Minister: Attorney-General and Minister for Justice and Minister for Training and Skills
Agency: Department of Justice and Attorney-General


Recording of Evidence Act 1962


Queensland Crest
Recording of Evidence Act 1962

An Act to make new provision for the recording of legal proceedings

1Short title

This Act may be cited as the Recording of Evidence Act 1962.

s 1 sub 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

2[Repealed]

s 2 om 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

3[Repealed]

s 3 om 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

4Definitions

In this Act—
court includes the Supreme Court and any judge thereof, a District Court and any judge thereof, the Industrial Court, a Magistrates Court, and any court or tribunal established and constituted by or under any law of this State.

def court amd 2013 No. 3s 49(3)

courtroom means any room in which a judicial person sits or is likely to sit for the purposes of a legal proceeding.

def courtroom ins 2008 No. 59s 120(2)

dictation-tape means a medium (other than a master recording) containing the record or any part of the record made under this Act by mechanical means of a legal proceeding.

def dictation-tape ins 1968 No. 14s 19(a)

amd 2013 No. 3s 49(4)

judicial person includes any judge, magistrate, industrial magistrate, justice, or coroner, and any arbitrator, commissioner, officer, registrar, or other person or body having by law or by consent of parties authority to hear or receive evidence or examine witnesses or other persons.

def judicial person amd 2005 No. 70s 138(1); 2013 No. 3s 49(5)

legal proceeding includes any proceeding (whether civil or criminal) in or before any court, any proceeding before justices, and any proceeding before any court or person (including any inquiry, arbitration heard by the industrial commission, or examination) in which evidence is or may be given, as well as any part of any legal proceeding.

def legal proceeding amd 2013 No. 3s 49(6)–(6A); 2013 No. 35s 160

master recording means the medium containing a complete record under this Act of a legal proceeding.

def master recording ins 2013 No. 3s 49(2)

master-tape ...

def master-tape ins 1968 No. 14s 19(b)

om 2013 No. 3s 49(1)

mechanical means, in relation to the recording under this Act of any legal proceeding, means the recording by recording equipment.

def mechanical means amd 2008 No. 59s 120(3)

medium means a disc, tape or other thing from which a record under this Act may be reproduced.

def medium ins 2013 No. 3s 49(2)

Minister ...

def Minister sub 1990 No. 80s 3sch 6

om 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

out-of-session recording means a recording of matter that—
(a)takes place in a courtroom that is equipped with recording equipment to be used for the purposes of this Act; and
(b)is made by that recording equipment; and
(c)is made when no legal proceeding is taking place in the courtroom.

def out-of-session recording ins 2008 No. 59s 120(2)

recorder means a person who carries out a recording service.

def recorder sub 2013 No. 3s 49(1)–(2)

recording equipment means a tape recording machine or any mechanical, electronic or other device for recording matter.

def recording equipment ins 2008 No. 59s 120(2)

recording service means—
(a)the recording of relevant matter in a legal proceeding under section 5; or
(b)the transcription of a record under this Act under an arrangement under section 5A or 5C; or
(c)the transcription of a record under this Act by a public service employee in the department.

def recording service ins 2013 No. 3s 49(2)

record under this Act
(a)in relation to a legal proceeding taking place in a courtroom—means the evidence (if any) and other matter (if any) recorded under section 5 and includes, if the record on a master recording is a digital recording, a replication of the record onto a separate data storage medium; or
(b)if no legal proceeding is taking place in a courtroom—means matter recorded in an out-of-session recording.

def record under this Act amd 2005 No. 70s 138(2); 2008 No. 59s 120(4)–(5); 2013 No. 3s 49(7)

shorthand reporter ...

def shorthand reporter om 2013 No. 3s 49(1)

tape ...

def tape ins 1968 No. 14s 19(c)

om 2013 No. 3s 49(1)

transcription, in relation to any record under this Act, means the transcription to longhand writing, typewriting or other mode of the record.

s 4 amd 2008 No. 59s 120(1)

4AWhen does a legal proceeding take place in a courtroom

A legal proceeding takes place in a courtroom when a judicial person sits for the purposes of a legal proceeding.

s 4A ins 2008 No. 59s 121

4BRecording may be continuous

(1)This section applies if a courtroom is equipped with recording equipment to be used for the purposes of this Act.
(2)Matter in the courtroom may be recorded by that recording equipment whether or not a legal proceeding is taking place in the courtroom.

s 4B ins 2008 No. 59s 121

5Recording of relevant matter in legal proceedings

(1)All relevant matter in a legal proceeding is to be recorded.

Examples of ways of recording—

in shorthand
by recording equipment
(2)The recording may be done—
(a)for any legal proceeding—
(i)under an arrangement under section 5A; or
(ii)by a public service employee in the department; or
(b)for a legal proceeding before QCAT—by a member of QCAT or an adjudicator under the QCAT Act; or
(c)for an inquiry or examination—under an arrangement under section 5C.
(3)Subsection (1) applies subject to any direction given by the court in which, or judicial person before whom, the legal proceeding is being taken.
(4)In this section—
relevant matter, in a legal proceeding, means—
(a)evidence given in the legal proceeding; and
(b)a ruling, direction, address, summing-up or other matter in the legal proceeding.

s 5 amd 2008 No. 59s 119 sch

sub 2013 No. 3s 50

5AArrangements for recording services

(1)The chief executive may enter into an arrangement with a person to provide either or both of the following services—
(a)the recording of relevant matter in legal proceedings under section 5;
(b)the transcription of records under this Act.

Note—

Under an arrangement, a recording or transcription may be carried out by the person who entered into the arrangement or someone else (for example, an employee, agent or subcontractor of the person who entered into the arrangement).
(2)A certificate given by the chief executive that, on a stated day, an arrangement was in force under this section with a stated person for the provision of a stated recording service, is evidence of the matter.

s 5A ins 2013 No. 3s 50

5BAvailability of copies of records and transcriptions

(1)The chief executive must ensure appropriate arrangements are in place to ensure the availability to any person, by purchase or otherwise, of—
(a)copies of records under this Act; and
(b)copies of transcriptions of records under this Act.
(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to the extent that, under this or another Act or under an order of a court or judicial person, a copy of a record or transcription must not be made available to a person.
(3)The arrangements must include arrangements for providing copies of records or transcriptions on request—
(a)to judicial persons at no cost; and
(b)to other persons, at no cost or at a cost that is less than the amount that would otherwise be payable, in accordance with the entitlements prescribed under a regulation.
(4)The chief executive may put in place arrangements for providing copies of records or transcriptions to the Supreme Court Library Committee established under the Supreme Court Library Act 1968, at no cost, for the purposes of enabling the committee to maintain and administer QSIS under that Act.
(5)However, despite an arrangement put in place under subsection (4), the chief executive must not provide to the Supreme Court Library Committee copies of the following records or transcriptions—
(a)any part of a record under this Act of a criminal proceeding that has been made while the court is closed under a provision of an Act, or an order made under a provision of an Act requiring the court to be closed;
(b)any part of a record under this Act of a criminal proceeding if the court makes an order prohibiting access to, or the disclosure or publication of, the part.
(6)The chief executive may delegate, to an appropriately qualified officer of the department, a function of the chief executive under this section.

Example of a function—

Under a regulation made under subsection (3)(b), the chief executive may have a function of making a decision about whether a person qualifies for an entitlement to a free copy of a transcription.
(7)In this section—
appropriately qualified includes having the qualifications, experience or standing appropriate to exercise the function.
function includes a power.

s 5B ins 2013 No. 3s 50

amd 2013 No. 25s 171

5CInquiries and examinations

(1)This section applies in relation to a legal proceeding that is an inquiry or examination.
(2)The court or person before whom the inquiry or examination is conducted may arrange for either or both of the following to be carried out—
(a)the recording of relevant matter in the proceeding under section 5;
(b)the transcription of a record under this Act of the proceeding.
(3)An arrangement under subsection (2) may be for a recording or transcription to be carried out by an officer or employee of the court or person or by someone else (for example, a person who also provides services under an arrangement with the chief executive under section 5A).
(4)Section 5B does not apply in relation to a record under this Act of the proceeding (whether or not the record was made or transcribed under an arrangement under subsection (2)).

s 5C ins 2013 No. 3s 50

6[Repealed]

s 6 amd 1996 No. 37s 147sch 2; 2007 No. 37s 143; 2008 No. 59s 119 sch; 2010 No. 42s 214 sch

om 2013 No. 3s 51

7[Repealed]

s 7 om 2013 No. 3s 51

8[Repealed]

s 8 amd 2010 No. 42s 214 sch

om 2013 No. 3s 51

9[Repealed]

s 9 om 2013 No. 3s 51

10Record and transcription to be evidence

(1)A record under this Act of a legal proceeding is to be received by a court or judicial person as evidence of anything recorded in the record.
(2)A document purporting to be a transcription of a record under this Act, produced by a recorder, is to be received by a court or judicial person as evidence of anything recorded in the document, except to the extent the document is shown not to be an accurate transcription of the record.

s 10 sub 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

amd 2013 No. 3s 52

11Depositions of witnesses

(1)Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any Act, rule, or practice, in all cases where it is prescribed or required by law that the deposition of a witness is to be read over to and signed by the witness, or that any evidence or other matter is to be reduced to or taken down in writing or signed, or there is some other provision of the law to the like effect, it shall be sufficient for all purposes if the deposition, evidence, or other matter, as the case may be, is recorded under this Act.
(2)Any reference in any Act to the deposition of any witness or to the depositions of any witnesses taken shall, where the evidence of the witness or witnesses has been recorded under this Act, be read as a reference to a transcription of that record by a recorder.
(3)A transcription by a recorder of a record under this Act need not be signed by the witness or by the court or judicial person in or before whom the deposition, evidence or other matter is taken or given.

s 11 amd 1968 No. 14s 20; 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1; 2005 No. 70s 139; 2008 No. 59s 122; 2013 No. 3s 53

11ARetention and destruction of records

(1)This section does not apply to a record under this Act that is an out-of-session recording.
(2)The record on a master recording shall not be destroyed—
(a)within the time allowed by law for instituting any appeal or application for a rehearing or review in relation to the legal proceeding in question; or
(b)where an appeal or application for a rehearing or review or otherwise in relation to the legal proceeding in question is instituted—until that appeal or application is finally determined or otherwise terminated.
(3)Despite subsection (2), the record on a master recording may be destroyed if the record is a digital recording that has been replicated onto a separate data storage medium.
(4)A relevant court or judicial person for a legal proceeding may make—
(a)an order that a record under this Act of the proceeding on a master recording be retained for the period, and on the conditions, that the court or judicial person considers appropriate; or
(b)if a transcription of a record under this Act of the proceeding has been made, an order authorising the destruction of the record on a master recording (whether or not an order has been made under paragraph (a)).
(5)An order made under subsection (4)(a) in relation to the retention of a record that is a digital recording is taken to be satisfied if the record on the master recording has been replicated onto a separate data storage medium.
(6)Subject to subsection (2) and to an order made under subsection (4), a record on a master recording, other than a record that may be destroyed under subsection (3), may be destroyed at any time—
(a)after a transcription of the record has been made; or
(b)before such a transcription has been made if—
(i)the legal proceeding so recorded is not one in or before a court of record; or
(ii)the record is of a legal proceeding in a Magistrates Court and the record may be disposed of under an authority given by the archivist under the Public Records Act 2002, section 26.
(7)A record on a dictation-tape may be destroyed at any time—
(a)after a transcription of the record has been made; or
(b)as prescribed.
(8)In this section—
archivist means the State Archivist established under the Public Records Act 2002, section 21(1).
relevant court or judicial person, for a legal proceeding, means a court in which or judicial person before whom—
(a)the legal proceeding is being taken; or
(b)an application, appeal or other matter relating to the proceeding is being heard or may be heard.

s 11A ins 2008 No. 59s 123

(2)–(7) (prev s 11(4)–(9)) renum and reloc 2008 No. 59s 122(7)

amd 2010 No. 42s 214 sch; 2013 No. 3s 54; 2017 No. 6 s 72

11BAccess to out-of-session recording prohibited

(1)A person can not have access to a record under this Act or a transcription of the record if the record is an out-of-session recording.
(2)However, a recorder may access all recordings under this Act, including out-of-session recordings, for the purpose of carrying out a recording service.
(3)This section applies despite anything to the contrary in another Act.

s 11B ins 2008 No. 59s 123

amd 2013 No. 3s 55

12Offences

(2)Any person (whether a recorder or not) who—
(a)wilfully records or transcribes or causes any other person to record or transcribe, in a false or incorrect manner any evidence or other matter required to be recorded under this Act; or
(b)unless authorised by or under this Act, destroys any record under this Act; or
(c)wilfully alters or falsifies or causes or permits anyone to alter or falsify any record under this Act or any transcription of a record under this Act;

shall be guilty of an indictable offence and is liable to imprisonment for 5 years.

s 12 amd 1988 No. 88s 4(1); 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1; 2010 No. 42s 214 sch; 2013 No. 3s 56

13Regulations

(1)The Governor in Council may from time to time make regulations providing for all or any purposes, whether generally or to meet particular cases, that may be convenient for the administration of this Act or that may be necessary or convenient to carry out the objects and purposes of this Act and, where there may be in this Act no provision or no sufficient provision in respect of any matter or thing necessary or expedient to give effect to this Act, providing for and supplying such omission or insufficiency.
(2)Without limiting the generality of the aforegoing provisions of this section and without derogating from the other provisions of this Act, regulations may be made for or in respect of all or any of the purposes, matters, and things following—
(b)providing for and regulating and controlling the custody and manner in which records under this Act and transcriptions thereof are to be kept and the period for which or circumstances when the same are to be retained unless sooner destroyed under this Act;
(c)providing for and regulating and controlling the destruction of any records under this Act (other than records that are out-of-session recordings) and providing for the keeping and future effectiveness of transcriptions of records so destroyed;
(d)prescribing the type and class of equipment to be used if so prescribed in the recording of any legal proceeding by mechanical means and the manner in which it is to be operated;
(e)providing for and regulating and controlling the making and issuing of transcriptions or copies of any record under this Act (other than a record that is an out-of-session recording) and prescribing the persons to whom the same may be issued;
(f)providing for and fixing the fees to be paid in respect of the recording of all or any legal proceedings, in respect of transcriptions and copies of transcriptions thereof, and in respect of other prescribed matters, or for any of these, and prescribing the persons by whom all or any such fees shall be payable and providing for the recovery of and exemptions from such fees;
(g)prescribing penalties for any contraventions of the regulations, but so that no such penalty shall exceed $200.

s 13 amd 1968 No. 14s 21; 2008 No. 59s 124; 2013 No. 3s 57

14Declaratory provision for Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2005

Despite section 11(4), the destruction of the record on a master-tape before the commencement of section 11(5) as inserted by the Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2005, section 139 is authorised if the record was a digital recording that had been replicated onto a separate data storage medium.

s 14 prev s 14 om 1992 No. 40s 163sch 1

pres s 14 ins 2005 No. 70s 140

amd 2013 No. 39s 109sch 2

15[Repealed]

s 15 ins 2007 No. 37s 144

om 2013 No. 3s 58

16Transitional provision for Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2008, pt 26

(1)This section applies if, before the commencement of this section—
(a)a person has applied for a copy of a record under this Act or a transcription of the record; and
(b)the person has not been issued with the copy or transcription.
(2)It is declared that section 11B applies, and is taken to have always applied, in relation to the record or transcription.

s 16 ins 2008 No. 59s 125

17Transitional provision for Classification of Computer Games and Images and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2013

(1)This section applies to an appointment as a shorthand reporter or recorder that was in force under section 6 immediately before the commencement.
(2)The appointment ends on the commencement.
(3)In this section—
commencement means the commencement of this section.

s 17 ins 2013 No. 3s 59