Youth Justice Act 1992


Queensland Crest
Youth Justice Act 1992
Queensland Youth Justice Act 1992 Current as at [Not applicable] Indicative reprint note This is an unofficial version of a reprint of this Act that incorporates all proposed amendments to the Act included in the Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Bill 2018. This indicative reprint has been prepared for information only— it is not an authorised reprint of the Act . An amendment to this Act is also included in the Human Rights Bill 2018. This proposed amendment is not included in this indicative reprint. The point-in-time date for this indicative reprint is the introduction date for the Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Bill 2018—13 November 2018. Detailed information about indicative reprints is available on the Information page of the Queensland legislation website.
© State of Queensland 2018 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Not authorised —indicative only Queensland Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Part 1 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 Part 2 Division 1 10 11 12 13 Division 2 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Division 3 Page Preliminary Short title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Objectives of Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Youth justice principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Note in text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Meaning of police officer starting a proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Meaning of serious offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Meaning of court that made order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Special provisions about policing and children Police officer must consider appropriate way to proceed Division does not apply to 2 general ways of proceeding . . . . . . 24 Police officer to consider alternatives to proceeding against child 25 Preferred way for police officer to start proceedings . . . . . . . . . . 26 Police officer’s power of arrest preserved in particular general circumstances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Cautioning Purpose of caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Police officer may administer a caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Conditions for administration of police caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Caution administered by respected person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Caution procedure must involve explanation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Caution procedure may involve apology to victim . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Child must be given a notice of caution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Childrens Court may dismiss charge if caution should have been administered or no action taken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Referral for restorative justice process
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 22 23 24 24A Division 4 25 26 27 28 Division 5 29 Part 3 Division 1 30 31 32 Division 2 33 34 35 36 37 Division 3 38 Division 4 39 40 41 Part 4 42 43 44 Page 2 When police officer may refer offence for restorative justice process 32 If restorative justice agreement is made as a consequence of referral for restorative justice process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Powers of police officer if referral is unsuccessful or if child contravenes restorative justice agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Childrens Court may dismiss charge if offence should have been referred to restorative justice process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Identifying particulars Application by police officer for permission to take child’s identifying particulars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Support person must be present when identifying particulars are taken 37 Destruction of identifying particulars taken under court order . . . 38 Division does not limit other provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Statements Support person must be present for statement to be admissible 39 Restorative justice processes Preliminary Object of part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 The restorative justice process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Returning referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Conferences Object of division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Who may participate in conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Convening conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Conference agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Amendment of conference agreement by chief executive . . . . . 45 Alternative diversion programs Alternative diversion program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 General Convenors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Admissibility of particular evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Notice of successful completion of restorative justice agreement 48 Proceedings generally started by complaint and summons Preferred way of starting proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Service of complaint and summons if offender a child . . . . . . . . 48 Proof of service of complaint and summons in compliance with this Act 49
45 46 Part 5 47 48 48A 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Part 6 Division 1 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents No costs against child for lodgement of complaint and summons 49 Proceeding in relation to simple offence in absence of child . . . . 50 Bail and custody of children Bail Act 1980 applies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Decisions about bail and related matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Releasing children found guilty of terrorism offences or subject to Commonwealth control orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Arrested child must be brought promptly before the Childrens Court 54 Dealing with a child if court can not be promptly constituted . . . . 54 Release of child without bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Conditions of release on bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Granting of bail by audio visual link or audio link . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Custody of child pending court appearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Court may in all cases release child without bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Custody of child if not released by court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Warrant for arrest of child who fails to appear after release without bail 60 Custody of child arrested on court warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Childrens Court judge may grant bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Jurisdiction and proceedings General Court jurisdiction generally unaffected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Application of Mental Health Act 2016 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Childrens Court judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 District Court jurisdiction in aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Childrens Court magistrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Magistrates Court jurisdiction in aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Application of usual laws where necessary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Limitation on justices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Infringement notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Presence of parent required generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Court may order parent to attend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Consequence of parent’s absence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Explanation of proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Ordinary practice applies to explanations if child is represented 66 Chief executive’s right of audience generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Page 3 Not authorised —indicative only
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 75 76 77 78 79 80 Division 2 Subdivision 1 81 Subdivision 2 82 83 84 Subdivision 3 85 86 Division 3 87 88 89 Division 4 90 91 92 93 Division 5 94 95 96 Division 6 Page 4 Adjournment power generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 One year limitation inapplicable if indictable offence dealt with summarily 67 Court to refrain from inappropriate summary hearing of indictable offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Procedural elections under this Act in relation to an indictable offence replace other elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Court to check child’s legal representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Use of adduced evidence after change of procedure . . . . . . . . . 69 Decision on how to proceed at start of proceedings for an indictable offence before a Childrens Court magistrate Procedure for serious offences Committal proceeding if the offence is a serious offence . . . . . . 69 Procedure for indictable offences other than serious offences if child is legally represented Application of sdiv 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Explanation and election at start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Procedure on summary hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Procedure for indictable offences other than serious offences if child is not legally represented Application of sdiv 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Start as committal proceeding and explanation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Election for summary hearing for indictable offences other than serious offences after the prosecution evidence has been adduced Application of div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Explanation of election at end of prosecution case . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Procedure on summary hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Procedure if a child enters a plea of guilty at a committal proceeding Application of div 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 If the offence is a supreme court offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 If the offence is a serious offence other than a supreme court offence 75 If the offence is an indictable offence other than a serious offence 75 Procedure after all evidence has been adduced in a committal proceeding Application of div 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 If the offence is a supreme court offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 If the offence is not a supreme court offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Election procedure if child committed for trial before a Childrens
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 97 98 Division 7 Subdivision 1 99 100 101 Subdivision 2 102 103 104 105 Subdivision 3 106 Division 8 Subdivision 1 107 108 Subdivision 2 109 110 111 112 113 Division 9 Subdivision 1 114 115 Subdivision 2 116 Subdivision 3 117 Court judge Application of div 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Election for trial with or without jury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Jurisdiction of Childrens Court judge Jurisdiction generally Childrens Court judge to have criminal jurisdiction over child charged with indictable offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Sentencing for summary offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 General laws relating to indictable offence apply . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Whether a jury is required When a jury is not required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Committal charge—change to jury requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Charge other than committal charge—election by legally represented child for trial with or without jury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 When a trial by jury is necessary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Change of guilty plea Child may change plea of guilty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Provision for joint trials Magistrate’s power Joint committal proceeding in relation to adult and child are allowed 81 Committal or committal proceeding for joint trial with another person 82 Removal of committed proceeding to another jurisdiction for joint trial Definitions for sdiv 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Removal to another jurisdiction for joint trial with another person 83 Formal removal to another jurisdiction for joint trial involving another charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Concurrent jurisdiction available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Removal ends possibility of trial without jury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Appeal and review General Appeal rights generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Community based orders stayed during appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Court of Appeal Appeals to Court of Appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Appeals to Childrens Court judge Appeals under Justices Act 1886, pt 9, div 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Page 5
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only Subdivision 4 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 Division 10 127 128 129 130 131 Division 11 Subdivision 1 132 133 Subdivision 2 134 Subdivision 3 135 136 137 138 139 Subdivision 4 140 141 142 143 144 145 Reviews of sentences by Childrens Court judge Sentence review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Application for review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Preliminary procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Stay of proceeding and suspension of orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Conduct of review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Review decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Interrelation with other types of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Incidents of review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Orders at end of reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Mistake in exercise of jurisdiction Meaning of proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Court may reopen proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Removal of a proceeding because of lack of jurisdiction . . . . . . 92 Lack of jurisdiction discovered in course of a proceeding . . . . . . 93 Lack of jurisdiction discovered after proceeding ends . . . . . . . . . 93 Child offenders who become adults Preliminary Definitions for pt 6, div 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Reference to offence includes alleged offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 General Offender treated as child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Where offender is to be detained Where offender is detained for adult offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Offender remanded in custody for child offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Offender remanded in custody for adult offence and child offence 96 Dealing with offender held in corrective services facility . . . . . . . 97 Application to be held in detention centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Circumstances affecting whether offender is treated as adult or child When offender must be treated as an adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 When offender may be treated as an adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Continuing effect on offender of orders made when child . . . . . . 101 When order made as child may be dealt with as adult order . . . 102 Sentencing offender as adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Chief executive (corrective services) to be notified if offender sentenced Page 6
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 146 Division 12 147 148 Part 7 Division 1 149 150 151 151A 152 153 153A 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 Division 2 161 162 163 164 165 Division 3 Subdivision 1 167 168 169 170 as adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Extension of Act for detainee offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Some provisions about admissibility of childhood offences Use of evidence of cautions and restorative justice agreements in deciding issue of criminal responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Evidence of childhood finding of guilt not admissible against adult 105 Sentencing Sentencing generally Jurisdiction to sentence child exclusive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Sentencing principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Pre-sentence report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Permitted use and disclosure of information for pre-sentence report 109 Pre-sentence report evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Disclosure of pre-sentence report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Permitted use and disclosure of information in a pre-sentence report 110 Finding of guilt as child may be disclosed while a child . . . . . . . 110 Mandatory sentence provisions inapplicable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Preference to be given to compensation and restitution . . . . . . . 111 Outstanding charge may be taken into account on sentence . . . 112 Children entitled to explanation of sentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Audio visual link or audio link may be used to sentence . . . . . . . 112 Copy of court order or decision to be given to child, parent etc. . 113 Restorative justice process referrals before sentencing Definitions for division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 When court must consider making court diversion referral or presentence referral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Power of court to make restorative justice process referral . . . . 115 Court diversion referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Presentence referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Court referred drug assessment and education sessions before sentencing Interpretation Definitions for div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Meaning of eligible child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Meaning of eligible drug offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Meaning of disqualifying offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Page 7
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 171 Subdivision 2 172 173 174 Division 4 175 176 176A 177 178 178A 178C 179 180 180A 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 Division 5 188 189 Division 6 190 191 192 Division 6A 192A 192B 192C Page 8 Meaning of approved provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Reference and consequences Reference to drug assessment and education session by court . 122 If child attends drug assessment and education session . . . . . . 123 If child fails to attend drug assessment and education session . 123 Orders on children found guilty of offences Sentence orders—general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Sentence orders—life and other significant offences . . . . . . . . . 126 Sentence orders—graffiti offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 More than 1 type of order may be made for a single offence . . . 128 Combination of probation and community service orders . . . . . . 128 Combination of graffiti removal order and probation and community service orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Combination of restorative justice orders and other sentence orders 129 Combination of intensive supervision order and probation or detention order prohibited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Combination of detention order and probation order . . . . . . . . . . 130 Combination of detention order and graffiti removal order . . . . . 130 Other orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Orders may be combined in 1 form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Recording of conviction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Considerations whether or not to record conviction . . . . . . . . . . 132 Judge may delegate sentencing power to magistrate . . . . . . . . . 133 Reference of case to Childrens Court judge for sentence . . . . . . 133 Reference to complying with, or contravening, an order . . . . . . . 134 Good behaviour orders Good behaviour order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Breach of conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Fines Child’s capacity to pay fine to be considered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Requirements of fine order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Proper officer’s application on breach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Restorative justice orders Preconditions to making restorative justice order . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Requirements to be set out in restorative justice order . . . . . . . . 137 Making restorative justice order and community service order or graffiti
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 192D Division 7 193 194 Division 7A 194A 194B 194C 194D 194E 194F 194G 194H 194I 194J 194K 194L Division 8 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 Division 9 203 204 205 206 Division 10 Subdivision 1 removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Ending of restorative justice order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Probation orders Probation orders—requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Child must be willing to comply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Graffiti removal orders Preconditions to making of graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Requirements to be set out in graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . 140 Obligation of chief executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Graffiti removal service to be performed within limited period . . . 142 Multiple offences dealt with together . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Limitation on number of hours of graffiti removal service for multiple graffiti offences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Limitation on number of hours of unpaid service . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Limitation on number of hours of graffiti removal service when there is unperformed graffiti removal service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Limitation on number of hours of graffiti removal service when there is unperformed unpaid service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 Unpaid service to be performed cumulatively . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Cumulative effect of child and adult orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Ending of graffiti removal order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Community service orders Preconditions to making of community service order . . . . . . . . . 147 Requirements to be set out in community service order . . . . . . . 147 Obligation of chief executive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Community service to be performed within limited period . . . . . . 149 Multiple or successive community service orders . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Limitation on number of hours of community service . . . . . . . . . 150 Cumulative effect of child and adult community service orders . 151 Ending of community service order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Intensive supervision order Preconditions to making of intensive supervision order . . . . . . . 152 Intensive supervision order—requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Program period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Suspension of intensive supervision program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Detention order Initial order Page 9
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 Subdivision 2 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 Subdivision 3 226A 227 228 228A 229 230 Subdivision 4 232 233 Subdivision 5 Pre-sentence report must be obtained before detention order sentence 155 Detention must be only appropriate sentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Court’s reasons for detention order to be stated and recorded . . 155 Detention to be served in detention centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Commencement of detention period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Detention orders ordinarily concurrent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Court may order detention period to be cumulative . . . . . . . . . . 157 Limitation on cumulative orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Period of escape, mistaken release or release pending appeal or review not counted as detention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 Application for variation of detention order in interests of justice 158 Multiple orders of detention and imprisonment against person as adult and child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Period of custody on remand to be treated as detention on sentence 159 Conditional release order Purpose of conditional release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Conditional release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Conditional release order—requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Child must be willing to comply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Pre-sentence report must include particular comments . . . . . . . 161 Effect of program period ending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Program period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Suspension of program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Release after fixed period of detention When a child has promoted terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Release of child after service of period of detention . . . . . . . . . . 163 Chief executive’s supervised release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Supervised release orders for children with links to terrorism . . . 165 Child may be released from detention while absent from place of detention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Release period counts as part of detention period . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Release for life sentences Application of sdiv 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Application of parole provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 Publication orders Page 10
234 Division 11 235 Division 12 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 Division 12A 252A 252B 252C 252D 252E 252F 252G 252H 252I Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Court may allow publication of identifying information about a child 167 Restitution and compensation Restitution, compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Contravention of community based orders and related matters Reference to child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Chief executive must warn child about contravention . . . . . . . . . 169 Chief executive’s application on contravention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 Cancellation of warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 General options available on breach of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 General options available to superior court to which child committed for breach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 General options available to court before which child found guilty of an indictable offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 Court may resentence child originally sentenced by lower court 174 General options available to court to which child committed for breach by indictable offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Court’s power on breach of a community based order other than a conditional release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Court’s power on breach of conditional release order . . . . . . . . . 177 Variation, discharge and resentence in the interests of justice . . 178 Detention reduced to the extent just . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Matters relevant to making further order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 Affidavits may be used in certain proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 Notice of discharge etc. of community based order . . . . . . . . . . 180 Variations by consent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Contravention of supervised release orders and related matters Definitions for div 12A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 Chief executive must warn child of contravention . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 Chief executive’s application on contravention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 General options available to a Childrens Court magistrate on chief executive’s application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 General options available to a court if child found guilty of indictable offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 General options available to a court before which a child is ordered to appear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 Matters relevant to making further order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Committal to custody pending appearance before another court 187 Issue of warrant for child in particular circumstances . . . . . . . . . 187 Page 11 Not authorised —indicative only
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 252J Division 13 253 254 Division 14 255 Division 15 256 Division 16 257 258 259 260 Part 8 Division 1 261 262 263 264 Division 2 265 266 267 268 269 271 272 273 274 275 276 Division 2A Subdivision 1 Effect of expiry of supervised release order before application dealt with 188 Application of Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act 1995 and Heavy Vehicle National Law (Queensland) Application of Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act 1995 and Heavy Vehicle National Law (Queensland) generally . . . . . 189 Disqualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 Order for identifying particulars to be taken Court may order sentenced child’s identifying particulars to be taken 191 Application of Acts applying to victims Victims of Crime Assistance Act 2009 etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Orders against parent Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Notice to parent of child offender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Show cause hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 Recovery of unpaid compensations amount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 Detention administration Administration Application of Corrective Services Act 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 Establishment of detention centres and other places . . . . . . . . . 196 Management of detention centres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 Authorisations for Mental Health Act 2016 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 Children in detention centres Where children to be detained . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 Authority for admission to detention centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 Child must be given information on entry to detention centre . . . 199 Obligation to report harm to children in detention centres . . . . . . 199 Leave of absence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Chief executive may authorise treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 Ordinary visitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 Commissioner of police service to provide criminal history . . . . . 202 Use of criminal history information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Helping child gain access to lawyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Protection of lawyer representing child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 Age related transfers to corrective services facility Prison transfer directions Page 12
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 276A 276B 276C 276D 276E Subdivision 2 276F Division 3 277 Division 4 278 279 Division 5 280 281 Division 6 282 Division 7 282A 282B 282C 282D 282E 282F 282G Part 9 Division 1 283 284 285 286 Division 2 287 288 Definitions for subdivision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 Particular detainees liable to be transferred to corrective services facility 204 Transfer of particular detainees to corrective services facility . . . 205 Application for temporary delay of transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Transferee subject to Corrective Services Act 2006 from transfer 208 Age limits for detention Persons over 18 years and 6 months should not serve period of detention at detention centre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 Complaints Complaints generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 Offences Escape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Offences relating to detention centres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Child of detainee Child of detainee may be accommodated in detention centre . . 212 Registration of birth of child of detainee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212 Trust fund Detainees trust fund to be kept . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213 Releasing information to eligible persons Eligible persons register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 Non-release declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Application by child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215 Deciding application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216 Removing details from eligible persons register etc. . . . . . . . . . . 217 Releasing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 Confidentiality of detainee information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219 Confidentiality Preliminary Confidential information to which this part applies . . . . . . . . . . . 220 Definitions for pt 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220 When does someone gain information through involvement in the administration of this Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 Meaning of disclose for pt 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Preservation of confidentiality generally Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Preservation of confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222 Page 13
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents 289 289AA 289A 290 292 293 294 295 296 297 297A Division 3 298 299 Division 4 300 301 301A Part 10 302 302A 303 304 305 305A 305B 306 307 308 309 310 311 Recording, use or disclosure for authorised purpose . . . . . . . . . 223 Disclosure to the commissioner of the police service . . . . . . . . . 223 Disclosure to another member of the community justice group in a child’s community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 Disclosure to the child or with the child’s consent . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 Disclosure to ensure someone’s safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 Disclosure by chief executive to approved carers and others . . . 224 Disclosure to law enforcement entity in another jurisdiction . . . . 225 Disclosure by police of information about cautions and restorative justice process referrals and restorative justice agreements . . . . . . . . . 225 Disclosure by chief executive or convenor of information about restorative justice processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226 Disclosure by chief executive of information for research purposes 227 Making information available for Child Protection Act 1999 . . . . 227 Confidentiality in relation to proceedings Disclosure of information to court or tribunal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Production of department’s records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 Other matters relating to confidential information Identity of officer making a report under s 268 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Prohibition of publication of identifying information about a child 230 Protection from liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 General Programs and services for children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Chief executive may seek contact information for victims of offences 231 Chief executive must collect and keep information . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Police may help in keeping child in custody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232 Parent entitled to know of whereabouts of child in custody . . . . . 232 Ongoing obligation to report harm to children in former boot camp centres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 Complaint about boot camp programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 Approved forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234 Evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 Proceeding for offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 Extension of time for payment of amounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235 Enforcement of child payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 Enforcement of sentence by calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 Page 14
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents 312 313 314 Part 11 Division 1 315 Division 2 316 317 318 319 Division 3 Subdivision 1 320 Subdivision 2 321 322 323 Subdivision 3 324 325 Subdivision 4 326 327 Subdivision 5 328 Subdivision 6 329 Subdivision 7 330 331 332 Delegation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 Delegation of powers by proper officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Transitional provisions Transitional provision for Juvenile Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1996 Application of Act to matters before Juvenile Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Transitional provisions for Juvenile Justice Legislation Amendment Act 1998 Transfer of staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238 Disciplinary proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 Transfer of amounts held on trust for detainees . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Termination of contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240 Transitional provisions for the Juvenile Justice Amendment Act 2002 Interpretation Definitions for pt 11, div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 References References to community conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242 Immediate release orders and fixed release orders . . . . . . . . . . 243 References to attendance notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243 Investigation provisions Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 Identifying particulars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 Cautions and community conferences Cautioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Community conferencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Start of proceedings Start of proceedings by a police officer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246 Bail and custody of children Police decision about bail or a related matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Jurisdiction and proceedings Generally in relation to new pt 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 Transitional provision for current pt 4, divs 2–5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248 Transitional provision for appeals under Justices Act 1886, pt 9, div 1 249 Page 15
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents 333 Subdivision 8 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 Division 4 341 Division 5 342 Division 6 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 Division 7 351 Division 8 352 Division 9 353 Division 10 354 355 Child offender who becomes an adult . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 Sentencing Sentencing generally . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Current community based orders made by District Court . . . . . . 250 Contravention of a current probation order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Cumulative effect of child and adult community service orders . 251 Contravention of a community service order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 Contravention of a conditional release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253 Contravention of community based orders generally . . . . . . . . . 253 Transitional provision for Summary Offences Act 2005 Vagrants, Gaming and Other Offences Act 1931 . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Transitional provision for Criminal Code and Other Acts Amendment Act 2008 Reference to particular offence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254 Transitional provisions for Juvenile Justice and Other Acts Amendment Act 2009 Definitions for pt 11, div 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 Reference to Juvenile Justice Act 1992 and related references . 255 Particular notices to include warning about arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . 255 If an agreement is made on a referral by a court to a conference before sentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Application of Criminal Code, s 305 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257 Cancellation of supervised release order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 Court may order transfer to prison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258 Transitional provision for Criminal History Screening Legislation Amendment Act 2010 Effect of s 252I on particular warrants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259 Transitional provision for Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction Reform and Modernisation Amendment Act 2010 Particular amended provisions apply only to prosecutions commenced after commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 Transitional provision for Criminal Law Amendment Act 2012 Application of Criminal Code, s 305 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 Transitional provisions for Youth Justice (Boot Camp Orders) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2012 Definitions for div 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 Application of provisions about destruction of identifying particulars taken under court order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262 Page 16
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 356 357 Division 11 358 358A 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 Division 12 368 Division 12A 368A Division 13 Subdivision 1 369 Subdivision 2 370 371 Subdivision 3 372 373 374 Application of provisions about referral by court for a conference 262 Application of provisions about boot camp order . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Transitional provisions for Youth Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2014 Definitions for div 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Uncommenced applications for review of sentence orders . . . . . 263 Evidence of childhood finding of guilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 Detention orders and sentencing principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264 Publication of identifying information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Court’s power on particular proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Application of amendments about transfer direction for a child who will turn 17 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 Application of amendments about transfer direction for a person who is 17 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266 Applications not granted before commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Orders made before commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Application of provisions about boot camp (vehicle offences) order 267 Transitional provision for Criminal Law (Domestic Violence) Amendment Act 2016 Sentencing submissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 Transitional provision for Health and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2016 Particular definitions are taken to include reference to Criminal Code, s 208 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268 Transitional provisions for Youth Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2016 Preliminary Definitions for div 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268 Continuation of boot camp (vehicle offences) orders and boot camp orders Boot camp (vehicle offences) order existing immediately before commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Boot camp order existing immediately before commencement . . 269 Continued boot camp (vehicle offences) orders and boot camp order—contravention, revocation, discharge and resentence proceedings Purpose of sdiv 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269 Application of pt 7, div 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270 Application of s 237 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Page 17
Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Not authorised —indicative only 375 376 377 378 379 Subdivision 4 380 Subdivision 5 381 382 383 384 385 Division 14 386 Division 15 387 388 389 390 391 Division 16 392 Division 17 393 394 395 Schedule 1 Schedule 2 Page 18 Application of s 238 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Court’s power on breach of boot camp (vehicle offences) order . 271 Court’s power on breach of boot camp order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272 Continued boot camp (vehicle offences) order—variation, discharge and resentence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273 Continued boot camp order—revocation and resentence . . . . . . 273 No boot camp (vehicle offences) orders or boot camp orders after commencement Court may not make boot camp (vehicle offences) order or boot camp order after commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Other transitional provisions Offence committed while on bail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Childhood finding of guilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 Sentence review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 Sentencing principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 Publication of identifying information about child . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 Transitional provision for the Youth Justice and Other Legislation Amendment Act (No. 2) 2016 Application of Act to matters before commencement . . . . . . . . . 276 Transitional provisions for Youth Justice and Other Legislation (Inclusion of 17-year-old Persons) Amendment Act 2016 Offences by 17-year-olds before commencement if offence proceedings not started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Transitional regulation-making power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277 Uncompleted sentences for offences by 17-year-olds . . . . . . . . 278 Current proceedings for offences by 17-year-olds . . . . . . . . . . . 280 Administrative arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281 Transitional provision for Victims of Crime Assistance and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2017 Eligible persons register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 Transitional provisions for Justice Legislation (Links to Terrorist Activity) Amendment Act 2018 Definition for division . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282 Application of particular provisions to decisions about release made on or after commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Application of particular provisions to sentencing children after commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283 Charter of youth justice principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284 Regulation-making power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Schedule 4 Youth Justice Act 1992 Contents Dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290 Not authorised —indicative only Page 19
Not authorised— indicative only
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 1] An Act to provide comprehensively for the laws concerning children who commit, or who are alleged to have committed, offences and for related purposes Part 1 Preliminary 1 Short title This Act may be cited as the Youth Justice Act 1992 . 2 Objectives of Act The principal objectives of this Act are— (a) to establish the basis for the administration of juvenile justice; and (b) to establish a code for dealing with children who have, or are alleged to have, committed offences; and (c) to provide for the jurisdiction and proceedings of courts dealing with children; and (d) to ensure that courts that deal with children who have committed offences deal with them according to principles established under this Act; and (e) to recognise the importance of families of children and communities, in particular Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, in the provision of services designed to— (i) rehabilitate children who commit offences; and Current as at [Not applicable] Page 21
Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 3] (ii) reintegrate children who commit offences into the community. Not authorised —indicative only 3 Youth justice principles (1) Schedule 1 sets out a charter of youth justice principles. (2) The principles underlie the operation of this Act. 4 Definitions The dictionary in schedule 4 defines particular words used in this Act. 5 Note in text A note in the text of this Act is part of the Act. 7 Meaning of police officer starting a proceeding In this Act, mention of a police officer starting a proceeding against a child for an offence includes— (a) obtaining a warrant for the arrest of a child on a charge for an offence; and (b) arresting a child for an offence without a warrant. 8 Meaning of serious offence (1) Subject to subsection (2), in this Act serious offence means— (a) a life offence; or (b) an offence of a type that, if committed by an adult, would make the adult liable to imprisonment for 14 years or more. (2) An offence is not a serious offence if— (a) it is a relevant offence under the Criminal Code, section 552BA; or Page 22 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 1 Preliminary [s 8] Editor’s note— Criminal Code, section 552BA (Charges of indictable offences that must be heard and decided summarily) (b) it is an offence that is the subject of a charge to which the Criminal Code, section 552A or 552B applies; or Editor’s note— Criminal Code, section 552A (Charges of indictable offences that must be heard and decided summarily on prosecution election) or 552B (Charges of indictable offences that must be heard and decided summarily unless defendant elects for jury trial) (c) under the Drugs Misuse Act 1986 , section 13, proceedings for a charge for the offence may be taken summarily; or Editor’s note— Drugs Misuse Act 1986 , section 13 (Certain offences may be dealt with summarily) (d) under the Drugs Misuse Act 1986 , section 14, proceedings for a charge for the offence may be taken summarily. Note— Proceedings for a charge for an offence may not be taken summarily under section 14 if the prosecution allegations include an allegation as to a commercial purpose. Editor’s note— Drugs Misuse Act 1986 , section 14 (Other offences that may be dealt with summarily if no commercial purpose alleged) (2A) If it is necessary for the purposes of subsection (2) to have reference to the table of excluded offences included in the Criminal Code, section 552BB, a reference in that table to the circumstance that the offender does not plead guilty to an offence is taken to be a reference to a child not admitting to committing the offence. (3) For the purpose of this section, the type of an offence includes the circumstances in which it is committed. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 23
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 9] 9 Meaning of court that made order (1) In this Act, mention of the court that made a particular order on sentence includes, if the order was made by— (a) the Supreme Court—any sittings of the Supreme Court in its criminal jurisdiction at any place in Queensland; or (b) the District Court—any sittings of the District Court in its criminal jurisdiction at any place in Queensland; or (c) a Childrens Court judge—any sittings of a Childrens Court judge at any place in Queensland; or (d) a Magistrates Court—any Magistrates Court sitting at any place in Queensland; or (e) a Childrens Court magistrate—any Childrens Court magistrate sitting at any place in Queensland. (2) Subsection (1) applies even though the court is not constituted by the same judicial officer who made the order originally. Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children Division 1 Police officer must consider appropriate way to proceed 10 Division does not apply to 2 general ways of proceeding This division has no effect on— (a) the charging of a child under the Justices Act 1886 , section 42(1A); or (b) a proceeding on an indictment. Page 24 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 11] 11 Police officer to consider alternatives to proceeding against child (1) Unless otherwise provided under this division, a police officer, before starting a proceeding against a child for an offence other than a serious offence, must first consider whether in all the circumstances it would be more appropriate to do 1 of the following— (a) to take no action; (b) to administer a caution to the child; (c) to refer the offence to the chief executive for a restorative justice process; (d) if the offence is a minor drugs offence within the meaning of the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 and the child may be offered an opportunity to attend a drug diversion assessment program under section 379 of that Act—to offer the child that opportunity in accordance with that section; (e) if the offence is a graffiti offence and the child may be offered an opportunity to attend a graffiti removal program under the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 , section 379A—to offer the child that opportunity in accordance with that section. Note— Because of section 134, a police officer must consider offering the same opportunities for diversion from the court system as apply to a child to a person who committed an offence as a child but is now an adult. (2) The circumstances to which the police officer must have regard include— (a) the circumstances of the alleged offence; and (b) the child’s criminal history, any previous cautions administered to the child for an offence and, if the child has been in any other way dealt with for an offence under any Act, the other dealings. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 25
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 12] (3) If necessary, the police officer must delay starting the proceeding in order to comply with a requirement under subsection (1) or (2). (4) If, on complying with subsections (1) and (2), the police officer considers it would be more appropriate to act as mentioned in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), then the police officer must do so. (5) If, on complying with subsections (1) and (2), the police officer considers it would not be more appropriate to act as mentioned in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e), the police officer may start a proceeding against the child for the offence. (6) The police officer may take the action mentioned in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c) or (e) even though— (a) action of that kind has been taken in relation to the child on a previous occasion; or (b) a proceeding against the child for another offence has already been started or has ended. (7) Subsection (1) does not prevent a police officer from taking the action mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to (c) for a serious offence. 12 Preferred way for police officer to start proceedings A police officer starting a proceeding against a child for an offence, other than a serious offence, must start the proceeding by way of complaint and summons or notice to appear, unless otherwise provided under this Act. 13 Police officer’s power of arrest preserved in particular general circumstances (1) A police officer may use the police officer’s power of arrest under the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 , section 365(3), without a warrant, to arrest a child for an offence without regard to sections 11 and 12 only if the police officer believes on reasonable grounds— Page 26 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 13] (a) the arrest is necessary— (i) to prevent a continuation or a repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence; or (ii) to obtain or preserve, or prevent concealment, loss or destruction of, evidence relating to the offence; or (iii) to prevent the fabrication of evidence; or (iv) to ensure the child’s appearance before a court; or Note— Under the youth justice principles in schedule 1, it is a principle of this Act that a child should be detained in custody for an offence, whether on arrest or sentence, only as a last resort and for the least time that is justified in the circumstances. (b) the child is an adult; or (c) the child is contravening section 278 or is unlawfully at large. (2) In deciding for subsection (1)(b) whether the police officer had reasonable grounds, a court may have regard to the child’s apparent age and the circumstances of the arrest. (3) Also, a police officer may use the police officer’s power of arrest under the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 , section 365(2), without a warrant, to arrest a child without regard to sections 11 and 12. (4) Also, a police officer may use the police officer’s power of arrest under a warrant issued under the Bail Act 1980 without regard to sections 11 and 12. (5) To remove any doubt, it is declared that this section does not affect a police officer’s power under the Police Powers and Responsibilities Act 2000 , section 365(3), to arrest a child without warrant for a serious offence. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 27
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 14] Division 2 Cautioning 14 Purpose of caution The purpose of this division is to set up a way of diverting a child who commits an offence from the courts’ criminal justice system by allowing a police officer to administer a caution to the child instead of bringing the child before a court for the offence. 15 Police officer may administer a caution (1) A police officer instead of bringing a child before a court for an offence may administer a caution to the child. (2) The child is then not liable to be prosecuted for the offence. (3) The caution is not part of the child’s criminal history. 16 Conditions for administration of police caution (1) A police officer may administer a caution to a child for an offence only if the child— (a) admits committing the offence to the police officer; and (b) consents to being cautioned. (2) A police officer who administers a caution, or who requests the administration of a caution under section 17, must, if practicable, arrange to be present at the administration of the caution— (a) an adult chosen by the child; or (b) a parent of the child or a person chosen by a parent of the child. (3) The commissioner of the police service may authorise a police officer who the commissioner considers has sufficient training or experience ( authorised officer ) to administer cautions. Page 28 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 17] (4) If a police officer administering a caution is not an authorised officer, the caution must be administered in the presence of an authorised officer. 17 Caution administered by respected person of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander community (1) If a caution is to be administered to a child who is a member of an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander community, an authorised officer mentioned in section 16— (a) must consider whether there is a respected person of the community who is available and willing to administer the caution; and (b) if a respected person of the community is available and willing to administer the caution—must request the person to administer the caution. (2) In a proceeding, evidence that a person purported to administer a caution under subsection (1) as a respected person mentioned in the subsection is evidence that the person was a respected person. 18 Caution procedure must involve explanation (1) A police officer who administers, or requests the administration of, a caution to a child must take steps to ensure that the child and the person present under section 16(2) understand the purpose, nature and effect of the caution. (2) The steps that can be taken include, for example— (a) personally explaining these matters to the child; and (b) having some person with training or experience in the cautioning of children give the explanation; and (c) having an interpreter or other person able to communicate effectively with the child give the explanation; and Current as at [Not applicable] Page 29
Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 19] (d) supplying an explanatory note in English or another language. Not authorised —indicative only 19 Caution procedure may involve apology to victim (1) This section applies only after a police officer decides that a caution should be administered to a child for an offence. (2) The procedure of administering a caution to a child for an offence may involve the child apologising to a victim of the offence if— (a) the police officer administering, or requesting the administration of, the caution considers that an apology is an appropriate course of action in the particular circumstances of the case; and (b) the child is willing to apologise; and (c) the victim is willing to participate in the procedure. 20 Child must be given a notice of caution (1) If a caution is administered to a child for an offence, the police officer who— (a) administered the caution; or (b) under section 17, requested the administration of the caution; must give the child a notice in a form approved by the commissioner of the police service. (2) The notice must state— (a) that a caution was administered to the child; and (b) the time and date the caution was administered; and (c) the child’s name; and (d) the substance of the offence; and (e) the police officer’s name and rank; and (f) the place where the caution was issued; and Page 30 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 21] (g) the names of all persons present when the caution was issued; and (h) the nature and effect of a caution. (3) In a proceeding, a document purporting to be a notice or copy of a notice is evidence that the child was administered a caution for the offence in the circumstances stated in the notice. (4) A document mentioned in subsection (3) is not evidence that the child committed the offence. 21 Childrens Court may dismiss charge if caution should have been administered or no action taken (1) If a child pleads guilty before a Childrens Court to a charge made against the child by a police officer, the court may dismiss the charge instead of accepting the plea of guilty if— (a) application is made for the dismissal by or on behalf of the child; and (b) the court is satisfied that the child should have been cautioned instead of being charged or no action should have been taken against the child. (2) In deciding the application, the Childrens Court may have regard to— (a) any other cautions administered to the child for any offence; and (b) whether any previous conference agreements have been made by the child. (3) If the court dismisses a charge under subsection (1) because the child should have been cautioned, the court may— (a) administer a caution to the child; or (b) direct a police officer to administer a caution to the child as directed by the court. (4) The caution is not part of the child’s criminal history. Current as at [Not applicable] Page 31
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 22] Division 3 Referral for restorative justice process 22 When police officer may refer offence for restorative justice process (1) This section applies if a child admits committing an offence to a police officer. (2) Instead of bringing the child before a court for the offence, the police officer may, by written notice given to the chief executive, refer the offence to the chief executive for a restorative justice process. (3) However, the police officer may make the referral only if— (a) the child indicates willingness to comply with the referral; and (b) having regard to the deciding factors, the officer considers— (i) a caution is inappropriate; and (ii) a proceeding for the offence would be appropriate if the referral were not made; and (iii) the referral is a more appropriate way of dealing with the offence than starting a proceeding. (4) The deciding factors for referring an offence to the chief executive for a restorative justice process are— (a) the nature of the offence; and (b) the harm suffered by anyone because of the offence; and (c) whether the interests of the community and the child would be served by having the offence dealt with under a restorative justice process. (5) The police officer must inform the child generally of the restorative justice process and potential consequences for the child if he or she fails to properly participate in the process. Page 32 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 23] (6) If the referral is accepted by the chief executive, the chief executive must give written notice of the acceptance to the police officer and the child. 23 If restorative justice agreement is made as a consequence of referral for restorative justice process (1) This section applies if— (a) a police officer refers an offence committed by a child to the chief executive for a restorative justice process; and (b) a restorative justice agreement is made as a consequence of the referral. (2) The child is not liable to be prosecuted for the offence unless otherwise provided under this Act. 24 Powers of police officer if referral is unsuccessful or if child contravenes restorative justice agreement (1) This section applies if a police officer refers an offence committed by a child to the chief executive for a restorative justice process and— (a) the chief executive returns the referral to the officer under section 32(1); or (b) the child fails to comply with a restorative justice agreement made as a consequence of the referral. (2) In considering what further action is appropriate, the police officer must consider— (a) the matters mentioned in section 11(2); and (b) any participation by the child in the restorative justice process; and (c) if a restorative justice agreement was made as a consequence of the referral—anything done by the child under the agreement. (3) The police officer may— Current as at [Not applicable] Page 33
Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 24A] (a) take no action; or (b) administer a caution to the child; or (c) refer the offence to the chief executive for another restorative justice process; or (d) start a proceeding against the child for the offence. Not authorised —indicative only 24A Childrens Court may dismiss charge if offence should have been referred to restorative justice process (1) If a child pleads guilty before a Childrens Court to a charge made against the child by a police officer, the court may dismiss the charge instead of accepting the plea of guilty if— (a) application is made for the dismissal by or on behalf of the child; and (b) the court is satisfied the offence should have been referred to the chief executive for a restorative justice process under section 22, regardless of whether or not the child admitted committing the offence to the police officer. (1A) In deciding the application, the Childrens Court may have regard to— (a) any cautions administered to the child for any offence; and (b) whether any previous restorative justice agreements have been made by the child. (2) If the court dismisses the charge, the court may refer the offence to the chief executive for a restorative justice process. (3) However, the dismissal of the charge does not prevent a police officer restarting a proceeding against the child for the offence or a court sentencing the child for the offence if— (a) the chief executive returns the referral under section 32(1); or (b) the child fails to comply with a restorative justice agreement made as a consequence of the referral. Page 34 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 25] (4) For part 3, the police officer is taken to be the referring authority for a referral made under subsection (2). (5) If the court decides to— (a) make an order of dismissal under the Justices Act 1886 , section 149 and give the child a certificate of the dismissal; or (b) give the child a certificate of dismissal under the Criminal Code, section 700; the court must not give the child the certificate until the child discharges his or her obligations under a restorative justice agreement made as a consequence of the referral. Division 4 Identifying particulars 25 Application by police officer for permission to take child’s identifying particulars (1) This section applies if a child has been charged, without being arrested, with an indictable offence or an offence against any of the following Acts that is an arrest offence— Criminal Code Drugs Misuse Act 1986 Police Service Administration Act 1990 Regulatory Offences Act 1985 Summary Offences Act 2005 Weapons Act 1990 . (2) A police officer (the applicant ) may apply to a Childrens Court magistrate (the court ) to have all or any of the identifying particulars of the child taken. (3) The applicant must give notice of the application to— (a) the child; and Current as at [Not applicable] Page 35
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 25] (b) a parent of the child, unless a parent can not be found after reasonable inquiry; and (c) the chief executive. (4) The court may decide the application in the absence of a person mentioned in subsection (3), if the court is satisfied that subsection (3) has been complied with. (5) On the application— (a) the applicant and anyone mentioned in subsection (3) is entitled to be heard and to provide evidence; and (b) the court may act on statements of information and belief. (6) The court may order the identifying particulars to be taken if it is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, of all the following facts— (a) someone has committed the charged offence; (b) there is evidence of identifying particulars of the offender that are of the same type as the identifying particulars the applicant seeks to have taken from the child; (c) the child is reasonably suspected of being the offender; (d) the order is necessary for the proper conduct of the investigation of the offence. (7) The order must state the investigation for which the order is made. (8) If the child will not be in custody when the particulars are taken, the order must require the child to report to a police officer at a stated police station between stated hours within 7 days to enable a police officer to take the identifying particulars. (9) A child must not contravene the order. Maximum penalty (subject to part 7)—10 penalty units. Page 36 Current as at [Not applicable]
Not authorised —indicative only Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 26] (10) If the child will be in custody when the particulars are taken, the order must require the particulars to be taken at the place the child is held in custody. (11) This section is subject to section 26. (12) In this section— charged offence means the offence with which the child is charged or an offence arising out of the same, or the same set of, circumstances. parent , of a child, includes someone who is apparently a parent of the child. 26 Support person must be present when identifying particulars are taken (1) In a proceeding for an offence, a court must not admit into evidence against a defendant identifying particulars taken from the defendant under section 25 unless the court is satisfied a support person chosen by the child was present when the identifying particulars were taken. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if— (a) the prosecution satisfies the court there was proper and sufficient reason for the absence of a support person when the particulars were taken; and (b) the court considers that, in the particular circumstances, the particulars should be admitted into evidence. (3) This section does not require that a police officer permit or cause to be present when the identifying particulars are taken a person whom the police officer suspects on reasonable grounds— (a) is an accomplice of the child; or (b) is, or is likely to become, an accessory after the fact; for the offence or another offence under investigation. (4) Also, this section does not require that a police officer permit or cause to be present when the identifying particulars are Current as at [Not applicable] Page 37
Youth Justice Act 1992 Part 2 Special provisions about policing and children [s 27] taken a parent of the child whom the police officer suspects on reasonable grounds is a person against whom the offence under investigation is alleged to have been committed. (5) This section does not limit the common law under which a court in a criminal proceeding may exclude evidence in the exercise of its discretion. Not authorised —indicative only 27 Destruction of identifying particulars taken under court order (1) Identifying particulars taken from a child under an order under section 25 must be destroyed if the investigation for which the order was made does not result in a sentence order being made. (2) For subsection (1), the destruction must happen within 7 days of whichever of the following happens last— (a) if the investigation is for an offence for which a proceeding had started when the order was made and the proceeding ends without a sentence order being made— the end of the proceeding; (b) if the investigation is for an offence for which a proceeding is started within 28 days after the order is made and the proceeding ends without a sentence order being made—the end of the proceeding; (c) if the investigation is for an offence for which a proceeding is not started within 28 days of the order— the end of the period of 28 days. Note— See the extended meaning of charged offence in section 25. (3) An appl