Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993


Queensland Crest
Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993

An Act about native title

Preamble

(1)Before European settlement, land in what is now the State of Queensland had been occupied, used and enjoyed since time immemorial by Aboriginal people in accordance with Aboriginal tradition, and was occupied, used and enjoyed by Torres Strait Islanders in accordance with Island custom.
(2)Land is of spiritual, social, historical, cultural and economic importance to Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders.
(3)After European settlement many Aboriginal people were dispossessed and dispersed.
(4)However, some Aboriginal people and many Torres Strait Islanders have maintained their ancestors’ traditional or customary affiliation with particular areas.
(5)The High Court of Australia has—
rejected the doctrine that Australia was terra nullius (land belonging to no-one) at the time of European settlement; and
held that the common law of Australia recognises native title rights of Australia’s indigenous inhabitants; and
held that native title is extinguished by valid government acts that are inconsistent with the continued existence of native title rights and interests, such as the grant of freehold or leasehold estates.
(6)The Commonwealth Government has proposed legislation to provide a national scheme for the recognition and protection of native title and for its coexistence with the existing land management systems.
(7)It is the intention of the Parliament that Queensland should participate in the national scheme proposed by the Commonwealth Government.

Preamble amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

Part 1 Preliminary

1Short title

This Act may be cited as the Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993.

2Commencement

(1)This Act (including subsections (3) and (4) of this section) commences on a day to be fixed by proclamation.
(2)Section 15C(1) of the Acts Interpretation Act 1954 does not apply to subsections (3) and (4) of this section.
(3)The following sections are taken to have commenced immediately after the commencement of section 1.03 of the Aboriginal Land Act 1991
section 157 (Amended Act)
section 158 (Amendment of s.1.03 (Definitions))
section 159 (Insertion of new s.1.04A (Meaning of native title interests))
section 160 (Amendment of s.2.13 (Lands that are available Crown land—general))
section 161 (Amendment of s.3.06 (Existing interests))
section 162 (Amendment of s.5.08 (Existing interests)).
(4)The following sections are taken to have commenced immediately after the commencement of section 1.04 of the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991
section 165 (Amended Act)
section 166 (Amendment of s.1.04 (Definitions))
section 167 (Insertion of new s.1.05A (Meaning of native title interests))
section 168 (Amendment of s.2.10 (Lands that are available Crown land—general))
section 169 (Amendment of s.3.06 (Existing interests))
section 170 (Amendment of s.5.08 (Existing interests)).

3Objects of Act

(1)The main objects of the Commonwealth Native Title Act are—
(a)to provide for the recognition and protection of native title; and
(b)to establish ways in which future dealings affecting native title may proceed and to set standards for the dealings; and
(c)to establish a mechanism for determining claims to native title; and
(d)to provide for, or permit, the validation of past acts, and intermediate period acts, invalidated because of the existence of native title.
(2)The main objects of this Act are—
(a)in accordance with the Commonwealth Native Title Act, to validate past acts, and intermediate period acts, invalidated because of the existence of native title and to confirm certain rights; and
(b)to ensure that Queensland law is consistent with standards set by the Commonwealth Native Title Act for future dealings affecting native title.

s 3 amd 1998 No. 30 s 4; 1998 No. 38 s 14

4Definitions

In this Act—
accepted application ...

s 4 def accepted application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

accepted application notice ...

s 4 def accepted application notice sub 1995 No. 30 s 2 sch

om 1998 No. 30 s 5

alternative provisions ...

s 4 def alternative provisions om 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

claimant application ...

s 4 def claimant application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

Commonwealth Native Title Act means the Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth).

s 4 def Commonwealth Native Title Act sub 1998 No. 30 s 5

compensation application ...

s 4 def compensation application sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 5

Land Tribunal ...

s 4 def Land Tribunal om 1998 No. 30 s 5

lawyer ...

s 4 def lawyer om 1998 No. 30 s 5

mediation conference ...

s 4 def mediation conference om 1998 No. 30 s 5

member ...

s 4 def member om 1998 No. 30 s 5

National Registrar ...

s 4 def National Registrar om 1998 No. 30 s 5

native title determination application ...

s 4 def native title determination application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

Native Title Register ...

s 4 def Native Title Register om 1998 No. 30 s 5

non-claimant application ...

s 4 def non-claimant application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

NTA, in a section heading, means the Commonwealth Native Title Act.

s 4 def NTA sub 1998 No. 30 s 5

potentially affected person ...

s 4 def potentially affected person om 1998 No. 30 s 5

President ...

s 4 def President om 1998 No. 30 s 5

presidential member ...

s 4 def presidential member om 1998 No. 30 s 5

registered native title body corporate ...

s 4 def registered native title body corporate ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 5

registered native title claimant ...

s 4 def registered native title claimant ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 5

registered native title holder ...

s 4 def registered native title holder om 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

Registrar ...

s 4 def Registrar om 1998 No. 30 s 5

revised native title determination application ...

s 4 def revised native title determination application amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 5

right to negotiate application ...

s 4 def right to negotiate application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

special issue ...

s 4 def special issue om 1998 No. 30 s 5

State Compulsory Acquisition Act ...

s 4 def State Compulsory Acquisition Act om 1998 No. 30 s 5

State Mining Act ...

s 4 def State Mining Act om 1998 No. 30 s 5

State mining Act means any of the following Acts—
Mineral Resources Act 1989
Petroleum Act 1923
Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
an Act prescribed by regulation.

s 4 def State mining Act ins 1998 No. 30 s 5

amd 2004 No. 25 s 1031

Tribunal ...

s 4 def Tribunal om 1998 No. 30 s 5

tribunal ...

s 4 def tribunal ins 1999 No. 7 s 87 sch 3

om 2007 No. 39 s 41 sch

unopposed application ...

s 4 def unopposed application om 1998 No. 30 s 5

Wardens Court ...

s 4 def Wardens Court sub 1998 No. 30 s 5

om 1999 No. 7 s 87 sch 3

s 4 sub 1998 No. 30 s 5

5Words and expressions used in Commonwealth Native Title Act

(1)Words and expressions used in the Commonwealth Native Title Act and this Act have the same meanings in this Act as they have in the Commonwealth Native Title Act.

Editor’s note—

Section 222 of the Commonwealth Native Title Act sets out a list of definitions used in that Act.
(2)Subsection (1) applies except so far as the context or subject matter otherwise indicates or requires.
(3)However, subsection (1) does not apply to a word or expression defined in section 4 (Definitions).

6Act binds all persons

This Act binds all persons, including the State.

Part 2 Validation and its effects

Division 1 General

7Object of part

(1)The object of this part is to—
(a)validate, under section 19 of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, past acts attributable to the State; and

Editor’s note—

An act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 226.

A past act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 228.

An act attributable to the State is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 239.

(b)validate, under section 22F of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, intermediate period acts attributable to the State; and

Editor’s note—

For what is an intermediate period act, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 232A. There are 4 categories of intermediate period acts, called category A, B, C and D intermediate period acts. They are defined in sections 232B to 232E and deal with a number of things, including leasehold and freehold interests in land, other interests in land and waters, and public works.
(c)provide for the effects of the validation.
(2)The object of this part is also to validate, under section 24EBA(3) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, certain future acts.

s 7 amd 1994 No. 61s 2 sch 1; 1998 No. 30 s 6; 1999 No. 35 s 49

8Validation of past acts attributable to State

Every past act attributable to the State is valid, and is taken always to have been valid.

8AValidation of intermediate period acts attributable to State

Every intermediate period act attributable to the State is valid, and is taken always to have been valid.

s 8A ins 1998 No. 30 s 7

9Application of remaining provisions of part

The remaining provisions of this part, other than division 4, apply—
(a)to a past act attributable to the State that is validated by section 8; and
(b)to an intermediate period act attributable to the State that is validated by section 8A.

s 9 amd 1998 No. 30 s 8; 1999 No. 35 s 50

Division 2 Effect of validation of past acts on native title

pt 2 div 2 hdg amd 1998 No. 30 s 9

10Category A past acts that are not public works

(1)This section applies if the past act is a category A past act, but is not a category A past act to which section 229(4) (which deals with public works) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act applies.

Editor’s note—

Category A past act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 229. This category covers freehold grants, some leasehold grants (commercial, agricultural, pastoral and residential leases) and public works. Lease and the various types of leases are defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, sections 242 to 249B. Public work is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 253.
(2)The past act extinguishes native title.

s 10 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

11Category A past acts that are public works

(1)This section applies if the past act is a category A past act to which section 229(4) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act applies.
(2)The past act extinguishes native title in relation to the land or waters on which the public work concerned (on completion of its construction or establishment) was or is situated.
(3)If section 229(4)(a) (which deals with public works completed after 1 January 1994) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act applies to the past act, the extinguishment is taken to have happened on 1 January 1994.

s 11 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

12Inconsistent category B past acts

(1)This section applies if the past act is a category B past act that is wholly or partly inconsistent with the continued existence, enjoyment or exercise of the native title rights and interests concerned.

Editor’s note—

Category B past act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 230. This category covers leasehold grants (other than leases that are category A past acts and mining leases).
(2)The past act extinguishes the native title to the extent of the inconsistency.

13Category C and D past acts

(1)This section applies if the past act is a category C or D past act.

Editor’s note—

Category C past act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 231. This category deals with the grant of mining leases. Mining lease is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 245 and mine in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 253.
Category D past act is defined in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 232. It is the residual category of past acts.
(2)The non-extinguishment principle applies to the past act.

Editor’s note—

The effect of the non-extinguishment principle is set out in the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 238.

Division 2A Effect of validation of intermediate period acts on native title

pt 2 div 2A hdg ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13AACategory A intermediate period acts dealing with the granting or vesting of certain interests in land or waters

(1)This section applies to a category A intermediate period act within the meaning of section 232B(2), (3) or (4) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
(2)The intermediate period act extinguishes all native title in relation to the land or waters concerned.

s 13AA ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13ABCategory A intermediate period acts that are public works

(1)This section applies to a category A intermediate period act within the meaning of section 232B(7) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
(2)The intermediate period act extinguishes the native title in relation to the land or waters on which, on completion of its construction or establishment, the public work concerned was or is situated.
(3)The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the construction or establishment started.

s 13AB ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13ACCategory B intermediate period acts

(1)This section applies to a category B intermediate period act that is wholly or partly inconsistent with the continued existence, enjoyment or exercise of the native title rights and interests concerned.
(2)The intermediate period act extinguishes the native title to the extent of the inconsistency.

s 13AC ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13ADCategory C and D intermediate period acts

(1)This section applies if an intermediate period act is a category C or D intermediate period act.
(2)The non-extinguishment principle applies to the intermediate period act.

Editor’s note—

For category C intermediate period acts, the State must also comply with the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 22H (Requirement to notify: mining rights).

s 13AD ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13AESections 13AA to 13AD apply subject to registered indigenous land use agreements

Sections 13AA to 13AD apply subject to section 24EBA(6) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.

s 13AE ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

Division 2B Effect of extinguishment under division 2 or 2A

pt 2 div 2B hdg ins 1998 No. 30 s 10

13AEffect of extinguishment

An extinguishment under division 2 or 2A does not by itself confer a right to eject or remove any Aboriginal persons who may reside on or who exercise access over land or waters covered by a pastoral lease the grant, re-grant or extension of which is validated by division 2 or 2A.

s 13A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

amd 1998 No. 30 s 11

Division 3 Other effects of validation under division 2 or 2A

pt 2 div 3 hdg amd 1998 No. 30 s 12

14Preservation of beneficial reservations and conditions—past acts

(1)This section applies if—
(a)the past act contains a reservation or condition for the benefit of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders; or
(b)the doing of the past act would affect rights or interests (other than native title rights and interests) of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders (whether arising under legislation, at common law or in equity and whether or not rights of usage).
(2)Division 2 (Effect of validation of past acts on native title) does not affect a reservation or condition mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or rights or interests mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

s 14 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2; 1998 No. 30 s 13

14APreservation of beneficial reservations and conditions—intermediate period acts

(1)This section applies if—
(a)an intermediate period act attributable to the State contains a reservation or condition for the benefit of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders; or
(b)the doing of an intermediate period act attributable to the State would affect rights or interests, other than native title rights and interests, of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders, whether arising under legislation, at common law or in equity, and whether or not rights of usage.
(2)Division 2A does not affect a reservation or condition mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or rights or interests mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

s 14A ins 1998 No. 30 s 14

15Compensation

(1)Under the Commonwealth Native Title Act, native title holders are, subject to that Act, entitled to compensation because of the validation by this Act of past acts and intermediate period acts attributable to the State.
(2)The compensation is payable by the State.

s 15 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

sub 1998 No. 30 s 15

Division 4 Validation of certain future acts

pt 2 div 4 hdg ins 1999 No. 35 s 51

15AEffect of registration on previous acts covered by indigenous land use agreements (NTA, s 24EBA(1) and (3))

(1)This section applies if—
(a)details are on the Register of Indigenous Land Use Agreements of an agreement that includes a statement to the effect that the parties agree to—
(i)the validating of a particular future act (other than an intermediate period act), or future acts (other than intermediate period acts) included in classes, that have already been done invalidly; or
(ii)the validating, subject to conditions, of a particular future act (other than an intermediate period act), or of future acts (other than intermediate period acts) included in classes, that have already been done invalidly; and
(b)the future act or class of acts is attributable to the State; and
(c)the State is a party to the agreement; and
(d)if, under the agreement or otherwise, a person other than the Crown in right of the Commonwealth, a State or a Territory is or may become liable to pay compensation in relation to the act or class of acts—that person is a party to the agreement.
(2)If this section applies in relation to a future act, the act is valid, and is taken always to have been valid.
(3)If this section applies in relation to a class of future acts, all acts included in the class are valid, and are taken always to have been valid.

s 15A ins 1999 No. 35 s 51

Part 3 Confirmation of certain rights

16Object of part

The object of this part is to confirm, in accordance with section 212 (Confirmation of ownership of natural resources, access to beaches etc.) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act—
(a)the ownership of natural resources and certain water and fishing access rights; and
(b)public access to and enjoyment of beaches and certain other places.

s 16 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

17Confirmation of ownership of natural resources etc.

(1)The existing ownership of all natural resources owned by the State is confirmed.
(2)All existing rights of the State to use, control and regulate the flow of water are confirmed.
(3)All existing fishing access rights under State law are confirmed to prevail over other public or private fishing rights.

Examples for subsection (1)

Example 1—Minerals and petroleum
With the exception of minerals on certain freehold titles granted between 1860 and 1910, the State owns all minerals (e.g. bauxite, coal and gold) and petroleum in Queensland—see s 8 Mineral Resources Act 1989 and earlier provisions and s 9 Petroleum Act 1923 and s 26 Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004. This ownership is confirmed by subsection (1).

Example 2—Quarry material

The State owns quarry material on certain lands in Queensland, including all Crown lands—see s 45 Forestry Act 1959. This ownership is confirmed by subsection (1).

Example 3—Fauna

With limited exceptions, the State owns all indigenous fauna in Queensland—see s 7 Fauna Conservation Act 1974. This ownership is confirmed by subsection (1).

s 17 amd 2004 No. 25 s 1032

18Confirmation of access to beaches etc.

Existing public access to and enjoyment of the following places is confirmed—
(a)waterways;
(b)beds and banks or foreshores of waterways;
(c)coastal waters;
(d)beaches;
(da)stock routes;
(e)areas that were public places at the end of 31 December 1993.

s 18 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1; 1998 No. 38 s 15

18AEffect of confirmation under part

Under section 212(3) (Confirmation of ownership of natural resources, access to beaches etc.) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, a confirmation under this part does not extinguish any native title rights and interests and does not affect any conferral of land or waters, or an interest in land or waters, under a law that confers benefits only on Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders.

s 18A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

amd 1998 No. 30 s 16

Part 4 Confirmation of total or partial extinguishment of native title by particular previous acts

pt 4 hdg sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

pt 5 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 1 Objects

pt 4 div 1 hdg sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

19Objects of pt 4

The objects of this part are—
(a)to confirm the total extinguishment of native title by previous exclusive possession acts attributable to the State; and

Editor’s note—

For the authorising provision, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23E (Confirmation of extinguishment of native title by previous exclusive possession acts of State or Territory). For what is a previous exclusive possession act, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23B.
(b)to confirm the partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts attributable to the State.

Editor’s note—

For the authorising provision of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23I (Confirmation of partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts of State or Territory). For what is a previous non-exclusive possession act, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23F.

s 19 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 2 Confirmation of extinguishment or partial extinguishment

pt 4 div 2 hdg sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

20Confirmation of extinguishment of native title by certain acts that are not public works

(1)This section applies to an act that is a previous exclusive possession act under section 23B(2) (including because of section 23B(3)) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
(2)The act extinguishes native title in relation to the land or waters covered by the freehold estate, Scheduled interest or lease concerned.

Editor’s note—

Scheduled interest is defined in section 249C of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
(3)The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the act was done.

s 20 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

21Confirmation of extinguishment of native title by certain acts that are public works

(1)This section applies to an act that is a previous exclusive possession act under section 23B(7) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act.
(2)The act extinguishes native title in relation to the land or waters on which, on completion of its construction or establishment, the public work concerned was or is situated.
(3)The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the construction or establishment of the public work started.

s 21 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

22Other extinguishment provisions do not apply

If section 20 or 21 applies to an act, sections 10 to 13AE do not apply to the act.

s 22 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

23Confirmation of partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts

(1)Subject to subsection (2), if a previous non-exclusive possession act is attributable to the State—
(a)to the extent that the act involves the grant of rights and interests that are not inconsistent with native title rights and interests in relation to the land or waters covered by the lease concerned, the rights and interests granted, and the doing of any activity in giving effect to them, prevail over the native title rights and interests but do not extinguish them; and
(b)to the extent that the act involves the grant of rights and interests that are inconsistent with native title rights and interests in relation to the land or waters covered by the lease concerned—
(i)if, apart from this Act, the act extinguishes the native title rights and interests—the native title rights and interests are extinguished; and
(ii)in any other case—the native title rights and interests are suspended while the lease concerned, or the lease as renewed, remade, regranted, or extended, is in force; and
(c)any extinguishment under this subsection is taken to have happened when the act was done.
(2)This section does not apply if the act is the grant of a pastoral lease or an agricultural lease to which section 10 applies.
(3)If this section applies to an act, sections 10 to 13AE do not apply to the act.

s 23 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 3 Effect of confirmation of total or partial extinguishment of native title

pt 4 div 3 hdg ins 1998 No. 30 s 17

24Preservation of beneficial reservations and conditions

(1)If—
(a)a previous exclusive possession act attributable to the State contains a reservation or condition for the benefit of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders; or
(b)the doing of a previous exclusive possession act attributable to the State would affect rights or interests, other than native title rights and interests, of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders, whether arising under legislation, at common law or in equity and whether or not rights of usage;

neither section 20 or 21 affects the reservation or condition or the rights or interests.

(2)If—
(a)a previous non-exclusive possession act attributable to the State contains a reservation or condition for the benefit of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders; or
(b)the doing of a previous non-exclusive possession act attributable to the State would affect rights or interests, other than native title rights and interests, of Aboriginal peoples or Torres Strait Islanders, whether arising under legislation, at common law or in equity and whether or not rights of usage;

section 23 does not affect the reservation or condition or the rights or interests.

s 24 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

25Confirmation of validity of use of certain land held by State etc.

To remove doubt, it is declared that if an act is a previous exclusive possession act because of section 23B(9C)(b) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act, the use of the land or waters concerned as mentioned in that paragraph is valid.

Editor’s note—

For the authorising provision, see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23E (Confirmation of extinguishment of native title by previous exclusive possession acts of State or Territory).

s 25 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

26Notification

For a previous non-exclusive possession act to which section 23F(3)(c)(ii) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act applies—
(a)notice must be given, in the way decided in writing by the Commonwealth Minister, to any representative Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander bodies, registered native title bodies corporate and registered native title claimants in relation to the land or waters that will be affected by the act about the doing or proposed doing of the act, or acts of that class, in relation to the land or waters concerned; and
(b)the persons given notice must be given an opportunity to comment on the act or class of acts.

Editor’s note—

For the authorising provision see the Commonwealth Native Title Act, section 23I (Confirmation of partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts of State or Territory).

s 26 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

27Compensation

(1)Under the Commonwealth Native Title Act, native title holders are, subject to that Act, entitled to compensation for any extinguishment under this part of their native title rights and interests.
(2)However, the native title holders are entitled to compensation only to the extent, if any, that the native title rights and interests were not extinguished otherwise than under this Act.
(3)The compensation is payable by the State.

s 27 sub 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 6 [Repealed]

pt 6 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

28[Repealed]

s 28 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 7 [Repealed]

pt 7 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 1 [Repealed]

pt 7 div 1 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

29[Repealed]

s 29 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

30[Repealed]

s 30 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

31[Repealed]

s 31 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

32[Repealed]

s 32 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

33[Repealed]

s 33 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

33A[Repealed]

s 33A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

34[Repealed]

s 34 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

35[Repealed]

s 35 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2; 1995 No. 30 s 3

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

36[Repealed]

s 36 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1; 1995 No. 30 s 2 sch

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

37[Repealed]

s 37 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

38[Repealed]

s 38 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

39[Repealed]

s 39 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

40[Repealed]

s 40 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

41[Repealed]

s 41 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

42[Repealed]

s 42 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

43[Repealed]

s 43 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 2 [Repealed]

pt 7 div 2 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

44[Repealed]

s 44 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

45[Repealed]

s 45 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

46[Repealed]

s 46 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

47[Repealed]

s 47 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

47A[Repealed]

s 47A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 3 [Repealed]

pt 7 div 3 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

48[Repealed]

s 48 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

49[Repealed]

s 49 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 8 [Repealed]

pt 8 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 1 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 1 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

50[Repealed]

s 50 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

51[Repealed]

s 51 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 2 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 2 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

52[Repealed]

s 52 amd 1994 No. 61s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

53[Repealed]

s 53 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

54[Repealed]

s 54 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

55[Repealed]

s 55 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

56[Repealed]

s 56 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

57[Repealed]

s 57 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

58[Repealed]

s 58 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

59[Repealed]

s 59 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

60[Repealed]

s 60 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

61[Repealed]

s 61 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

61A[Repealed]

s 61A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

61B[Repealed]

s 61B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 3 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 3 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

62[Repealed]

s 62 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

63[Repealed]

s 63 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

64[Repealed]

s 64 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

65[Repealed]

s 65 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

66[Repealed]

s 66 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

67[Repealed]

s 67 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

68[Repealed]

s 68 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

69[Repealed]

s 69 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

70[Repealed]

s 70 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

71[Repealed]

s 71 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 4 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 4 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

72[Repealed]

s 72 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

73[Repealed]

s 73 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

74[Repealed]

s 74 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

75[Repealed]

s 75 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

76[Repealed]

s 76 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

77[Repealed]

s 77 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 5 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 5 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

78[Repealed]

s 78 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

79[Repealed]

s 79 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

80[Repealed]

s 80 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 6 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 6 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

81[Repealed]

s 81 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

82[Repealed]

s 82 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

83[Repealed]

s 83 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

84[Repealed]

s 84 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

85[Repealed]

s 85 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

86[Repealed]

s 86 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 7 [Repealed]

pt 8 div 7 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

87[Repealed]

s 87 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

88[Repealed]

s 88 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

89[Repealed]

s 89 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

90[Repealed]

s 90 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

91[Repealed]

s 91 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 9 [Repealed]

pt 9 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 1 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 1 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

92[Repealed]

s 92 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

93[Repealed]

s 93 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

94[Repealed]

s 94 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

95[Repealed]

s 95 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

96[Repealed]

s 96 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

97[Repealed]

s 97 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 2 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 2 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

98[Repealed]

s 98 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

99[Repealed]

s 99 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

100[Repealed]

s 100 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

101[Repealed]

s 101 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 3 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 3 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

102[Repealed]

s 102 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

103[Repealed]

s 103 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

104[Repealed]

s 104 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

105[Repealed]

s 105 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

106[Repealed]

s 106 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

107[Repealed]

s 107 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

108[Repealed]

s 108 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 4 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 4 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

109[Repealed]

s 109 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

110[Repealed]

s 110 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

111[Repealed]

s 111 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

112[Repealed]

s 112 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

113[Repealed]

s 113 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 5 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 5 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

114[Repealed]

s 114 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

115[Repealed]

s 115 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

116[Repealed]

s 116 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

117[Repealed]

s 117 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

118[Repealed]

s 118 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

119[Repealed]

s 119 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

120[Repealed]

s 120 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

121[Repealed]

s 121 om 1998 No. 30s 17

Division 6 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 6 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

122[Repealed]

s 122 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2 (amd 1995 No. 57 s 4 sch 2)

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

123[Repealed]

s 123 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

124[Repealed]

s 124 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

125[Repealed]

s 125 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

126[Repealed]

s 126 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

127[Repealed]

s 127 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

128[Repealed]

s 128 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

129[Repealed]

s 129 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

130[Repealed]

s 130 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Division 7 [Repealed]

pt 9 div 7 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

131[Repealed]

s 131 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

132[Repealed]

s 132 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

133[Repealed]

s 133 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

134[Repealed]

s 134 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 10 [Repealed]

pt 10 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 17

135[Repealed]

s 135 amd 1995 No. 30 s 2 sch

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

136[Repealed]

s 136 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

137[Repealed]

s 137 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

138[Repealed]

s 138 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

139[Repealed]

s 139 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

140[Repealed]

s 140 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

141[Repealed]

s 141 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 17

142[Repealed]

s 142 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

143[Repealed]

s 143 om 1998 No. 30 s 17

Part 11 Miscellaneous

144Compulsory acquisition of native title

(1)The power of compulsory acquisition under a compulsory acquisition Act includes—
(a)power to compulsorily acquire, for the purposes of the compulsory acquisition Act, native title rights and interests in relation to any land or waters; and
(b)if native title rights and interests are compulsorily acquired in relation to land or waters, power to compulsorily acquire at the same time any non-native title rights and interests in relation to the land or waters.
(2)To remove any doubt, it is declared that—
(a)native title rights and interests in relation to any land may be acquired under a compulsory acquisition Act even though the Act would not otherwise apply to the land; and
(b)all non-native title rights and interests in relation to the land may be acquired in accordance with subsection (1)(b) under a compulsory acquisition Act even though the Act would not otherwise apply to the land.

Examples—

1As a result of the operation of subsection (2)(a), native title rights and interests in relation to unallocated State land under the Land Act 1994 may be acquired under the Acquisition of Land Act 1967 even though the Acquisition of Land Act 1967 would not otherwise apply to the unallocated State land.
2As a result of the operation of subsection (2)(b), if native title rights and interests in relation to particular unallocated State land are acquired under the Acquisition of Land Act 1967, all non-native title rights and interests in relation to that unallocated State land may also be acquired at the same time under the Acquisition of Land Act 1967 even though the Acquisition of Land Act 1967 would not otherwise apply to the unallocated State land.
(3)Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).
(3A)Subsections (3B) and (3C) apply if—
(a)native title rights and interests in relation to land or waters are acquired under a compulsory acquisition Act; and
(b)the holders of the rights and interests are entitled to compensation under the Commonwealth Native Title Act for the acquisition.
(3B)If the person who acquires the rights and interests is not the State, that person is liable to pay the compensation.
(3C)However, the State is liable to pay the compensation if, when the compensation is required to be paid, it is not reasonably practicable for the holders to otherwise recover the compensation.

Note—

See the Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth), section 24MD(4)(b)(i) in relation to the recovery of compensation.
(4)In this section—
compulsory acquisition Act means an Act, other than the Land Act 1994, providing for compulsory acquisition in relation to land or waters, including, for example, any of the following—
Acquisition of Land Act 1967
Electricity Act 1994
Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004
State Development and Public Works Organisation Act 1971
Transport Planning and Coordination Act 1994.

s 144 sub 1998 No. 30 s 18

amd 2000 No. 36s 16; 2004 No. 25 s 1033; 2008 No. 29 s 72; 2014 No. 29 s 118

144A[Repealed]

s 144A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 18

144B[Repealed]

s 144B ins 1994 No. 61 s 3

om 1998 No. 30 s 18

145Regulation-making power

The Governor in Council may make regulations under this Act.

146Section headings—Commonwealth Native Title Act

A reference in a section heading to a provision of the Commonwealth Native Title Act does not form part of this Act.

s 146 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

sub 1998 No. 38 s 16

146A[Repealed]

s 146A ins 1998 No. 38 s 16

om 2000 No. 36 s 18 sch 1

Part 12 [Repealed]

pt 12 hdg om 2000 No. 36 s 17

Division 1 [Repealed]

pt 12 div 1 hdg om 2000 No. 36 s 17

147[Repealed]

s 147 om 2000 No. 36 s 17

Division 2 [Repealed]

pt 12 div 2 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 19

148[Repealed]

s 148 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 19

149[Repealed]

s 149 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 19

150[Repealed]

s 150 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2

om 1998 No. 30 s 19

151[Repealed]

s 151 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 19

Division 3 [Repealed]

pt 12 div 3 hdg om 2000 No. 36 s 17

152[Repealed]

s 152 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 2000 No. 36 s 17

153[Repealed]

s 153 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 schs 1–2; 1999 No. 7 s 87 sch 3

om 2000 No. 36 s 17

Division 4 [Repealed]

pt 12 div 4 hdg om 2000 No. 36 s 17

154[Repealed]

s 154 om 2000 No. 36 s 17

155[Repealed]

s 155 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 2000 No. 36 s 17

156[Repealed]

s 156 amd 1997 No. 9 s 46

om 2000 No. 36 s 17

Part 13 [Repealed]

pt 13 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Division 1 [Repealed]

pt 13 div 1 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

157[Repealed]

s 157 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

158[Repealed]

s 158 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

159[Repealed]

s 159 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160[Repealed]

s 160 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160A[Repealed]

s 160A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160B[Repealed]

s 160B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160C[Repealed]

s 160C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160D[Repealed]

s 160D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160E[Repealed]

s 160E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160F[Repealed]

s 160F ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160G[Repealed]

s 160G ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160H[Repealed]

s 160H ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160I[Repealed]

s 160I ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160J[Repealed]

s 160J ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160K[Repealed]

s 160K ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160L[Repealed]

s 160L ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

160M[Repealed]

s 160M ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161[Repealed]

s 161 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161A[Repealed]

s 161A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161B[Repealed]

s 161B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161C[Repealed]

s 161C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161D[Repealed]

s 161D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161E[Repealed]

s 161E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161F[Repealed]

s 161F ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

161G[Repealed]

s 161G ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162[Repealed]

s 162 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162A[Repealed]

s 162A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162B[Repealed]

s 162B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162C[Repealed]

s 162C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162D[Repealed]

s 162D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

162E[Repealed]

s 162E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

163[Repealed]

s 163 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

163A[Repealed]

s 163A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

164[Repealed]

s 164 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

164A[Repealed]

s 164A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

164B[Repealed]

s 164B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

164C[Repealed]

s 164C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

164D[Repealed]

s 164D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Division 2 [Repealed]

pt 13 div 2 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

165[Repealed]

s 165 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

166[Repealed]

s 166 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

167[Repealed]

s 167 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168[Repealed]

s 168 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168A[Repealed]

s 168A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168B[Repealed]

s 168B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168C[Repealed]

s 168C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168D[Repealed]

s 168D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168E[Repealed]

s 168E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168F[Repealed]

s 168F ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168G[Repealed]

s 168G ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168H[Repealed]

s 168H ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168I[Repealed]

s 168I ins 1994 No. 61s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168J[Repealed]

s 168J ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168K[Repealed]

s 168K ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168L[Repealed]

s 168L ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168M[Repealed]

s 168M ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

168N[Repealed]

s 168N ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169[Repealed]

s 169 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169A[Repealed]

s 169A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169B[Repealed]

s 169B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169C[Repealed]

s 169C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169D[Repealed]

s 169D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169E[Repealed]

s 169E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169F[Repealed]

s 169F ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

169G[Repealed]

s 169G ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170[Repealed]

s 170 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170A[Repealed]

s 170A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170B[Repealed]

s 170B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170C[Repealed]

s 170C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170D[Repealed]

s 170D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

170E[Repealed]

s 170E ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

171[Repealed]

s 171 amd 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

171A[Repealed]

s 171A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

172[Repealed]

s 172 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

172A[Repealed]

s 172A ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

172B[Repealed]

s 172B ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

172C[Repealed]

s 172C ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

172D[Repealed]

s 172D ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Division 3 [Repealed]

pt 13 div 3 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

173[Repealed]

s 173 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

174[Repealed]

s 174 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

175[Repealed]

s 175 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

176[Repealed]

s 176 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Division 4 [Repealed]

pt 13 div 4 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

177[Repealed]

s 177 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

178[Repealed]

s 178 sub 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 1

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

179[Repealed]

s 179 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Division 5 [Repealed]

pt 13 div 5 hdg om 1998 No. 30 s 20

180[Repealed]

s 180 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

181[Repealed]

s 181 om 1998 No. 30 s 20

Part 14 [Repealed]

pt 14 hdg ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20

182[Repealed]

s 182 ins 1994 No. 61 s 2 sch 2

om 1998 No. 30 s 20