Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999


Queensland Crest
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999
Queensland Supreme Court of Queensland Act 1991 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Current as at 20 December 2013
Information about this reprint This reprint shows the legislation current as at the date on the cover and is authorised by the Parliamentary Counsel. A new reprint of the legislation will be prepared by the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel when any change to the legislation takes effect. This change may be because a provision of the original legislation, or an amendment to it, commences or because a particular provision of the legislation expires or is repealed. When a new reprint is prepared, this reprint will become a historical reprint. Also, if it is necessary to replace this reprint before a new reprint is prepared, for example, to include amendments with a retrospective commencement, an appropriate note would be included on the cover of the replacement reprint and on the copy of this reprint at www.legislation.qld.gov.au. The endnotes to this reprint contain detailed information about the legislation and reprint. For example— The table of reprints endnote lists any previous reprints and, for this reprint, gives details of any discretionary editorial powers under the Reprints Act 1992 used by the Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel in preparing it. The list of legislation endnote gives historical information about the original legislation and the legislation which amended it. It also gives details of uncommenced amendments to this legislation. For information about possible amendments to the legislation by Bills introduced in Parliament, see the Queensland Legislation Current Annotations at www.legislation.qld.gov.au/Leg_Info/ information.htm. The list of annotations endnote gives historical information at section level. All Queensland reprints are dated and authorised by the Parliamentary Counsel. The previous numbering system and distinctions between printed and electronic reprints are not continued.
Queensland Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Chapter 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Chapter 2 Part 1 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Part 2 17 18 19 20 Part 3 21 22 Page Preliminary Short title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Philosophy—overriding obligations of parties and court . . . . . . . 46 Names of all parties to be used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Extending and shortening time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Starting proceedings Starting proceedings Starting proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Claim compulsory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Application compulsory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Application permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Oral application permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Proceeding incorrectly started by claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Proceeding incorrectly started by application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Registrar may refer issue of originating process to court . . . . . . . 50 Setting aside originating process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Rules about originating process Contact details and address for service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Representative details required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Originating process must be signed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Copy of originating process for court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Claims Application of pt 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 23 24 Part 4 25 26 27 28 29 30 Part 5 31 32 Part 6 Division 1 33 Division 2 34 35 Division 3 36 37 Division 4 38 39 40 41 Division 5 50 Part 7 51 52 53 54 55 56 Claim must include statement about filing notice of intention to defend claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duration and renewal of claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applications Application of pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Content of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of affidavit in support of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of address for service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consent adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applications in a proceeding Applications in a proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oral applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Where to start a proceeding Central registry Central registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting proceeding other than in central registry Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Area of Magistrates Courts districts Application of div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extended area of Magistrates Courts districts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objection to, and change of, venue Objection to venue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change of venue by court order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change of venue by agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consequences of transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applications heard at a different location Applications heard at a different location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cross-vesting Definitions for pt 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special federal matters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 2 54 54 55 55 56 57 57 58 58 59 59 60 60 61 61 62 63 63 63 63 64 64 65 65 65 66
57 58 59 Chapter 3 Part 1 Division 1 60 Division 2 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 Division 3 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 Division 4 75 76 77 Part 2 78 79 80 81 Part 3 Division 1 82 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Transfer of proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfer on Attorney-General’s application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transfer to court if no proceeding pending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties and proceedings Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding Several causes of action Inclusion of several causes of action in a proceeding . . . . . . . . . Several parties Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Necessary parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joint entitlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Joint or several liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inclusion of multiple parties in a proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identical interest in relief unnecessary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties incorrectly included or not included . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reconstitution of proceeding Inconvenient inclusion of cause of action or party . . . . . . . . . . . . Including, substituting or removing party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for inclusion of party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defendant or respondent dead at start of proceeding . . . . . . . . . Party becomes bankrupt, person with impaired capacity or dies during proceeding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No substitution order after death of plaintiff or applicant . . . . . . . Amendment of proceedings after change of party . . . . . . . . . . . . Representative party Representative party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of order against representative party . . . . . . . . . . . Multiple proceedings Consolidation of proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sequence of hearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Variation of order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Partnerships and business names Partnerships Meaning of partnership proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 67 67 68 69 69 69 70 70 71 71 71 72 74 74 75 76 76 78 78 78 79 79 79 79 80 Page 3
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 83 84 85 86 87 88 Division 2 89 90 91 92 Part 4 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 Chapter 4 Part 1 100 101 102 103 Part 2 104 105 106 Part 3 107 108 109 110 111 Proceeding in partnership name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure of partners’ names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to defend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Person improperly served as partner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement against individual partner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Business names Proceeding if registered business name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceeding in business name if unregistered. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to defend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment as to parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persons under a legal incapacity Litigation guardian of person under a legal incapacity . . . . . . . . . Who may be a litigation guardian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment of litigation guardian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No notice of intention to defend by person under a legal incapacity ...................................... Disclosure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Settlements and compromises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceedings by and against prisoners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service Preliminary Definitions for ch 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service not allowed on certain days. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Approved document exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service after 4.00p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service generally Application of pt 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service for originating process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How personal service is performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service in particular cases Personal service—corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service—young people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service—persons with impaired capacity . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service—prisoners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal service in Magistrates Courts proceedings . . . . . . . . . . Page 4 80 80 81 81 82 82 82 83 83 84 85 85 86 86 86 86 87 87 88 88 88 88 89 89 89 90 90 90 91
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 4 112 113 114 Part 5 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 Part 6 123 Part 7 Division 1 124 125 126 127 128 129 Division 2 130 Division 3 Subdivision 1 130A 130B Subdivision 2 130C 130D 130E 130F 130G 130H Ordinary service How ordinary service is performed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service in relation to a business. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service in relation to a partnership. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other service Acceptance of service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Substituted service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Informal service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service on agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service under contract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit of service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identity of person served . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special requirements for service by fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service outside Queensland Service outside Queensland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia Ordinary service outside Australia When service outside Australia permitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of counterclaim or third party notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of other process by leave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for service outside Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How service outside Australia to be performed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service in convention countries Service in convention countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service under the Hague Convention Preliminary Definitions for div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provisions of this division to prevail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service abroad of local judicial documents Application of sdiv 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for request for service abroad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How application to be dealt with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure on receipt of certificate of service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Payment of costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence of service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 93 93 94 94 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 101 102 102 102 103 103 106 108 108 108 110 111 112 113 Page 5
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Subdivision 3 130I 130J 130K 130L Subdivision 4 130M 130N 130O 130P Division 4 130Q 131 132 133 Chapter 5 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 Chapter 6 Part 1 145 146 148 Default judgment following service abroad of initiating process Application of sdiv 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Restriction on power to enter default judgment if certificate of service filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Restriction on power to enter default judgment if certificate of service not filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside judgment in default of appearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . Local service of foreign judicial documents Application of sdiv 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certain documents to be referred back to the Attorney-General’s Department of the Commonwealth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit as to service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of foreign legal process in Queensland other than under the Hague Convention Application of div 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Letter of request from foreign tribunal—procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . Orders for substituted service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Noncompliance with rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to defend Application of ch 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No step without notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defendant may act by solicitor or in person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Time for notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Late filing of notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contact details and address for service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Possession of land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conditional notice of intention to defend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pleadings Introduction Application of pt 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Formal requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment pleaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 113 114 115 116 117 118 118 120 120 121 122 122 122 122 123 123 123 123 124 124 124 125 126 126 126 Page 6
Part 2 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 Part 3 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 Part 4 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 Part 5 Division 1 172 173 174 Division 2 175 176 177 178 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Rules of pleading Statements in pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Matters to be specifically pleaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Presumed facts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Spoken words and documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Condition precedent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inconsistent allegations or claims in pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Particulars Particulars in pleading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Particulars of damages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Way to give particulars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for order for particulars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Striking out particulars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to give particulars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Progress of pleading Time for serving answer to counterclaim and reply . . . . . . . . . . . Answering pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Denials and nonadmissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unreasonable denials and nonadmissions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Implied nonadmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Close of pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Confession of defence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Striking out pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Particular pleadings Various Defence of tender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Set-off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defamation pleadings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaims Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaim after issue of claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaim against plaintiff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaim against additional party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 127 130 130 130 130 130 131 131 132 132 132 133 133 134 134 134 135 136 136 136 136 136 137 137 138 138 139 139 139 Page 7
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 Division 3 186 187 188 189 190 Part 6 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 Pleading and serving counterclaim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Answer to counterclaim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conduct of counterclaim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exclusion of counterclaim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaim after judgment, stay etc. of original proceeding . . . Judgment for balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay of claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admissions Application of div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Voluntary admission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal of admission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice to admit facts or documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third party and similar proceedings Explanation of pt 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reason for third party procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Content of third party notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing third party notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Serving third party notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of service on third party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to defend by third party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third party defence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaim by third party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extent third party bound by judgment between plaintiff and defendant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment between defendant and third party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claim against another party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subsequent parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contribution under Law Reform Act 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 140 140 141 141 141 141 141 141 142 142 142 143 143 144 144 145 145 145 146 146 146 146 147 148 148 148 149 149 150 Page 8
Chapter 7 Part 1 Division 1 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 Division 2 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 Division 3 239 240 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Disclosure Disclosure by parties Disclosure and inspection of documents Application of pt 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nature of disclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duty of disclosure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documents to which disclosure does not apply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Privilege claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure by delivery of list of documents and copies . . . . . . . . Requirement to produce original documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure by inspection of documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for disclosure by producing documents . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deferral of disclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure of document relating only to damages . . . . . . . . . . . . Inspection of documents referred to in pleadings or affidavits . . . Court orders relating to disclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relief from duty to disclose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consequences of nondisclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate by solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production of documents at trial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interrogatories Entitlement to deliver interrogatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delivery of interrogatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Granting of leave to deliver interrogatories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Answering interrogatories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statement in answer to interrogatories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grounds for objection to answering interrogatories . . . . . . . . . . . Unnecessary interrogatories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Identity of individual by whom verifying affidavit to be made . . . . Failure to answer interrogatory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to comply with court order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tendering answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Public interest considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service on solicitors of disclosure orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 151 151 151 152 152 153 153 154 155 155 156 156 156 157 158 158 159 159 159 159 160 160 161 162 162 163 163 164 164 165 Page 9
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 241 Part 2 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 Chapter 8 Part 1 250 251 252 253 254 255 Part 2 Division 1 255A 256 257 258 259 Division 2 260 260A 260B 260C 260D 260E 260F 260G Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Non-party disclosure Notice requiring non-party disclosure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form and service of notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Others affected by notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objection to disclosure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objection stays notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court’s decision about objection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production and copying of documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preservation of rights and property Inspection, detention and preservation of property Inspection, detention, custody and preservation of property . . . . Perishable property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order affecting non-party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order before proceeding starts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jurisdiction of court not affected. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Injunctions and similar orders Preliminary Definition for pt 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relationship with other law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Part 2 order without notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Freezing orders Definitions for div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Freezing order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ancillary order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Respondent need not be party to proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order against judgment debtor or prospective judgment debtor or third party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service outside Australia of application for freezing order or ancillary order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 166 166 167 168 169 169 169 170 170 172 172 172 172 173 173 173 173 173 174 174 175 175 175 176 177 177 178 Page 10
Division 3 261 261A 261B 261C 261D 261E 261F Division 4 262 263 264 265 Part 3 Division 1 266 Division 2 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 Division 3 274 Part 4 275 276 277 278 279 Chapter 9 Part 1 Division 1 280 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Search orders Definitions for div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Search order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for grant of search order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms of search order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Independent solicitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous Part 2 order without trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expedited trial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Damages and undertaking as to damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other undertakings and security to perform undertaking . . . . . . . Receivers Application Application of pt 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receivership generally Consent to act as receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remuneration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Accounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Death of receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of judgment by appointment of receiver Enforcement of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sales by court order Definition for pt 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conduct of sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of result of sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending proceedings early Default Default by plaintiff or applicant Default by plaintiff or applicant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 178 178 179 179 180 180 181 181 182 182 183 183 183 184 184 184 185 186 186 186 186 187 187 188 188 Page 11
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Division 2 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 Part 2 Division 1 291 Division 2 292 293 294 Division 3 295 296 Division 4 298 299 300 301 302 Part 3 303 304 305 306 307 308 308A 309 Page 12 Proceedings started by claim Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service must be proved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—debt or liquidated demand . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—unliquidated damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—detention of goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—recovery of possession of land . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—mixed claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—other claims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment by default—costs only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside judgment by default and enforcement. . . . . . . . . . . Summary judgment Application Application of pt 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applying for summary judgment Summary judgment for plaintiff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary judgment for defendant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claims not disposed of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other procedural matters Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay of enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relief from forfeiture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside judgment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discontinuance and withdrawal Discontinuance by party representing another person. . . . . . . . . Discontinuance by plaintiff or applicant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discontinuance by defendant or respondent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal of notice of intention to defend. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal of defence or subsequent pleading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discontinuance by parties when proceeding settled . . . . . . . . . . Notice of discontinuance or withdrawal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 189 189 191 191 192 193 193 193 194 194 194 195 195 195 196 196 197 197 197 197 198 198 199 199 199 199 200 200
310 311 312 Part 4 Division 1 313 Division 2 319 320 321 322 Division 3 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 Division 4 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Subsequent proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consolidated proceedings and counterclaims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay pending payment of costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alternative dispute resolution processes Preliminary Definitions for pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Establishment of ADR processes Registrar to give notice of proposed reference to ADR process . When referral may be made . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceedings referred to ADR process are stayed . . . . . . . . . . . . When does a party impede an ADR process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mediation Referral of dispute to appointed mediator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . When mediation must start and finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties must assist mediator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mediator’s role . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liberty to apply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mediator may seek independent advice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Record of mediation resolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abandonment of mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for certificate about mediation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unsuccessful mediations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacement of mediator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case appraisal Referral of dispute to appointed case appraiser. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jurisdiction of case appraiser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case appraiser may seek information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case appraisal proceeding may be recorded. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case appraiser’s decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Case appraiser’s decision on costs in the dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of case appraiser’s decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for case appraiser’s certificate and decision . . . . . Dissatisfied party may elect to continue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court to have regard to case appraiser’s decision when awarding costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 200 201 201 202 202 202 203 203 204 204 204 205 205 205 206 206 206 207 207 208 209 209 209 210 210 210 210 211 212 Page 13
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 345 Division 5 346 347 348 349 350 351 Part 5 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 362A 363 364 365 Chapter 10 Part 1 366 367 368 369 370 Part 2 371 372 Replacement of case appraiser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ADR costs Payment of ADR costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Party may pay another party’s ADR costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If ADR costs paid to registrar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . When ADR convenor or venue provider may recover further costs ......................................... Court may extend period within which costs are to be paid or grant relief . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of failed ADR process are costs in the dispute. . . . . . . . . . Offer to settle Definitions for pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If offer to settle available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Time for making offer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal or end of offer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of offer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure of offer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acceptance of offer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Person under a legal incapacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs if offer to settle by plaintiff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs if offer to settle by defendant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interest after service of offer to settle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multiple beneficiaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Multiple defendants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Offer to contribute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to comply with offer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court supervision Directions Application for directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceeding already being managed by the court. . . . . . . . . . . . . Decision in proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to attend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to comply with rules or order Effect of failure to comply with rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application because of failure to comply with rules . . . . . . . . . . . 212 212 212 213 213 213 214 214 214 214 215 215 215 216 217 217 217 218 219 219 220 220 221 222 223 223 224 224 225 Page 14
373 374 Part 3 Division 1 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 Division 2 382 383 384 Division 3 385 386 387 Division 4 388 Part 4 389 Part 5 389A Chapter 11 Part 1 390 391 392 393 395 395A Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Incorrect originating process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to comply with order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment Amendment generally Power to amend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment after limitation period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment of originating process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment before request for trial date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disallowance of amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment after request for trial date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to amend after order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedural matters Procedure for amending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Who is required to make amendment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Serving amendments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consequences of amendment Pleading to amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . When amendment takes effect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amending orders or certificates Mistakes in orders or certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delay Continuation of proceeding after delay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Restricting particular applications Restricting applications that are frivolous, vexatious or abuse of court’s process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence General Way evidence given . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may call evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence by telephone, video link or another form of communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plans, photographs, video or audio recordings and models. . . . . Evidence in other proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to obtain evidence for civil proceedings in another jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 225 227 227 228 229 229 229 229 229 230 230 231 231 231 232 232 233 234 235 235 235 236 236 Page 15
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 2 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 Part 3 410 411 412 413 Part 4 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 Part 5 Division 1 423 424 425 Evidence given out of court Order for examination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documents for examiner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment for examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conduct of examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Examination of additional persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Recording evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authentication and filing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Report of examiner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Default of person required to attend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expenses etc. of person required to attend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admissibility of deposition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Letter of request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undertaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence for future right or claim Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceeding to obtain evidence for future right or claim . . . . . . . . Order to obtain evidence for future claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Taking, use and admissibility of evidence obtained for future right or claim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subpoenas Power to issue subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Formal requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for cost of complying with subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cost of complying with subpoena if not a party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conduct money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production by non-party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert evidence Preliminary Purposes of pt 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions for pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236 237 237 237 238 238 239 239 240 240 240 240 241 242 242 242 243 243 243 244 245 245 245 246 246 247 247 248 248 Page 16
Division 2 426 427 428 429 429A 429B 429C 429D Division 3 429E 429F 429G 429H 429I 429J 429K 429L 429M 429N 429O 429P Division 4 429Q 429R 429S Part 7 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Evidence given by an expert Duty of expert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclosure of report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supplementary report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may direct experts to meet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Experts appointed after proceeding started Application of div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definition for div 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment of experts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert appointed by parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert appointed by court on application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert appointed by court on court initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for court when appointing an expert . . . . . . . . . . Report by court appointed expert given to registrar etc. . . . . . . . Orders and directions for court appointed experts . . . . . . . . . . . . Consequences of court appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may direct access to information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert may apply for directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Experts appointed before proceeding started Definition for div 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert appointed by disputants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Expert appointed by court on application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavits Contents of affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form of affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Swearing or affirming affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of reading or signature for person making affidavit . . . Alterations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exhibits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Irregularity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249 249 250 251 251 251 252 252 253 253 253 253 255 256 256 257 257 258 259 259 260 260 261 263 263 264 265 266 266 268 268 268 Page 17
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 439 440 441 Part 8 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 Chapter 12 449 450 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 Chapter 13 Part 1 461 462 463 464 Part 2 465 466 467 468 469 470 Page 18 Examination of person making affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scandal and oppression. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit taken before party. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exchange of correspondence instead of affidavit evidence Definitions for pt 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicant’s letter to respondent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Respondent’s reply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional correspondence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hearing of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jurisdiction of registrar Definition for ch 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of ch 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registrar’s powers to hear and decide applications . . . . . . . . . . . Court may decide that matter can not be heard by registrar . . . . Relevant application must not be made to the court . . . . . . . . . . Referring relevant application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing relevant applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Involvement of court as constituted by a judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Power to correct mistakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trials and other hearings Listing applications for hearing Application of pt 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estimate of hearing time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adjournments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting trial dates Application of pt 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting trial dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Request for trial date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trial expedited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dispensing with signature on request for trial date . . . . . . . . . . . Leave required for steps after request for trial date . . . . . . . . . . . 268 269 270 270 270 271 272 272 272 273 274 274 274 274 275 275 275 275 276 276 276 277 277 277 277 278 278 278 279 280 280
Part 3 Division 1 471 472 473 475 Division 2 476 477 Division 3 478 Part 4 479 480 481 Part 5 482 483 484 485 486 Part 6 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Trial Mode of trial Application of pt 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jury. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Third party proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Changing mode of trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceedings at trial Default of attendance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . View View by court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Decision without pleadings Application of pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separate decision on questions Definition for pt 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for decision and statement of case for opinion. . . . . . . . . . Orders, directions on decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disposal of proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form and content of separate question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Decision on papers without oral hearing Definition for pt 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proposal for decision without oral hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for making application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may decide that decision without an oral hearing is inappropriate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Respondent’s response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicant’s reply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Respondent’s right to require oral hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicant’s right to abandon request for decision without an oral hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Concise written submissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Further information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280 281 281 281 281 282 282 282 283 283 283 283 284 284 284 284 285 285 285 286 286 287 287 288 288 288 288 Page 19
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 7 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 Part 8 507 508 509 510 511 512 Part 9 Division 1 513 Division 2 514 515 516 Division 2A Subdivision 1 522A 522B Subdivision 2 522C Subdivision 3 522D 522E 522F 522G Subdivision 4 522H Page 20 Assessors and special referees Application of pt 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special referee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure before special referee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Submission of question to court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Report of special referee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use of opinion, decision or findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remuneration of special referee and assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of damages Conditional order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defendant’s default or summary decision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Damages to time of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Magistrates Courts Application Application of pt 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Simplified procedures Application of simplified procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Simplified procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hearing and deciding claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employment claims Introduction Application of div 2A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions for div 2A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing employment claims Filing employment claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conciliation of employment claims Suspension of conciliation process if application to court . . . . . . Conciliation certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Record of conciliation agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abandonment of conciliation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hearing of employment claims Notice of intention to defend employment claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289 289 289 289 290 290 290 290 291 292 292 292 293 293 293 294 294 295 296 296 297 297 297 298 298 299
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 522I 522J 522K 522L 522M Subdivision 5 522N Division 3 523 524 525 526 Chapter 14 Part 1 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 Part 2 544 545 546 547 Ending employment claim proceedings early . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting hearing date for employment claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for hearing of employment claim. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No cross claim in proceeding for employment claim . . . . . . . . . . Failure to appear in an employment claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous Particular rules do not apply to employment claims . . . . . . . . . . . Settlement conferences Court may require settlement conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Holding settlement conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to attend settlement conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General directions about settlement conferences . . . . . . . . . . . . Particular proceedings Account Order for account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form and verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing and service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Challenging account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Witness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Allowances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Before whom account taken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers exercisable on taking account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference to court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate as to account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Further consideration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for inquiries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Personal injury and fatal accidents Definition for pt 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Waiving compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Plaintiff’s statement of loss and damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 300 300 301 301 302 302 304 305 306 306 307 307 308 308 308 309 309 309 309 309 309 310 310 311 311 311 312 312 312 312 Page 21
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 Part 3 560 561 Part 4 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 Page 22 Plaintiff’s statement must identify particular documents. . . . . . . . Plaintiff’s statement must be accurate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Defendant’s statement of expert and economic evidence . . . . . . Defendant’s statement must identify particular documents . . . . . Defendant’s statement must be accurate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conference if personal injury damages claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insurers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Privilege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pleadings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of damages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Moneys in court Payment or deposit of money in court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disposal of money in court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judicial review Definitions for pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form of application for statutory order of review . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form of application for review. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for statutory order of review and for review . . . . . . . . Relief based on application for review if application made for statutory order of review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting directions hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service on other parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orders and directions at directions hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hearing and determination of application at directions hearing if parties agree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonappearance of parties at directions hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for dismissal or stay at directions hearing . . . . . . . . . Application for dismissal to be made promptly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for costs order at directions hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orders or directions about or for proceeding to be sought at directions hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Additional requirements for order of certiorari . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No proceeding in relation to things done under mandamus order Consolidation of proceedings for prerogative injunctions . . . . . . . 314 316 316 316 318 318 319 320 320 320 320 321 322 322 322 322 323 323 323 324 325 325 325 326 327 327 327 327 328 328 328 328
583 584 585 Part 5 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 Part 6 Division 1 595A 595B 595C Division 2 595D 595E Division 3 595F 595G 595H Division 4 595I 595J 595K 595L 595M Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Proceedings in relation to statements of reasons . . . . . . . . . . . . Application by unincorporated body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceeding for declaration or injunction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Habeas corpus Definitions for pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Originating process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form and procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure on application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Return of writ of habeas corpus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form of writ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trans-Tasman proceedings Preliminary Definition for pt 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting proceedings and applications in proceedings Starting proceeding for order under Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applications in proceeding under Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act Subpoenas Application for leave to serve subpoena in New Zealand. . . . . . . Application to set aside subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for issue of certificate of noncompliance with subpoena ...................................... Registration and enforcement of NZ judgments Notice of registration of NZ judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for extension of time to give notice of registration of NZ judgment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of registered NZ judgment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to set aside registration of NZ judgment . . . . . . . . . . Applications relating to a stay of enforcement of registered NZ judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329 329 330 330 330 330 331 331 331 331 332 333 333 333 333 334 334 335 336 337 338 339 339 340 340 341 Page 23
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Division 5 595N Chapter 15 Part 1 596 Part 2 597 598 599 600 601 Part 3 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 Part 4 609 610 611 612 613 614 Part 5 615 616 617 618 619 620 Part 6 621 622 Page 24 Remote appearances Application for order for use of audio link or audiovisual link . . . . Probate and administration, and trust estates Introduction Definitions for ch 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants Application for grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General notice of intention to apply for grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for notice of intention to apply for grant . . . . . . . . . Registrar may make inquiries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . When registrar may make grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Probate and letters of administration with the will Contents of supporting affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Priority for letters of administration with the will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence of proper attestation of will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interlineations, alterations and erasures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documents mentioned in or attached to will. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wills made by blind or illiterate persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Marginal note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Letters of administration on intestacy Contents of supporting affidavit on intestacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Priority for letters of administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grant to attorney of absent person or person without prior right . Court not to make grant on intestacy within 30 days after death . Limited administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Limited and special administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Resealing grants under British Probates Act 1898 Application of part . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Who may apply for reseal of foreign grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to apply for reseal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Production of grant and testamentary papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special, limited and temporary grants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice to original court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certain proceedings under the Public Trustee Act 1978 Order to administer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Revocation of order to administer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342 342 343 343 343 344 345 345 346 347 348 348 349 349 349 350 351 351 352 352 352 352 352 353 353 353 354 354
Part 7 623 624 625 626 627 628 Part 8 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 Part 9 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 Part 10 Division 1 644 Division 2 645 646 647 648 649 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Caveats Definitions for pt 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caveats by person objecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caveat procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside caveat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal of caveat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of caveat filed on day of grant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contested proceedings Definitions for pt 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Statement of nature of interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit of scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice to persons with beneficial interest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of intention to intervene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claim to name defendants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grant to be filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous Subpoenas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Administration pending proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grants to young persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proof in solemn form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of revocation or alteration of resealed Queensland grant . Revocation of grants and limited grants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relief against neglect or refusal by executor, administrator or trustee ......................................... Assessment of estate accounts Preliminary Definitions for pts 10 and 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applying for orders for filing, assessing and passing estate accounts etc. Application by beneficiary for filing, assessing and passing estate account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Requirements for making application for filing, assessing and passing estate account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application by trustee for assessing and passing estate account Requirements of estate account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing estate account and notice of objection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354 355 355 356 357 357 357 358 358 358 359 359 360 360 360 361 361 362 362 363 363 364 365 366 368 369 370 Page 25
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 650 Division 3 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 657A Division 4 657B Division 5 657C 657D 657E 657F Part 11 657G 657H 657I 657J 657K 657L 657M 657N 657O Chapter 16 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 Referral of issue to costs assessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of estate accounts Procedure on assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers of account assessor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No participation by party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue or question arising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conflict of interest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of account assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Written reasons for decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passing estate accounts Passing estate account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Commission Application for commission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may require filing of estate account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Decision on application for commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other orders and agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Account assessors Eligibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ongoing disclosure of adverse matters and updated details . . . . List of account assessors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charges for account assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending an appointment by request. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending an appointment for sufficient reason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of ending of appointment or notice about possible ending of appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orders General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing an order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certified duplicate of filed order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reasons for order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delivery of reserved decision by a different judicial officer. . . . . . 371 371 372 373 373 374 374 374 375 376 377 378 378 379 379 380 380 381 381 382 383 383 383 384 384 384 385 386 386 386 Page 26
665 666 667 668 669 Chapter 17 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 Chapter 17A Part 1 678 679 Part 2 Division 1 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Time for compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consent orders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Matters arising after order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment to settle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security for costs Security for costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prerequisite for security for costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discretionary factors for security for costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Way security given . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay or dismissal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside or varying order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finalising security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counterclaims and third party proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs Preliminary Application of ch 17A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions for ch 17A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of a proceeding Costs of a proceeding generally Entitlement to recover costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General rule about costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General provision about costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs in proceeding before Magistrates Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of question or part of proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs if further proceedings become unnecessary . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of costs without order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessed costs to be paid unless court orders otherwise . . . . . . Costs when proceeding removed to another court. . . . . . . . . . . . Costs in an account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lawyer’s delay or neglect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Australian lawyer’s costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application in a proceeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Default judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extending or shortening time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387 387 388 388 389 389 390 390 391 392 392 392 392 393 393 395 395 395 395 396 396 396 397 397 397 398 398 399 399 399 399 Page 27
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 696 697 698 699 700 Division 2 701 702 703 704 Part 3 Division 1 705 706 707 708 709 709A Division 2 710 711 712 713 713A Division 3 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 Costs of inquiry to find person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of proceeding in wrong court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reserved costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receiver’s costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Basis of assessment of costs of a party in a proceeding Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard basis of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indemnity basis of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trustee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of costs other than under the Legal Profession Act 2007 Before application Costs statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objection to costs statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consent order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Default assessment if no objection to costs statement. . . . . . . . . Setting aside default assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to serve costs statement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application Application for costs assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agreed costs assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs assessor if no agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of order appointing costs assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment Powers of an assessing registrar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers of a costs assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No participation by a party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue or question arising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of adjournment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conflict of interest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure on assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discretion of a costs assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment must be limited. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disbursement or fee not paid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399 399 400 400 400 401 401 401 402 402 403 404 404 404 405 406 407 407 407 408 408 408 409 409 409 410 410 411 411 412 Page 28
724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 Division 4 732 733 734 735 Division 5 736 737 737A 738 Division 6 739 740 741 742 Part 4 743 743A 743B 743C 743D 743E 743F 743G 743H 743I Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Professional charges and disbursements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties with same lawyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Counsel’s advice and settling documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solicitor advocate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Premature brief. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retainer of counsel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Refresher fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of assessment and offers to settle Costs of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Offer to settle costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Acceptance of offer to settle costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reduction of more than 15% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of costs assessor Agreement as to costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Certificate of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information about outcome of costs assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Written reasons for decision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . After assessment Application of div 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Judgment for amount certified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs may be set off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Review by court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of costs under the Legal Profession Act 2007 Definition for pt 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for costs assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If recovery proceedings started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may direct preparation of itemised bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agreed costs assessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs assessor if no agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to court for directions after certificate of assessment filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of other rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 412 412 413 413 413 413 414 414 414 415 415 416 416 416 417 417 418 418 418 420 420 421 422 422 422 423 423 424 425 Page 29
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 5 743J 743K 743L 743M 743N 743O 743P 743Q 743R Part 6 743S Chapter 18 Part 1 Division 1 744 745 Division 2 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 Costs assessors Eligibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ongoing disclosure of adverse matters and updated details . . . . List of costs assessors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Charges for costs assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending an appointment by request. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ending an appointment for sufficient reason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of ending of appointment or notice about possible ending of appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transitional rules about costs Old basis for taxing costs equates to new basis for assessing costs ........................................ Appellate proceedings Appeals to the Court of Appeal Preliminary Definition for pt 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of pt 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedural Starting appeal or making application for new trial. . . . . . . . . . . . Content of notice of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Time for appealing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parties to appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inclusion, removal or substitution of party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amendment of notice of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Directions conference with registrar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cross appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of cross appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of notice of cross appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affirmation on other ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appeal book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registry preparation of appeal book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting a date for appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426 426 427 427 427 428 429 429 429 430 431 431 432 432 433 433 433 433 434 434 434 434 435 435 436 436 438 Page 30
Division 3 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 Division 4 776 777 Part 2 Division 1 778 779 780 Division 2 781 Part 3 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Powers Stay of decision under appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dismissal by consent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appeals from refusal of applications made in the absence of parties ......................................... Consent orders on appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nature of appeal and application for new trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Exercise of certain powers by judge of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Matter happening in other court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Insufficient material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Assessment of costs of appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security for costs of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Way security for costs of appeal to be given . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of failure to give security for costs of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of failure to prosecute appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous Appeals from outside Brisbane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registrar may publish certain decision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applications and cases stated to Court of Appeal Applications to Court of Appeal Application in appeal or case stated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documents for application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cases stated Form and contents of case stated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other appeals Application of pt 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for appeals to District Court from Magistrates Court . Procedure for appeals to a court from other entities . . . . . . . . . . Application of rules to appeals and cases stated under this part . Notice of appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for hearing appeal under r 786 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consent order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registrar may give directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438 438 439 439 440 440 442 442 442 443 443 443 444 444 444 445 445 446 446 446 446 447 447 448 449 449 450 450 450 Page 31
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 790 791 792 Chapter 19 Part 1 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 Part 2 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 Part 3 817 818 819 Preparation for hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rehearing after decision of judicial registrar or registrar . . . . . . . Leave to appeal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of money orders Preliminary Definitions for ch 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of money orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement by or against a non-party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conditional order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amount recoverable from enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separate enforcement for costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay of enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Where to enforce money order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcing money order in different court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement hearings Purpose of enforcement hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . When an enforcement hearing may take place . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for end of trial enforcement hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Outcome of application for end of trial enforcement hearing . . . . Statement of financial position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement hearing after money order is made . . . . . . . . . . . . . Person to whom enforcement hearing summons may be directed and service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Location for enforcement hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conduct money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orders at enforcement hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure or refusal in relation to statement of financial position or enforcement hearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement hearing warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants generally Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Deceased enforcement debtor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to set aside enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451 451 452 452 454 454 454 455 455 455 456 456 457 458 458 458 458 459 460 461 462 462 463 463 464 464 465 466 467 468 Page 32
820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 Part 4 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 Part 5 Division 1 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 Division 2 847 848 849 850 851 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Issue and enforcement of enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renewal of enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Return of particular enforcement warrant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Priority of enforcement warrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement throughout Queensland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Concurrent enforcement warrants—Magistrates Court . . . . . . . . Enforcement beyond the district . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cross orders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for seizure and sale of property Seizure of property under enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order of selling property. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Payment by enforcement debtor before sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Storage before sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nature of sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sale at best price obtainable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Postponement of sale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Accountability for, and distribution of, money received. . . . . . . . . Reserve price provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for redirection of debts General Application of pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Debts that may be redirected under enforcement warrant . . . . . . Attendance of, or information about, the enforcement debtor . . . When debt redirected under enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . Payment to enforcement debtor despite redirection . . . . . . . . . . . Third person disputes liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Claim by other person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discharge of the third person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regular redirections from financial institutions Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for issue of enforcement warrant for regular redirection ..................................... Content of enforcement warrant for regular redirection . . . . . . . . Service of enforcement warrant for regular redirection . . . . . . . . Financial institution to make payments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468 468 469 469 470 470 470 471 472 473 473 474 474 475 476 477 478 478 479 479 480 480 481 481 481 482 482 482 483 483 483 Page 33
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 852 853 854 Part 6 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 Part 7 868 869 870 871 872 Part 8 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 Part 9 881 882 Enforcement debtor not to defeat enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . No other enforcement while regular redirection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside, suspending or varying enforcement warrant for regular redirection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for redirection of earnings General. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure for issue of enforcement warrant redirecting earnings Attendance of, or information about, the enforcement debtor . . . Content of enforcement warrant redirecting earnings . . . . . . . . . Service of enforcement warrant redirecting earnings . . . . . . . . . . Employer to make payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No enforcement while redirection of earnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Setting aside, suspending or varying enforcement warrant redirecting earnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cessation of enforcement warrant redirecting earnings . . . . . . . . Two or more warrants redirecting earnings in force . . . . . . . . . . . Person served is not enforcement debtor’s employer. . . . . . . . . . Person ceases to be enforcement debtor’s employer. . . . . . . . . . Directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for payment of order debt by instalments Order may authorise payment by instalments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prerequisites for instalment order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No enforcement warrant to issue while instalment order . . . . . . . Discharge or variation of instalment order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cessation of instalment order. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for charging orders Application of pt 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue of warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement debtor dealing with charged property . . . . . . . . . . . Issuer dealing with charged property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to enforce charge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Partnership property. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Money in court and stop orders Money in court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stop orders on money and securities in court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484 485 485 485 486 487 487 488 488 489 489 490 491 491 491 492 492 493 494 494 494 495 495 496 496 496 497 497 497 498 Page 34
Part 10 883 884 885 886 887 888 Part 11 889 Chapter 20 Part 1 890 891 892 893 894 895 Part 2 896 898 899 900 904 905 Part 3 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 Part 4 913 914 915 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Enforcement warrants for appointment of a receiver Application of pt 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General provisions relating to receivers apply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of a money order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relevant considerations for appointment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inquiry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receiver’s powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement officer Return of enforcement warrant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of non-money orders Preliminary Definition for ch 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of non-money orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement by or against a non-party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amount recoverable from enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stay of enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of particular non-money orders Order for possession of land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order to perform or abstain from an act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Substituted performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Undertakings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prerequisite to enforcement by contempt or seizing property . . . Conditional order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants generally Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to set aside enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue and enforcement of enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Renewal of enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Return of enforcement warrant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Priority of enforcement warrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement throughout Queensland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for possession Prerequisites to enforcement warrant for possession. . . . . . . . . . Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrant for possession . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498 498 498 499 499 499 499 500 500 500 501 501 501 502 502 503 503 504 505 506 506 506 507 508 508 509 509 509 510 Page 35
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 5 916 Part 6 917 918 919 920 Part 7 Division 1 921 Division 2 922 923 924 Division 3 925 926 927 928 Division 4 929 930 931 932 Part 8 933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 Enforcement warrants for delivery of goods Enforcement warrant for seizure and delivery of goods . . . . . . . . Enforcement warrants for seizure and detention of property Property that may be seized under enforcement warrant. . . . . . . Prerequisite for enforcement warrant authorising seizure and detention of property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement against officer of corporation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Return of seized property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contempt Preliminary Definition for pt 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contempt in face or hearing of court Arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Custody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for punishment for contempt Application of div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure under div 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application by registrar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . General Warrant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Punishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Imprisonment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Warrant for defendant’s arrest Constitution of court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue of warrant for defendant’s arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of warrant for defendant’s arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs of enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of warrant and claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Record of enforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Procedure after arrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Release of defendant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court powers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510 510 511 511 511 511 512 512 512 513 513 513 514 514 515 515 515 516 516 516 517 517 518 518 518 518 519 Page 36
943 944 945 946 Part 9 947 Chapter 20A Part 1 947A 947B Part 2 947C 947D 947E 947F 947G 947H 947I 947J 947K 947L 947M Part 3 947N Chapter 21 Part 1 948 Part 2 949 Part 3 950 951 952 953 954 955 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Failure to comply with conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Restriction on further applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement officer Return of enforcement warrant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reciprocal enforcement of foreign judgments Preliminary Definitions for ch 20A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of rules and practices of court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reciprocal enforcement of foreign judgments Definition for pt 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for registration of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Evidence in support of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security for costs of application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Register of judgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registration of judgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Details of service to be written on notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application to set aside registration of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reciprocal enforcement of Australian judgments Certificate of judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Interpleader orders Interpretation Definitions for ch 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stakeholder’s interpleader Stakeholder’s interpleader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement officer’s interpleader Enforcement officer’s interpleader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Failure to give notice of claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice to enforcement creditor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admission of claim . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enforcement officer’s interpleader application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Action against enforcement officer or enforcement creditor . . . . . 520 521 521 521 522 522 523 523 523 523 525 525 526 526 526 526 527 527 528 529 530 530 531 531 531 532 533 Page 37
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 4 956 957 958 959 Chapter 22 Part 1 Division 1 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 Division 2 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 Division 3 974 975 Division 4 975B 975C 975D 975E 975F 975G 975H 975I Interpleader orders Default by claimant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neutrality of applicant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Trial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disposal of money in court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Documents, registry and solicitors Documents General provisions about documents to be filed Application of div 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Layout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Figures may be used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Alterations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Giving copies to other parties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing documents How documents may be filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing documents personally. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing documents by post . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit of debt by post . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing fees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court fees if state-related party . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scandalous material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other provisions about documents Form of notices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Use of approved forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic court documents Definitions for div 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic filing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Responsibility for document electronically filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retention and status of document electronically filed . . . . . . . . . Approved entity must be sent a copy of document electronically filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . If both electronic and paper documents filed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Request for electronic judgment under r 283 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic judgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 533 534 534 535 535 536 536 536 537 537 537 538 538 539 539 539 540 540 540 540 541 542 543 543 544 544 545 Page 38
975J 975K 975L 975M Part 2 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984 984A Part 3 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 Chapter 23 995 Chapter 24 Part 1 996 Part 2 997 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Application for enforcement hearing under r 808 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic enforcement hearing summons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for enforcement warrant under r 817 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic enforcement warrant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registry Office hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Registrar to keep records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue of documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Issue of commissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Copies of documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Searches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Referral to judge or magistrate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Admiralty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Clerks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disposal of exhibits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solicitors Solicitor’s act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Change between acting personally and acting by solicitor. . . . . . Change of solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removal of solicitor by court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solicitor struck off or suspended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for leave to withdraw as solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leave to withdraw as solicitor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Effect of leave to withdraw as solicitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Withdrawal of town agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crown solicitor etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceedings under Corporations Act or ASIC Act Rules for proceedings under Corporations Act or ASIC Act. . . . . Transitional provisions Provision for Uniform Civil Procedure Amendment Rule (No. 1) 2004 Transitional provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provision for Uniform Civil Procedure Amendment Rule (No. 1) 2005 Transitional provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546 547 547 548 549 549 549 549 550 550 550 551 551 551 553 553 554 555 555 555 556 557 557 558 558 559 559 Page 39
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 3 998 Part 4 999 Part 5 1000 Part 6 1001 Schedule 1A Part 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 Part 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4A 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Provision for Queensland Civil and Administrative Tribunal (Jurisdiction Provisions) Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2009 Proceeding for claim started. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provision for Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction Reform and Modernisation Amendment Act 2010 Transitional provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provision for Uniform Civil Procedure (Fees) and Other Legislation Amendment Regulation (No. 1) 2011 Transitional provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provision for Uniform Civil Procedure Amendment Rule (No. 1) 2011 Transitional provision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rules for proceedings under Corporations Act or ASIC Act Preliminary Short title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notes in text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application of these rules and other rules of the court . . . . . . . . . Expressions used in the Corporations Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitions for these rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References to rules and forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Substantial compliance with forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court’s power to give directions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Calculation of time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extension and abridgement of time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proceedings generally Title of documents in a proceeding—form 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Originating application and interlocutory application—forms 2 and 3 .......................................... Fixing of hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supporting affidavits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for order setting aside statutory demand (Corporations Act, s 459G). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavits made by creditors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Form of affidavits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of originating application or interlocutory application and supporting affidavit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of certain applications to be given to ASIC . . . . . . . . . . . . 560 561 562 562 563 563 563 563 564 565 565 565 566 566 567 567 567 568 568 569 569 570 570 570 Page 40
2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 Part 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Part 4 4.1 Part 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Notice of appearance (Corporations Act, s 465C)—form 4 . . . . . Intervention in proceeding by ASIC (Corporations Act, s 1330)—form 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Publication of notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Proof of publication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leave to creditor, contributory or officer to be heard . . . . . . . . . . Inquiry in relation to corporation’s debts etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meetings ordered by the court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Compromises and arrangements in relation to part 5.1 bodies Application of pt 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nomination of chairperson for meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order for meetings to identify proposed scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of hearing (Corporations Act, ss 411(4) and 413(1))—form 6 ................................. Copy of order approving compromise or arrangement to be lodged with ASIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Receivers and other controllers of corporation property (Corporations Act, part 5.2) Inquiry into conduct of controller (Corporations Act, s 423) . . . . . Winding-up proceedings (including oppression proceedings where winding-up is sought) Application of pt 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit accompanying statutory demand (Corporations Act, s 459E(3))—form 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for leave to apply for winding-up in insolvency (Corporations Act, s 459P(2)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Affidavit in support of application for winding-up (Corporations Act, ss 459P, 462 and 464). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Consent of liquidator (Corporations Act, s 532(9))—form 8 . . . . . Notice of application for winding-up—form 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Applicant to make copies of documents available . . . . . . . . . . . . Discontinuance of application for winding-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appearance before registrar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order substituting applicant in application for winding-up (Corporations Act, s 465B)—form 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of winding-up order and appointment of liquidator—form 11 .............................. 572 572 573 573 574 575 575 575 575 576 577 577 578 578 578 579 579 580 580 581 581 581 581 582 Page 41
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Part 6 6.1 6.2 Part 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 7.10 7.11 Part 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 Part 9 9.1 9.2 9.2A 9.3 9.4 Page 42 Provisional liquidators (Corporations Act, part 5.4B) Appointment of provisional liquidator (Corporations Act, s 472)—form 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Notice of appointment of provisional liquidator—form 12 . . . . . . . Liquidators Resignation of liquidator (Corporations Act, s 473(1)) . . . . . . . . . Filling vacancy in office of liquidator (Corporations Act, ss 473(7) and 502) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Report to liquidator as to company’s affairs (Corporations Act, s 475) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liquidator to file certificate and copy of settled list of contributories (Corporations Act, s 478). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Release of liquidator and deregistration of company (Corporations Act, s 480(c) and (d)). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Objection to release of liquidator—form 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Report on accounts of liquidator (Corporations Act, s 481) . . . . . Application for payment of call (Corporations Act, s 483(3)(b))—form 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Distribution of surplus by liquidator with special leave of the court (Corporations Act, s 488(2))—form 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers delegated to liquidator by the court (Corporations Act, s 488) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inquiry into conduct of liquidator (Corporations Act, s 536(1) and (2)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Special managers (Corporations Act, part 5.4B) Application for appointment of special manager (Corporations Act, s 484) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Security given by special manager (Corporations Act, s 484) . . . Special manager’s receipts and payments (Corporations Act, s 484) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remuneration of office-holders Remuneration of receiver (Corporations Act, s 425(1))—form 16 Determination by court of remuneration of administrator (Corporations Act, s 449E(1)(c) and (1A)(c))—form 16 . . . . . . . . Review of remuneration of administrator (Corporations Act, s 449E(2))—form 16A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remuneration of provisional liquidator (Corporations Act, s 473(2))—form 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Determination by court of liquidator’s remuneration (Corporations Act, s 473(3)(b)(ii))—form 16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582 583 584 584 584 585 585 587 588 589 589 589 589 591 591 591 592 594 596 598 600
9.4A 9.5 Part 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 Part 11 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 Part 11A 11A.1 Part 12 12.1 12.1A 12.2 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents Review of remuneration of liquidator (Corporations Act, s 473(5) and (6) and s 504(1))—form 16A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Remuneration of special manager (Corporations Act, s 484(2))—form 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Winding up generally Determination of value of debts or claims (Corporations Act, s 554A(2)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disclaimer of contract (Corporations Act, s 568(1A)) . . . . . . . . . . Winding up part 5.7 bodies (Corporations Act, ss 583 and 585) and registered schemes (Corporations Act, s 601ND). . . . . . . . . Examinations and orders (Corporations Act, part 5.9, divisions 1 and 2) Definition for pt 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for examination or investigation under Corporations Act, s 411(9)(b), 423 or 536(3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for examination summons (Corporations Act, ss 596A and 596B)—form 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of examination summons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discharge of examination summons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filing of record of examination (Corporations Act, s 597(13)) . . . Authentication of transcript of examination (Corporations Act, s 597(14)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inspection of record or transcript of examination or investigation under Corporations Act, s 411, 423 or 536 . . . . . . . Entitlement to record or transcript of examination held in public . Default in relation to examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service of application for order in relation to breaches etc. by person concerned with corporation (Corporations Act, s 598) . . . Warrants (Corporations Act, section 486B and part 5.4B, division 3, subdivision B) Arrest of person (Corporations Act, s 486B)—form 17A . . . . . . . Takeovers, acquisitions of shares etc. (Corporations Act, chapters 6 to 6D) and Securities (Corporations Act, chapter 7) Service on ASIC in relation to proceedings under Corporations Act, chapter 6, 6A, 6B, 6C, 6D or 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference to court of questions of law arising in proceeding before takeovers panel (Corporations Act, s 659A) . . . . . . . . . . . Application for summons for appearance of person (Corporations Act, s 1071D(4))—form 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602 604 606 606 607 607 607 608 609 609 610 610 610 610 611 612 612 613 613 614 Page 43
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Contents 12.3 Part 14 14.1 Part 15 15.1 15.2 15.3 Part 16 16.1 16.2 Schedule 1B Schedule 1 Schedule 2 Schedule 3 Schedule 4 Application for orders relating to refusal to register transfer or transmission of securities (Corporations Act, s 1071F) . . . . . . . . Powers of courts (Corporations Act, part 9.5) Appeal from act, omission or decision of administrator, receiver or liquidator etc. (Corporations Act, ss 554A and 1321). . . . . . . . Proceedings under the ASIC Act Reference to court of question of law arising at hearing of ASIC (ASIC Act, s 61) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Court may draw inferences. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Application for inquiry (ASIC Act, ss 70, 201 and 219) . . . . . . . . Powers of registrars Powers of registrars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Reference by registrar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Powers of the court that may be exercised by a registrar . . . Scale of costs—Supreme Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scale of costs—District Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scale of costs—Magistrates Courts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614 615 616 616 616 617 617 618 624 630 636 650 Endnotes 1 2 3 4 5 6 Index to endnotes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Date to which amendments incorporated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table of reprints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of legislation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . List of annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 660 660 660 661 663 667 Page 44
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 1 Preliminary [r 1] Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 [as amended by all amendments that commenced on or before 20 December 2013] Chapter 1 Preliminary 1 Short title These rules may be cited as the Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 . 2 Commencement These rules commence on 1 July 1999. Note The Rules of the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court (Admiralty) Rules 1988 , Rules under and in pursuance of the Reciprocal Enforcement of Judgments Act 1959 , the District Court Rules 1968 , and the Magistrates Courts Rules 1960 expired at the end of 30 June 1999— Supreme Court of Queensland Act 1991 , section 118B (repealed) and Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 18. The Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 commenced at the beginning of 1 July 1999—rule 2 and Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 15B. 3 Application (1) Unless these rules otherwise expressly provide, these rules apply to civil proceedings in the following courts— the Supreme Court the District Court Magistrates Courts. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 45
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 1 Preliminary [r 4] (2) In a provision of these rules, a reference to the court is a reference to the court mentioned in subrule (1) that is appropriate in the context of the provision. 4 Dictionary (1) The dictionary in schedule 4 defines terms used in these rules. (2) Words and expressions used in the Civil Proceedings Act 2011 have the same meaning in these rules as they have in that Act. (3) Subrule (2) does not apply to the extent that the context or subject matter otherwise indicates or requires. 5 Philosophy—overriding obligations of parties and court (1) The purpose of these rules is to facilitate the just and expeditious resolution of the real issues in civil proceedings at a minimum of expense. (2) Accordingly, these rules are to be applied by the courts with the objective of avoiding undue delay, expense and technicality and facilitating the purpose of these rules. (3) In a proceeding in a court, a party impliedly undertakes to the court and to the other parties to proceed in an expeditious way. (4) The court may impose appropriate sanctions if a party does not comply with these rules or an order of the court. Example The court may dismiss a proceeding or impose a sanction as to costs, if, in breach of the implied undertaking, a plaintiff fails to proceed as required by these rules or an order of the court. 6 Names of all parties to be used (1) The following documents filed in a proceeding must include the names of all of the parties to the proceeding— (a) an originating process; Page 46 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 1 Starting proceedings [r 7] (b) a document to be served on a person not a party to the proceeding; (c) a final order. (2) Other documents in a proceeding may include an abbreviation of the title of the proceeding sufficient to identify the proceeding. (3) If the parties to a proceeding change, the names of the parties on each document filed after the change must reflect the state of the parties after the change. 7 Extending and shortening time (1) The court may, at any time, extend a time set under these rules or by order. (2) If a time set under these rules or by order, including a time for service, has not ended, the court may shorten the time. Note A time allowed or provided for under these rules is calculated according to the Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 38 (Reckoning of time). Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 1 Starting proceedings 8 Starting proceedings (1) A proceeding starts when the originating process is issued by the court. (2) These rules provide for the following types of originating process— claim Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 47
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 1 Starting proceedings [r 9] application notice of appeal notice of appeal subject to leave. (3) An application in, about or pending the trial, hearing or outcome of a proceeding is not an originating process. Note This is commonly called an interlocutory application . 9 Claim compulsory A proceeding must be started by claim unless these rules require or permit the proceeding to be started by application. 10 Application compulsory A proceeding must be started by application if an Act or these rules require or permit a person to apply to a court for an order or another kind of relief and— (a) the Act or rules do not state the type of originating process to be used; or (b) a type of originating process (other than a claim or application) is required or permitted under a law. 11 Application permitted A proceeding may be started by application if— (a) the only or main issue in the proceeding is an issue of law and a substantial dispute of fact is unlikely; or (b) there is no opposing party to the proceeding or it is not intended to serve any person with the originating process; or (c) there is insufficient time to prepare a claim because of the urgent nature of the relief sought. Page 48 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 1 Starting proceedings [r 12] 12 Oral application permitted A court may allow a proceeding to be started by oral application by a counsel or solicitor for an applicant if— (a) urgent relief is sought; and (b) the counsel or solicitor undertakes to file an application within the time directed by the court; and (c) the court considers it appropriate having regard to all relevant circumstances. 13 Proceeding incorrectly started by claim (1) This rule applies if the court considers a proceeding started by claim should have been started by application or may more conveniently continue as if started by application. (2) The court may— (a) order that the proceeding continue as if started by application; and (b) give the directions the court considers appropriate for the conduct of the proceeding; and Note See rule 367 (Directions). (c) make any other order the court considers appropriate. 14 Proceeding incorrectly started by application (1) This rule applies if the court considers a proceeding started by application should have been started by claim or may more conveniently continue as if started by claim. (2) The court may— (a) order that the proceeding continue as if started by claim; and (b) give the directions the court considers appropriate for the conduct of the proceeding; and Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 49
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 1 Starting proceedings [r 15] (c) if the court considers it appropriate—order that any affidavits filed in the proceeding be treated as pleadings, alone or supplemented by particulars; and (d) make any other order the court considers appropriate. 15 Registrar may refer issue of originating process to court (1) If the registrar considers an originating process appears to be an abuse of the process of the court or frivolous or vexatious, the registrar may refer the originating process to the court before issuing it. (2) The court may direct the registrar— (a) to issue the originating process; or (b) to refuse to issue the originating process without leave of the court. 16 Setting aside originating process The court may— (a) declare that a proceeding for which an originating process has been issued has not, for want of jurisdiction, been properly started; or (b) declare that an originating process has not been properly served; or (c) set aside an order for service of an originating process; or (d) set aside an order extending the period for service of an originating process; or (e) set aside an originating process; or (f) set aside service of an originating process; or (g) stay a proceeding; or (h) set aside or amend an order made under rule 127; or Page 50 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 2 Rules about originating process [r 17] (i) make another order the court considers appropriate. Note See also rule 373 (Incorrect originating process). Part 2 Rules about originating process 17 Contact details and address for service (1) A plaintiff or applicant must ensure— (a) if the plaintiff or applicant intends to act personally, the following details are on the originating process before it is issued— (i) the residential or business address of the plaintiff or applicant; (ii) for a proceeding in the Supreme Court or the District Court—if the address specified under subparagraph (i) is not in Queensland, an address in Queensland where documents may be served on the plaintiff or applicant; (iii) the telephone number (if any) of the plaintiff or applicant; (iv) if the plaintiff or applicant does not have a telephone number—a way of contacting the person by telephone; (v) the fax number (if any) of the plaintiff or applicant; or Note The fax number may be relevant for ordinary service—see chapter 4 (Service), part 4 (Ordinary service). Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 51
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 2 Rules about originating process [r 17] (b) if a solicitor is appointed to act for the plaintiff or applicant, the following details are on the originating process before it is issued— (i) the residential or business address of the plaintiff or applicant; (ii) the name of the solicitor and, if the solicitor practises in a firm of solicitors, the name of the firm; (iii) the address of the solicitor’s place of business; (iv) if the address specified under subparagraph (iii) is not the plaintiff’s or applicant’s address for service or is not a Queensland address—an address for service in Queensland including, for example, an address approved by the court as the address for service; (v) the solicitor’s telephone number; (vi) the solicitor’s fax number. (2) If the plaintiff or applicant intends to act personally and has an email address, the plaintiff or applicant must include the email address with the details required under subrule (1)(a). (3) If the solicitor, or the solicitor’s firm, has an email address, the solicitor— (a) must include the firm’s email address; and (b) may include the email address of the solicitor having conduct of the matter. (4) If the solicitor, or the solicitor’s firm, is a member of an approved document exchange, the solicitor may include the document exchange address with the details required under subrule (1)(b). (5) Notice of any change in a party’s address for service must be filed and served on all other parties. (6) The address for service of a plaintiff or applicant is— Page 52 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 3 Claims [r 18] (a) for a party acting personally— (i) if the party is required to specify an address under subrule (1)(a)(ii)—that address; or (ii) otherwise—the address specified under subrule (1)(a)(i); and (b) for a party for whom a solicitor acts— (i) if an address is specified under subrule (1)(b)(iv)—that address; or (ii) otherwise—the address specified under subrule (1)(b)(iii). 18 Representative details required If a person is suing or being sued in a representative capacity, the plaintiff or applicant must state the representative capacity on the originating process. 19 Originating process must be signed The plaintiff or applicant, or the person’s solicitor, must sign the originating process. 20 Copy of originating process for court The plaintiff or applicant must file with the court a copy of the originating process to be filed and kept by the court. Part 3 Claims 21 Application of pt 3 This part applies to claims. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 53
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 3 Claims [r 22] 22 Claim (1) A claim must be in the approved form. (2) A plaintiff must— (a) state briefly in the claim the nature of the claim made or relief sought in the proceeding; and (b) attach a statement of claim to the claim; and (c) for a claim filed in the District Court or a Magistrates Court, show the court has jurisdiction to decide the claim. (3) The claim and attachment must be filed and then served on each defendant. (4) Subrule (3) does not require service on a defendant personally if the claim and attachment are served in accordance with the Motor Accident Insurance Act 1994 , the repealed WorkCover Queensland Act 1996 or the Workers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Act 2003 . 23 Claim must include statement about filing notice of intention to defend claim The plaintiff must ensure a claim has a statement on it telling the defendant— (a) the relevant time limited for filing a notice of intention to defend; and Note See rule 137 (Time for notice of intention to defend). (b) that if the defendant does not file a notice of intention to defend within the time, a default judgment may be obtained against the defendant without further notice. 24 Duration and renewal of claim (1) A claim remains in force for 1 year starting on the day it is filed. Page 54 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 4 Applications [r 25] (2) If the claim has not been served on a defendant and the registrar is satisfied that reasonable efforts have been made to serve the defendant or that there is another good reason to renew the claim, the registrar may renew the claim for further periods, of not more than 1 year at a time, starting on the day after the claim would otherwise end. (3) The claim may be renewed whether or not it is in force. (4) However, the court’s leave must be obtained before a claim may be renewed for a period any part of which falls on or after the fifth anniversary of the day on which the claim was originally filed. (5) Before a claim renewed under this rule is served, it must be stamped with the court’s seal by the appropriate officer of the court and show the period for which the claim is renewed. (6) Despite subrule (1), for any time limit (including a limitation period), a claim that is renewed is taken to have started on the day the claim was originally filed. Part 4 Applications 25 Application of pt 4 This part applies to an application that is an originating process. 26 Content of application (1) An application must be in the approved form. (2) An application must name as respondents all persons directly affected by the relief sought in the application. Note The court may direct that others be included as respondents—see rule 69 (Including, substituting or removing party). Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 55
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 4 Applications [r 27] (3) Subrule (2) does not apply if these rules or another law authorise the hearing of the application without notice being given to another person. (4) The application must list the affidavits to be relied on by the applicant at the hearing. (5) The applicant must specify in the application the orders or other relief sought in the proceeding. (6) If an application is made under an Act, the application must state the name and section number of the Act under which the application is made. (7) The application, and any copies of the application for service, must specify the day set for hearing the application. (8) An application filed in the District Court or a Magistrates Court, or material filed with it, must show that the court has jurisdiction to decide the application. 27 Service of application (1) An application must be filed and then served on each respondent at least 3 business days before the day set for hearing the application. Note Under the Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 38(1)(a), the service day and the hearing day are excluded in the reckoning of time. (2) However, the time limit in subrule (1) does not apply if— (a) these rules, an Act or another law permit the application to be heard and decided without being served; or (b) the applicant proposes in the application that it be decided without a hearing; or (c) another time is provided for under these rules or an Act. (3) If an application is not served as required by subrule (1), the court must not hear and decide the application unless the court considers it just to hear and decide the application on the day set for hearing and 1 of the following applies— Page 56 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 4 Applications [r 28] (a) the court is satisfied delay caused by giving notice of the application would cause irreparable or serious mischief to the applicant or another person; (b) the court is satisfied the respondents to the application will suffer no significant prejudice if it hears and decides the application on the day set for hearing; (c) the respondents to the application consent to the court hearing and deciding the application on the day set for hearing. Example of subrule (3) The court may decide subrule (3) has been satisfied if the application is a cross application by a respondent to another application and it is convenient for the applications to be heard together. (4) For an application not served as required by subrule (1)— (a) the court may make an order on an undertaking given by the applicant and acceptable to the court; and (b) a person affected by the order may apply to the court for it to be set aside. 28 Service of affidavit in support of application (1) An affidavit to be relied on by the applicant at the hearing of an application must be filed and then served on each respondent at least 3 business days before the day set for hearing the application. (2) However, the court may give leave for an affidavit not served as required by subrule (1) to be relied on at the hearing. 29 Notice of address for service (1) A respondent may not file and serve a notice of intention to defend an application. (2) However, the respondent may file and serve a notice of address for service in the approved form. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 57
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 5 Applications in a proceeding [r 30] (3) The court may require a respondent to file and serve a notice of address for service in the approved form. (4) Rule 17 applies in relation to a notice of address for service as if the notice were an originating process and the respondent were an applicant. (5) Despite rule 17, an address for service stated under the Service and Execution of Process Act 1992 (Cwlth) is the address for service of the respondent. (6) Failure to file or serve notice of an address for service does not affect the respondent’s right to be heard on the hearing of the application. 30 Consent adjournment If all the parties to an application consent to an adjournment of a hearing of the application, they may adjourn the application by noting the adjournment on the court file or filing a consent in the approved form. Part 5 Applications in a proceeding 31 Applications in a proceeding (1) A person making an application in a proceeding, or the person’s solicitor, must sign the application and file it. (2) The application must be in the approved form. (3) The application must name as respondent any party whose interests may be affected by the granting of the relief sought. (4) If an application is made by a person who is not a party to the proceedings, the application must have on it the information required under rule 17 to be on an originating process unless the information has already been provided on a document filed in the proceeding. Page 58 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 6 Where to start a proceeding [r 32] (5) An application must be filed and then served on each respondent at least 2 business days before the day set for hearing the application. Note Under the Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 38(1)(a), the service day and the hearing day are excluded in the reckoning of time. (6) If all the parties to an application consent to an adjournment of a hearing of the application, they may adjourn the application by noting the adjournment on the court file. 32 Oral applications (1) Nothing in this part prevents— (a) a party to a proceeding making an oral application to the court in the proceeding for an order the court may make on a written application; or (b) the court making an order sought on an oral application. (2) If a party makes an oral application, the court may impose conditions required in the interests of justice to prevent prejudice to the other parties. Part 6 Where to start a proceeding Division 1 Central registry 33 Central registry A proceeding in a court may be started in any central registry of the court. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 59
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 6 Where to start a proceeding [r 34] Division 2 Starting proceeding other than in central registry 34 Application of div 2 This division applies to the following courts if a person decides to start a proceeding other than in a central registry of a court— (a) the Supreme Court; (b) the District Court; (c) Magistrates Courts. 35 General rule (1) A person must start a proceeding before a court in 1 of the following districts— (a) the district in which the defendant or respondent lives or carries on business; (b) if there is more than 1 defendant or respondent—the district in which 1 or more of the defendants or respondents live or carry on business; (c) if the parties to a proceeding to be started in a Magistrates Court or the District Court consent in writing and file the consent with the registrar— (i) for a Magistrates Court—any Magistrates Courts district; or (ii) for the District Court—any district of the District Court; (d) if a defendant has agreed or undertaken in writing to pay a debt or another amount at a particular place—the district in which the place is located; (e) the district in which all or part of the claim or cause of action arose; Page 60 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 6 Where to start a proceeding [r 36] (f) if the proceeding is a claim for the recovery of possession of land—the district in which the land is located. (2) However, if the proceeding is to be started in the District Court and subrule (1) does not apply— (a) a person may, without notice to a proposed party, apply to the District Court for directions about the district in which the proceeding should be started; and (b) the person may start the proceeding in accordance with the court’s directions. (3) For these rules, a division of the Brisbane Magistrates Court is taken to be a district. Division 3 Area of Magistrates Courts districts 36 Application of div 3 This division applies only to Magistrates Courts. 37 Extended area of Magistrates Courts districts (1) The area of a division of a Magistrates Court in the Brisbane Magistrates Courts district includes— (a) if the division has a common boundary with an adjoining division in the district—the part of the adjoining division that is within 1km of the common boundary; and (b) if the division has a common boundary with another district—the area outside the Brisbane Magistrates Courts district that is within 35km of the common boundary. (2) The area of a district, other than the Brisbane Magistrates Courts district, includes the area outside the district that is within 35km of the district’s boundary. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 61
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 6 Where to start a proceeding [r 38] Division 4 Objection to, and change of, venue 38 Objection to venue (1) This rule applies if a proceeding in a court is started other than in a central registry of the court. (2) The defendant or respondent to the proceeding may object to the starting of the proceeding in a district of the court other than in accordance with rule 35— (a) by application to the court for an order dismissing the proceeding or transferring the proceeding to another place at which the court is held; and (b) if the proceeding is started by claim—by including the objection in the defendant’s notice of intention to defend. (3) If the defendant or respondent does not object in the way required under subrule (2), the court can not, on its own initiative, decide that the proceeding should have been started at another place at which the court is held. (4) If the proceeding is started by application, the application under subrule (2)(a) must be made returnable on or before the return date of the originating process. (5) The court may make any of the following orders on an application under this rule— (a) an order dismissing— (i) the application; or (ii) the proceeding; (b) an order transferring the proceeding to another place at which the court is held. (6) If the court makes an order under subrule (5)(a)(i), the proceeding is taken to have been started in a district of the court in accordance with rule 35. Page 62 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 6 Where to start a proceeding [r 39] 39 Change of venue by court order (1) This rule applies if at any time a court is satisfied a proceeding can be more conveniently or fairly heard or dealt with at a place at which the court is held other than the place in which the proceeding is pending. (2) The court may, on its own initiative or on the application of a party to the proceeding, order that the proceeding be transferred to the other place. 40 Change of venue by agreement The parties to a proceeding may apply for a consent order under rule 666 that the proceeding be transferred to another place at which the court is held. 41 Consequences of transfer If the court or registrar (the transferring court ) orders under rule 38(5)(b), 39(2) or 40 that a proceeding be transferred to another place at which the court is held— (a) the proceeding is pending in the registry at the other place; and (b) unless the transferring court otherwise orders, the trial or hearing of the proceeding is to be heard and decided by the court at the other place. Division 5 Applications heard at a different location 50 Applications heard at a different location (1) If— (a) an application in a proceeding would ordinarily be made to the court at a particular registry; and Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 63
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 7 Cross-vesting [r 51] (b) there is no judge of the court at the registry available to hear and decide the application; nothing in this part prevents a person making the application in the proceeding to the court at another registry. (2) If— (a) an application in a proceeding would ordinarily be made to a particular Magistrates Court; and (b) there is no magistrate at the court available to hear and decide the application; nothing in this part prevents a person making the application in the proceeding to another Magistrates Court. Part 7 Cross-vesting 51 Definitions for pt 7 In this part— cross-vesting laws means the Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross-vesting) Act 1987 and the Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross-vesting) Act 1987 (Cwlth). special federal matter see the Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross-vesting) Act 1987 (Cwlth). 52 Application of pt 7 (1) This part applies to a proceeding to which the cross-vesting laws apply. (2) This part applies only to the Supreme Court. Page 64 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 7 Cross-vesting [r 53] 53 Starting proceedings (1) A proceeding in which a party relies on the cross-vesting laws must be started under this part. (2) However, if there is doubt or difficulty about how a proceeding should be started, the court, on application to it, may give directions. (3) An application for directions may be made without notice to another person. (4) A party who relies on the cross-vesting laws must include in the process by which the laws are invoked a statement identifying each claim or ground of defence about which the cross-vesting laws are invoked. (5) A failure to comply with subrule (4) does not invalidate the process. (6) If a party who has not complied with subrule (4) wishes to invoke the cross-vesting laws, the court, on application by the party, may give directions. 54 Special federal matters (1) If a matter for decision is a special federal matter, the plaintiff or the defendant must give particulars of the special matter in the statement required under rule 53(4). (2) The court must not decide a proceeding that raises for decision a special federal matter unless it is satisfied the notice required by section 6(4)(a) of the cross-vesting laws sufficiently specifies the nature of the special federal matter. 55 Service (1) Despite chapter 4, an originating process in which the cross-vesting laws are relied on may be served outside the jurisdiction. (2) If a defendant served outside the jurisdiction under subrule (1) does not file a notice of intention to defend, the plaintiff must Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 65
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 7 Cross-vesting [r 56] not take a further step in the proceeding unless the court gives leave to proceed. (3) The court must not give leave to proceed unless it is satisfied— (a) jurisdiction under the cross-vesting laws is being invoked; and (b) the court is a convenient court in which to decide the matter. (4) An application for leave to proceed must be made by application or it may be included in the application for directions under rule 56. (5) An order giving leave to proceed does not prevent the court from subsequently transferring the proceeding to another court. 56 Directions (1) The first party to invoke the cross-vesting laws must make an application for directions and serve it on all other parties. (2) If a plaintiff is required to make the application for directions, the plaintiff must make and serve the application within 7 days after being served with the first notice of intention to defend. (3) If a defendant is required to make the application for directions, the defendant must make and serve the application within 7 days after service of the process invoking the cross-vesting laws. (4) If a proceeding is transferred to the court from another court, the party who started the proceeding must, within 14 days after the date of the order transferring the proceeding, make and serve an application for directions. (5) If the party does not comply with subrule (4), another party may make and serve the application or the court may call the parties before it on its own initiative. Page 66 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 2 Starting proceedings Part 7 Cross-vesting [r 57] (6) On the hearing of the application for directions, the court must give a direction or make a decision about the conduct of the proceeding that the court considers appropriate. (7) The court may, at the trial or hearing of the proceeding, vary an order or decision made on the application for directions. 57 Transfer of proceedings (1) If the court makes an order transferring a proceeding to another court, the registrar must send to the court to which the proceeding is transferred all documents filed and orders made in the proceeding, unless the court orders otherwise. (2) If a proceeding is transferred to the court from another court, the registrar must give it a number. (3) An order transferring a proceeding to another court under section 5 of the cross-vesting laws may be made only by the court constituted by a judge. 58 Transfer on Attorney-General’s application An application by an Attorney-General of a State or of the Commonwealth under section 5 or 6 of the cross-vesting laws for the transfer of a proceeding may be made by application without the Attorney-General becoming a party to the proceeding. 59 Transfer to court if no proceeding pending (1) This rule applies if a proceeding is removed to a court under section 8 of the cross-vesting laws. (2) The court may immediately on the removal give a direction, make a decision or direct the parties to take a step in the proceeding the court considers appropriate. (3) The court’s powers under subrule (2)— (a) are in addition to the court’s powers under rule 56; and Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 67
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 60] (b) include power to give directions that could have been given by the court or tribunal from which the proceeding was removed. Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding Division 1 Several causes of action 60 Inclusion of several causes of action in a proceeding (1) A plaintiff or applicant may, whether seeking relief in the same or different capacities, include in the same proceeding as many causes of action as the plaintiff has against a defendant or the applicant has against a respondent. (2) However, causes of action may be included in the same proceeding only if at least 1 of the following conditions is satisfied— (a) if a separate proceeding were brought for each cause of action—a common question of law or fact may arise in all the proceedings; (b) all rights to relief sought in the proceeding (whether joint, several or alternative) are in relation to, or arise out of, the same transaction or event or series of transactions or events; (c) the court gives leave, either before or after the start of the proceeding. Page 68 Current as at 20 December 2013
Division 2 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 61] Several parties 61 Application of div 2 This division applies to a proceeding subject to any order of the court made before or after the proceeding is started— (a) requiring a person— (i) to be a party to the proceeding; or (ii) to attend a proceeding or part of a proceeding; or (b) dispensing with the requirement for a person to be a party to the proceeding. 62 Necessary parties (1) Each person whose presence is necessary to enable the court to adjudicate effectually and completely on all matters in dispute in a proceeding must be included as a party to the proceeding. (2) The court may order a person to be included as a party whose presence as a party is necessary to enable the court to adjudicate effectually and completely on all issues raised in the proceeding. (3) A person who is required under this rule to be included as a plaintiff or applicant and does not consent to be included in this way may be included as a defendant or respondent. (4) The court may dispense with a requirement under this rule for a person to be included as a party. 63 Joint entitlement (1) If a plaintiff or applicant seeks relief to which another person is entitled jointly with the plaintiff or applicant, all persons entitled to the relief must be parties to the proceeding. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 69
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 64] (2) A person entitled to seek relief who does not agree to be a plaintiff or applicant must be made a defendant or respondent. 64 Joint or several liability (1) If a plaintiff or applicant seeks relief against a defendant or respondent who is liable jointly with another person and also liable severally, the other person need not be made a defendant or respondent to the proceeding. (2) If persons are liable jointly, but not severally, under a contract, and a plaintiff or applicant seeks relief in relation to the contract against some but not all of the persons, the court may stay the proceeding until the other persons liable under the contract are included as defendants or respondents. 65 Inclusion of multiple parties in a proceeding (1) In a proceeding, 2 or more persons may be plaintiffs or defendants or applicants or respondents if— (a) separate proceedings were brought by or against each of them and a common question of law or fact may arise in all the proceedings; or (b) all rights to relief sought in the proceeding (whether joint, several, or alternative) arise out of the same transaction or event or series of transactions or events. (2) Also, in a proceeding, 2 or more persons may be defendants or respondents if— (a) there is doubt as to— (i) the person from whom the plaintiff or applicant is entitled to relief; or (ii) the respective amounts for which each may be liable; or (b) damage or loss has been caused to the plaintiff or applicant by more than 1 person, whether or not there is Page 70 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 66] a factual connection between the claims apart from the involvement of the plaintiff or applicant. 66 Identical interest in relief unnecessary It is not necessary for every defendant or respondent to be interested in all the relief sought or in every cause of action included in a proceeding. 67 Parties incorrectly included or not included Despite rules 62 and 63, the court may decide a proceeding even if a person is incorrectly included or not included as a party and may deal with the proceeding as it affects the rights of the parties before it. Division 3 Reconstitution of proceeding 68 Inconvenient inclusion of cause of action or party (1) This rule applies to a proceeding, despite division 2, if including a cause of action or party may delay the trial of the proceeding, prejudice another party or is otherwise inconvenient. (2) The court may, at any time— (a) order separate trials; or (b) award costs to a party for attending, or relieve a party from attending, a part of a trial in which the party has no interest; or (c) stay the proceeding against a defendant or respondent until the trial between the other parties is decided, on condition that the defendant or respondent against whom the proceeding is stayed is bound by the findings of fact in the trial against the other defendant; or (d) make another order appropriate in the circumstances. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 71
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 69] (3) In this rule— trial includes hearing. 69 Including, substituting or removing party (1) The court may at any stage of a proceeding order that— (a) a person who has been improperly or unnecessarily included as a party, or who has ceased to be an appropriate or necessary party, be removed from the proceeding; or (b) any of the following persons be included as a party— (i) a person whose presence before the court is necessary to enable the court to adjudicate effectually and completely on all matters in dispute in the proceeding; (ii) a person whose presence before the court would be desirable, just and convenient to enable the court to adjudicate effectually and completely on all matters in dispute connected with the proceeding. (2) However, the court must not include or substitute a party after the end of a limitation period unless 1 of the following applies— (a) the new party is a necessary party to the proceeding because— (i) property is vested in the party at law or in equity and the plaintiff’s or applicant’s claimed entitlement to an equitable interest in the property may be defeated if the new party is not included; or (ii) the proceeding is for the possession of land and the new party is in possession personally or by a tenant of all or part of the land; or (iii) the proceeding was started in or against the name of the wrong person as a party, and, if a person is to be included or substituted as defendant or Page 72 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 69] respondent, the person is given notice of the court’s intention to make the order; or (iv) the court considers it doubtful the proceeding was started in or against the name of the right person as a party, and, if a person is to be included or substituted as defendant or respondent, the person is given notice of the court’s intention to make the order; (b) the relevant cause of action is vested in the new party and the plaintiff or applicant jointly but not severally; (c) the new party is the Attorney-General and the proceeding should have been brought as a relator proceeding in the Attorney-General’s name; (d) the new party is a company in which the plaintiff or applicant is a shareholder and on whose behalf the plaintiff or applicant is suing to enforce a right vested in the company; (e) the new party is sued jointly with the defendant or respondent and is not also liable severally with the defendant or respondent and failure to include the new party may make the claim unenforceable; (f) for any other reason— (i) a claim made, or ground of defence raised, in the proceeding before the end of the limitation period can not be maintained; or (ii) relief sought in the proceeding before the end of the limitation period can not be granted; unless the new party is included or substituted as a party. (3) If the court makes an order including or substituting a party, the court may give directions about the future conduct of the proceeding. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 73
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 70] 70 Procedure for inclusion of party (1) Unless the court orders otherwise, an application by a person seeking to be included as a party must be supported by an affidavit showing the person’s interest in— (a) the matter in dispute in the proceeding; or (b) a matter in dispute to be decided between the person and a party to the proceeding. (2) Unless the court orders otherwise, an application to include a person as a defendant or respondent must be served on all existing parties and on the person. 71 Defendant or respondent dead at start of proceeding (1) This rule applies if— (a) when an originating process is issued— (i) a person who would otherwise be defendant or respondent is dead; and (ii) a grant of representation has not been made; and (b) the cause of action survives the person’s death. (2) If the party filing the originating process knows the person who would otherwise be defendant or respondent is dead, the originating process must name as defendant or respondent the ‘Estate of [person’s name] deceased’. (3) If, after the start of a proceeding against a person, the proceeding is taken, under an Act, to be against the person’s personal representative, all subsequent documents filed in the proceeding must name the personal representative as defendant or respondent. Note See the Civil Proceedings Act 2011 , sections 104 and 105 for procedures, relevant to this rule, about estates and grants of representation. Page 74 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 72] 72 Party becomes bankrupt, person with impaired capacity or dies during proceeding (1) If a party to a proceeding becomes bankrupt, becomes a person with impaired capacity or dies during the proceeding, a person may take any further step in the proceeding for or against the party only if— (a) the court gives the person leave to proceed; and (b) the person follows the court’s directions on how to proceed. (2) If a party to a proceeding becomes bankrupt or dies, the court may, at any stage of the proceeding, order the trustee or personal representative of the party or, if a deceased party does not have a personal representative, someone else, to be included or substituted as a party for the original party. (3) Subrules (1) and (2) apply subject to the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cwlth). (4) An application for an order under this rule must be served on all persons who could be affected by the order. (5) The court may, before it makes an order under this rule because a party has died, require notice to be given to— (a) an insurer of the deceased who has an interest in the proceeding; and (b) any other person who has an interest in the estate. (6) An insurer or other person given notice is entitled to be heard on the hearing of the application. (7) If the court orders that a person be included as a defendant, the person must file a notice of intention to defend within the time set by the court in the order. (8) If— (a) a deceased party does not have a personal representative and the court orders that a person be included or substituted as a party for the deceased; and (b) a grant of representation is subsequently made; Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 75
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 73] the person must, as soon as practicable, deliver to the deceased’s personal representative a copy of all process and documents in the person’s possession relating to the proceeding. 73 No substitution order after death of plaintiff or applicant (1) This rule applies if— (a) a plaintiff or applicant dies and the cause of action survives the death; and (b) no order is made substituting another person for the deceased. (2) The court, on application by a party or by a person to whom the benefit of the cause of action passes on the death, may order that, unless an order for substitution is made within a specified time, the proceeding be dismissed on a specified basis, including, for example, with costs against a party, person or estate connected with the proceeding. (3) A copy of the application must be served on the deceased’s personal representative (if any) unless the court orders otherwise. 74 Amendment of proceedings after change of party (1) If an order is made changing or affecting the identity or designation of a party, the plaintiff or applicant must— (a) file an amended copy of the originating process within the time specified in the order, or if no time is specified, within 10 days after the order is made; and (b) serve the amended originating process on any new party within the time specified in the order. (2) The plaintiff or applicant must also note on the amended copy of the originating process a reference to the order, the date of the order and the date the amended copy is filed. Page 76 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 74] (3) Within 10 days after an order is made including or substituting a person as a defendant or respondent, the applicant for the order must serve a copy of the order on every other continuing party and on every person who becomes a party because of the order, unless the court orders otherwise. (4) If an order is made including or substituting a person as a defendant or respondent, the proceeding against the new defendant or respondent starts on the filing of the amended copy of the originating process. (5) However, for a limitation period, a proceeding by or against a new party is taken to have started when the original proceeding started, unless the court orders otherwise. (6) Unless the court otherwise orders— (a) for a new defendant or respondent who is a substituted defendant or respondent—everything done in the proceeding before it was started against the new defendant or respondent has the same effect in relation to the new defendant or respondent as for the original defendant or respondent; and (b) for another new defendant or respondent—the proceeding must be continued as if the new defendant or respondent were an original defendant or respondent. (7) Subrule (6)(a) does not apply to the following— (a) the filing of a notice of intention to defend by an original defendant; (b) an admission made by an original defendant or respondent; (c) an order for costs either in favour of, or against, the original defendant or respondent. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 77
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 1 Several causes of action and parties in a proceeding [r 75] Division 4 Representative party 75 Representative party A proceeding may be started and continued by or against 1 or more persons who have the same interest in the subject matter of the proceeding as representing all of the persons who have the same interest and could have been parties in the proceeding. 76 Order for representation (1) At any stage of a proceeding brought by or against a number of persons who have the same interest under rule 75, the court may appoint 1 or more parties named in the proceeding, or another person, to represent, for the proceeding, the persons having the same interest. (2) However, when making an order appointing a person who is not a party, the court must also make an order under rule 62 including the person as a party. 77 Enforcement of order against representative party (1) An order made in a proceeding against a representative party under this division may be enforced against a person not named as a party only with the court’s leave. Note See also the Civil Proceedings Act 2011 , section 18 (Order binds persons who are represented). (2) An application for leave to enforce an order must be served on the person against whom enforcement of the order is sought as if the application were an originating process. Page 78 Current as at 20 December 2013
Part 2 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 2 Multiple proceedings [r 78] Multiple proceedings 78 Consolidation of proceedings The court may order that 2 or more proceedings be consolidated if— (a) the same or substantially the same question is involved in all the proceedings; or (b) the decision in 1 proceeding will decide or affect the other proceeding or proceedings. 79 Sequence of hearings The court may order that 2 or more proceedings be heard together or in a particular sequence. 80 Directions If the court orders that proceedings be consolidated or heard together or in a specified sequence, the court may give a direction it considers appropriate for the conduct of the proceeding or proceedings. 81 Variation of order Before or during the hearing of a consolidated proceeding or of proceedings ordered to be heard together or in a particular sequence, the court may order the proceedings be separated or heard in another sequence. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 79
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 3 Partnerships and business names [r 82] Part 3 Partnerships and business names Division 1 Partnerships 82 Meaning of partnership proceeding A partnership proceeding is a proceeding started by or against a partnership in the partnership name and includes a proceeding between a partnership and 1 or more of its partners. 83 Proceeding in partnership name (1) Two or more partners may start a proceeding in the partnership name. (2) A proceeding against persons alleged to be partners may be brought against the alleged partnership in the partnership name. (3) The partnership name used in a partnership proceeding must be the name of the partnership when the cause of action arose. (4) For a partnership registered under the Partnership Act 1891 , the name of the partnership when the cause of action arose is the name in which the partnership was registered when the cause of action arose. (5) Unless the court orders otherwise, a partnership proceeding must continue in the partnership name and not in the name of the individual partners. 84 Disclosure of partners’ names (1) At any stage of a partnership proceeding, a party may by written notice require the partnership to give the names and places of residence of the persons who were partners in the partnership when the cause of action arose. Page 80 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 3 Partnerships and business names [r 85] (2) The notice must state a time of not less than 2 business days after service of the notice for compliance with the notice. (3) If the partnership does not give the information as required by this rule, the court may make an order it considers appropriate, including the following— (a) an order staying the proceeding until the information is supplied; (b) an order striking out a pleading or affidavit. 85 Notice of intention to defend (1) Despite an originating process being against a partnership, a notice of intention to defend must not be filed in a partnership name. (2) A partner who is served with an originating process against a partnership may file a notice of intention to defend only in the partner’s own name. Note See rule 114 (Service in relation to a partnership). (3) However, the proceeding continues in the name of the partnership. 86 Person improperly served as partner (1) In a proceeding against a partnership started by claim, a person who is served as a partner may file a conditional notice of intention to defend stating— (a) the person files the notice because the person was served as a partner; and (b) the person denies being a partner at a material time or being liable as a partner. (2) On application, the court may— Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 81
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 3 Partnerships and business names [r 87] (a) set aside the service of an originating process on the person on the ground that the person is not a partner or is not liable as a partner; or (b) set aside a conditional notice of intention to defend on the ground that the person is a partner or is liable as a partner. (3) The court may give directions about how to decide the liability of the person or the liability of the partners. 87 Defence Except for a person who files a conditional notice of intention to defend under rule 86, a person may file a defence for the partnership in the partnership name only. 88 Enforcement against individual partner (1) On application by a person seeking to enforce an order against partners in the partnership name, the court may give leave for the order to be enforced against a person who is liable to satisfy the judgment. (2) The application must be served on the person against whom the order is sought to be enforced. (3) Despite chapter 4, the person may be served outside Australia without leave. (4) If, on the hearing of the application, the person denies liability, the court may decide liability summarily or give directions about how liability is to be decided. Division 2 Business names 89 Proceeding if registered business name A proceeding may be started against a name registered on the Business Names Register. Page 82 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 3 Partnerships and business names [r 90] 90 Proceeding in business name if unregistered (1) This rule applies if— (a) a person carries on a business under a name other than the person’s own name; and (b) the name is not registered on the Business Names Register. (2) A proceeding in relation to the business mentioned in subrule (1)(a) may be started against the person in the name under which the person carries on business. (3) The name under which the business is carried on is sufficient designation of the person in a document filed in the proceeding. (4) An order in the proceeding may be enforced against the person. 91 Notice of intention to defend (1) This rule applies if a proceeding is brought against a person in relation to a business carried on by the person under a name other than the person’s own name and regardless of whether the name is registered on the Business Names Register or held under business names legislation. (2) A notice of intention to defend must be in the name of a person and not in the business name. (3) A person who files a notice of intention to defend must file and serve with the notice a statement of the names and places of residence of all persons who were carrying on business under the name as at the day the proceeding was started. (4) The court may set aside the notice of intention to defend of a person who does not comply with subrule (3). (5) For subrule (1), a name is held under business names legislation only if it is held under— (a) the Business Names Registration Act 2011 (Cwlth), section 54; or Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 83
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 3 Partnerships and business names [r 92] (b) the Business Names Registration (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Act 2011 (Cwlth), schedule 1, item 5. 92 Amendment as to parties (1) This rule applies if— (a) a proceeding is brought against a person in relation to a business carried on by the person under a name other than the person’s own name; and (b) the name is not registered on the Business Names Register. (2) The plaintiff or applicant must, as soon as practicable, take all reasonable steps to find out the name of the persons carrying on the business under the name in question. (3) The plaintiff or applicant must also, as far as practicable, make amendments so the proceeding is continued against a named defendant or respondent and not in the name under which the business was carried on. (4) Other than for service of the originating process and for complying with this rule, until the amendments are made, the plaintiff or applicant may only take a step in the proceeding with the court’s leave. (5) An amendment for this rule must be effected under rules 382 and 384. (6) This rule applies in addition to chapter 10, part 3. Page 84 Current as at 20 December 2013
Part 4 Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 4 Persons under a legal incapacity [r 93] Persons under a legal incapacity 93 Litigation guardian of person under a legal incapacity (1) A person under a legal incapacity may start or defend a proceeding only by the person’s litigation guardian. (2) Except if these rules provide otherwise, anything in a proceeding (including a related enforcement proceeding) required or permitted by these rules to be done by a party may, if the party is a person under a legal incapacity, be done only by the party’s litigation guardian. (3) A party’s litigation guardian who is not a solicitor may act only by a solicitor. 94 Who may be a litigation guardian (1) A person may be a litigation guardian of a person under a legal incapacity if the person— (a) is not a person under a legal incapacity; and (b) has no interest in the proceeding adverse to the interest in the proceeding of the person under a legal incapacity. (2) If a person is authorised by or under an Act to conduct legal proceedings in the name of or for a person with impaired capacity, the authorised person is, unless the court orders otherwise, entitled to be litigation guardian of the person with impaired capacity in any proceeding to which the authorised person’s authority extends. (3) A corporation, other than the public trustee or a trustee company under the Trustee Companies Act 1968 , may not be a litigation guardian. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 85
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 3 Parties and proceedings Part 4 Persons under a legal incapacity [r 95] 95 Appointment of litigation guardian (1) Unless a person is appointed as a litigation guardian by the court, a person becomes a litigation guardian of a person under a legal incapacity for a proceeding by filing in the registry the person’s written consent to be litigation guardian of the party in the proceeding. (2) If the interests of a party who is a person under a legal incapacity require it, the court may appoint or remove a litigation guardian or substitute another person as litigation guardian. 96 No notice of intention to defend by person under a legal incapacity If a defendant who is a person under a legal incapacity does not file a notice of intention to defend within the time limited, the plaintiff may not continue the proceeding unless a person is made litigation guardian of the defendant. 97 Disclosure (1) Chapter 7, parts 1 and 2 apply to a party who is a person under a legal incapacity as if the person were not a person under a legal incapacity. (2) An act required to comply with an order under chapter 7, part 1 or 2 may be performed by— (a) if the party is capable of performing it—the party; or (b) otherwise—the litigation guardian of the party. 98 Settlements and compromises (1) A settlement or compromise of a proceeding in which a party is a person under a legal incapacity is ineffective unless it is approved by the court or the public trustee acting under the Public Trustee Act 1978 , section 59. Page 86 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 1 Preliminary [r 99] (2) To enable the court to consider whether a settlement or compromise should be approved, the litigation guardian for the party must produce to the court— (a) an affidavit made by the party’s solicitor stating why the settlement or compromise is in the party’s best interests; and (b) a statement by the litigation guardian that instructions have been given for the settlement or compromise of the proceeding; and (c) any other material the court may require. (3) The documents mentioned in subrule (2) are not to be served on another party unless the court orders otherwise. 99 Proceedings by and against prisoners (1) This rule applies if a prisoner is incapable of bringing or defending a proceeding without the public trustee’s consent. Note See the Public Trustee Act 1978 , section 95 ( Restrictions on property dealings or proceedings). (2) The public trustee’s consent must be written on the front, or attached on a separate sheet at the back, of the originating process or notice of intention to defend. Chapter 4 Service Part 1 Preliminary 100 Definitions for ch 4 In this chapter— Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 87
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 2 Personal service generally [r 101] Australia includes the external territories. convention , for part 7, division 2, means an agreement, arrangement, treaty or convention, relating to legal proceedings in civil matters, made between Australia and another country. convention country , for part 7, division 2, means a country other than Australia to which a convention applies. 101 Service not allowed on certain days A person can not serve a document on Good Friday or Christmas Day unless the court otherwise orders. 102 Approved document exchanges (1) In a proceeding, a solicitor or party must not give a document exchange address unless the document exchange is approved by the Chief Justice. (2) The Chief Justice may approve, by practice direction, a document exchange for part 4. 103 Service after 4.00p.m. If a document is served on a person after 4.00p.m., the document is taken to have been served on the next day. Part 2 Personal service generally 104 Application of pt 2 This part applies subject to these rules or an order made under these rules. Note Page 88 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 3 Service in particular cases [r 105] For service on the State see the Crown Proceedings Act 1980 , section 19, and for service on the Commonwealth see the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cwlth), section 63. 105 Personal service for originating process (1) A person serving an originating process must serve it personally on the person intended to be served. (2) If a defendant files an unconditional notice of intention to defend, the claim is taken to have been served on the defendant on the day the notice is filed or, if a party proves the claim was served on an earlier day, the earlier day. 106 How personal service is performed (1) To serve a document personally, the person serving it must give the document, or a copy of the document, to the person intended to be served. (2) However, if the person does not accept the document, or copy, the party serving it may serve it by putting it down in the person’s presence and telling him or her what it is. (3) It is not necessary to show to the person served the original of the document. Part 3 Service in particular cases 107 Personal service—corporations A document required to be served personally on a corporation must be served in the way provided for the service of documents under the Corporations Act or another applicable law. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 89
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 3 Service in particular cases [r 108] Note A corporation includes a body politic or corporate— Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 36. 108 Personal service—young people (1) A document required to be served personally on a young person must be served instead on the person who is the young person’s litigation guardian for the proceeding to which the document relates. (2) If the young person does not have a litigation guardian for the proceeding the document must be served instead on— (a) the young person’s parent or guardian; or (b) if there is no parent or guardian—an adult who has the care of the young person or with whom the young person lives. 109 Personal service—persons with impaired capacity A document required to be served personally on a person with impaired capacity (the impaired person ) must be served instead on— (a) the person who is the impaired person’s litigation guardian for the proceeding to which the document relates; or (b) if there is no-one under paragraph (a)—a person who is entitled under rule 94(2) to be the impaired person’s litigation guardian for the proceeding to which the document relates; or (c) if there is no-one under paragraph (a) or (b)—an adult who has the care of the impaired person. 110 Personal service—prisoners A document required to be served personally on a prisoner must be served on— Page 90 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 4 Ordinary service [r 111] (a) if the public trustee is manager of the prisoner’s estate under the Public Trustee Act 1978 , part 7 and the proceeding is of a property nature or for the recovery of a debt or damage—the public trustee; or (b) if paragraph (a) does not apply and the prisoner has a litigation guardian—the prisoner’s litigation guardian; or (c) otherwise—the person in charge of the prison in which the prisoner is imprisoned. 111 Personal service in Magistrates Courts proceedings (1) All documents in a Magistrates Court proceeding, including a document required by these rules to be served on a person personally, may, unless the court otherwise orders, be served under part 4. (2) However, a document required by these rules to be served on a person personally must not be served under rule 112(1)(b), (c), (d), (e) or (g). (3) However, if the person intended to be served resides or carries on business more than 50km from the nearest court, the document may be served by posting a copy of it to the person’s residential or business address. Part 4 Ordinary service 112 How ordinary service is performed (1) If these rules do not require personal service of a document, the following are ways by which the document may be served on the person to be served— (a) leaving it with someone who is apparently an adult living at the relevant address; Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 91
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 4 Ordinary service [r 112] (b) if there is no-one at the relevant address—leaving it at the relevant address in a position where it is reasonably likely to come to the person’s attention; (c) if the relevant address is within a building or area to which the person serving the document has been denied access—leaving it at the building or area in a position where it is reasonably likely to come to the person’s attention; (d) posting it to the relevant address; (e) if the person has given— (i) a fax number under these rules—faxing the document to the person; or (ii) an email address under these rules—emailing the document to the person; (f) if the solicitor for the person has— (i) an exchange box at a document exchange—leaving the document in the exchange box or another exchange box available for documents to be transferred to the solicitor’s exchange box; or (ii) a fax—faxing the document to the solicitor; or (iii) an email address—emailing the document to the solicitor; (g) an electronic means prescribed by practice direction. (2) A document served under subrule (1)(f)(i) is taken to have been served on the business day after it is left in the document exchange box. (3) In this rule— relevant address , of a person to be served, means— (a) the person’s address for service; or (b) for an individual who does not have an address for service— Page 92 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 4 Ordinary service [r 113] (i) the individual’s last known place of business or residence; or (ii) if the individual is suing or being sued in the name of a partnership—the principal or last known place of business of the partnership; or (c) for a corporation that does not have an address for service—its head office or its principal or registered office. 113 Service in relation to a business (1) This rule applies if— (a) a proceeding is brought against a person in relation to a business carried on by the person under a name other than the person’s name; and (b) the name is not registered on the Business Names Register; and (c) the proceeding is started in the name under which the person carries on the business. (2) The originating process may be served by leaving a copy at the person’s place of business with a person who appears to have control or management of the business at the place. 114 Service in relation to a partnership (1) An originating process against a partnership must be served— (a) on 1 or more of the partners; or (b) on a person at the principal place of business of the partnership in Queensland who appears to have control or management of the business there; or (c) for a partnership registered under the Partnership Act 1891 —at the registered office of the partnership. (2) If the originating process is served under subrule (1), each of the partners who were partners in the partnership when the Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 93
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 5 Other service [r 115] originating process was issued, including a partner who was outside Queensland at the time, is taken to have been served. (3) The originating process must also be served on any person the plaintiff seeks to make liable as a partner but who was not a partner when the originating process was issued. Part 5 Other service 115 Acceptance of service (1) Despite parts 2, 3 and 4, a solicitor may accept service of a document for a party. (2) The solicitor must make a note on a copy of the document to the effect that the solicitor accepts service for the party. (3) The document is taken to have been served on the party, unless the party proves the solicitor did not have authority to accept service for the party. (4) This rule applies whether or not personal service of the document is required under these rules. 116 Substituted service (1) If, for any reason, it is impracticable to serve a document in a way required under this chapter, the court may make an order substituting another way of serving the document. (2) The court may, in the order, specify the steps to be taken, instead of service, for bringing the document to the attention of the person to be served. (3) The court may, in the order, specify that the document is to be taken to have been served on the happening of a specified event or at the end of a specified time. Page 94 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 5 Other service [r 117] (4) The court may make an order under this rule even though the person to be served is not in Queensland or was not in Queensland when the proceeding started. 117 Informal service If— (a) for any reason, a document is not served as required by this chapter but the document or a copy of it came into the possession of the person to be served; and (b) the court is satisfied on evidence before it that the document came into the person’s possession on or before a particular day; the court may, by order, decide that the possession of the document is service for these rules on the day it came into the person’s possession or another day stated in the order. 118 Service on agent (1) If a person living or carrying on business outside Queensland (the principal ) enters into a contract in Queensland through an agent living or carrying on business in Queensland, the court may, without deciding the agent’s authority or business relationship with the principal, give leave for an originating process relating to a proceeding arising out of the contract to be served on the agent. (2) The court must, in an order giving leave under subrule (1), state the time within which the principal must file a notice of intention to defend. (3) The party serving the originating process on the agent must immediately send to the principal a copy of each of the order and originating process. (4) The documents required to be sent under subrule (3) must be sent to the principal’s address outside Queensland by prepaid post. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 95
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 5 Other service [r 119] 119 Service under contract (1) This rule applies if— (a) before a proceeding starts, the parties to the proceeding agree that a document relating to the proceeding may be served on a party, or someone else for the party, in a way or at a place, in Queensland or elsewhere, specified in the agreement; or (b) after a proceeding starts, the parties to the proceeding agree that a document relating to the proceeding may be served on a party, or someone else for the party, in a way or at a place, in Queensland or elsewhere, specified in the agreement. (2) The document may be served in accordance with the agreement. 120 Affidavit of service (1) If an affidavit of service of a document is required under these rules or an Act or law, the affidavit— (a) for an affidavit of personal service—must be made by the person who served the document and include the following— (i) the person’s full name; (ii) the time, day and date the document was served; (iii) the place of service; (iv) the name of the person served and how the person was identified; or (b) otherwise— (i) must state the relevant dates and the facts showing service; and (ii) may be made on information given to, or the belief of, the person causing the service; and Page 96 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 5 Other service [r 121] (iii) if made on information given to the person—must state the source of the information. (2) An affidavit of service must— (a) have the document filed with it as an exhibit or be written on the document; or (b) if the document has been filed—mention the document in a way sufficient to enable the document to be identified. 121 Identity of person served For proving service, a statement by a person of his or her identity or that he or she holds a particular office or position is evidence of the identity or that the person holds the office or position. 122 Special requirements for service by fax (1) A document served by fax must include a cover page stating the following— (a) the sender’s name and address; (b) the name of the person to be served; (c) the date and time of transmission; (d) the total number of pages, including the cover page, transmitted; (e) the telephone number from which the document is transmitted; (f) the name and telephone number of a person to contact if there is a problem with the transmission; (g) that the transmission is for service under a stated rule. (2) An affidavit of service of a document by fax must include, as an exhibit, the transmission advice, generated by the sender’s fax machine, indicating the transmission was successful. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 97
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 6 Service outside Queensland [r 123] Part 6 Service outside Queensland 123 Service outside Queensland (1) This rule applies only to service of an originating process outside Queensland but within Australia. (2) The originating process must be served in accordance with the Service and Execution of Process Act 1992 (Cwlth). Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia Division 1 Ordinary service outside Australia Note The Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 (Cwlth) provides for service in New Zealand of initiating documents for certain civil proceedings started in Australian courts. See the Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 (Cwlth) part 2, division 2 which provides for service of initiating documents. See also the Trans-Tasman Proceedings Act 2010 (Cwlth), section 4 for the definitions initiating document and Australian court . 124 When service outside Australia permitted (1) An originating process for any of the following may be served on a person outside Australia without the court’s leave— (a) a proceeding based on a cause of action arising in Queensland; (b) a proceeding about— (i) property situated in Queensland; or Page 98 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 124] (ii) obtaining evidence for a future claim relating to property in Queensland; (c) a proceeding in which an Act, deed, will, contract, obligation or liability affecting property in Queensland is sought to be interpreted, rectified, set aside or enforced; (d) a proceeding for relief against a person domiciled or ordinarily resident in Queensland; (e) a proceeding for— (i) the administration of the estate of a person who died domiciled in Queensland; or (ii) relief that might be obtained in a proceeding for the administration of the estate of a person who died domiciled in Queensland; (f) a proceeding for the execution of a trust if— (i) the trust is created or declared by an instrument; and (ii) the person is a trustee; and (iii) the execution relates to trust property in Queensland; and (iv) the trust ought to be executed under the law of Queensland; (g) a proceeding relating to a contract— (i) made in Queensland; or (ii) made by 1 or more parties carrying on business or residing in Queensland; or (iii) made by or through an agent carrying on business or residing in Queensland on behalf of a principal carrying on business or residing outside Queensland; or (iv) governed by the law of Queensland; Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 99
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 124] Page 100 (h) a proceeding based on a breach of contract committed in Queensland, regardless of where the contract was made and whether or not the breach was preceded or accompanied by a breach (wherever occurring), rendering impossible the performance of a part of the contract that ought to be performed in Queensland; (i) a proceeding based on a contract containing a condition by which the parties agree to submit to the jurisdiction of the court; (j) a proceeding for the recovery of an amount payable under an Act to an entity in Queensland; Note Entity includes a person and an unincorporated body— Acts Interpretation Act 1954 , section 36. (k) a proceeding based on a tort committed in Queensland; (l) a proceeding for damage— (i) all or part of which was suffered in Queensland; and (ii) caused by a tortious act or omission (wherever happening); (m) a proceeding affecting a person in relation to the person’s membership of— (i) a corporation incorporated in Queensland; or (ii) a partnership, association or other entity formed, or carrying on any part of its affairs, in Queensland; (n) a proceeding for a contribution or indemnity for a liability enforceable in the court; (o) a proceeding for an injunction ordering a defendant or respondent to do, or refrain from doing, anything in Queensland (whether or not damages are also claimed); (p) a proceeding properly brought in Queensland against a person in which another person outside Queensland is a necessary or proper party to the proceeding; Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 125] (q) a proceeding brought under the Civil Aviation (Carriers’ Liability) Act 1959 (Cwlth)— (i) by a resident of Queensland; or (ii) in relation to damage that happened in Queensland; (r) a proceeding in which a person has submitted to the jurisdiction of the court; (s) a proceeding in which the subject matter of the proceeding, so far as it concerns the person, is property in Queensland; (t) a proceeding concerning the interpretation, effect or enforcement of— (i) an Act; or (ii) an Imperial or Commonwealth Act affecting property in Queensland; (u) a proceeding concerning the effect or enforcement of an executive, ministerial or administrative act done, or purported to have been done, under an Act; (v) a proceeding relating to an arbitration held in Queensland; (w) a proceeding about a person under a legal incapacity who is domiciled or present in, or a resident of, Queensland; (x) a proceeding, so far as it concerns the person, falling partly within 1 or more of paragraphs (a) to (w). (2) Each paragraph of subrule (1) is a separate ground for deciding whether an originating process may be served outside Australia under this rule. (3) Also, this rule does not limit or extend the jurisdiction a court has apart from this rule. 125 Service of counterclaim or third party notice (1) This rule applies— Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 101
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 126] (a) to a counterclaim against a plaintiff and another person if the person against whom the counterclaim is made is not already a party to the proceeding; and (b) to a third party notice. (2) A counterclaim or third party notice may be served outside Australia without the court’s leave if the claim made by the defendant in the counterclaim or third party notice is of a kind that, if the claim were made by claim or other originating process, the originating process could be served outside Australia under rule 124. (3) If subrule (2) does not apply, the court may, by leave, allow service outside Australia of a counterclaim or third party notice. 126 Setting aside service The court must, on application by a defendant or respondent, set aside service of an originating process under this part if service of it is not authorised under rule 124. 127 Service of other process by leave The court may, by leave, allow service outside Australia of the following— (a) an originating process for a proceeding under an Act if service is not authorised under rule 124; (b) an application, order, notice or document in a pending proceeding. 128 Order for service outside Australia (1) On making an order for service outside Australia, the court may give directions as to the time for filing a notice of intention to defend or for attendance before the court or otherwise. Page 102 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 129] (2) If a document is served outside Australia under an order of the court, a copy of each of the following must be served with the document— (a) the order; (b) each affidavit made in support of the application for the order; (c) unless the court otherwise orders, an exhibit mentioned in the affidavit. 129 How service outside Australia to be performed (1) If service outside Australia of an originating process, a counterclaim or a third party notice is authorised under this part, then parts 1 to 5 apply to the service. (2) However, nothing in these rules, or in any order of the court made under these rules, authorises or requires the doing of anything in a country in which service is to be effected that is contrary to the law of the country. Division 2 Service in convention countries 130 Service in convention countries (1) This rule applies if a person— (a) is required by a convention to serve a document in a convention country in accordance with the convention; or (b) otherwise wants to serve a document in a convention country in accordance with a convention. (2) A person serving a document in a convention country must lodge with the registrar— (a) the document to be served; and Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 103
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130] (b) if a particular way of service is required, a request for service in that way; and (c) if English is not an official language of the convention country, a translation in an official language of the country, certified by the person making it to be a correct translation, of the documents mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b); and (d) the further copies of each of the documents mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c) the registrar directs; and (e) a request and undertaking under subrule (4). (3) A certificate given in a translation of a document filed under subrule (2) must state the person’s full name and address and qualifications for making the translation. (4) A request and undertaking lodged under subrule (2) must— (a) request the registrar to send a sealed copy of the document to be served to the convention country for service on a specified person; and (b) refer to the relevant convention; and (c) include an undertaking by the person or the person’s solicitor to pay to the registrar the expenses incurred by the registrar in complying with the request. (5) The registrar must give to the Attorney-General for transmission for service— (a) the documents, stamped with the seal of the court; and (b) if the judicial authority of the country requires a letter of request—the request. (6) If, after the registrar sends documents to the Attorney-General under subrule (5), a certificate of service, attempted service or non-service is filed purporting to be a certificate from— (a) a judicial authority or other responsible person in the convention country; or Page 104 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130] (b) an Australian consular authority in the convention country; the certificate is evidence of the matters stated in the certificate. (7) If a person gives an undertaking under subrule (2) and does not, within 7 days after being given an account of the registrar’s expenses in complying with the request for service, pay to the registrar the expenses, the court may, on application by the registrar— (a) order the person to pay the expenses to the registrar; and (b) stay the proceeding until the unpaid amount is paid. (8) Despite subrule (2)(e), the registrar may— (a) require the person to provide security in a form satisfactory to the registrar for the anticipated expenses of complying with the request; and (b) decline to proceed under subrule (5) until security is provided. Division 3 Service under the Hague Convention Subdivision 1 Preliminary Notes 1 This division was developed by the Council of Chief Justices’ Rules Harmonisation Committee and forms part of a scheme to implement Australia’s obligations under the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters . Under the convention, the Attorney-General’s Department of the Commonwealth is designated as the Central Authority (under article 2 of the Hague Convention) and certain courts and government departments are, for certain purposes, designated as ‘other’ or ‘additional’ authorities (under article 18 of the Hague Convention). Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 105
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130A] 2 This division provides (in subdivision 2) for service in overseas Hague Convention countries of local judicial documents (documents relating to a proceeding in the Supreme Court, the District Court or a Magistrates Court) and (in subdivision 3) for default judgment in a proceeding in the court after service overseas of such a document. Subdivision 4, on the other hand, deals with service by the Supreme Court or arranged by the court in its role as an other or additional authority, of judicial documents emanating from overseas convention countries. 3 The Attorney-General’s Department of the Commonwealth maintains a copy of the Hague Convention, a list of all Hague Convention countries, details of declarations and objections made under the Hague Convention by each of those countries and the names and addresses of the central and other authorities of each of those countries. A copy of the Hague Convention can be found at <http://www.hcch.net>. 130A Definitions for div 3 In this division— additional authority , for a Hague Convention country, means an authority that is— (a) for the time being designated by that country, under article 18 of the Hague Convention, to be an authority (other than the central authority) for that country; and (b) competent to receive requests for service abroad emanating from Australia. applicant , for a request for service abroad or for a request for service in Queensland, means the person on whose behalf service is requested. Note The term applicant may have a different meaning in other provisions of these rules. central authority , for a Hague Convention country, means an authority that is for the time being designated by that country, under article 2 of the Hague Convention, to be the Central Authority for that country. Page 106 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130A] certificate of service means a certificate of service that has been completed for article 6 of the Hague Convention. certifying authority , for a Hague Convention country, means the central authority for the country or some other authority that is for the time being designated by the country, under article 6 of the Hague Convention, to complete certificates of service in the form annexed to the Hague Convention. civil proceeding means any judicial proceeding in relation to a civil or commercial matter. defendant , for a request for service abroad of an initiating process, means the person on whom the initiating process is requested to be served. foreign judicial document means a judicial document that originates in a Hague Convention country and relates to civil proceedings in a court of that country. forwarding authority means— (a) for a request for service of a foreign judicial document in Queensland—the authority or judicial officer of the Hague Convention country in which the document originates that forwards the request (being an authority or judicial officer that is competent under the law of that country to forward a request for service under article 3 of the Hague Convention); or (b) for a request for service of a local judicial document in a Hague Convention country—the registrar. Hague Convention means the Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters done at the Hague on 15 November 1965. Hague Convention country means a country, other than Australia, that is a party to the Hague Convention. initiating process means any document, including a counterclaim and a third party notice, by which a proceeding is commenced. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 107
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130B] local judicial document means a judicial document relating to a civil proceeding in the Supreme Court, the District Court or a Magistrates Court. registrar means the registrar of the Supreme Court. request for service abroad means a request for service in a Hague Convention country of a local judicial document mentioned in rule 130D. request for service in Queensland means a request for service in Queensland of a foreign judicial document mentioned in rule 130M(1). 130B Provisions of this division to prevail If the provisions of this division are inconsistent with any other provisions of these rules, the provisions of this division prevail to the extent of the inconsistency. Subdivision 2 Service abroad of local judicial documents 130C Application of sdiv 2 (1) Subject to subrule (2), this subdivision applies to service in a Hague Convention country of a local judicial document. (2) This subdivision does not apply if service of the document is effected, without application of any compulsion, by an Australian diplomatic or consular agent mentioned in article 8 of the Hague Convention. 130D Application for request for service abroad (1) A person may apply to the registrar, in the registrar’s capacity as a forwarding authority, for a request for service in a Hague Convention country of a local judicial document. Page 108 Current as at 20 December 2013
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130D] (2) The application must be accompanied by 3 copies of each of the following documents— (a) a draft request for service abroad, which must be in the approved form; (b) the document to be served; (c) a summary of the document to be served, which must be in the approved form; (d) if, under article 5 of the Hague Convention, the central authority or any additional authority of the country to which the request is addressed requires the document to be served to be written in, or translated into, the official language or 1 of the official languages of that country, a translation into that language of both the document to be served and the summary of the document to be served. (3) The application must contain a written undertaking to the Supreme Court, signed by the lawyer on the record for the applicant in the proceeding to which the local judicial document relates or, if there is no lawyer on the record for the applicant in the proceeding, by the applicant— (a) to be personally liable for all costs incurred— (i) by the employment of a person to serve the documents to be served, being a person who is qualified to do so under the law of the Hague Convention country in which the documents are to be served; or (ii) by the use of any particular method of service that has been requested by the applicant for the service of the documents to be served; and (b) to pay the amount of those costs to the registrar within 28 days after receipt from the registrar of a notice specifying the amount of those costs under rule 130F(3); and (c) to give such security for those costs as the registrar may require. Current as at 20 December 2013 Page 109
Uniform Civil Procedure Rules 1999 Chapter 4 Service Part 7 Service outside, or emanating from outside, Australia [r 130E] (4) The draft request for service abroad— (a) must be completed (except for signature) by the applicant; and (b) must state whether (if the time fixed for entering an appearance in the proceeding to which the local judicial document relates expires before service is effected) the applicant wants service to be attempted after the expir