Penalties and Sentences Act 1992


Queensland Crest
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992
Queensland Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Current as at [Not applicable] Indicative reprint note This is an unofficial version of a reprint of this Act that incorporates all proposed amendments to the Act included in the Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Bill 2018. This indicative reprint has been prepared for information only— it is not an authorised reprint of the Act . Enacted but uncommenced amendments included in the State Penalties Enforcement Amendment Act 2017 No. 13 and the Termination of Pregnancy Act 2018 No. 23 have also been incorporated in this indicative reprint. The point-in-time date for this indicative reprint is the introduction date for the Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Bill 2018— 13 November 2018. Detailed information about indicative reprints is available on the Information page of the Queensland legislation website.
© State of Queensland 2018 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Not authorised —indicative only Queensland Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Part 1 1 3 4 4A 5 5A 6 7 8 8A Part 2 9 10 11 12 12A 13 13A 13B 14 15 15A Part 2A 15AA Page Preliminary Short title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Meaning of authorised corrective services officer . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Meaning of penalty unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Prescribed value of particular penalty unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Application to children and certain courts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Sentences under this Act are sentences for purposes of the Criminal Code, ch 67 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Construction of references to court that made order . . . . . . . . . . 34 Delegation of powers by proper officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Governing principles Sentencing guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Court’s reasons to be stated and recorded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Matters to be considered in determining offender’s character . . 42 Court to consider whether or not to record conviction . . . . . . . . . 42 Convictions for offences relating to domestic violence . . . . . . . . 45 Guilty plea to be taken into account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Cooperation with law enforcement authorities to be taken into account— undertaking to cooperate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Cooperation with law enforcement authorities to be taken into account— cooperation given . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Preference must be given to compensation for victims . . . . . . . . 52 Information or submissions for sentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Audiovisual link or audio link may be used to sentence . . . . . . . 53 Guideline judgments Definitions for pt 2A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents 15AB 15AC 15AD 15AE 15AF 15AG 15AH 15AI 15AJ 15AK 15AL Part 3 Division 1 Subdivision 1 15B 15C 15D 15E 15F Subdivision 2 16 17 18 19 20 21 Division 2 22 23 24 25 26 Powers of court to give or review guideline judgments . . . . . . . . 55 Limitations for guideline judgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Guideline judgments on own initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Guideline judgments on application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Right of appearance in a guideline proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Powers of Attorney-General or director of public prosecutions . . 58 Relevant considerations before giving or reviewing guideline judgment 58 Procedural requirements if court decides to give or review guideline judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Discretion of court preserved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Use of evidence in giving or reviewing guideline judgments . . . . 59 Relationship between guideline judgments and other sentencing matters 60 Releases, restitution and compensation Orders to release certain offenders Interpretation Definitions for div 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Meaning of eligible drug offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Meaning of eligible drug offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Meaning of disqualifying offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Meaning of approved provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Orders Court may make order under this division if it does not record conviction 65 Making of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Matters to which court must have regard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Order of court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Contravention of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Termination of recognisance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Recognisances for property related offences Court may make order under this division if it does not record conviction 68 When court may act under this division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Adjournment and release of offender if recognisance entered into 68 Offender may be called on to do certain things . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Offender may be called on for sentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Page 2
27 28 Division 3 29 30 31 32 33 33A Division 3AA 33AA 33AB 33AC 33AD 33AE 33AF Division 3A 33B 33C Division 4 34 35 36 37 38 39 39A 40 41 42 43 Part 3A 43A 43B 43C 43D Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Offender failing to appear under recognisance or when called . . 69 Termination of recognisance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Release on entering into recognisance Court may act under this division whether or not it records conviction 70 Recognisance—conviction on indictment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Recognisance—summary conviction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Recognisance instead of imposing any other sentence . . . . . . . 71 Termination of recognisance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Failing to obey condition of recognisance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Offenders failing to enter into recognisances before leaving court Application of division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Proper officer of court may give offender notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Court may issue warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Orders for offender appearing before court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Orders for particular offender failing to appear before court . . . . 74 Evidentiary provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Provisions relating to forfeited recognisances Order for payment of amount under forfeited recognisance . . . . 77 Variation or revocation of order forfeiting recognisance . . . . . . . 77 Orders for restitution and compensation Court may act under this division whether or not it records conviction 79 Order for restitution or compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 What order may state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Limit on imprisonment under s 36(2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Extension of time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Directions for enforcing order of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Other orders available on failure to comply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Failing to appear as directed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Instalments—failing to pay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Payment of restitution or compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Division does not limit operation of other provisions . . . . . . . . . . 82 Non-contact orders Court may make order whether or not it records conviction . . . . 82 Making non-contact order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Requirements of non-contact order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Amending or revoking non-contact order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Page 3 Not authorised —indicative only
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents 43E 43F Part 3B 43G 43H 43I 43J 43K 43L 43M 43N 43O Part 4 Division 1 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 Division 2 52 53 54 55 56A 57 58 59 60 61 62 Order to be given to interested persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Contravention of non-contact order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Banning orders Definitions for pt 3B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Record of conviction not required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 What is a banning order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Making a banning order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Banning order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Amending or revoking banning order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Banning order to be given to interested persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Commissioner of police service may give copy of banning order to particular persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Contravention of banning order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Fines General Court may impose fine whether or not conviction recorded . . . . 97 Power to fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Fine limitations of certain courts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Lesser fine than provided may be imposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Exercise of power to fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Single fine for 2 or more offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Instalment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Payment of fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Fine option orders Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Application for order if offender before court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 If offender not before court written notice of right to apply for fine option order to be given . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Application for order generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Offender may apply to proper officer for fine option order . . . . . . 103 Matters to be considered on application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Proper officer must reconsider offender’s financial position . . . . 105 Determination of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Application may be granted or refused . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Making of order by proper officer of the court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Effect of fine option order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Page 4
63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 76 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 88 89 Part 5 Division 1 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents No liability if warrant executed in good faith and without negligence 109 Order to be in writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Release from custody when order is made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Requirements of fine option orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Directions under fine option order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Period mentioned in s 66(2) may be extended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Maximum number of hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Fine reduced proportionate to imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Community service to be performed cumulatively . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Performance of community service to be credited against fine . . 113 Payments and application of payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Failing to comply with a requirement of an order . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Proper officer to determine hours of community service . . . . . . . 115 Effect of revoking order under s 74 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Revocation of fine option order other than under s 74 . . . . . . . . 116 Offender may be re-sentenced on revocation of order under s 79 116 Application for revocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Imprisonment to be reduced proportionate to amount of fine paid or community service performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Court to notify court that imposed fine option order . . . . . . . . . . 121 Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Hearing and determination of appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Termination of fine option order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Original order terminated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Intermediate orders Probation orders Court may make probation order whether or not conviction recorded 124 Making of an order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Effect of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 General requirements of probation order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Additional requirements of probation order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Probation order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Offender to agree to making or amending of order . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Multiple offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Page 5 Not authorised —indicative only
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 98 99 Division 2 Subdivision 1 100 101 102 103 105 106 107 108 Subdivision 2 108A 108B 108C 108D Division 3 109 110 Part 5A 110A 110B 110C 110D 110E 110F 110G 110H 110I Part 6 111 112 113 114 Application of s 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Termination of probation order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Community service orders General Court may make order whether or not conviction recorded . . . . 128 Making of an order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Effect of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 General requirements of community service order . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Community service order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Offender to agree to making or amending of order . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Multiple offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Termination of community service order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Community service orders mandatory for particular offences Definitions for sdiv 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 When community service order must be made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Effect if offender is also subject to other orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Effect if offender is detained on remand or imprisoned . . . . . . . . 133 General Court may make probation order and community service order for an offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Appeal against probation order or community service order . . . . 134 Graffiti removal orders Making of an order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Effect of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 General requirements of graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Graffiti removal order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Multiple orders for single graffiti offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Multiple orders for multiple offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Successive orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Unpaid service to be performed cumulatively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Termination of graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Intensive correction orders Court may make order only if it records conviction . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Making of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Effect of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 General requirements of intensive correction order . . . . . . . . . . 141 Page 6
115 116 117 118 119 Part 7 Division 1 120 120A 121 122 Division 2 123 124 125 126 126A 127 128 129 130 131 132 Division 3 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Additional requirements of intensive correction order . . . . . . . . . 142 Intensive correction order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Offender to agree to making or amending of order . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Multiple offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Termination of intensive correction order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Other provisions relating to community based orders Amendment and revocation of orders Amendment and revocation of community based orders generally 144 Amendment and revocation of s 108B community service order or graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Offender may be re-sentenced on revocation of order . . . . . . . . 145 Application for amendment or revocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Contravention of orders Offence to contravene requirement of community based orders 146 Proceeding for offence may be brought in any Magistrates Court 147 Powers of Magistrates Court that convicts offender of offence against s 123(1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Powers of Supreme Court or District Court to deal with offender 149 Particular provision for driver licence disqualifications . . . . . . . . 151 Additional power of courts in relation to an intensive correction order 151 Summons or warrant for contravention of single community based order 152 Summons or warrant for contravention of multiple orders made by courts of different jurisdictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Discharge of multiple community based orders where contravention taken into account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Contravention of requirements of order—judge to determine . . . 154 Proceedings after end of period of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 General Authorised corrective services officers subject to direction of court 155 Requirements of order have effect despite appeal . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Directions under community based order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Notifications following making of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Facilitation of proof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Application of Justices Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Court may order summons or warrant for offender’s appearance 158 Power of Magistrates Court under s 128(2), 129(2) or 139(2) . . 158 Page 7 Not authorised —indicative only
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 141 142 Part 8 143 144 145 146 146A 147 148 149 150 151A Part 8A Division 1 151B 151C Division 2 151D 151E 151F 151G 151H Division 3 Subdivision 1 151I 151J 151K 151L Subdivision 2 151M Subdivision 3 151N 151O Page 8 Community service under intensive correction order cumulative with any other community service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Offence against this part—complainant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Orders of suspended imprisonment Court not to act without recording a conviction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Sentence of imprisonment may be suspended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Effect of suspended imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Consequences of committing offence during operational period 160 Summons or warrant for offender whose sentence of imprisonment has been suspended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Power of court mentioned in s 146 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Imprisonment to be served immediately . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Reasons not stated—order still valid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Bail Act applies if offender not dealt with immediately . . . . . . . . 166 Conditional release and parole for suspended sentences . . . . . 166 Drug and alcohol treatment orders Preliminary Definitions for part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Purpose of part and treatment orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 When treatment orders may be made Court may make treatment order only if it records conviction . . . 169 When treatment order may be made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 When treatment order can not be made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Particular matters for offences involving violence against another person 171 Multiple offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Making treatment orders Preliminary steps Explaining treatment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Offender to agree to making of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 Adjournment for obtaining suitability assessment report . . . . . . . 174 Requirements for suitability assessment report . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 Content of treatment orders Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Custodial part Custodial part of treatment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Orders if offender commits offence for which imprisonment may be
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 151P Subdivision 4 151Q 151R 151S Division 4 151T 151U 151V 151W Division 5 151X 151Y 151Z Division 6 151ZA 151ZB 151ZC 151ZD Part 9 Division 1 152 152A 153 153A Division 2 154 155 156 156A 158A 159 imposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 Considerations for taking action under s 151O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 Rehabilitation part Rehabilitation part of treatment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 Core conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Treatment program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Administering treatment orders Review team obligations and requirement for court to consult . . 180 Court may cancel rehabilitation part of treatment order on early completion of treatment program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Court may amend rehabilitation part of treatment order . . . . . . . 181 Failure to comply with rehabilitation part of treatment order . . . . 182 Ending treatment orders Court may revoke treatment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 Requirements for revocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 Termination of treatment orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Miscellaneous Immunity from prosecution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Arrest warrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Court may remand offender in custody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 No appeal against particular decisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Imprisonment Liability Court must record conviction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 Proper officer to give chief executive (corrective services) record of order of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Imprisonment—liability to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Term of imprisonment if none prescribed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 Calculation Calculation of term of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Imprisonment to be served concurrently unless otherwise ordered 189 Cumulative orders of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Cumulative order of imprisonment must be made in particular circumstances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 Term of imprisonment does not run if offender on bail awaiting appeal 191 Term of imprisonment does not run while prisoner at large . . . . 191 Page 9
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 159A Division 3 160 160A 160AA 160B 160C 160D 160E 160F 160G 160H Part 9A 161A 161B 161C Part 9B 161D 161E Part 9C Division 1 161F Division 2 161G 161H 161I 161J 161K 161L 161M Part 9D Division 1 Page 10 Time held in presentence custody to be deducted . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Parole Definitions for div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 Application of ss 160B–160D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Reduction of minimum period of imprisonment for particular offenders 196 Sentence of 3 years or less and not a serious violent offence or sexual offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 Sentence of more than 3 years and not a serious violent offence or sexual offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Sentence for a serious violent offence or sexual offence . . . . . . 200 Automatic cancellation of parole release or eligibility dates . . . . 201 Significance of an offender’s period of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . 202 Court may fix any day of sentence as parole release date . . . . . 202 Series of sentences involving terms of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . 204 Convictions of serious violent offences When an offender is convicted of a serious violent offence . . . . 205 Declaration of conviction of serious violent offence . . . . . . . . . . 205 Calculation of number of years of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Repeat serious child sex offences Meaning of serious child sex offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 Mandatory sentence for repeat serious child sex offence . . . . . . 208 Serious drug offences Interpretation Meaning of category A offence, category B offence and category C offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 Issue of serious drug offence certificates Issue of serious drug offence certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 Content of serious drug offence certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Amendment of certificate by court to include related offence for which offender is sentenced later . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Amendment of certificate by proper officer to correct minor error 212 Amendment by proper officer, or cancellation, of certificate on quashing of conviction or appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213 Effect of amendment of certificate on date of issue . . . . . . . . . . 214 Process for issuing or amending certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 Serious and organised crime Preliminary
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents 161N 161O 161P 161Q Division 2 161R 161S Division 3 Subdivision 1 161T 161U 161V 161W 161X 161Y 161Z 161ZA 161ZB 161ZC Subdivision 2 161ZD 161ZE 161ZF 161ZG Subdivision 3 161ZH Subdivision 4 161ZI 161ZJ 161ZK 161ZL 161ZM Definitions for part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Meaning of criminal organisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Meaning of participant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 Meaning of serious organised crime circumstance of aggravation 219 Term of imprisonment for particular offenders Court must impose term of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Cooperation with law enforcement agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 Control orders Making of orders Court may make control order whether or not conviction recorded or other order made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 When court must make order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 When court may make order—offender who was participant in criminal organisation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 When court may make order—offender convicted of habitual consorting 225 When court may make order—offender convicted of contravening order 226 Control order to be explained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Offender subject to existing control order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Duration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227 Effect if offender is detained on remand or imprisoned . . . . . . . . 228 Amendment and revocation of orders Application for amendment or revocation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Court may amend order or remit application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 Court may revoke order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 Order amending or revoking control order to be given to interested persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Restrictions on use of particular information Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Enforcement Contravention of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Initial power to search and seize particular things . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 Things seized within the first 24 hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 Police powers for preventing contravention of control order . . . . 237 Authorised corrective services officer may give direction . . . . . . 238 Page 11
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents 161ZN 161ZO 161ZP 161ZQ 161ZR 161ZS 161ZT 161ZU Subdivision 5 161ZV 161ZW 161ZX 161ZY 161ZZ 161ZZA 161ZZB 161ZZC 161ZZD Subdivision 6 161ZZE Part 10 162 163 164 165 166 166A 166B 166C 167 168 169 170 171 Proceeding after order no longer in force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238 Charge must be heard and decided summarily on prosecution election 239 Constitution of Magistrates Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 When Magistrates Court must abstain from jurisdiction . . . . . . . 239 Charge may be heard and decided where defendant arrested or served 239 Time for prosecution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Maximum penalty for offence dealt with summarily . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Appeals against decision to decide charge summarily . . . . . . . . 240 Corresponding control orders Definitions for subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Regulation may prescribe orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Application for registration of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 Registration of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242 Referral of order to court for adaptation or modification . . . . . . . 242 Action by the registrar and commissioner after registration of order 244 Effect of amended order if respondent not notified of amendment 244 Amendment or cancellation of registered order . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Operation of order not affected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246 Miscellaneous Order not affected by appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246 Indefinite sentences Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246 Indefinite sentence—imposition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Counsel for prosecution to inform court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 Attorney-General’s consent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 Adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 Reports about offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 Distribution of reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 Use of reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Court to give reasons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Onus of proof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Standard of proof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Review—periodic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251 Page 12
172 172A 172B 172C 172D 173 174 174A 174B 174C 176 177 178 179 Part 10A 179A 179C 179D 179E 179F 179G 179H Part 10B 179I 179J 179K 179L 179M 179N Part 11 180 180A 181 181A 181B Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Review—application by offender imprisoned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Distribution of reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Disputed report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Review hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Court not to have regard to possible order under Dangerous Prisoners (Sexual Offenders) Act 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Indefinite sentence discharged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 Parole application if finite sentence imposed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 When parole order must be made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256 Provisions for parole orders under part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Parole provisions on cancellation of parole order . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 Registrar of court to give report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 Appeals—general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Appeals—Attorney-General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Hearings—offender to be present . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 Offender levy Purpose of pt 10A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 Imposition of offender levy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 Subsequent sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 Payment of offender levy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 Enforcement of offender levy by registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Amounts to be satisfied before satisfying offender levy . . . . . . . 264 Effect of appeal against relevant convictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Victim impact statements Definitions for part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Application of part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266 Giving details of impact of crime on victim during sentencing . . . 266 Preparation of victim impact statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Reading aloud of victim impact statement during sentencing . . . 268 Special arrangements for reading aloud of victim impact statement during sentencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268 General Effect of alterations in sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270 Meaning of certain sentence provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270 Corporations entitled to aggrieved party payments . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Corporations to be fined if imprisonment is the only penalty . . . . 271 Corporation fines under penalty provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Page 13 Not authorised —indicative only
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents 181C 182 182A 183 184 185 185A 185B 185C 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 195A 195B 195C 195D 196 197 Part 12 Division 1 198 199 200 Division 2 201 Corporation fines under provision authorising subordinate legislation 272 Enforcement of order for penalty for an offender dealt with on indictment 272 Court may make order for default payment of penalty . . . . . . . . 273 Imprisonment unless penalty paid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Imprisonment unless act done . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Scale of imprisonment for non-payment of penalty . . . . . . . . . . . 275 If offender does not pay penalty under s 182A or 185 . . . . . . . . 276 Power of proper officer to postpone warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276 Power of proper officer to recall warrant and issue new warrant on part payment of penalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Reduction of imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Disqualification from holding Queensland driver licence . . . . . . . 278 Court may reopen sentencing proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 Outstanding offences may be taken into account in imposing sentence 281 Magistrates Court may release offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Effect of order under s 190 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Magistrates Court to assess value of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 Payment of value or amount assessed under s 192 . . . . . . . . . . 284 Restoration of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285 Passport orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286 Failure to perform community service in a satisfactory way . . . . 287 Access to court files by representative of community justice group in offender’s community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288 Confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 Protection from liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 Regulation-making power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 Forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 Queensland Sentencing Advisory Council Establishment and functions Establishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 Functions of council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 Powers of council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 Membership Appointment of members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 Page 14
202 203 203A 203B 203C Division 3 203D 203E 203F 203G 203H Division 4 203I 203J Part 13 204 205 Part 14 Division 1 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Chairperson and deputy chairperson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Term of appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Conditions of appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 Vacancy in office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294 Council decision not invalidated by defect in appointment or vacancy 294 Proceedings Conduct of business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Quorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Presiding at meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Conduct of meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 Minutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Other matters Council may engage persons to help in performing functions . . . 296 Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296 Miscellaneous General transitional provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 Penalty Units Act 1985 references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298 Transitional provisions Transitional provisions before Criminal Law Amendment Act 2012 Transitional provisions for Penalties and Sentences (Serious Violent Offences) Amendment Act 1997 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 298 Transitional provisions for State Penalties Enforcement Act 1999 298 Transitional provisions for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2000 . 299 Transitional provision for Penalties and Sentences (Non-contact Orders) Amendment Act 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 Transitional provisions for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2002 . 300 Transitional provision for the Sexual Offences (Protection of Children) Amendment Act 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 Transitional provisions for the 2004 amendments—approved forms and serious violent offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301 Transitional provision for s 157 (Eligibility for post-prison community based release) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302 Transitional provision for pt 9, div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 Transitional provision for State Penalties Enforcement and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 303 Transitional provision for Criminal Code and Other Acts Amendment Act 2008 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 Page 15 Not authorised —indicative only
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 217 218 219 220 Division 2 221 Division 3 223 Division 4 224 Division 5 226 Division 6 227 228 229 230 231 Division 7 232 Division 8 233 Division 9 234 Division 10 235 Division 11 236 Page 16 Transitional provision for Dangerous Prisoners (Sexual Offenders) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304 Transitional provision for Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction Reform and Modernisation Amendment Act 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Transitional provision for the Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Transitional provision for Liquor and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305 Transitional provisions for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2012 Transitional provision for s 171 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 Transitional provision for Criminal Law (Two Strike Child Sex Offenders) Amendment Act 2012 Transitional provision for s 161E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 Transitional provisions for Penalties and Sentences and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2012 Retrospective application of s 179C in particular circumstances 307 Transitional provision for Criminal Proceeds Confiscation (Unexplained Wealth and Serious Drug Offender Confiscation Order) Amendment Act 2013 Retrospective application of pt 9C in particular circumstances . . 308 Transitional provisions for expiry of Drug Court Act 2000 Definitions for div 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 Application of div 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 Continuation of warrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 Dealing with offences after enforcement of warrant . . . . . . . . . . 309 Sentencing an offender after enforcement of warrant . . . . . . . . . 310 Transitional provision for Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2013 Transitional provision for sch 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 Transitional provision for Criminal Law (Criminal Organisations Disruption) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2013 Application of amended s 15A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 Transitional provision for Youth Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2014 Sentencing guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311 Transitional provisions for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2014 Application of s 13B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 Transitional provisions for Safe Night Out Legislation Amendment Act 2014 Sentencing guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 237 238 Division 12 239 Division 13 240 Division 14 241 Division 15 242 Division 16 Subdivision 1 243 244 245 246 247 248 Subdivision 2 249 250 251 Division 17 252 Division 18 253 Division 19 254 Banning orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312 Community service orders required under s 108B . . . . . . . . . . . 313 Transitional provision for Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence Legislation Amendment Act 2016 Imposition of DAAR condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 Transitional provision for Criminal Law (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act 2016 Sentencing submissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 Transitional provision for Youth Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2016 Sentencing guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 Transitional provision for Health and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2016 Offence of a sexual nature taken to include references to Criminal Code, ss 208 and 209 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314 Transitional provisions for Serious and Organised Crime Legislation Amendment Act 2016 Transitional provisions for repeal of Vicious Lawless Association Disestablishment Act 2013 Definitions for subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 Application of subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315 Application to Supreme Court to reopen sentencing proceedings 315 Supreme Court may reopen sentencing proceedings . . . . . . . . . 316 Appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 No cause of action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317 Other transitional provisions Making of control order for offender convicted of committing indictable offence before commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Application of amended s 187 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 Application of s 161Q to particular prescribed offences . . . . . . . 318 Transitional provision for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2017 Warrant for arrest of offender failing to enter into recognisance under order made before commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319 Transitional provision for Victims of Crime Assistance and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017 Victim impact statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319 Transitional provision for Liquor and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017 Banning orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320 Page 17
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Contents Division 20 255 Schedule 1 Schedule 1A Schedule 1B Schedule 1C Schedule 2 Transitional provision for Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Act 2018 Application of s 160B to sentencing offenders after commencement 320 Serious violent offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 Serious child sex offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325 Serious drug offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327 Prescribed offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 Qualifying offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334 Page 18
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to sentencing of offenders and to impose a levy on offenders on sentence Not authorised —indicative only Current as at [Not applicable] Page 19
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 1] Preamble 1 Society is entitled to protect itself and its members from harm. 2 The criminal law and the power of courts to impose sentences on offenders represent important ways in which society protects itself and its members from harm. 3 Society may limit the liberty of members of society only to prevent harm to itself or other members of society. 4 Society is entitled to recover from offenders funds to help pay for the cost of law enforcement and administration. Part 1 Preliminary 1 Short title This Act may be cited as the Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 . 3 Purposes The purposes of this Act include— (a) collecting into a single Act general powers of courts to sentence offenders; and (b) providing for a sufficient range of sentences for the appropriate punishment and rehabilitation of offenders, and, in appropriate circumstances, ensuring that protection of the Queensland community is a paramount consideration; and (c) encouraging particular offenders to cooperate with law enforcement agencies in proceedings or investigations about major criminal offences; and (d) promoting consistency of approach in the sentencing of offenders; and (e) providing fair procedures— Page 20 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] (i) for imposing sentences; and (ii) for dealing with offenders who contravene the conditions of their sentence; and (f) providing sentencing principles that are to be applied by courts; and (g) making provision so that offenders are not imprisoned for non-payment of fines without the opportunity of obtaining a fine option order; and (h) promoting public understanding of sentencing practices and procedures; and (i) generally reforming the sentencing laws of Queensland; and (j) providing for the imposition of an offender levy. 4 Definitions In this Act— approved form means a form approved by the chief executive for the relevant purpose. approved provider , for part 3, division 1, see section 15F. attend , for part 3, division 1, see section 15B. Attorney-General , for part 2A, see section 15AA. authorised corrective services officer see section 4A. authorised officer , for part 9C, means the director of public prosecutions, a deputy director of public prosecutions, or a lawyer appointed to assist the director of public prosecutions in the performance of the functions of the director of public prosecutions under part 9C. banning order , for part 3B, see section 43I. benefit , for part 9D, see section 161N. board guidelines means guidelines under the Corrective Services Act 2006 , section 242E. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 21
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only Page 22 category A offence see section 161F. category B offence see section 161F. category C offence see section 161F. chief executive officer of Legal Aid Queensland , for part 2A, see section 15AA. commissioner , for part 9D, see section 161N. community based order means any community service order, graffiti removal order, intensive correction order or probation order. community justice group , for an offender, means— (a) a community justice group established under the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities (Justice, Land and Other Matters) Act 1984 , part 4, division 1, for the offender’s community; or (b) a group of persons within the offender’s community, other than a department of government, that is involved in the provision of any of the following— (i) information to a court about Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander offenders; (ii) diversionary, interventionist or rehabilitation activities relating to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander offenders; (iii) other activities relating to local justice issues; or (c) a group of persons made up of elders or other respected persons of the offender’s community. community service has the same meaning as in the Corrective Services Act 2006 . community service order means a community service order in force under part 5, division 2. control order , for part 9D, see section 161N. conviction means a finding of guilt, or the acceptance of a plea of guilty, by a court. Current as at [Not applicable]
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only core conditions , of the rehabilitation part of a treatment order, see section 151R(1). corrective services facility see the Corrective Services Act 2006 , schedule 4. corresponding control order , for part 9D, see section 161N. council means the Queensland Sentencing Advisory Council established under section 198. court (a) for part 2A—see section 15AA; or (b) for part 8A—see section 151B; or (c) for part 9D, division 3, subdivision 5—see section 161ZV. criminal organisation see section 161O. Crown prosecutor includes— (a) the Attorney-General; and (b) the director of public prosecutions; and (c) another person, other than a police officer, appearing for the State. current parole eligibility date , for part 9, division 3, see section 160. current parole release date , for part 9, division 3, see section 160. custodial part , of a treatment order, see section 151N(2). DAAR condition , for part 3, division 1, see section 19(2B). dangerous prisoners application means an application under the Dangerous Prisoners (Sexual Offenders) Act 2003 for a continuing detention order, interim detention order, supervision order or interim supervision order. director of public prosecutions , for part 2A, see section 15AA. disqualifying offence , for part 3, division 1, see section 15E. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 23
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only Page 24 domestic violence offence see the Criminal Code, section 1. drug and alcohol treatment order , for part 8A, see section 151B. drug assessment and education session , for part 3, division 1, see section 15B. drug diversion condition , for part 3, division 1, see section 19(2A). drug diversion court , for part 3, division 1, see section 15B. eligible drug offence , for part 3, division 1, see section 15D. eligible drug offender , for part 3, division 1, see section 15C. eligible offence , for part 8A, see section 151B. fine , for part 4, division 2, see section 52. fine option order means a fine option order made under part 4, division 2. finite sentence , for part 10, see section 173(1)(b). finite term , for a provision about a finite sentence, means the term of the sentence. graffiti offence means— (a) an offence against the Criminal Code, section 469 that is punishable under section 469, clause 9; or (b) an offence against the Summary Offences Act 2005 , section 17(1). graffiti removal order means a graffiti removal order in force under part 5A. graffiti removal service means— (a) the removal of graffiti; or (b) work related or incidental to the work mentioned in paragraph (a); or (c) other work related to or incidental to the clean up of public places whether or not it relates to the removal of graffiti. Current as at [Not applicable]
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only guideline judgment means a judgment that— (a) is declared to be a guideline judgment by the Court of Appeal; and (b) contains guidelines to be taken into account by courts in sentencing offenders, being guidelines applying— (i) generally; or (ii) to a particular court or class of court; or (iii) to a particular offence, or class of offence, including under a Commonwealth Act; or (iv) to a particular penalty or class of penalty; or (v) to a particular class of offender. guideline judgment for an offence under a Commonwealth Act , for part 2A, see section 15AA. guideline proceeding , for part 2A, see section 15AA. harm , for part 10B, see section 179I. honorary member , of an organisation, for part 9D, see section 161N. impose , a term of imprisonment on an offender for an offence, for part 9, division 3, see section 160. indefinite sentence , for part 10, see section 162. intensive correction order means an intensive correction order in force under part 6. licence , for part 3B, see section 43G. licensed premises , for part 3B, see section 43G. licensee , for part 3B, see section 43G. major criminal offence see section 161S(5). most serious related offence see section 161G. nominal sentence , for part 10, see section 162. non-contact order means a non-contact order in force under part 3A. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 25
Not authorised —indicative only Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] offender means a person who is convicted of an offence, whether or not a conviction is recorded. offender levy see section 179C. offender’s community means the offender’s Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander community, whether it is— (a) an urban community; or (b) a rural community; or (c) a community on DOGIT land under the Aboriginal Land Act 1991 or the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991 . office holder , of an organisation, for part 9D, see section 161N. operational period (a) for a term of imprisonment suspended under section 144(1)—means the period stated under section 144(5) in relation to the term; or (b) for the custodial part of a treatment order under part 8A—see section 151B. original order (a) for part 3, division 3AA—see section 33AA(a); or (b) for part 4, division 2—see section 52. parole means parole under a parole order granted under the Corrective Services Act 2006 . parole eligibility date , for an offender, for part 9, division 3, see section 160. parole release date , for an offender, for part 9, division 3, see section 160. participant , in a criminal organisation, see section 161P. penalty includes any fine, compensation, restitution or other amount of money but does not include an offender levy. Page 26 Current as at [Not applicable]
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only period of imprisonment means the unbroken duration of imprisonment that an offender is to serve for 2 or more terms of imprisonment, whether— (a) ordered to be served concurrently or cumulatively; or (b) imposed at the same time or different times; and includes a term of imprisonment. police banning notice , for part 3B, see section 43G. prescribed offence (a) for part 5, division 2, subdivision 2—see section 108A; or (b) for part 9D—see section 161N. prison means a prison within the meaning of the Corrective Services Act 2006 . probation order means a probation order in force under part 5, division 1. proper officer means— (a) for an order made or certificate issued by the Supreme Court—the sheriff; or (b) for an order made or certificate issued by the District Court—any registrar; or (c) for an order made or certificate issued by a Magistrates Court—any clerk of the court. proper officer of the court , for an offender levy, for part 10A, see section 179B. property includes electricity. prosecutor , for section 12A and parts 3A, 3B and 9D, means— (a) in the context of a proceeding before, or an application to, a Magistrates Court—a police officer or Crown prosecutor; or (b) otherwise—a Crown prosecutor. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 27
Penalties and Sentences Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 4] Not authorised —indicative only Page 28 prospective member , of an organisation, for part 9D, see section 161N. public place (a) for part 3B, see section 43G; or (b) for part 5, division 2, subdivision 2, see section 108A. qualifying offence ,