)(a).

s 75U ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 22; 2007 No. 46 s 150; 2009 No. 3 s 530; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2; 2013 No. 23 s 155; 2018 No. 24 s 189

75VRight of entry to facilitate decommissioning

(1)This section applies if—
(a)a responsible person under section 75U has not carried out decommissioning on land as required under that section; and
(b)the relevant 1923 Act petroleum tenure or water monitoring authority has ended; or
(c)the land on which the well or bore is located is no longer in the area of the tenure or authority.
(2)The responsible person may enter the following land to carry out the decommissioning—
(a)land (the primary land) on which the decommissioning must be, or was required to be, carried out;
(b)any other land it is reasonably necessary to cross for access to the primary land.
(3)The Common Provisions Act, chapter 3, parts 2, 3 and 7 applies to the responsible person, in the following way—
(a)if the tenure or authority has ended, as if—
(i)it were still in force; and
(ii)the responsible person is its holder;
(b)as if the primary land and other land mentioned in subsection (2)(b) is in the area of the tenure or authority;
(c)as if the decommissioning is an authorised activity for the tenure or authority.

s 75V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2013 No. 23 s 156; 2018 No. 24 s 190

75WResponsibility for well or bore after decommissioning

(1)This section applies if a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder or water monitoring authority holder has, under section 75U, decommissioned a well, water observation bore or water supply bore.

Note—

For the obligation to decommission, see section 75U.
(2)Despite the decommissioning, the holder continues to be responsible under this Act for the well or bore until the earlier of the following times (the relevant time)—
(a)when the tenure or authority ends;
(b)when the land on which the well or bore is located ceased to be in the area of the tenure or authority.
(3)At the relevant time the well or bore is taken to have been transferred to the State.
(4)Subsection (3) applies despite—
(a)the well or bore being on or part of land owned by someone else; or
(b)the sale or other disposal of the land.
(5)After the relevant time, the State may transfer the well or bore.
(6)However—
(a)the transfer from the State can only be to—
(i)the owner of the land on which the well or bore is located; or
(ii)the holder of a geothermal tenure or mining tenement the area of which includes that land; and
(b)the transfer from the State and the use of the well or bore by the transferee is subject to this Act and any other relevant Act or law.

s 75W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 4; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1; 2013 No. 23 s 157

Division 5 Water monitoring authorities

div hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

Subdivision 1 Obtaining water monitoring authority

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WAWho may apply for water monitoring authority

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may apply for a water monitoring authority for stated land to allow the holder to comply with the holder’s underground water obligations for the tenure.
(2)The application may be made or granted for—
(a)land in the area of another 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum authority; and
(b)1 or more tenures or authorities mentioned in paragraph (a) held by the same applicant.

s 75WA ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2010 No. 53 s 68

75WBRequirements for making application

The application must be—
(a)in the approved form; and
(b)accompanied by the fee prescribed under a regulation.

s 75WB ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

75WCDeciding application for water monitoring authority

(1)The Minister may grant or refuse the water monitoring authority.
(2)However, the water monitoring authority must not be granted unless a relevant environmental authority for the water monitoring authority has been issued.
(3)The Minister may, before deciding the application, seek advice about the application from the chief executive of the department administering the Water Act.
(4)The authority must state its area and each 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure to which it relates.
(5)The authority may also state—
(a)conditions or other provisions of the authority, other than conditions or provisions that are—
(i)inconsistent with subdivision 2 or section 75WM or any other mandatory condition for water monitoring authorities; or
(ii)inconsistent with a condition of any 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure to which the authority relates; or
(iii)the same as, or substantially the same as, or inconsistent with, any relevant environmental condition for the authority; and
(b)the day it takes effect.
(6)However, the provisions of the authority may exclude or restrict the carrying out of water monitoring activities, if the exclusion or restriction does not prevent the holder from complying with the holder’s underground water obligations.

s 75WC ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2010 No. 53 s 69

Subdivision 2 Key authorised activities

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WDOperation of sdiv 2

(1)This subdivision provides for the key authorised activities for a water monitoring authority.
(2)The authorised activities may be carried out despite the rights of an owner or occupier of land on which they are exercised.
(3)However, the carrying out of the authorised activities is subject to—
(a)sections 3, 74X, 75WH and 75WI; and
(b)the Common Provisions Act, chapter 3; and
(c)the conditions of the authority; and
(d)any exclusion or restriction provided for in the authority on the carrying out of the activities.

s 75WD ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2010 No. 53 s 70; 2018 No. 24 s 191

75WEWater monitoring activities

The authority holder may carry out any water monitoring activity in the area of the authority to comply with the holder’s underground water obligations for the tenure.

s 75WE ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2010 No. 53 s 71

75WFLimited right to take or interfere with underground water

The authority holder may take or interfere with underground water only to the extent that the taking or interference is the unavoidable result of carrying out a water monitoring activity in the area of the authority.

Example—

the taking of or interference with underground water during the drilling or maintenance of a water observation bore in the area

s 75WF ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WGAuthorisation for Water Act

For the Water Act, the taking of or interference with underground water, under section 75WF, is taken to be authorised.

Note—

For unauthorised taking, supplying or interfering with water, see the Water Act, section 808.

s 75WG ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

75WHWater Act not otherwise affected

To remove any doubt, it is declared that the water monitoring authority holder can not take or interfere with water as defined under the Water Act unless the taking or interference is authorised under this subdivision or the Water Act.

Notes—

1For authorised taking of, or interfering with, water without a water entitlement, see the Water Act, chapter 2, part 2, division 1A.
2For unauthorised taking, supplying or interfering with water, see the Water Act, section 808.

s 75WH ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1; 2013 No. 23 s 352 sch 1 pt 2

75WIRestriction on carrying out authorised activities

In carrying out an authorised activity for the water monitoring authority, the holder must not interfere with the carrying out of an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure, or of another water monitoring authority, the area of which includes the area of the authority.

Maximum penalty—1,000 penalty units.

s 75WI ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WJNo right to petroleum discovered

To remove any doubt, it is declared that the discovery of petroleum while carrying out an authorised activity for the authority does not, of itself, give the authority holder a right to the petroleum.

s 75WJ ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

Subdivision 3 Miscellaneous provisions

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WKTerm of authority

Subject to part 6P, division 3, a water monitoring authority continues in force until there is no longer any 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure to which the authority relates.

s 75WK ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WLProvision for who is the authority holder if only 1 related petroleum tenure

(1)This section applies if there is only 1 1923 Act petroleum tenure to which a water monitoring authority relates.
(2)The authority holder is taken to be the person who, from time to time, holds the 1923 Act petroleum tenure to which the authority relates.

s 75WL ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WMAdditional condition of relevant petroleum tenure

If a condition is imposed on a water monitoring authority (the authority condition), it is a condition of each 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure to which the authority relates that the tenure holder must comply with the authority condition.

s 75WM ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

75WNAmending water monitoring authority by application

(1)The holder of a water monitoring authority may apply to amend it—
(a)to increase or decrease its area; or
(b)to add or omit, or reflect an amendment of, a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a 2004 Act petroleum tenure that relates to the authority.
(2)The holder can not apply to amend the authority in any other way.
(3)The application must be—
(a)in the approved form; and
(b)accompanied by the fee prescribed under a regulation.
(4)The Minister may grant or refuse the amendment.
(5)The Minister may, before deciding the application, seek advice about the application from the chief executive of the department administering the Water Act.
(6)The amendment may be granted (a conditional grant) subject to the applicant’s written agreement to the Minister amending the authority in a stated way that the Minister considers appropriate.

Notes—

1For the power to correct or amend, see section 125.
2For security, see part 6G.
(7)On refusal of the application or the making of a decision to make a conditional grant, the applicant must be given an information notice about the decision to refuse or to make the conditional grant.

s 75WN ins 2005 No. 3 s 23

amd 2010 No. 53 s 72; 2012 No. 20 s 252, s 125 sch 1

Part 6E Reporting

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 1 General reporting provisions

Note—

For the requirement for giving a copy of a relinquishment report, see section 77O.

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

div 1 note ins 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

75XRequirement to report outcome of testing

(1)This section applies if a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder carries out testing for petroleum from any well in the area of the authority.
(2)The holder must, within 40 business days after the testing ends, lodge a report stating the outcome of the test.

s 75X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 253; 2013 No. 23 s 158

75XANotice about water observation bore or water supply bore to Water Act regulator

(1)This section applies if a person—
(a)drills a water observation bore or water supply bore; or
(b)converts a well to a water observation bore or water supply bore.
(2)The person must, within 60 business days after the day the drilling or conversion starts, give a notice to the Water Act regulator stating the information prescribed under a regulation about the bore.

s 75XA ins 2013 No. 23 s 166

75Y[Repealed]

s 75Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 151; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 533

75ZRelinquishment report

If part of the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is relinquished as required or authorised under this Act, its holder must, within 6 months, lodge a report—
(a)describing—
(i)the authorised activities for the tenure carried out in the part; and
(ii)the results of the activities; and
(b)including other information prescribed under a regulation.

Maximum penalty—200 penalty units.

Note—

For specific mandatory conditions for authorities to prospect, and related provisions, see part 6A, division 2.

s 75Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, 281 sch 2

76End of tenure report

If a 1923 Act petroleum tenure ends, the person who held the tenure immediately before it ended must, within 6 months, lodge a report—
(a)including each of the following—
(i)a summary of all authorised activities for the tenure that have been carried out since it took effect;
(ii)a summary of the results of the activities;
(iii)an index of all reports lodged, as required under this Act, in relation to the activities;
(iv)a summary of all significant hazards created to future safe and efficient mining that, under the 2004 Act section 690(1)(g) or 706 or a regulation under that Act, are required to be reported;
(v)for each hazard mentioned in the summary under subparagraph (iv)—a reference to the report that contains details of the hazard;
(vi)data on the amount and location of all petroleum and water produced from the area of the tenure;
(vii)any data related to data mentioned in subparagraph (vi) that may help the understanding of the amount and location of any remaining petroleum (including areas of ‘free gas’) and water from reservoirs produced;
(viii)any data required to be reported under this Act that has not been previously reported; and
(b)stating any other information prescribed under a regulation.

Maximum penalty—150 penalty units.

s 76 ins 1962 No. 30 s 17

amd 1988 No. 51 s 12; 1993 No. 35 s 11; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

Division 2 Records and samples

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76ARequirement to keep records and samples

(1)A 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must, for the period and in the way prescribed under a regulation, keep the records and samples about authorised activities carried out under the tenure as prescribed under a regulation.

Maximum penalty—500 penalty units.

(2)For subsection (1), the prescribed records may be—
(a)basic exploration data; or

Examples of basic exploration data—

seismic acquisition and processing reports
information obtained from airborne geophysical surveying
other information about petroleum or other materials at or below ground level
a well completion report for an exploration or appraisal well
(b)opinions, conclusions, technical consolidations and advanced interpretations based on basic exploration data.

s 76A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76BRequirement to lodge records and samples

(1)A person who, under section 76A, is required to keep a record or sample, must, for the services of the State, lodge a copy of the record and a part of the sample within 6 months after the earlier of the following (the required time)—
(a)the day the record or sample was acquired or made;
(b)the day the relevant 1923 Act petroleum tenure ends.

Maximum penalty—500 penalty units.

(2)The copy of the record must—
(a)be—
(i)given electronically using the system for submission of reports made or approved by the chief executive; and
(ii)in the digital format made or approved by the chief executive; or
(b)if a way of giving the copy is prescribed under a regulation—be given in that way.
(3)The chief executive must ensure the system and a document detailing the digital format made or approved by the chief executive are available for inspection on the department’s website.
(4)The part of the sample must be lodged at the following office (the relevant office)—
(a)the office of the department for lodging the copy of the record and part of the sample, as stated in a gazette notice by the chief executive;
(b)if no office is gazetted under paragraph (a)—the office of the chief executive.
(5)If the chief executive gives the person a notice asking the person for more of the sample, the person must lodge it at the relevant office within the reasonable time stated in the notice (also the required time) unless the holder has a reasonable excuse.

Maximum penalty—500 penalty units.

(6)The chief executive may extend the required time by up to 1 year if—
(a)the person asks for the extension before the required time; and
(b)the chief executive is satisfied the extension is necessary.
(7)However, the extension must not end later than—
(a)for subsection (1)—6 months after the required time; or
(b)for subsection (5)—1 year after the required time.
(8)Without limiting subsection (1), the use to which the State may put the copy of the record and the part of the sample include the building of a publicly available database to facilitate petroleum exploration for the services of the State.

s 76B ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2008 No. 56 s 86; 2012 No. 20 s 254

Division 3 Releasing required information

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76CMeaning of required information

Required information, for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, is information (in any form) about authorised activities carried out under the tenure that the tenure holder has lodged under this Act, including, for example—
(a)a sample; and
(b)data and other matters mentioned in section 76G(2).

s 76C ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76DPublic release of required information

(1)The mere fact of the existence of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is taken to be an authorisation from its holder to the chief executive to do the following, after the end of any confidentiality period prescribed under a regulation—
(a)publish, in the way prescribed under a regulation, required information for the tenure for public use, including, for example, to support petroleum exploration, production and development;
(b)on payment of a fee prescribed under a regulation, make it available to any person.
(2)Any confidentiality period prescribed under subsection (1) ceases if the information is about an authorised activity carried out solely in an area that is no longer in the area of the tenure.

Example—

The required information is a well completion report about a well drilled on particular land in the area of an authority to prospect. Subsection (1) ceases to apply if all of that land is relinquished under a relinquishment condition.
(3)The authorisation is not affected by the ending of the tenure.

s 76D ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76EChief executive may use required information

(1)The mere fact of the existence of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is taken to be an authorisation from its holder to the chief executive to use required information for—
(a)purposes reasonably related to this Act that are required for the tenure; or
(b)the services of the State.
(2)The authorisation is not affected by the ending of the tenure.

s 76E ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76F[Repealed]

s 76F ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2007 No. 46 s 152

76GPower to require information or reports about authorised activities to be kept or given

(1)A regulation, or the chief executive, may, for the services of the State, require a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder to—
(a)keep stated information, or types of information, about authorised activities carried out under the tenure; or

Example of a way of keeping information—

in a stated digital format
(b)lodge a notice giving stated information, or types of information, or stated reports at stated times or intervals about authorised activities carried out under the tenure.

Example of a stated time—

for a report about a well, 6 months after its completion
(2)For subsection (1), the information or report required to be given or kept may be—
(a)basic exploration data; or

Examples of basic exploration data—

seismic acquisition, processing and interpretation reports
information obtained from airborne geophysical surveying
other information about petroleum or other materials at or below ground level
a well completion report for an exploration or appraisal well
(b)opinions, conclusions, technical consolidations and advanced interpretations based on basic exploration data.
(3)A notice under subsection (1)(b) may state—
(a)a format required for giving the information; and
(b)a degree of precision required for the giving of the information.
(4)A copy of a notice under subsection (1)(b) must be given to both the owners and occupiers of affected land in the way and at the times prescribed under a regulation.
(5)A person of whom a requirement under subsection (1) has been made must comply with the requirement.

Maximum penalty—100 penalty units.

(6)In this section—
affected land means land on which an authorised activity is, or has been, carried out.
information includes documents, records and samples.

s 76G ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2010 No. 52 s 36; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

76GAGiving copy of required notice by publication

(1)This section applies if, under section 76G(4), a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must give owners and occupiers of affected land a copy of a notice about authorised activities carried out under the tenure.
(2)The chief executive may approve the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder giving the notice by publishing it in a stated way.
(3)The publication may relate to more than 1 notice.
(4)The chief executive may give the approval only if satisfied—
(a)if the notice is required to be given before an authorised activity is carried out—the publication is reasonably likely to adequately inform the owner or occupier of affected land at least 10 business days before the authorised activity is carried out; or
(b)if the notice is required to be given after an authorised activity is carried out—the publication is reasonably likely to adequately inform the owner or occupier of affected land.
(5)If the chief executive approves the giving of the notice under subsection (2)—
(a)the notice may state where a copy of further information referred to in the publication may be obtained, or inspected, free of charge; and
(b)the holder is not required to comply with section 76G(4).
(6)In this section—
affected land means land on which an authorised activity is, or has been, carried out.

s 76GA ins 2010 No. 52 s 37

76GBCopy of particular notices for chief executive (environment)

(1)This section applies if—
(a)a regulation requires a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder to lodge a notice under section 76G(1)(b); and
(b)the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder lodges the notice as required.
(2)The chief executive must give the chief executive (environment) a copy of the notice.
(3)In this section—
chief executive (environment) means the chief executive of the department in which the Environmental Protection Act 1994 is administered.

s 76GB ins 2010 No. 52 s 37

Part 6F Provisions for coal seam gas

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 1 Preliminary

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Introduction

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76HMain purposes of pt 6F

The main purposes of this part are, in conjunction with the 2004 Act, chapter 3 and the Mineral Resources Act, chapter 8, to—
(a)clarify rights to explore for and produce coal seam gas; and
(b)address issues arising for coal seam gas exploration and production, and, in particular, issues arising when a 1923 Act petroleum tenure and a coal or oil shale mining tenement are granted over the same area; and
(c)ensure petroleum exploration and production is—
(i)carried out safely; and
(ii)does not compromise the safe and efficient mining of coal seams or oil shale; and
(d)provide security of tenure to protect existing operations and investments relating to coal, oil shale and petroleum; and

Note—

For transitional provisions for the 2004 Act, see the Mineral Resources Act, chapter 15, part 2, division 6.
(e)provide certainty of tenure for future investments relating to coal, oil shale and petroleum; and
(f)optimise the development and use of the State’s coal, oil shale and petroleum resources to maximise the benefit for all Queenslanders; and
(g)ensure petroleum exploration and production does not compromise the ability to mine coal seams economically in the future; and
(h)ensure, if it is commercially and technically feasible, the grant of leases that may affect coal or oil shale mining, or proposed coal or oil shale mining, optimises the commercial use of coal, oil shale and petroleum resources in a safe and efficient way.

s 76H ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 323 sch 3

76IHow main purposes are achieved

(1)The main purposes of this part are achieved, in this part, the 2004 Act, chapter 3 or the Mineral Resources Act, chapter 8, by—
(a)providing for processes to decide the priority of overlapping lease applications and coal or oil shale mining tenement applications and potential applications; and
(b)facilitating the obtaining of a lease over land in the area of a coal or oil shale mining lease; and
(c)imposing additional requirements for deciding the overlapping applications; and
(d)imposing restrictions on the authorised activities for particular 1923 Act petroleum tenures; and
(e)imposing additional—
(i)requirements relating to development plans for petroleum exploration or production under a lease; and
(ii)conditions on authorities to prospect and leases; and
(f)granting the following the right to apply for a lease—
(i)particular coal or oil shale mining tenement holders;
(ii)others who apply jointly with the holders.
(2)The following are also relevant to the achievement of the purposes—
(a)the definition of petroleum in section 2
(b)the 2004 Act, sections 800(2) and 802(1)(c);
(c)the 2004 Act, chapter 2, part 8;
(d)the 2004 Act, chapter 9;
(e)the Mineral Resources Act, sections 3A and 6, chapter 8 and chapter 15, part 2, division 6.

s 76I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2012 No. 20 s 323 sch 3

76JRelationship with other provisions of Act

(1)Requirements and restrictions under this part apply as well as any relevant requirements under another provision of this Act.
(2)If this part imposes a requirement for, or a restriction on, the granting or renewal of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, the tenure can not be granted or renewed if the restriction applies or if the requirement has not been complied with.
(3)If this part imposes a requirement for, or a restriction on, the carrying out of an authorised activity for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, despite the other provision, the activity is not an authorised activity for the tenure while the restriction applies or if the requirement has not been complied with.
(4)If a provision of this part conflicts with the other provision, the provision of this part prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

s 76J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

Subdivision 2 Definitions for pt 6F

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76KWhat is coal seam gas and incidental coal seam gas

(1)Coal seam gas is petroleum (in any state) occurring naturally in association with coal or oil shale, or in strata associated with coal or oil shale mining.
(2)Incidental coal seam gas is incidental coal seam gas as defined under the Mineral Resources Act, section 318CM(2).

s 76K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76LWhat is oil shale

Oil shale is any shale or other rock (other than coal) from which a gasification or retorting product may be extracted or produced.

s 76L ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76MWhat is a coal exploration tenement and a coal mining lease

(1)A coal exploration tenement is an exploration permit or mineral development licence under the Mineral Resources Act granted for coal.
(2)A coal mining lease is—
(a)a mining lease for coal; or
(b)a special coal mining lease granted under any of the following Acts, an agreement provided for under any of the Acts or any amendment of an agreement provided for under any of the Acts—
(i)the Central Queensland Coal Associates Agreement Act 1968;
(ii)the Thiess Peabody Mitsui Coal Pty. Ltd. Agreements Act 1965; or
(c)a specific purpose mining lease for a purpose associated with, arising from or promoting the activity of coal mining, whether or not it is also granted for a purpose other than coal mining.
(3)Subsections (1) and (2)(a) apply whether or not the lease, permit or licence is also granted for another mineral.

s 76M ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

76NWhat is an oil shale exploration tenement and an oil shale mining lease

(1)An oil shale exploration tenement is an exploration permit or mineral development licence granted for oil shale.
(2)An oil shale mining lease is—
(a)a mining lease for oil shale; or
(b)a specific purpose mining lease for a purpose associated with, arising from or promoting the activity of oil shale mining, whether or not it is also granted for a purpose other than oil shale mining.
(3)Subsections (1) and (2)(a) apply whether or not the lease, permit or licence is also granted for another mineral.

s 76N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76OWhat is a coal or oil shale mining tenement

A coal or oil shale mining tenement is—

(a)a coal exploration tenement; or
(b)an oil shale exploration tenement; or
(c)a coal or oil shale mining lease.

s 76O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

Division 2 Additional provisions for authorities to prospect

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Grant of authority to prospect in area of coal or oil shale exploration tenement

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76PProvisions for authority to prospect

(1)The Mineral Resources Act does not limit or otherwise affect the power under this Act to grant an authority to prospect over land (the overlapping land) in the area of a coal or oil shale exploration tenement.
(2)However, an authorised activity for the authority to prospect can not be carried out on the overlapping land if—
(a)carrying it out adversely affects the carrying out of an authorised activity for the coal or oil shale exploration tenement; and
(b)the authorised activity for the coal or oil shale exploration tenement has already started.

s 76P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 2 Restriction on authorised activities on coal or oil shale mining lease land

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

76QApplication of sdiv 2

This subdivision applies if land in the area of a coal or oil shale mining lease is in the area of an authority to prospect.

s 76Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

76RRestriction

(1)An authorised activity for the authority may be carried out on the land only if—
(a)the mining lease holder has agreed in writing to the carrying out of the activity and to the joint interaction management plan developed by the site senior executive and the authority holder; and
(b)a copy of the agreement has been lodged; and
(c)the agreement is still in force.

Note—

For offences regarding land subject to a mining claim or mining lease, see the Mineral Resources Act, section 403.
(2)Subsection (1) does not apply, or ceases to apply, if the same person holds the authority and the mining lease.

s 76R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 24; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 64 s 217D

Subdivision 3 Condition

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76SCompliance with obligations under Mineral Resources Act

If an obligation under the Mineral Resources Act, section 318AW or 318DB, applies to an authority to prospect holder, it is a condition of the authority that the holder must comply with the obligation.

s 76S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 3 Renewal provisions

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

div 3 sdiv 1 hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

76TApplication of div 3

(1)This division applies if—
(a)all or part of land in the area of a lease is in the area of a coal or oil shale exploration tenement; and
(b)the lessee wishes to apply under section 45 to renew the lease.
(2)However, this division does not apply if—
(a)the lessee is a holder of the tenement; or
(b)the application is to be made with the tenement holder’s written consent.

s 76T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

76UAdditional requirements for making application

(1)The application must include the following—
(a)a statement (a CSG statement) that complies with section 76V;
(b)other information that addresses the matters mentioned in subsection (2) (the CSG assessment criteria).
(2)The CSG assessment criteria are—
(a)the requirements of the 2004 Act, chapter 9; and
(b)the initial development plan requirements; and
(c)the legitimate business interests of the applicant and the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder (the parties); and

Examples of a party’s legitimate business interests—

contractual obligations
the effect on, and use of, existing infrastructure or mining or production facilities
exploration expenditure on relevant overlapping tenures
(d)the effect of the renewed lease on the future development of coal or oil shale resources from the land, including for example, each of the following—
(i)the proposed timing and rate of petroleum production and the development of coal or oil shale resources from the land;
(ii)the potential for the parties to make a coordination arrangement about—
(A)petroleum production under the renewed lease; and
(B)coal or oil shale mining and any incidental coal seam gas mining under any future mining lease over the land;
(iii)the attempts required of the applicant under section 76W(1)(b) and any changes of the type mentioned in section 76W(1)(c);
(iv)the economic and technical viability of the concurrent or coordinated petroleum production and the development of any coal or oil shale resources in the land;
(v)the extent, nature and value of petroleum production and the development of any coal or oil shale resources in the land; and
(e)having regard to the public interest in petroleum production from, and the development of any coal or oil shale resources in, the land.

s 76U ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

76VContent requirements for CSG statement

(1)A CSG statement must—
(a)assess—
(i)the likely effect of proposed petroleum production on the future development of coal or oil shale resources from the land; and
(ii)the technical and commercial feasibility of coordinated petroleum production and coal or oil shale mining from the land; and
(b)include a proposed safety management system for all operating plant, or proposed operating plant, for proposed petroleum production under the lease that may affect possible future safe and efficient mining under the coal or oil shale mining lease.
(2)The proposed safety management system must—
(a)comply with the requirements under the 2004 Act, sections 675 and 705C, for a safety management system; and
(b)include proposals for the minimisation of potential adverse effects on possible future safe and efficient mining under a future mining lease.

s 76V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2014 No. 64 s 217E

76WApplicant’s obligations

(1)The applicant must—
(a)within 10 business days after making the application, give the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder a copy of the application, other than any part of the application that relates to the capability criteria; and
(b)use reasonable attempts to consult with the tenement holder about the applicant’s proposed later development plan and proposed safety management system; and
(c)change the proposed plans to give effect to any reasonable proposal by the tenement holder that will optimise the safe and efficient production of—
(i)petroleum under the renewed lease; and
(ii)coal or oil shale under any future mining lease over the land; and
(d)within 4 months after the making of the application, lodge a notice stating each of the following—
(i)the details of the consultation;
(ii)the results of the consultation;
(iii)any comments the applicant wishes to make about any submissions lodged by the tenement holder, under section 77;
(iv)any changes to the proposed later development plan or proposed safety management system;
(v)the applicant’s assessment of the potential for the applicant and the tenement holder to make a coordination arrangement about—
(A)petroleum production under the renewed lease; and
(B)coal or oil shale mining and any incidental coal seam gas mining under any future mining lease over the land.
(2)However, the obligations under subsection (1)(b) and (c) apply only to the extent the provisions or arrangement are commercially and technically feasible for the applicant.

s 76W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 25; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 64 s 217F

76XMinister may require further negotiation

(1)The Minister may, after receiving the notice under section 76W(1)(d), require the applicant to conduct negotiations with the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder with a view to making changes of a type mentioned in section 76W(1)(c).
(2)The applicant must use all reasonable attempts to comply with the requirement.

s 76X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 26

76YConsequence of applicant not complying with obligations or requirement

If the Minister is reasonably satisfied the applicant has not complied with an obligation under section 76W or 76X, the application may be refused.

Note—

For confidentiality of information, see division 7.

s 76Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

76ZObligations of coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder

The coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder must—
(a)within 20 business days after receiving a copy of the application, give the applicant basic information the tenement holder has about the following that the applicant may reasonably need to comply with section 76W
(i)the type of exploration activities carried out, or proposed to be carried out under the tenement;
(ii)coal or oil shale resources in the land; and
(b)after receiving a copy of the application, make reasonable attempts to reach an agreement with the applicant about the matters mentioned in section 76W(1)(b) that provides the best resource use outcome without significantly affecting the parties’ rights or interests.

Note—

For confidentiality of information, see division 7.

s 76Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

77Submissions by coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder

(1)The coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder may lodge submissions about the application.
(2)However, the submissions may be lodged only within 3 months after the holder is, under section 76W(1)(a), given a copy of the application (the submission period).
(3)The submissions may—
(a)include information about all or any of the following—
(i)exploration carried out under the tenement;
(ii)the results of the exploration;
(iii)the prospects for future coal or oil shale mining or incidental coal seam gas mining from the land; and
(b)include a proposal by the tenement holder for the development of coal or oil shale in the land; and
(c)include information relevant to the CSG assessment criteria; and

Note—

For confidentiality of information, see division 7.
(d)include reasonable provisions for the safety management system for petroleum production under the renewed lease.

Note—

For requirements for consultation with particular coal or oil shale mining tenement holders, see the 2004 Act, section 386.
(4)The holder must give the applicant a copy of the submissions.
(5)In deciding the conditions of the lease, regard must be had to the submissions.

s 77 ins 1962 No. 30 s 17

amd 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 27; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1, s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 64 s 217G

Division 4 Other additional provisions for leases

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 1 Conditions

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77NCompliance with obligation to negotiate with coal or oil shale mining lease applicant

If the obligation under the Mineral Resources Act, section 318CA, applies to a lessee, it is a condition of the lease that the lessee must comply with the obligation.

s 77N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77ORequirement for giving of copy of relinquishment report

(1)This section applies if—
(a)a lessee has, under section 75Z, given a report about a relinquishment of part of the area of the lease; and
(b)immediately before the relinquishment, the part included land in the area of a coal or oil shale exploration tenement.
(2)The lessee must give a copy of the report to—
(a)the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder; and
(b)anyone else who has applied for a mining lease for the part.

Maximum penalty—150 penalty units.

s 77O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 29

77PCessation of relinquishment condition for area not overlapping with coal or oil shale exploration tenement

If—
(a)a lease contains a relinquishment condition; and
(b)all or part of the area of the lease ceases to be in the area of a coal or oil shale exploration tenement (the relevant land);

the condition ceases to apply for the relevant land.

s 77P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Subdivision 2 Amendment of relinquishment condition by application

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77QApplication of sdiv 2

This subdivision applies if a lease contains a relinquishment condition and all or part of the area of the lease is in the area of a coal or oil shale exploration tenement.

s 77Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77RConditions for applying to amend

(1)The lessee may apply for the Minister to amend the condition if the applicant has, before making the application—
(a)made reasonable attempts to consult with the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder about—
(i)the proposed amendment; and
(ii)a proposed later development plan for the lease; and
(b)changed the proposed amendment and the proposed later development plan to give effect to any reasonable proposal by the tenement holder that will optimise—
(i)petroleum production under the amended lease; and
(ii)coal, oil shale or incidental coal seam gas mining under any future mining lease over the land.
(2)However, subsection (1)(b) applies only to the extent the provisions are commercially and technically feasible for the applicant.

s 77R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77SObligation of coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder to negotiate

The coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder must, if asked by the lessee, make reasonable attempts to reach an agreement with the lessee about the matters mentioned in section 77R(1) that provides the best resource use outcome without significantly affecting the parties’ rights or interests.

s 77S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77TRequirements for making application

(1)The application must—
(a)be in the approved form; and
(b)state whether or not the development plan for the lease has been complied with; and
(c)if the development plan for the lease has not been complied with—state details of, and the reasons for, each noncompliance; and
(d)include a CSG statement; and
(e)include a proposed later development plan for the lease as amended under section 77R; and
(f)include a statement about each of the following—
(i)the details of the consultation carried out under section 77R(1)(a);
(ii)the results of the consultation;
(iii)whether the proposed development plan includes all provisions proposed by the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder under section 77R(1)(b);
(iv)if the proposed development plan does not include a provision proposed by the tenement holder—why it was not included;
(v)the applicant’s assessment of the potential for the applicant and the tenement holder to make a coordination arrangement about—
(A)petroleum production under the amended lease; and
(B)coal, oil shale or incidental coal seam gas mining under any future mining lease over the land that may be granted to the tenement holder; and
(g)be accompanied by the fee prescribed under a regulation.
(2)However, the CSG statement need not include a proposed safety management system.

s 77T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 64 s 217H

77UNotice of application

The applicant must immediately after making the application give the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder a copy of the application.

s 77U ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77VSubmissions by coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder

(1)The coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder may lodge submissions about the application.
(2)However, the submissions may be lodged only within 20 business days after the holder is, under section 77U, given a copy of the application.
(3)The submissions may include—
(a)information about all or any of the following—
(i)exploration carried out under the tenement;
(ii)the results of the exploration;
(iii)the prospects for future coal or oil shale mining or incidental coal seam gas mining from the land; or
(b)a proposal by the tenement holder for the development of coal or oil shale in the land; or
(c)information relevant to the CSG assessment criteria.
(4)The holder must give the applicant a copy of the submissions.
(5)In deciding the application, regard must be had to the submissions.

s 77V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

77WMinister may require further negotiation

(1)The Minister may, by notice, require the applicant to conduct negotiations with the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder with a view to making changes of a type mentioned in section 77R(1)(b).
(2)The applicant must use all reasonable attempts to comply with the requirement.
(3)If the Minister is reasonably satisfied the applicant has not complied with the requirement the Minister may decide to refuse the application.

s 77W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77XDeciding amendment application

(1)Before deciding to grant the application, the Minister must decide whether to approve the applicant’s proposed later development plan for the lease.
(2)The application can not be granted unless the proposed plan has been approved.
(3)Part 6, division 2 applies for deciding whether to approve the proposed plan.
(4)The matters that must be considered in deciding the application include each of the following—
(a)the CSG assessment criteria;
(b)whether the applicant has taken all reasonable steps to comply with the relinquishment condition;
(c)the effect of any approval of later development plans for the lease;
(d)any submissions under section 77V lodged within the period mentioned in section 77V(2).
(5)The applicant and the coal or oil shale exploration tenement holder must be given notice of the decision.

s 77X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 30

Subdivision 3 Restriction on amendment of other conditions

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

77YInterests of relevant coal or oil shale mining tenement holder to be considered

A condition of a lease must not be amended unless the interests of any relevant coal or oil shale mining tenement holder have been considered.

s 77Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 5 Restrictions on particular transfers

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

77ZRequirement for coordination arrangement to transfer lease in tenure area of mining lease

(1)This section applies, despite the Common Provisions Act, chapter 2, part 1, if land is in the area of a petroleum lease and a coal or oil shale mining lease.
(2)A transfer of the petroleum lease must not be approved for registration under the Common Provisions Act, section 19 unless the proposed transferee and the mining lease holder are parties to a coordination arrangement about—
(a)petroleum production under the lease; and
(b)coal or oil shale mining and any incidental coal seam gas mining under the mining lease.

s 77Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2014 No. 47 s 502

Division 6 Additional provisions for development plans

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2005 No. 3 s 31

Subdivision 1 Additional requirements for proposed later development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

77ZAOperation of sdiv 1

This subdivision provides for additional requirements for a proposed later development plan for a lease.

s 77ZA ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

77ZBStatement about interests of coal or oil shale mining tenement holder

The proposed plan must include a statement of how the effects on, and the interests of, any relevant overlapping or adjacent coal or oil shale mining tenement holder have, or have not, been considered, having regard to—
(a)the main purposes of this part; and
(b)the CSG assessment criteria.

s 77ZB ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

amd 2005 No. 68 s 150 sch

77ZCRequirement to optimise petroleum production

(1)The activities provided for under the proposed plan must seek to optimise petroleum production in a safe and efficient way.
(2)However, the activities must not adversely affect the future safe and efficient mining of coal where it is commercially and technically feasible not to do so.

s 77ZC ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

77ZDConsistency with coal or oil shale mining lease, development plan and relevant coordination arrangement

If all or part of the area of the lease is in the area of a coal or oil shale mining lease (the relevant land), the proposed plan must, to the extent it applies to the relevant land, be consistent with—
(a)the development plan for the mining lease; and
(b)any coordination arrangement relating to the relevant land.

s 77ZD ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

Subdivision 2 Other additional provisions for proposed later development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

77ZEApplication of sdiv 2

This subdivision applies if—
(a)the Minister is considering whether to approve a proposed later development plan for a lease; and
(b)the area of the lease includes all or part of the area of a coal or oil shale mining tenement.

s 77ZE ins 2005 No. 3 s 31

78Additional criteria for approval

The matters that must be considered include—
(a)the CSG assessment criteria; and
(b)the effect of any approval of the proposed plan on any relinquishment condition for the lease.

s 78 ins 1962 No. 30 s 17

amd 1967 No. 37 s 10; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch; 2000 No. 26 s 12 sch 1; 2000 No. 34 s 1145 sch 3; 2003 No. 19 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46; 2005 No. 3 s 31

Division 7 Confidentiality of information

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78AApplication of div 7

(1)This division applies if a tenure holder or a person who has applied for a tenure (the information-giver) gives another tenure holder or a person who has applied for a tenure (the recipient) information—
(a)that this part requires the information-giver to give the recipient, including, for example, information given to comply with section 76Z(a); or
(b)for the purposes of this part.
(2)However, this division applies subject to any agreement between the information-giver and the recipient about the information or its use.
(3)In this section—
information means information given verbally or in writing.
tenure means a 1923 Act petroleum tenure or a coal or oil shale mining tenement.

s 78A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78BConfidentiality obligations

(1)The recipient must not disclose the information to anyone else, unless—
(a)the information is publicly available; or
(b)the disclosure is—
(i)to someone whom the recipient has authorised to carry out the authorised activities for the recipient’s 1923 Act petroleum tenure or coal or oil shale mining tenement; or
(ii)made with the information-giver’s consent; or
(iii)expressly permitted or required under this or another Act; or
(iv)to the Minister.
(2)The recipient may use the information only for the purpose for which it is given.

s 78B ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 32

78CCivil remedies

If the recipient does not comply with section 78B, a court of competent jurisdiction may order the recipient to pay the information-giver all or any of the following—
(a)compensation for any loss the information-giver incurred because of the failure to comply with the section;
(b)the amount of any commercial gain the recipient made because of the failure to comply with the section.

s 78C ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Part 6FA Provisions for geothermal tenures and GHG authorities

pt hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Division 1 Preliminary

div 1 (ss 78CA–78CC) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CARelationship with other provisions

(1)Requirements and restrictions under this part apply as well as any relevant requirements and restrictions under another provision of this Act.
(2)This part does not otherwise limit or affect relevant requirements or restrictions under another provision of this Act.

div 1 (ss 78CA–78CC) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CBWhat is an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG)

An overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG), for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, is any geothermal tenure or GHG authority all or part of the area of which is in the 1923 Act petroleum tenure’s area.

div 1 (ss 78CA–78CC) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CCGeneral provision about 1923 Act petroleum tenures for land subject to geothermal tenure or GHG authority

Subject to the other provisions of this part, the Geothermal Act, GHG storage Act, a geothermal tenure or a GHG authority does not limit or otherwise affect the carrying out of authorised activities for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.

div 1 (ss 78CA–78CC) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Division 2 Restrictions on authorised activities for authorities to prospect

div hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CDOverlapping geothermal or GHG lease

(1)This section applies if—
(a)land in the area of an authority to prospect is in the area of a geothermal lease or GHG lease; and
(b)the authority to prospect and the GHG lease are not held by the same person.
(2)An authorised activity for the authority to prospect may be carried out on the land only if—
(a)the geothermal lease or GHG lease holder has not in the way required under subsection (3), objected to the carrying out of the activity; or
(b)if an objection under paragraph (a) has been made—the Minister has, under section 78CF, decided the authorised activity may be carried out.

Note—

For notice of authorised activities, see section 78CM.
(3)The objection must be written, given to the authority to prospect holder and lodged.

s 78CD ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

78CEOverlaps with geothermal permit or particular GHG authorities

(1)This section applies if land is in the area of an authority to prospect and any of the following (the other authority)—
(a)a geothermal permit;
(b)a GHG authority other than a GHG lease.
(2)An authorised activity for the authority to prospect can not be carried out on the land if—
(a)carrying out the activity adversely affects the carrying out of an authorised activity for the other authority; and
(b)the authorised activity for the other authority has already started.

s 78CE ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CFResolving disputes about the restrictions

(1)This section applies if, under section 78CD, a geothermal lease or GHG lease holder has objected to the carrying out of an authorised activity by an authority to prospect holder.
(2)This section also applies if there is a dispute between an authority to prospect holder and a geothermal permit or GHG authority holder about whether an authorised activity for the authority to prospect can be carried out under section 78CE.
(3)Either of the parties may by a notice in the approved form ask the Minister to decide—
(a)for section 78CD—whether the authorised activity may be carried out under that section; or
(b)for section 78CE—whether the authorised activity may be carried out under that section.
(4)Before making the decision, the Minister must give the parties a reasonable opportunity to make submissions about the request within a reasonable period.

Note—

For other relevant provisions about making a submission, see part 9, division 1A.
(5)The Minister must after complying with subsection (4) and considering any submission made under that subsection, decide the matter and give the parties notice of the decision.
(6)The Minister’s decision binds the parties.
(7)If the request is about a matter mentioned in subsection (1), the Minister may impose conditions on any decision that the authorised activity may be carried out.
(8)In this section—
parties means—
(a)for a request about a matter mentioned in subsection (1)—the authority to prospect holder and the geothermal lease or GHG lease holder; or
(b)for a request about a matter mentioned in subsection (2)—the authority to prospect holder and the geothermal permit or GHG authority holder.

s 78CF ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

Division 3 Leases with overlapping geothermal tenure or GHG authority

div hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Subdivision 1 Continuance of coordination arrangements after renewal or dealing

sdiv 1 (s 78CG) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CGRequirement to continue geothermal or GHG coordination arrangement

(1)This section applies if—
(a)a lease under this Act has an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) that is a geothermal lease or GHG lease (the other lease); and
(b)a geothermal coordination arrangement or GHG coordination arrangement applies to the lease under this Act; and
(c)any of the following take place for the lease under this Act—
(i)a renewal;
(ii)a transfer;
(iii)a subletting of the lease or a share in the lease.
(2)It is a condition of the lease under this Act that its holder must continue to be a party to the following for the lease while the other lease continues in force—
(a)if the other lease is a geothermal lease—a geothermal coordination arrangement;
(b)if the other lease is a GHG lease—a GHG coordination arrangement.

sdiv 1 (s 78CG) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Subdivision 2 Later development plans

sdiv hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CHOperation of sdiv 2

This subdivision imposes additional requirements for a proposed later development plan for a lease if—
(a)there is an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) for the lease; and
(b)the overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) is a geothermal tenure or a GHG tenure (the overlapping tenure).

s 78CH ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CIStatement about interests of overlapping tenure holder

The proposed plan must include a statement of how the effects on and the interests of the overlapping tenure holder have or have not been considered having regard to the following—
(a)the provisions of the 2004 Act, chapter 9;
(b)the attempts made by the applicant to consult with the overlapping tenure holder about the applicant’s proposed development plan and proposed safety management system for the lease;
(c)any changes to the proposed plan or system to give effect to any reasonable proposal by the overlapping tenure holder;
(d)the economic and technical viability of the concurrent or coordinated carrying out of authorised activities for the proposed lease and the overlapping tenure;
(e)the public interest.

s 78CI ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2014 No. 64 s 217I

78CJConsistency with overlapping tenure’s development plan and with any relevant coordination arrangement

(1)To the extent the area of the lease and the overlapping tenure will coincide, the proposed plan must be consistent with any geothermal coordination arrangement or GHG coordination arrangement for that area.
(2)Subsection (3) applies only if the overlapping tenure is a geothermal lease or GHG lease.
(3)The proposed plan must to the extent the area of the lease and the overlapping tenure coincide or will coincide, be consistent with the overlapping tenure’s development plan.

s 78CJ ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Division 4 Provisions for all 1923 Act petroleum tenures

div hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Subdivision 1 Safety management systems

sdiv hdg ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2014 No. 64 s 217J

78CKRequirements for consultation with particular overlapping tenure holders

(1)This section applies if—
(a)a person (an operator) proposes to be an operator of operating plant in the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure; and
(b)activities (relevant activities) carried out, or proposed to be carried out, at the plant may adversely affect the safe and efficient carrying out of authorised activities for an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) for the 1923 Act petroleum tenure; and
(c)the overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) is an overlapping tenure.
(2)Before any operator may operate relevant operating plant, each operator must have made reasonable attempts to consult with the overlapping tenure holder about relevant activities for the plant.
(3)If there is more than 1 operator, the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder may coordinate the consultation between the operators and the overlapping tenure holder.
(4)For subsection (2), an operator is taken to have made reasonable attempts to consult if—
(a)the operator gives the overlapping tenure holder a copy of the parts of the operator’s proposed safety management system concerning any relevant operating plant the operator proposes to operate for the relevant activities; and
(b)the overlapping tenure holder has not within 30 days after the giving of the copy made any proposal to the operator about provisions for the system.
(5)An operator must, before making or remaking a safety management system for any relevant operating plant the operator operates or proposes to operate, have regard to any reasonable provisions for the system proposed by the overlapping tenure holder concerning relevant activities for the plant.
(6)However, the obligation under subsection (5) applies only to the extent the provisions are commercially and technically feasible for the operator or any relevant 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder.
(7)If an operator makes a safety management system for relevant operating plant and the system includes provisions proposed by the overlapping tenure holder, the operator must—
(a)give the overlapping tenure holder a copy; and
(b)lodge a notice stating any provisions proposed under subsection (5) and whether they were included in the system.
(8)In this section—
remaking, a safety management system, includes an amendment or remaking of the system of a type required under the 2004 Act, section 678.

s 78CK ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2; 2014 No. 64 s 217K

78CLApplication of 2004 Act provisions for resolving disputes about reasonableness of proposed provision

(1)This section applies if a dispute exists between an operator to which section 78CK applies and an overlapping tenure holder about the reasonableness of a provision proposed by the overlapping tenure holder for the operator’s proposed safety management system.
(2)Either party to the dispute may refer it to the chief inspector to decide whether the proposed provision is reasonable.
(3)The referral must be written and be lodged.
(4)Before deciding the dispute, the chief inspector must give each party a reasonable opportunity to lodge submissions about the dispute.
(5)The chief inspector’s decision binds each party to the dispute.
(6)The chief inspector must give each party an information notice about the decision.
(7)The chief inspector’s decision is not, of itself, evidence that a safety management system, or purported safety management system, for an operating plant complies with the 2004 Act, section 675.
(8)In this section—
chief inspector means the person who, under the 2004 Act, section 735, holds appointment as the chief inspector, petroleum and gas.

s 78CL ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

amd 2014 No. 64 s 217L

Subdivision 2 Other provisions

sdiv 2 (ss 78CM–78CN) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CMCondition to notify particular authority holders of proposed start of designated activities

(1)This section applies to a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder if there is either of the following (the other authority) for the 1923 Act petroleum tenure—
(a)an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG);
(b)a geothermal tenure or GHG authority sharing a common boundary with the 1923 Act petroleum tenure.
(2)Before the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder first starts a designated activity in the other authority’s area, the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must give the other authority holder at least 30 business days notice of the activity.
(3)A notice under subsection (2) must state—
(a)when the designated activity is to start; and
(b)where the designated activity is to be carried out; and
(c)the nature of the activity.
(4)Before changing the land on which the designated activity is being carried out, the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder must give the other authority holder at least 30 business days notice stating where the activity is to be carried out.
(5)Compliance with this section is a condition of the 1923 Act petroleum tenure.
(6)In this section—
designated activity means any authorised activity for the 1923 Act petroleum tenure, other than—
(a)an authorised activity for the 1923 Act petroleum tenure that is the same as or similar to an incidental activity under the 2004 Act, section 33 or 112; or
(b)an activity only involving selecting places where other authorised activities for the 1923 Act petroleum tenure may be carried out.

sdiv 2 (ss 78CM–78CN) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

78CNRestriction on power to amend

If, for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, there is an overlapping authority (geothermal or GHG) that is an overlapping tenure, the 1923 Act petroleum tenure may be amended under section 125 only if the interests of the overlapping tenure holder have been considered.

sdiv 2 (ss 78CM–78CN) ins 2009 No. 3 s 531

sub 2010 No. 31 s 539

Part 6G Security

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78DOperation and purpose of pt 6G

(1)This part empowers the Minister to require, from time to time, a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, or a person who has applied for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, to give the State security for the tenure, or proposed tenure.
(2)The security may be used to pay—
(a)any liability under this Act that the State incurs because of an act or omission of the holder; and
(b)unpaid petroleum royalty or annual rent payable by the holder to the State; and
(c)other unpaid amounts payable under this Act or the 2004 Act by the holder to the State, including, for example, any of the following—
(i)unpaid civil penalty;
(ii)unpaid interest on unpaid petroleum royalty or annual rent;
(iii)any debt payable by the holder under section 101; and
(d)any compensation the State must pay under section 80P because of the exercise, or purported exercise, of a remedial power under section 80L in relation to the tenure, whether or not the tenure has ended.

s 78D ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

78EPower to require security for 1923 Act petroleum tenure

(1)The Minister may require a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, or a person who has applied for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, to give the State security for the tenure, or proposed tenure.
(2)The security must be—
(a)in the form prescribed under a regulation; and
(b)of at least the amount prescribed under a regulation.
(3)The requirement may be made at any time.
(4)However, the requirement does not take effect until the holder or applicant is given—
(a)for a requirement to give security in the form and amount prescribed under subsection (2)—notice of the requirement; or
(b)otherwise—an information notice about the decision to make the requirement.

s 78E ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78FMinister’s power to require additional security

(1)The Minister may, at any time, require a 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder to increase the amount of security given for the tenure.
(2)However—
(a)if, because of an increase in the prescribed amount under section 78E(2), the requirement is to increase the total security required to no more than the increased prescribed amount—the requirement must be made by notice to the holder; or
(b)if the requirement is to increase the total security required to more than the prescribed amount under section 78E(2) when the requirement is made—
(i)subsections (3) to (6) must be complied with before making the requirement; and
(ii)the requirement does not take effect until the holder is given an information notice about the decision to make the requirement.
(3)The Minister must give the holder notice—
(a)stating the proposed increased amount of the security for the tenure; and
(b)inviting the holder to lodge, within a stated reasonable period, submissions about the proposed increased amount.
(4)The stated period must end at least 20 business days after the holder is given the notice.
(5)Any submissions lodged by the holder within the stated period must be considered before deciding to make the requirement.
(6)In this section—
security given, includes security given or increased because of a requirement under subsection (1).

s 78F ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 33; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

78GInterest on security

The State may keep any interest that accrues on security given under this part for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.

s 78G ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78HPower to use security

The State may use security given under this part for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure, and any interest that accrues on the security, to make a payment mentioned in section 78D(2) in relation to the tenure.

s 78H ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78IReplenishment of security

(1)This section applies, if—
(a)under section 78H, all or part of the security for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure has been used; and
(b)the tenure is still in force.
(2)The Minister must give the tenure holder a notice—
(a)stating how much of the security has been used; and
(b)directing the holder to, within 30 days after the giving of the notice, replenish the security for the tenure up to the higher of the following—
(i)the amount prescribed under a regulation;
(ii)if the notice states that, under section 78E, another amount is required—the other amount.

s 78I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

78JSecurity not affected by change in holder

(1)This section applies if security for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure is given under this part for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure that is still in force and there is a subsequent change in the tenure holder.
(2)Despite the subsequent change, the security, and any interest that accrues on it, continues for the benefit of the State and may be used under section 78H.
(3)If the security is in the form of money, until the security is replaced or refunded it continues for the holder from time to time of the tenure.

s 78J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 153

78KRetention of security after 1923 Act petroleum tenure ends

(1)Security, or part of security, given for a 1923 Act petroleum tenure may be kept for 1 year after the tenure has ended.
(2)Also, if a claim made for the use of the security has not been assessed, an appropriate amount of the security to meet the claim may be kept until the claim has been assessed.

s 78K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Part 6H [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 1 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 1 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78L[Repealed]

s 78L ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78M[Repealed]

s 78M ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 34

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

amd 2010 No. 53 s 73; 2012 No. 16 s 78 sch

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78N[Repealed]

s 78N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78O[Repealed]

s 78O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78P[Repealed]

s 78P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 2 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78Q[Repealed]

s 78Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78R[Repealed]

s 78R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78S[Repealed]

s 78S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 472

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 2 [Repealed]

div hdg orig div 2 hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2010 No. 31 s 472

prev div 2 hdg (orig div 4 hdg) renum 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78T[Repealed]

s 78T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78U[Repealed]

s 78U ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2010 No. 31 s 473

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 3 [Repealed]

div hdg orig div 3 hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2010 No. 31 s 472

prev div 3 hdg (orig div 5 hdg) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78V[Repealed]

s 78V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 4 [Repealed]

div hdg (prev div 6 hdg) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78W[Repealed]

s 78W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Part 6I [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

pt 6I note ins 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 1 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 1 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78X[Repealed]

s 78X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 43 s 325 sch 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78Y[Repealed]

s 78Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 2 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

78Z[Repealed]

s 78Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79[Repealed]

s 79 ins 1962 No. 30 s 17

amd 1986 No. 26 s 4 sch; 1995 No. 22 s 3 sch

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79A[Repealed]

s 79A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 3 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

Division 2 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79I[Repealed]

s 79I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79J[Repealed]

s 79J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79K[Repealed]

s 79K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79L[Repealed]

s 79L ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Part 6J [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 68 s 150 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 540

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79M[Repealed]

s 79M ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2009 No. 3 s 532; 2010 No. 31 s 541; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79N[Repealed]

s 79N ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2010 No. 31 s 542; 2012 No. 20 s 281 sch 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79O[Repealed]

s 79O ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2010 No. 31 s 543; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Part 6K [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 1 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

amd 2010 No. 53 s 74

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 1 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79P[Repealed]

s 79P ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 35

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

amd 2010 No. 53 s 75

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 2 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79Q[Repealed]

s 79Q ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 3 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79R[Repealed]

s 79R ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79S[Repealed]

s 79S ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 4 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

sdiv 4 note ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79T[Repealed]

s 79T ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79U[Repealed]

s 79U ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79UA[Repealed]

s 79UA ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79V[Repealed]

s 79V ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

sub 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VA[Repealed]

s 79VA ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VAB [Repealed]

s 79VAB ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 5 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VB[Repealed]

s 79VB ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VC[Repealed]

s 79VC ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VD[Repealed]

s 79VD ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 6 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VDA [Repealed]

s 79VDA ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VDB [Repealed]

s 79VDB ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VDC [Repealed]

s 79VDC ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Subdivision 7 [Repealed]

sdiv hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VE[Repealed]

s 79VE ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Division 2 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2010 No. 31 s 474

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VF[Repealed]

s 79VF (prev s 79B) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VG[Repealed]

s 79VG (prev s 79C) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VH[Repealed]

s 79VH (prev s 79D) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VI[Repealed]

s 79VI (prev s 79E) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch; 2009 No. 17 s 331 sch 1

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VJ[Repealed]

s 79VJ (prev s 79F) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VK[Repealed]

s 79VK (prev s 79G) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

79VL[Repealed]

s 79VL (prev s 79H) ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

renum and reloc 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

amd 2010 No. 31 ss 425, 467, 533 sch 2 pt 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 510

Part 6L Ownership of pipelines, equipment and improvements

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 1 Pipelines

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

79WApplication of div 1

This division applies for a pipeline constructed or operated under a 1923 Act petroleum tenure.

s 79W ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

79XGeneral provision about ownership while tenure is in force for pipeline

(1)This section applies while the land on which the pipeline is constructed is, and continues to be, land in the area of the tenure.
(2)The pipeline is taken to be the personal property of the tenure holder.
(3)The pipeline remains the holder’s personal property despite—
(a)it having become part of the land; or
(b)the sale or other disposal of the land; or
(c)a purported transfer of, or other dealing with, the pipeline, unless it is a dealing that for registration under the Common Provisions Act, section 19.
(4)The pipeline can not be—
(a)levied or seized in execution; or
(b)sold in exercise of a power of sale or otherwise disposed of by a process under a law of a State taken against the holder, or the owner of the land.
(5)Subsections (2) to (4) apply despite—
(a)an Act or law of a State; or
(b)a contract, covenant or claim of right under a law of a State.

s 79X ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch; 2012 No. 20 s 255; 2014 No. 47 s 501

79YOwnership afterwards

(1)Section 79X applies and continues to apply for the pipeline, and for any subsequent 1923 Act petroleum tenure under which the pipeline is operated, if the tenure ends or the land on which the pipeline is constructed ceases to be in the area of the tenure.
(2)However, the section is subject to—
(a)section 80L; and
(b)any condition of the former tenure.
(3)Also, if the pipeline is decommissioned under section 75A the 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, or former 1923 Act petroleum tenure holder, may dispose of it to anyone else.

s 79Y ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

Division 2 Equipment and improvements

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

79ZApplication of div 2

(1)This division applies if—
(a)equipment or improvements are taken, constructed or placed on land in the area of a 1923 Act petroleum tenure; and
(b)the equipment or improvements were taken, constructed or placed on the land for use for an authorised activity for the tenure; and
(c)the tenure continues in force.
(2)However, this division—
(a)does not apply for a pipeline; and

Notes—

1For the obligation to decommission pipelines, see section 75A.
2For a general provision about ownership while a tenure is in force for a pipeline, see section 79X.
(b)is subject to part 6O.
(3)In this section—
equipment includes machinery and plant.
improvements
(a)does not include a well, water observation bore or water supply bore; but
(b)does include any works constructed in connection with the well or bore.

s 79Z ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

80Ownership of equipment and improvements

(1)While the equipment or improvements are on the land, they remain the property of the person who owned them immediately before they were taken, constructed or placed on the land, unless that person otherwise agrees.

Note—

For the obligation to remove equipment and improvements, see section 75B.
(2)However, for a well, water observation bore or water supply bore, subsection (1) is subject to part 6D, divisions 3 and 4.
(3)Subsection (1) applies despite—
(a)the plant or equipment having become part of the land; or
(b)the sale or other disposal of the land.
(4)The equipment or improvements can not be—
(a)levied or seized in execution; or
(b)sold in exercise of a power of sale or otherwise disposed of by a process under a law of a State taken against the holder, or the owner of the land.
(5)This section applies despite—
(a)an Act or law of a State; or
(b)a contract, covenant or claim of right under a law of a State.

s 80 ins 1985 No. 101 s 3

amd 1993 No. 35 s 12; 1995 No. 22 s 13

sub 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 105 sch; 2012 No. 20 s 125 sch 1

Part 6M [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80A[Repealed]

s 80A ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 36; 2012 No. 20 ss 72, 281 sch 2

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80B[Repealed]

s 80B ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2008 No. 56 s 87

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80C[Repealed]

s 80C ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 154

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80CA[Repealed]

s 80CA ins 2007 No. 46 s 155

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80CB[Repealed]

s 80CB ins 2007 No. 46 s 155

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

80D[Repealed]

s 80D ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2014 No. 47 s 515

Part 6N [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

Division 1 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

sub 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch; 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80E[Repealed]

s 80E ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 156; 2008 No. 56 s 88 ((6) could not be given effect)

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80F[Repealed]

s 80F orig s 80F ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

om 2007 No. 46 s 157

prev s 80F ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80G[Repealed]

s 80G ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256 (amd 2013 No. 10 s 154)

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80H[Repealed]

s 80H ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

Division 2 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80I[Repealed]

s 80I ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2007 No. 46 s 158; 2008 No. 56 s 81 sch

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80J[Repealed]

s 80J ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 37; 2005 No. 68 s 150 sch; 2008 No. 56 s 89

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80K[Repealed]

s 80K ins 2004 No. 26 s 46

amd 2005 No. 3 s 38; 2008 No. 56 s 90

sub 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

Division 3 [Repealed]

div hdg ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KA[Repealed]

s 80KA ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KB[Repealed]

s 80KB ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KC[Repealed]

s 80KC ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KD[Repealed]

s 80KD ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KE[Repealed]

s 80KE ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

Part 6NA [Repealed]

pt hdg ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504

80KF[Repealed]

s 80KF ins 2012 No. 20 s 256

om 2014 No. 47 s 504